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other so well that they can communicate--each to each-the secrets of their hearts. It is the only one of our sensations which does not live on illusions, the only one which Nature counsels us to adopt without forcing it on us." Suddenly, in the full vigor of his talent, Montegut leaves Paris and retires to the country. When he died his name was only known as one who had long since disappeared.
Even after his death the "spirit" of Buloz did not for an instant abandon his work, and the Revue continued to be the "academy of excellence." The influence of the philosopher Caro on the eighteenth century and on the encyclopædists had given Cousin's successsor a notoriety which made up in a measure for certain rather harsh criticisms on his lectures at the Sorbonne. Caro's best work is a study, in six volumes, on Auguste Comte. The preface is almost exclusively devoted to the glory of Littre: "Littre who remains one of the finest types of humanity—a character marked in relief by the most elevated morality, an absolute sincerity, and the greatest effort of an active, regular, and fruitful mind."
We will characterize this second stage of the Revue as the "Philosophical Stage." The first was the Romantic stage, and the third, the contemporary, the stage of criticism.
First: Romantism. The collaborators of this period were: in fiction, Mme. Sand; in poetry, Musset and Vigny; in history, Amadee Thierry.
The second period, which reflected the second Empire, had for philosophers Renan and Caro-for politicians Forcade and Mazade.
The modern and contemporary period is characterized by the predominance given to criticism and science-Fouillet himself introduces criticism into his scientific articles. A critic Ferdinand Brunetiere, a critic Jules Lemattre, a critic Anatole France, a critic Emile Faguet, a critic Edouard Rod quite as much as he is a novelist; even Cherbuliz, one of the first, and long before Bourget, to introduce Cosmopolitanism in novels, is also of the school of critics.
There is little of the fire and transports of romantism in Feuillet's first works of fiction; the novel which depicts passions had worked itself out during the romantic movement. Society individuals, and the laws which govern them, having been sufficiently altered and modified by unbridled passion let loose, the kind of fiction which come after would necessarily be the fiction of observation. Thus Feuillet was destined to be the Abbe Prevost of his time, and give us in "M. de Camors" the synthesis of his century, as Abbe Prevost had summarised his in "Manon Lescaut." Feuillet's novels give an exact picture of elegant Parisian society during the Second Empire. The characteristic of them is neither passion as in the novels of
his predecessor, nor observation and study of social psychology as in those of his successors, Hervieu, Rod, and Bourget. It is a study of society, but of a society where libertinage and pleasure sail along with flying colours, overthrowing every obstacle in their onward course. One of the peculiarities of Feuillet's heroes is to be placed in situations where they are thwarted neither by laws, like the heroes of Paul Hervieu, nor by their conscience, like Bourget's characters.
Julia de Trecœur and M. de Camors accept no curb on their actions; they go straight on, consulting nothing except their own desires. It is not passion, but satiety, which leads them to suicide. In their estimation, laws exist only to be set aside. In "Les Tenailles," as in "La Loi de l'Homme" (Paul Hervieu), we are in the presence of people who try to elude the rigors of that law which trammels them, the text of the novel being the suffering entailed by legalized life. They would like to change it, yet at the same time take it into account. It is the same with the romantic school. They fling moral considerations to the winds when under the empire of passion, but are conscious that they do so. conscious that they do so. The characteristic of
Feuillet's heroes, on the contrary, is their apparent ignorance of legal or social checks; the only guidance they accept is that of their good pleasure. Between Feuillet and the more serious psychologists we find a whole procession of "sub-Feuillets" writing the story of "sub-Camors."
Time has passed; the ancient landmarks remain. As in the beginning, the Revue is still the rendezvous of the leaders of every group. It still has its sailor, its great lady, its Academican, its specialist in every branch: here alone are so many varieties of excellence to be found. Loti has taken the place of Riviere, while Cousin and Ste. Beuve are replaced by Hanotaux; it is still history, philosophy and science. The original plan, the conception of an organ which should gather together all the intellectual superiorities of the country, that is the paternal inheritance which, left by the founder to his creation, remains impervious to changes.
Those Which in Great Britain Have Brought That Sum or More in the Past Hundred Years.
An attempt has been made in the following list to include all books of importance and value which have brought 100 at English book sales from 1790 to 1899, though in it figure a few rarities fetching smaller sums. No book of great bibliographical interest has been omitted, and from the beautiful Pliny, of 1472, sold at the Chauncey sale, down to the Kilmarnock Burns the list shows emphatically some of the luxuries of collecting. Prices given are in pounds sterling. Prices for the Ashburnham books are not included in these lists, but will be given later;
Pliny of 1472, vellum, Harlem copy, 652: (Cost the Earl of Oxford, it is said, 160 guineas at private sale. Resold at Count MacCarthy sale, 1817, for 705f.; priced later by Payne and Foss at £65; resold at Sir M. M. Sykes' sale. 1824, for 72 9s., at Duke of Sussex sale, 1845, for £90, and at Earl of Ashburnham sale, final part, 1898, for £150.)
