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BABBLING. A term applied | or other parts bloody, he is judged to hounds that are too busy, and to have killed a deer, though not upon whose tongues no dependance found hunting or chasing. 3. Dogo whatever can be placed in any situa- draw, when a man is found drawing tion or under any circumstances. after a deer, by the scent of a hound

BABRAHAM. A bay horse, which he leads in his hand. 4. Stafoaled 1740, bred by Lord Godol. ble-stand, when found standing in a phin, afterwards the property of forest with bow bent ready to shoot, Mr. Benjamin Rogers, of Mickle- or close by a tree with greyhounds ham, Surrey, was got by his lord- ready to let slip. ship’s Arabian, out of the large BACK-GAMMON, (bach-gamHartley mare by Captain Hartley's mon, a little battle). A game played blind horse ; grandam Flying Whig, with dice, and thirty pieces or men, by the Woodstock Arabian, sister to one half white, the other half dark the Bold Galloway,out of a daughter coloured, upon a chequered table. of Whynot.

It is said to have been invented in Babraham was a magnificent horse, Wales, previous to the conquest. sixteen hands high, master of eigh

BACKING a colt. See Horseteen stone; when in training he beat MANSHIP. Bustard, Little Driver, Old Eng BACK-WORM, or FILANDER. A land, Sultan, Wafer, &c. Of his ex- disease incident to hawks. These cellence as a stallion, the Stud Book worms are about half a yard long; affords ample proof. Few instances they lie wrapped up in a thin skin can be adduced of a horse running about the reins, and proceed from in such high form as Babraham did, gross and viscous humours in the and covering mares the same season. bowels, occasioned by ill digestion This fine racer and good stallion died and want of natural heat. This disin 1760, aged twenty.

temper is easily discerned by the BACK. To back or mount a horse following symptoms, viz. by the (ados ) is to mount him bare-backed. hawk's stinking breath, casting her

BACK (in the Manège). A horse's gorge, croaking in the night, tremback should be straight; hollow bling, ruffling, and writhing her tail ; backed is called saddle-backed : and by the muting, which is small horses of this description are gene- and unclean. rally light and carry their heads The back-worm is rarely quite well, but are deficient in strength killed, but a careful falconer giving and service. A weak-backed horse her cloves of garlic, steeped in wormis apt to stumble.

wood, once a month, and once a fortBACKBERIND,or BACKBEROND. night, against his putting her into One of the four circumstances under the mew, which will qualify the which, according to Manwood, a fo- worm; without this care she will rester may arrest an offender against be suddenly spoiled.

or venison in the forest, There is another sort of filander, 1. When found bearing venison on which lies in the gut or pannel, his back. By the assize of the forest being long, small, white, and red of Lancaster, adds he, “taken with worms—for cure take aloes hepatic, the manner" is when one is found filings of iron, nutmeg, and as much in the king's forest in any of these honey as will serve to make them degrees : 2. Bloody hund, the of- into a pill, which give her in the fender being taken with his hands morning as soon as she has cast;


and after she has muted it clean the length and coarseness of its hair away, then give her good hot meat. are an excellent defence against the

BADGEŘ (Bedour, Fr.) is an bites of the dogs: its skin is so loose original native of the temperate cli- as to resist the impression of their mates of Europe, and is found, with teeth, and gives the animal an opout any variety in Spain, France, portunity of turning itself round, and Italy, Germany, Britain, Poland, and wounding its adversaries in their Sweden. It breeds only twice in a tenderest parts. In this manner this year, and brings forth four or five at a singular 'creature is able to resist time. The usual length of the badger repeated attacks both of men and is somewhat above two feet, exclusive dogs, from all quarters ; till, being

overpowered with numbers, and enfeebled by many desperate wounds, it is at last obliged to yield.

BADGER HUNTING. In hunting the badger in a clear moonlight night, stop all the burrows except one or two, and therein place some sacks, fastened with drawing strings, which may shut him in as soon as

he strains the bag. Some only place of the tail, which is about six inches a hoop in the mouth of the sack, and long; its eyes are small, and are so put it into the hole; and as soon placed in a black stripe, which begins as the badger is in the sack, and behind the ears, and runs tapering strains it, the sack slips from the towards the nose : the throat and hoop, and secures him in it, where legs are black; the back, sides, and he lies trembling till he is taken tail are of a dirty gray, mixed with from his prison. black; the legs are very short, strong, The sacks, or bags, being thus set, and thick ; each foot consists of five cast off the hounds, beating about all toes; those on the fore feet are armed the woods, hedges, and tufts round with strong claws, well adapted for about for the compass of a mile or digging its subterraneous habitation. two; and what badgers are abroad,

The badger retires to the most being alarmed by the hounds, will secret recesses, where it digs its soon betake themselves to their burhole, and forms its habitation under rows. Observe, that the person who ground. Its food consists chiefly of is placed to watch the sacks, must roots, fruits, grass, insects, and frogs. stand close, and upon a clear wind; It is accused of destroying lambs otherwise the badger will discover and rabbits; but there seems to be him, and immediately fly some other no other reason for considering it as way into his burrow. a beast of prey, than the analogy But if the dogs can encounter him between its teeth, and those of car before he can take his sanctuary, he nivorous animals.

