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day of

in the year


in evidence at any trial to be had This licence will expire on thereupon; and no plaintiff shall

(Signed) recover in any such action if tender

Justice of the Peace. of sufficient amends shall have been

Justice of the Peace. made before such action brought, or SCHEDULE (B.)-FORM OF CERTIif a sufficient sum of money shall FICATE to be issued by clerks of have been paid into the court after commissioners of assessed taxes to such action brought, by or on behalf every person licensed to deal in of the defendant.

game. Scotland and Ireland.-Sect. 48. Received from A.B, (or C. D. and That nothing in this act contained E. F. being partners,) residing at shall extend to Scotland or Ireland. (parish, township, or place) in the

SCHEDULE (A.) Form of LICENCE. county of (in exchange for --At a special session of the jus- this certificate,) a receipt under tices of the peace of the county the hand of G. H. one of the colof

(or riding, &c, as the lectors of assessed taxes for the case may be,) acting for the di- said (parish, &c.) for the sum of vision of (or otherwise as

being the duty chargeable the case may be,) in the said county, on the said Ă. B. (or C. D. and holden at

in the said E. F. being partners,) in respect of on the

day of in the his or their licence to deal in year

being game. justices acting for the Certified this said

assembled at the said special session, do hereby authorize pursuance of an act passed in the and empower A. B. of

second year of the reign of King (here insert the name, description, William the Fourth, intituled “ An and place of residence, and if more Act to amend the Laws in England than one in partnership, say, C. D. relative to Game.” of &c. and E. F. of, &c. being part

This certificate will expire on ners,) being a householder (or

(Signed) householders, or keeper, or keepers Clerk to the Commissioner of of a shop or stall, as the case may Assessed Taxes, for the Division of be,) to buy game from any person

in the County of authorized to sell game by virtue of GAME.. Any sport or amusean act passed in the second year ment which affords a subject of of the reign of King William the contest, and a display of skill or Fourth, intituled “ An Act to amend superiority. the Laws in England relative to GAMECOCK, See COCK-FIGHTGame;" and we do also authorize ING. and empower the said A. B. (or GAMEKEEPERS. Were first C. D. and E. F. being partners) to introduced by the act 22 and 23 sell at his or their house, shop, or Car. II. ch. 25, which authorizes stall, any game so bought, provided lords of manors to appoint, under that the said A. B. (or C. D. and their hands and seals, gamekeepers E. F. being partners) shall affix to who shall have power, within the some part of the outside of the front manor, to seize guns, dogs, nets, and of his or their house, shop, or stall, engines, kept by unqualified perand shall there keep, a board hav- sons to destroy game. A mistaken ing thereon in clear and legible opinion appears to have been precharacters his christian name and valent among gamekeepers that they surname, or their christian names had a right to carry and use fireand surnames, together with the arms for the capture of poachers following words, “ Licensed to deal and other unqualified persons. This in Game.”

error was distinctly refuted by Mr.

Justice Bailey (Lancaster Assizes, and are full of vivacity: this bird is March, 1827) who expressly stated remarkable for the quickness of its that no gamekeeper had a right to sight. Martin tells us that Solan is carry fire-arms for any such purpose, derived from an Irish word expressnor to fire at any poacher whatever. ive of that quality. From the corNo proprietor of game had any ner of the mouth is a narrow slip earthly power to give such authority of black bare skin, that extends to to his keeper, who might certainly the hind part of the head; beneath take into custody any poacher, but the chin is another that, like the it was at his peril to use fire-arms. pouch of the pelican, is dilatable, See GAME.

and of size sufficient to contain six GAMING. The art of playing entire herrings; which in the breedor practising any game, particularly ing season it carries at once to its those of hazard : as cards, dice, mate or young. The young birds, tables, &c.

during the first year differ greatly GANACHE (Gunuche, Fr.) In in colour from the old ones; being Farriery. Two bones on each side of a dusky hue, speckled with nuof the hinder part of a horse's head, merous triangular white spots; and opposite the neck, which form the at that time resemble in colours lower jaw and give it motion. the speckled diver. Each bird, if

GANNET, or Solan Goose. ( Pe- left undisturbed, would only lay licānus Bassānus. Linn. This species one egg in the year, but if that be weighs about seven pounds; the taken away they will lay another,

if that is also taken, then a third, but never more that season. Their egg is white and rather less than that of the common goose; the nest is large, and formed of any thing the bird finds floating on the water, such as grass, sea-plants, shavings, &c. These birds frequent the isle of Ailsa, in the Firth of Clyde; the rocks adjacent to St. Kilda ; the Stalks of Souliskerry, near the Orkneys; the Skelig Isles, off the coasts of Kerry, Ireland; and the Bass Isles, in the Firth of Forth.