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Paris de Meyzieux Library. Sold by James Edwards, March 28-April 2, 1791, 636 lots, realizing £7,098 ros. 98.1
Biblia Pauperum, block book, forty leaves, £51,
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John Brand Library. Sold in 1807.
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John Duke of Roxburghe Library. Sold by R.
"Confessio," Caxton (1483), £336.
"Recuil," Caxton (1476), lacking 33 leaves,
"Calendar of the Shepherds," Paris (1503), £180.
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Ralph Willett Library. Sold by Leigh and Sotheby
early printed on wooden blocks or type." One of two known copies, but long thought to be unique. Now in Spencer Rylands Library.) *** Pilgrimage of the Soul." Caxton (1483), lacking three leaves, bound with "Art and Craft to know well to Die," Caxton (1491), 152 5s. ("Pilgrimage" made perfect later by Spencer.) at gatuh fenn_21ault to predil Ada mon John Philip Kemble Library. Sold in 1822. et a First Follo, £112 75. rpåra brod-0 nodquut quimiotas aima
John Towneley Library. Sold by Evans, June George Watson Taylor Library. Sold in 1823. 8.15, 1814, and June 19-29, 1815, 2,608 lots, real/First Latin Bible with, a date, Fust and Schoeffer izing £8.597,168, wh! » 1xd1 histoi Chaucer's Troylus and Creside," Caxton (1814), 1 one leaf lacking, 252 2s. (Brought 2 at Rat. cliffe sale. 1776, resold at Blandford, sale, 1819. for 162 155., and at Taylor sale, 1823, for £66 3s. Now in Grenville Collection, British Museum.) Caxton's "Dictes," second edition (1480), not first, according to catalogue, £189.)
(1462), 215 55. (Brought 3,200f. at Gaignat sale, 4,085f. at de la Valliere sale, and 4,750f. at MacCarty sale. Resold at Dent sale in 1827 for. £173 5s., at Perkins sale, 1873, for £780, and at Earl of Crawford's first sale, 1887, for £1,0254), Caxton's "Recuyell" (1476), perfect and uncut, £205 165. (Now in Spencer Rylands Library,)
blue morocco, £315. (Resold, at Blandford sale, 1819, for £42.) "Speculum Humanæ Salvationis, Belgice," block book, red morocco, 252 (The Gaignat and MacCarthy copy. Resold at Hibbert sale, 1829, for £80.)
"Book of Divers Ghostly Matters," Caxton, (1496), 194 5s. (Now in 'Spencer-Rylands Li brary. Lacks part of first leaf. Only auction of a good copy.)
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Caxton's "Godfrey of Bologne (1481), 215 58!
J. Roberts Library. Sold in 1816.
Lloyd Library. Sold in 1816.
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Saunders Library. Sold in 1818.
George Nassau Library. Sold by Evans, February,
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The Revi Theodofe Williams Library. Sold byd.
Rapin's "England," with Tindal's "Continuation" (1743-7), 5 vols. in 7, one of six copies on large writing paper, 100 extra plates, blue morocco, by Clarke, 288 15s.
Aquinas, Rome (1570-1), 18 vols. in 21, one of two copies on vellum, £178 10s. (The copy presented by Pius V. to Philip II., and taken from the library of the Escurial during the occupation by Spain by Napoleon.)
Zenophon, Oxford (1691-1705), 6 vols., the sixth volume containing the "Socrates" of 1705, Socrates" of 1705, large paper, red morocco, by Clarke, 173 5s. (To make this set Williams bought the Hampden copy (£158 11.), the MacCarthy (1,520f.), and the Sykes (26 5s.)
John Dent Library. Sold in 1827.
First Folio, perfect, 131⁄2 by 84 inches, £110 5s. (Resold at Perkins sale, 1873, for £585.) "Polychronicon," Caxton (1482), morocco, by Lewis, 103 19s. (Resold at Perkins sale, 1873, for £365, and at Ives sale, 1891, for $1,300. Now in Lenox Library.)
A. A. Renouard Library. Sold by Evans, 1828, 1828 and 1830.
Cicero, Valdarfer, Venice (1471), vellum, £420.