will then stand at bay like a boar, Few creatures defend themselves and make good sport, vigorously better, or bite with greater keenness biting and clawing the dogs. In than the badger : on that account it general, when they fight, they lay is frequently baited with dogs trained on their backs, using both teeth and for that purpose, and defends itself nails; and, by blowing up their skins, from their attacks with astonishing defend themselves against the bites agility and success. Its motions are of the dogs, and the blows given by so quick, that a dog is often despe- the men. When the badger finds rately wounded in the moment of that the terriers yearn him in his assault, and obliged to fly. The burrow, he will stop the hole bethickness of the badger's skin and twixt him and the terriers; and, if


they still continue baying, he will used by painters to soften and har remove his couch into another cham-monize their shades. ber or part of the burrow, and so In walking, the badger treads on from one to another, barricading the its whole heel, like the bear, wbich way before them, as he retreats, till brings its belly very near the ground. he can go no farther.

A badger is known by several If you intend to dig the badger other names; as a grey, a brock, a out of his burrow, you must be pro- boreson, or a bauson : the young are vided with such tools as are used for called pigs, the male is called the digging out a fox: you should also boar, and the female the sow. have a pail of water ready to refresh BAG (in Angling). A line is said the terriers when they come out of to bag when one hair, after it is the earth to take breath and cool twisted, runs up more than any of themselves.

the rest. It is no unusual thing to put some BAG (in Farriery). A small one small bells about the necks of the filled with an ounce of assafetida, terriers, which making a noise, will and the same quantity of powder of cause the badger to bolt out. savin, tied to a horse's bitt several

In digging, the situation of the times in the day, improves his apground must be observed and con petite. sidered; or, instead of advancing the BAG. That part of animals in work, you probably may hinder it. which particular juices are contain

In this order you may besiege ed, as the poison in vipers. them in their holds, or castles, and BAIT. To stop at any place to break their platforms, parapets, and refresh one's self or horse on a jourcasements; and work to them with ney. mines and countermines, till you BAIT (s'abatre, to descend). In have overcome them.

falconry, the action of a hawk when We must do this animal the jus- she flaps her wings, and then pounces tice to observe, that, though nature down upon her prey. has furnished it with formidable BAITING. See Bull-BAITING. weapons of offence, and has besides

BAITS (buitzen). For taking fish: given it strength sufficient to use the natural ones, and those genethem with great effect, it is, not-rally are living, as worms of all withstanding, very harmless and in- kinds, especially the red maggots, offensive, and, unless attacked, em- bobs, frogs, grasshoppers, bees, beeploys them only for its support. tles, dores, butterflies, (which are

The badger is an indolent animal, admirable for the chub) wasps, horand sleeps much: it confines itself nets, snails, small fish, &c. Next to its hole during the whole day, are the artificial baits: first, such as and feeds only in the night. It is imitate the living baits, especially so cleanly as never to defile its ha- flies for every month and season of bitation with its ordure. Imme- the year; nay, almost for every fish, diately below the tail, between that so great is the variety that frequent and the anus, there is a narrow the meadows and rivers. transverse orifice, whence a white As to what concerns live baits, substance, of a very fætid smell, they are to be kept each sort by constantly exudes. The skin, when themselves, and to be fed with such dressed with the hair on, is used for things as they are wont to eat when pistol furniture. Its flesh is eaten : at liberty. the hind quarters are sometimes The red worm takes much delight made into bams, which, when cured, in black fat earth; if you mix some are said not to be inferior in good-fennel chopped small with it, they ness to the best bacon. The hairs will improve very much. are made into brushes, which are Give them sometimes a little ox

or cow dung newly made; you may that got Old Spanker. In 1726, keep them in a box, or small bag. Bald Charlotte, (then Mr. Taylor's,

But red worms, as also all other and called Lady Legs) won the sorts of worms, scour quickly, grow king's plate at Hambleton, beating very tough and bright by putting twenty-three others. She was purthem into a thin clout, rubbed with chased by the earl of Portmore, and fresh butter, or grease, before you won the contribution stakes at Newput them into moss, which is the market, in October, beating seven best to keep them in ; the moss must others. In April, 1727, Charlotte first be washed clean, and the water won the king's plate for mares, 10 st. squeezed out: and for the food you at Newmarket; and at the same are to give them, drop a spoonful of meeting, Charlotte carrying 18 st. cream into the moss every three or beat Mr. Ashby's swinger, 17 st. four days, and remove the moss every 7 lb. four miles, for 200 gs. after week, keeping it in a cold place. which, she won the king's plate at

White great maggots are to be Winchester. In April, 1729, Charfed with sheep's suet, and beasts' lotte carrying 9 st. beat Sir Robert liver cut small.

