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airlift aircraft economically at a low peacetime tempo while maintaining a high wartime surge capability. Our MAC Associate program continues to be another cost effective means to conduct peacetime airlift while training to meet heavy wartime surge requirements. Our mission ready status was clearly indicated in last year's AIRLIFT RODEO, as the Reserve Associate wing at Norton AFB, California, was named the best United States airlift wing.

Timely procurement of the C-17 aircraft is the key to the Air Force's conventional force projection capability. For the first time in the history of MAC, production line aircraft are scheduled for unit-equipped Guard and Reserve organizations. The C-17 is planned also for existing C-141 Associate units, in turn releasing those C-141s to modernize Guard and Reserve C-130 units. We support the timely procurement of the C-17.

Due to the limited time available for aircrew proficiency training, the Reserve Components must make every minute count toward improving operational capability. To accomplish this, there is a critical need for the development and acquisition of state-of-theart training systems, technologies, and procedures. These include self-paced programmed instruction, part-task trainers, multi-media learning programs, and computer simulation. Last year Congress responded to a portion of this need with an additional appropriation for a C-5 weapon systems trainer at Westover AFB.

Shortfalls

Although our flying units are well trained and demonstrate excellent combat capability, we need to improve our ability to penetrate enemy defenses. Using appropriated dollars to buy electronic countermeasures pods solves only a small part of the problem. Active and passive countermeasures are crucial to infiltrate the full spectrum of enemy defenses. Currently, we are working a program, made possible by a Congressional add to the FY 1988 budget, to provide limited capability for our fighters and airlift aircraft. We look forward to your continued support as we develop and program systems in these times of reduced defense spending.

In the area of combat rescue, the Air Force Reserve currently is operating 13 HH-3 and 5 HH-1 helicopters. These aircraft are getting old and rapidly are becoming unsupportable. Modernization of this system will maintain the effectiveness of these experienced crews and support personnel.

Our rescue aircrews, pararescuemen, and support personnel received some of the most impressive awards in the 1987 annual International Search and Rescue Competition (SAREX). A Reserve team (the Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadrons at Homestead AFB, Florida, and Portland IAP, Oregon) claimed the best overall SAREX Award.

OPERATIONAL ACHIEVEMENTS

In FY 1987, Air Force Reserve flying units logged more than 220,000 flying hours, flying unit equipped and associate, fighter, tanker, tactical airlift and strategic airlift aircraft.

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Our flying is not limited to local training missions. In quantitative terms the byproduct of world-wide airlift training is a supplement to the Air Force peacetime mission. The Air Force Reserve contribution to MAC channel missions represented more than 38,000 passengers, 59,000 tons of cargo, and 263 million ton miles. Our unit equipped airlift mission added more than 53,000 hours, 90,000 passengers, and 19,000 tons of cargo. Reserve associate C-9 medical evacuation crews logged 3,500 hours while transporting more than 9,000 patients.

The Air Force Reserve made major contributions to exercise activities around the world in FY 1987. More than 32,000 Reservists participated in Joint Chiefs of Staff and Major Command (MAJCOM) exercises (command post and field training). Some of the major events were: VOLANT OAK and PEGASUS 87 in Central America; BRIM FROST in Alaska; TEAM SPIRIT, a Pacific theater exercise; and REFORGER, an all-service deployment to the European theater.

In terms of tactical airlift support for these exercises, we deployed more than 37,000 troops, airdropping 14,000; and 4,000 tons of cargo, airdropping 500 tons of cargo and equipment. Our VOLANT OAK crews rotate to Panama and share a commitment with the Air National Guard for direct support to the U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) unified commander. Last year we flew 392 missions and 847 sorties carrying 8,500 passengers and 2,500 tons of cargo in support of SOUTHCOM requirements. In addition to these exercises, an additional 250 deployments transported 7,000 personnel -- all this, quite an accomplishment for the citizen airman.

In addition to routine training, members of two Air Force Reserve flying units recorded extraordinary firsts last year:

An aircrew from McGuire AFB, New Jersey, airdropped the heaviest single load ever from a C-141, a 38,490 pound U.S. Army Sheridan tank.