George Hibbert Library. Sold by Evans, March 16, April 4, May 4-16, May 25, June 6, 1829, 8,786 lots, realizing £21,560. Gutenberg Bible, on paper, £215. First Folio, morocco, by Montague, £85 1S. (Resold at Wilks sale, 1847, for £155, and at Gardner sale, 1854, for £250. Now in Huth Library.) Luther's own copy of his translation of the Bible, £267 15s. (The James Edwards copy. (Resold at Hurd sale, 1832, for £98 10s.)
Bible, Fust and Schoeffer (1462), vellum, 128 2s. (The Giradot de Prefond and Count MacCarthy copy. Resold at Perkins sale, 1873, for £296, and at Earl of Crawford sale, 1889, for £370.) Psalter of 1459, Fust and Schoeffer, blue morocco (MacCarthy copy), £90 6s.
Richard Heber Library. Sold in thirteen sales by Sotheby, Evans and Wheatley, three different auctioneers, April 10, 1834, to February 28, 1837, 52,000 lots, realizing £56,744. "The Taming of a Shrew" (1594), morocco, by Lewis, the only copy known, £94. (Purchased for the Duke of Devonshire. The Inglis copy.)
George Chalmers Library. Sold in 1842. "True Tragedie of Duke of York" (1600), first edition, 131.
Shakespeare's "Sonnets" (1609), Aspley imprint, £105. (Sold first in 1800 as a supposed duplicate from the Earl of Ellesmere's collection at Bridgewater House, but repurchased for the library at the Chalmers sale.)
Thomas Jolley Library. The portion sold in 1844. Shakespeare's "Venus and Adonis" (1594), one of three known copies, £116. (Purchased by Jolley in Lancashire "for a mere trifle." Secured by Grenville at Jolley sale and now in
British Museum. Other copies in Bodleian and Huth Libraries.)
Wilks Library. Sold in 1847. Gutenberg Bible, paper, bought for James Lenox, £500.
John Dunn Gardner Library. Sold by Sotheby and Wilkinson, July 6, 1854, and ten following days, 2,457 lots, realizing £8,171. Tyndale's "Pentateuch" (1530), three leaves in fac simile, £159.
Mathew's Bible (1537), title page and last leaf inlaid, £150. (The Lea Wilson copy.)
The Great Bible (1539), first edition, title page and first four leaves inlaid, £121. (The Lea Wilson copy.)
Coverdale's Bible (1535), title page and first leaf of dedication in fac simile, £365. Caxton's "Reynard" (1481), £195. (Copy has been sold since at auction.)
Caxton's "Golden Legend" (1484), lacking fifth leaf, £230. (Not the Blandford copy, as stated in the catalogue, but the better of the two Roxburghe copies, which sold for £31. Purchased at Gardner sale for the Duc d'Aumale.) Chaucer's "Tales," de Worde (1488), several leaves repaired, £245. (The Maskell copy. Grenville's was once thought unique.)
De Bry's "Great and Small Voyages," nine volumes, morocco, by Clarke and Bedford, £240. (Perhaps the copy that fetched $900 at the Ives sale in 1891.)
J. O. Halliwell Library. Sold by Sotheby and Wilkinson, May 23, 1856, May 21-23, 1857, June 14, 1858, and June 13, 1859. "Second Part of Henrie the Fourth" (1600), first edition (1857 sale), £100.
"Sonnets" (1609), John Wright imprint, some headlines cut into, morocco, by Bedford (1858 sale), 154 7s. (Found in 1857 by Professor Mommsen in the Bentinck Library at Varel, near Oldenberg, bound in a volume of tracts. Now in Huth Library. One of three known copies with the imprint. "By G. Eld for T. T." and are to be solde by John Wright.")
Bishop of Cashel Library. Sold in 1858. Gutenberg Bible, paper, £596.
E. James Library. Sold in 1859. Caxton's "Eneydos" (1490), £100. (Highest recorded price).
Henry Stevens sale, Puttick & Simpson, July 12-20, 1860.
Caxton's "Chronicles" and "Description," four leaves in the former, six in the latter, in facsimile, morocco, by Bedford, £180. (Resold at Ashburnham sale for £610.)
Hulsius' "Voyages and Travels," 26 parts, in 27 volumes, red morocco, by Pratt, £335.
Joseph Lilly sale, 1861.
Chaucer's "Tales" (1478), Caxton, sixteen leaves in fac simile, £300. (Now in Huth Library.)
Henry Stevens sale, Puttick & Simpson, March 25-29, 1862.
Coverdale's Bible (1535), imperfect, brown morocco, by Bedford, 140. (Resold at George Livermore sale, 1894, for $800.)
Guglielmo Libri Library. Sold by Sotheby, 1859, 1861, and 1862. Libri had a sale in 1849. Grolier's copy of Macchiavelli (1540), 1862 sale, £150.