Fagg's Fanny, 8 st. 7 lb. four miles, Frogs and grasshoppers do well 300 gs. In 1741, Charlotte was a in wet moss and long grass, which brood-mare in the duke of Somermust be moistened every night: cut set's stud, and was the great grandam off their legs and wings when you of Lord Ossory's Coxcomb, Fabias, use them.

and Dorimant. The bob, caddis-worm, cancer, and BALLS, HORSE (in Farriery). such like, are to be preserved with Horses have a nice taste; it is therethe same things where you take fore proper to give them the most them.

disagreeable drugs in the form of Live flies must be used as you balls, and to make drenches of the catch them.

more palatable. Balls should be of The wasp, hornet, and humble an oval shape, and not exceed the bee, may be dried in an oven, after size of a pullet's egg; they should the bread is drawn, but have a care be dipped in sweet oil to make them in scorching them; then dip their slip down more readily. Some heads in sheep's blood, which must horses have a straight gullet, which be dried on; and so keep them in makes them averse to balls: drenches a clean box, and they will continue are better adapted for such, or their good for a quarter of a year. medicines may be mixed up with

BAIT, WHITE(in Ichthyology). bran or in their mashes. Balls are See White Bait.

of the following kinds :BALD CHARLOTTE, (origi Purging, restringent, diuretic, alnally called Lady Legs) bred by terative, detergent pectoral, cordial Captain Appleyard of Yorkshire. pectoral, fever, stomach restorative, Charlotte was a mare of shape, mercurial alterative, jaundice, nerbeauty, and size, and bad a very vous castor, cordial carminative, great share both of speed and good- cordial diuretic.

She was got by Captain BALLING IRON. An instruAppleyard's Old Royal, son of the ment used to facilitate the adminisHolderness Turk, and a Blunderbuss tering of balls to horses by keeping Royal Mare. Charlotte's dam was the jaws asunder. got' by Bethell's Castaway; her BALOTADES ( balotade, Fr.) The grandam was a gray mare of Cap- leaps of a horse, on a straight line, tain Appleyard's father's, got by made in such a manner, that when Brimmer, who was bred by the his fore feet are in the air he shows Darcy family, and out of a royal nothing but the shoes of his hinder mare, and got by the Yellow Turk feet, without yerking out.-When a


horse works at Caprioles he yerks the cap, or that part of the bitt that or strikes out his hinder legs, not so is next to the branch. in Balotades.

BANQUET LINE. An imagiBALSAM. A liquid resin of a nary line drawn by bitt-makers along whitish or yellow colour, a fragrant the banquet in forging a bitt, and smell, and also penetrating aromatic prolonged upwards and downwards, taste, obtained from different plants. to adjust the intended force or weakThe following are most commonly ness of the branch, to make it stiff adopted in the veterinary practice. or easy. Balsam of capivi, of Tolu (storax), BAR (in Farriery). To strike a Peruvian (benzoin), traumatic or vein in order to arrest the course, and Friar's balsam. Lately the term diminish the quantity of malignant balsam is restricted to those resins humours that prevail there. To bar which contain benzoin acid.

a vein, the skin is opened above it, BALZANE (bulzan, Fr.) See and after disengaging and tying it WHITEFOOT.

above and below, the farrier strikes BANDOG, or BAND-DOG. The between the two ligatures. canis molossus, or mastiff, a dog for BARB (Barbe, Fr.) Horses imthe house, bull, badger, &c. See ported from Barbary are so called : Dog.

they are generally light, and clean BANDS, of a saddle, two pieces made, with small legs; also the of flat iron, nailed upon the bows of beard of a fish-hook. a saddle to hold them in the situa BARBARY FALCON. A pastion that forms the saddle. There senger bird, called also the Tartaret are also a wither and a hinder band. | Falcon.

BANDY. An athletic sport com BARBED. Bearded like of fish. mon in Wales, and the most popular BARBEL (burbeau, barbelé, Fr.) of all its ancient rural diversions. A dull heavy fish of considerable size It consists in a contest between two and strength, and derives its name rival parties, and those players win from its four barbs, two of which the game who first succeed in driving are at the corners of its mouth, and the ball, with bent sticks, between two at its snout. They shed their the goal marks of their adversaries. spawn about the middle of April, There is a favourite game among the Irish peasants called hurling, which resembles bandy. The Irish hurl (horl) (hurdle) is made of seasoned ash, flat in the blade, and round in the handle.

BANGLE EARS (waste ears). An imperfection in a horse, that may and come in season about a month be remedied in the following manner. or six weeks after that time. They Take his ears and place them so as root with the nose like a pig. Their you would have them stand, then usual haunts are among weeds. In bind the ears to two little boards so summer they frequent the most tight that they cannot stir, after powerful and rapid currents, and which the empty wrinkled skin, at settle among logs of wood, piles, the root of the ears, must be plucked &c.; but in the winter they return up and cut away with a sharp pair to their deep bottoms. The baits of scissors; stick the two edges of are the spawn of trout, salmon, or the skin together, and heal up the almost any other fish, provided it be sore with green ointment.

fresh ; but as the barbel is very BANQUET. The small part of cunning, the pastes in imitation of the branch of the bridle that is under it must be well made, and of fresh the eye. It is usually covered by flavour. It is also recommended to

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