The multitudes that inhabit these length is three feet two inches. The places are prodigious, and darken bill is six inches long, straight al- the air by the vastness of the flocks most to the point, where it inclines that rise from the nests as you apdown; and the sides are irregularly proach the rocks. These birds are jagged, that it may hold its prey well known on many parts of the with more security: about an inch coasts of England, not, however by from the base of the upper mandible the name of solan geese. In Cornis a sharp process pointing forward ; wall and Ireland they are called ganit has no nostrils, but in their place nets; by the Welsh gan. We are una long furrow, that reaches almost certain whether the gannet breeds to the end of the bill; the whole in any other parts of Europe besides is of a dirty white, tinged with ash our own islands : except, as Mr. colour. The tongue is very small, Ray suspects, the Sula of Brisson and placed low in the mouth; a (described in Clusius's Exotics, naked skin of a fine blue surrounds which breeds in Zeroe Isles) be the the eyes, which are of a pale yellow same bird. In winter the gannet


migrates to the southward and ap-| GENTLE. particular kind of pears upon the coast of Portugal. worm or maggot used as a bait in

GARGANEY ( Anasquerquedula. angling. They may be bred from Linn.) The bill of the garganey is coarse fish or from a liver, and fed of a deep lead colour; the crown of or cleansed for after use. the head dusky, with oblong streaks; GER or GyR-FALEON, White ( Fal. a white line extends from the cor. co cundícans). This species is very ner of each eye to the back of the common in Iceland ; is found in neck, the upper part of which is of apland and Norway, but rarely in a pale purple, marked with minute the Orkneys or North Britain. In oblong lines of white, pointing down- Asia it dwells in the highest points wards; the breast of a light brown, of the Uralian and other Siberian with semicircular bars of black; the mountains, and dares the coldest belly, white; the lower part and climates throughout the year. This vent, varied with specks and bars bird is pre-eminent in courage as of a dusky hue; the coverts of the well as beauty, and is the terror of wings, gray; the first quill feathers, other hawks. It was flown at all ash coloured; the scapulars, long kinds of fowl, how great soever, and narrow, beautifully striped with but its chief game was herons and white, ash colour, and black; the cranes. The white gyr-falcon of tail, dusky; legs, ash colour. The Pennant has legs and cere of a head, coverts of the wings, and bluish ash, the bill bluish and scapulars of the female, are of a greatly hooked ; the eye dark blue, brownish ash colour; the breast, the throat of a pure white; the white, dusky, and orange; the space body, wings, and tail of the same round the eyes, dark. As regards colour, most elegantly marked with size, the garganey is larger than dusky bars, lines, or spots, leaving the teal, and smaller than the wid- the white the far prevailing colour. geon. It frequents the fresh waters There are instances, though rare, of of Europe, and in many places is its being found entirely white. In called the summer teal.

some the whole tail is crossed by GARTH or Fish-GARTH. A wear remote bars of black or brown; in or dam in a river for the catching others, they appear only very faintof fish.

ly on the middle feathers: the GARTHMAN (in old statutes). | feathers of the thighs are very long One that owns an open wear where and unspotted: the legs strong and fish are taken,

of a light blue. It weighs fortyGAZE-HOUND, or Gast Hound. five ounces troy; length nearly two A dog that pursues game with cou- feet; extent four feet two inches. rage and fleetness, relying more This species, with the Iceland upon his sight than his scent.- (brown) and Greeland falcons, are This species was formerly in much reserved for the kings of Denmark, request in the north of England, but who send a falconer with attendants, is now nearly lost. Gordon's famous annually, into Iceland to purchase hounds, mentioned in the Sporting them. They are caught by the Magazine, have a close affinity to natives, a certain number of whom the old English gaze-hound. in every district are licensed for

GELDING. A horse that has that purpose. been castrated. See CASTRATION. GESTURE. The action and due

GENNET. A name applied to position of all the parts of the body; a species of small horse, common in of the head, the shoulders; the body Spain.—Also a small animal, native or trunk; of the arms, hands, fins of Spain, somewhat larger than the gers; of the lower limbs, and of the weasel, which it much resembles. feet. The fundamental principles

upon which oratorical gesture and , nience will permit, and then swept most ofthescientific gymnastic move- horizontally round and outwards, ments depend, may be understood from the following analysis and illustration. Let a figure stand in an erect position, with arms and hands unrestrained and at rest (as

FIG. 3.