Block book, "Biblia Pauperum" (1470), 1862 sale, £220.
Caxton's "Fayts of Arms" (1489), morocco, by by Bedford, 1862 sale, 255. (Once Mario's copy. Now in Huth Library.)
Miss Mary Richardson Currer Library. Sold by Sotheby, July 30, August 7, 1862, 2,681 lots, realizing £5,984 13s. 6d.
Coverdale's Bible (1535), nine leaves in fac-simile, blue morocco, by Lewis, £250.
"Chronicles of England," St. Albans (1483), vellum, six leaves in fac-simile, russia, by Lewis, £365.
Congregation Society sale, July, 1862. Caxton's "Servitum" (1491), £200. (Now in the British Museum; the only known copy.) Shakespeare's "Venus and Adonis" (1627), one of two known copies, uncut, 115. (Found by a bookseller at a country sale in a lot of worthless books; has leaf A1, not in the other copy in British Museum, which fetched £37 IOS. at Chalmers sale, 1842, and £35 at Bright sile, 1845. In 1879 the present copy was in the Griswold Library.)
George Daniel Library. Sold by Sotheby, July 20-29, 1864, 2,278 lots, realizing £15,855 2s. Chester's "Love's Martyr" (1601), morocco, by Lewis, 138. (Resold at Tite sale, 1874, for £68.)
Gray's "Odes," with notes by the poet, £110. Hannay's "Philomela" (1622), old vellum wrapper. £96. Herbert's "Temple," one of two copies of the original undated edition, the other being now in the Huth Library, £30 10s. (Resold at J. Delaware Lewis sale, 1868, for £32, and at Foote sale, 1895, for $1,050; had brought 3 at Brand sale, 1807, 10 at Heber sale, and 19 15s. at Pickering sale, 1854.)
"Richard the Third" (1597), morocco, by Lewis, 351 15s. Now in Huth Library. Cost Daniel £41 6s. at Heber sale.)
"Love's Labors Lost" (1598), £346 10s. (Bindley's copy, also Heber's, which fetched £40.) "Henry the Fourth" (1599), second edition, £115 10.
Henry the Fifth" (1600), parchment covers, £231. Now in Huth Library. Brought £243 at Heber sale.) "Merchant of Venice" (1600), green morocco, by Lewis, £99 15s. (Now in Huth Library. Cost Daniel £17.)
"Much Ado About Nothing" (1600), green morocco, by Lewis, £267 15s. (Resold at Lewis sale, 1868, for £235. Cost Daniel £18 at Heber sale).
"Midsummer Night's Dream" (1600), Thomas Fisher, £241 IOS. (Bindley and Heber copy. Cost Daniel £21 in 1857.)
"Merry Wives of Windsor" (1602), £346 10s. "Troylus and Cresseid" (1609), £114 9s. (Sold for £50 at Heber sale.) "Othello" (1622), £155. (Now in Huth Library. Fetched £28 at Heber sale; had brought £56 14s. at Bindley sale in 1819.) "Lucrece" (1594), brown morocco, by Lewis, £157 10s.)
"Venus and Adonis" (1594), one of three known copies, 240. (Now in Huth Library.) "Venus and Adonis" (1596), one of two known copies, £336. (Now in British Museum. Brought 691 at Bolland sale, in 1840, and £91 IOS. at Bright sale, in 1845. Other copy is in Bodleian.) "Sonnets" (1609), John Wright imprint, the best of the three known copies, £225 15s. (Cost Narcissus Luttrell is; brought £3 19s. at George Steevens sale, in 1800; 21 at Roxburghe sale, in 1812, and £21 10s. 6d. at a sale in January, 1830. Purchased at Daniel sale for Almon W. Griswold, and priced a few years ago by Dodd, Mead & Co. at $5,000. The other copies are in British Museum and Huth Libraries.) "Lochrine" (1595), light green morocco, by Lewis, £105. (Resold at Tite sale, 1874, for £45.)
George Offor Library. Announced to be sold by Sotheby June 27-July 8, 1865, but early in the morning of June 29 the auctioneers were burned out, and nearly the whole of this wonderful collection of Bibles, Testaments, Bunyan and Bunyaniana was destroyed. Cranmer's New Testament (1547), blue morocco, by Murton, "supposed to be unique," £215.
Lord Charlmont's Library. Sold by Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, August 11, 1865; 278 lots, realizing 4,698 8s.
"Castell of Laboure," Pynson, n. d., £195. (Now in Huth Library.)
First Folio, verses mounted, but fine copy, £455. (1234 by 8 5-16.)