Two F-4 crews from Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, participating in the
CHECKERED FLAG exercise, scrambled from Iceland and intercepted two Soviet
bombers over the North Atlantic. This was the first "close look" for an Air Force
Reserve crew.

In conjunction with proficiency training, our flying units are often requested to provide a variety of humanitarian services:

Air Force Reserve rescue units were credited with saving 20 lives in FY 1987.

A C-141 from McChord AFB, Washington, air-evacuated eight victims of the
disastrous San Juan, Puerto Rico, New Year's Eve hotel fire to New Haven,
Connecticut. Two Reserve units (C-141 Associate unit from Charleston AFB,
South Carolina, and C-130 crews from Niagara Falls, New York) joined Military
Airlift Command aircrews in providing disaster relief for earthquake ravaged
Ecuador in February.

There are several missions unique to the Air Reserve Components, where our units accomplish remarkable feats with a combination of experience and ingenuity. The Air Force Reserve provides 100 percent of the Air Force aerial spray capability. In one recent example of this mission, our Rickenbacker ANGB, Ohio, unit flew aerial spray missions to suppress a potential disease epidemic in Puerto Rico. The Air Reserve Components also provide 100 percent of the Air Force augmentation to the Forestry Service airborne fire fighting. A California C-130 unit (Air Force Reserve) from March AFB loaded a mobile aerial fire fighting system in their aircraft and teamed with the Air National Guard to help contain raging forest fires in Southern and Central California.

APPROPRIATIONS

The Air Force Operation and Maintenance (O&M) appropriation provides for the dayto-day operating expenses of Reserve bases and units. It includes civilian personnel pay, aviation and ground fuels, depot maintenance, real property maintenance, and supplies.

This appropriation increases in FY 1989 by $27.6 million, of which $29.3 million is price growth with a negative program growth of $1.7 million.

The O&M increases in FY 1989 occur primarily in F-16 tactical fighters ($15.2 million), and C-5 strategic airlift ($14.2 million). Major program reductions include C-130 tactical airlift (-$4.3 million) and Air Reserve Personnel Center manpower reduction (-$2.1 million). The depot maintenance program drops ($8.0 million) while base operating support funding increases $1.1 million, primarily due to the modernization of our aircraft inventory.

CONCLUSION

In summary, the combat readiness and war fighting capability of the Air Force Reserve continue to be vital elements within the Total Force. Modernization and training will continue as our primary concerns as we strive to maximize our ability to defend America during this time of reduced defense spending.

We are proud of our achievements for 1987, and even more proud of our families and employers who supported these accomplishments. Successful service to the Air Force and our country takes the combined effort of the member, family, and civilian employer. Without this teamwork, the inconveniences of absences from home and office, attendance at frequent training activities, and all hour availability would be difficult to endure. The splendid assistance Congress has given our Reservists, their families, and employers is gratifying; and I am confident this consideration will continue in the second session of the 100th Congress.

This concludes my statement, Madam Chairman. I am prepared to respond to your questions.

Mrs. BYRON. Even the lift capacity that--
General SCHEER. Well, that might be a little exception.

Mrs. BYRON. Last, but not least, General Temple. Thank you. STATEMENT OF LT. GEN. HERBERT R. TEMPLE, CHIEF, NATIONAL

GUARD BUREAU, ACCOMPANIED BY: MAJ. GEN. JOHN B. CONAWAY, DIRECTOR, AIR NATIONAL GUARD; AND MAJOR GENERAL DONALD BURDICK, DIRECTOR, ARMY NATIONAL GUARD

General TEMPLE. Thank you, Madam Chairman. I welcome the opportunity to appear before this committee and represent the more than 600,000 men and women of the Army and the Air National Guard. I want to express our appreciation for the outstanding support which the Congress and this committee in particular have given us.

I am accompanied today by Major General Conaway, the Director of the Air National Guard and Major General Donald Burdick, the Director of the Army National Guard. Madam Chairman, I look forward to your questions.

[The prepared statement of General Temple follows.]

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