Fig. 1.

without turning the back (as in Fig. 3), in this case also, the extremity of the fingers will describe a curve which may be considered as a se

micircle (e fq x b). Next, let a in Fig. 1). From this position let sphere be described according to the arm be raised as high as it can the stereographic projection, conbe, the extremity of the fingers will sisting of the primitive circle (z h sweep, in a vertical direction, a R h), the right circle (z R) and semicircle, terminating in the zenith (R dhe z), at the interval of about forty-five degrees (as in

FIG. 4.

FIG. 2.


two oblique circles (z q R-20R)

in an angle of forty-five degrees, at Fig. 2). The centre of this is the each side between the right and shoulder, and the radius a line primitive circles. The circles are equal to the sum of the arm, the in the hemisphere next the eye.wrist, and the hand. If in the trans- In the other hemisphere let two other verse direction the arm be extended oblique circles (< b R and z b R) across the body, as far as conve- be described, also distant forty-five

degrees from the primitive circle. / weight according to their height, l'hese circles are distinguished by regulated by a graduated scale: dotted lines and placed near the thus, horses measuring fourteen primitive. All these circles are hands, to carry nine stone; above intersected by three others: by one or below which height, to carry great circle (h f h) passing through seven pounds more or less, for every the projecting point, and here called inch higher or lower than the fourthe horizontal circle, and by two teen hands fixed as the criterion. lesser circles (e fe and df d) pa Erumple. - A horse measuring rallel to it above and below at the fourteen hands one inch and a half distance of forty-five degrees. (four inches making one hand), will

The human figure, as in fig. 1, is carry nine stone, ten pounds, eight supposed to be so placed within this ounces : a horse measuring thirteen artificial sphere, that the centre of hands two inches and a half, will the breast" shall coincide with the carry only eight stone, three pounds, centre of the sphere, and that the eight ounces; the former being one diameter of the horizontal circle, inch and a half above the fourteen perpendicular to a radius drawn to hands, the other one inch and a half the projecting point, shall pass below it; the weight is therefore through the shoulders; then, any added or diminished by the eighth position, motion, and attitude of of every inch, higher or lower, the arms of the actor may be re- weight in proportion. The horses ferred to, determined, and regulated were measured on a flat stone, about systematically, by these circles and six feet long and three feet broad. their intersections. GIG.

A common term for a light one horse chaise.

GIGS or BLADDERS, or Flaps (in Farriery). Small pustules with black heads, that grow inside the lips of a horse under his great jaw teeth, and cause much pain. They should be opened with a knife, and The two broad lines on the stone the wounds washed with salt and are five feet distant from each other,

the space allowed between the aniGINS. Devices, such as horse- mal's fore and hind feet; and the hair and wire nooses, springes, length of each line is two feet, the dulls, &c. to take birds, fish, and space allowed between the two fore the smaller quadrupeds by the neck feet, as also the same between the or legs, or both.

two hind feet. GIRLE (among Hunters). A It was a practice to make the roe-buck of two years old.

horse shrink down when touched GIRTHS (of a Saddle). Strong on his withers; and thus, when they bands of canvass or web brought felt the standard, they, from use, under a horse's belly, and buckled would crouch a little, which of at each end to the saddle, to retain course made them appear less than it in its proper place. The patent they really were, and entitled them elastic Indian-rubber girth prevents to carry a less weight than they the saddle from shifting forward, ought in the race. and does not break in leaping. GLANDERS. The transition is

GIRTH-WEB. The name of the ready from a higbly inflamed state strong cloth of which saddle-girths to ulcerating condition, whence we are made.

can account for the mutation of the GIVE-AND-TAKE PLATES, farcy into glanders. The general where horses, &c. carried a certain symptoms of glanders, are, a dis


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