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CAROLYN WELLS in Life.
Unto My Books.
Far ends of tired days;
And pain is missed in praise.
With banquetings to be,
Till my small library.
Far feet of failing men,
And it is bells within.
Their countenances bland
And satisfy, obtained.”
The World of Dickens. In honor of its “Memorial Edition of Charles Dickens," the Daily News Weekly has lately offered to the world a complete examination in that author's work. The competition is interesting if only because by a hundred pinpricks of suggestion, and provocations of memory, it sends us back to our Dickens to learn how little we know of that fantastic world of which he was tbe creator.
The questions were twenty-five in number, modelled, of course, upon Calverley's famous Pickwick " examination paper.
Here is one: “Show the connection between poultry and elephants which, strange as it may seem, is made plain in one of the novels.
The reference is to "Dombey and Son.” The Game Chicken remonstrates with Mr. Toots for his poor spirit in refraining from “blowing on this here match (of Florence and Walter) to the Stiff'un."
“My sentiments is Game and Fancy, Master,” returned the chicken. “That's wot my sentiments is. I can't abear a meanness. I'm afore the public. I'm to be heard of at the bar o' the Little Helephant, and no governor o' mine musn't go and do what's mean."
This is almost too ingenious. Again, the demand for a parallel to “There's a young 'oman on the next form but two as has drunk nine breakfast cups and a half, and she is swelling wisibly before my eyes,” is not too well fulfilled in the reference to Dora's housekeeping, given in David Copperfield's words :
“But I apprehend that we were personally unfortunate in engaging a servant with a taste for cordials, who swelled our account for porter at the public-house by such inexplicable items as 'quarteru rum shrub (Mrs. C.),' 'half-quartern gin and cloves (Mrs. C.),' glass rum and pepper-mint (Mrs. C.),' the parenthesis always referring to Dora, who was supposed, it appeared on explanation, to have imbibed the whole of these refreshments.”
An admirable answer has been furnished in response to the question asking for an example of Dickens' portraiture of the power of love:
“I pledge you my professional word I didn't even know she could dance till her last benefit, and then she played Juliet, and Helen Macgregor, and did the skipping-rope hornpipe between the pieces. The very first time I saw that admirable woman, Johnson," said Mr. Crummles, drawing a little nearer, and speaking in a tone of confidential friendship, “she stood upon her head on the buttend of a spear, surrounded with blazing fire-works."
“You astonish me !” said Nicholas.
“She astonished me!"' returned Mr. Crummles, with a very serious countenance.
"Such grace coupled with such dignity-I adored her from that
For Book Borrowers. I of my Spenser quite bereft,
Last winter sore was shaken;
Nor could I save my Bacon.
Than Bramah's patent worth,
Without a Home on earth.
And thus my grief divide;
And eased my Akenside.
Nor let my anger burn,
From Notes and Queries.
This is, of course, from Actor-Manager Cruminles' they were so lieavy paid for a little more no one eulogy of his distinguished spouse, in "Nicholas needn't be drove mad by scrouding so," and what Nickleby." Other examples occur to everyone. was the cause of this outburst against the force ? Think of John Chivery, Junior, as his mother The interpolated s will probably put most people pointed him out to Clennam, while he sat amid the on the track. It is, of course, the immortal Gamp. Aapping linen in the back-yard :
“What a very ill-natured person you must be !'' “ It's the only change he takes,” said Mrs. Chiv said Tom (as she hooked him with the handle of ery. . . "He won't go out even in the back her umbrella). yard when there's no linen; but when there's linen Mrs. Gamp cried out fiercely: “Where's the to keep the neighbors' eyes off, he'll sit there hours. pelisse ?"'--meaning the constabulary--and went on Hours he will. Says he feels as if it was groves !” to say, shaking the handle of the umbrella at Tom,
Or again of Mr. Venus, the anatomical artist, that “but for them fellers never being in the way from whom, in consequence of the letter in which when they were wanted, ste'd have given him in his adored one spurned his offer and declared that charge, she would. she did not desire “to regard herself nor yet to be “If they greased their whiskers less, and minded regarded in that bony light” .
the duties which they're paid so heavy for a little fled save gall.”
more," she observed, “no one needn't be drove My very bones (he confided to the other friend mad by scrouding so!” ly-mover) is rendered flabby by brooding over it. The removal of the lion from Northumberland If they could be brought to me loose to sort, I House to the neighborhood of Kew Gardens is of should hardly have the face to claim 'em as mine. happy omen in connection with a passage from the To such an extent have I fallen off under it.” “Sketches by Boz'':
The young lady, by the way, was Miss Pleasant “Miss Teresa Malderton was a very little girl, Riderhood—and here is a proper place to point out rather fat, with vermillion cheeks, but good-humored an error into which, in a certain “Frame of Mind," and still disengaged.
In vain had she has fallen so Dickens-saturated a reader as Mr. flirted for ten years; in vain had Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Walkley. It is in his essay on Mme. Sarah Malderton assiduously kept up an extensive acBeruhardt that he uses the verb “to poll-parrot” quaintance among the young eligible bachelors of as a synonym of “to imitate." Now a reference Camberwell, and even of those of Waudsworth and to “Our Mutual Friend”—and, especially to the Brixton; to say nothing of those who “dropped account of a colloquy between John Harmon (dis in” from town. Miss Malderton
well guised), Rogue Riderhood, and his daughter-will known as the lion on the top of Northumberland establish the true use of the word as the equivalent House, and had an equal chance of “going off.” of "to chatter," or to prattle.
And, in relation to the changes which time has “Why the devil don't you answer the Captain? made in the aspect of London since Dickens' days, You can Poll Parrot enough when you ain't wanted the projected thoroughfare from Holborn to the to Poll Parrot, you perwerse jade!”
Strand would surely bave formed a better bait to “Bleak House” also furnishes an example of draw a reminiscence of Dick Swiveller than a one of Dickens' rare slips from accuracy. Three cumbrous reference to the mimicry which, accordare given in answer to Question XIII.; one is from ing to biologists, is one of the determinants of the “David Copperfield,” and “ Pickwick” furnishes evolutionary process; two. To these we may add (unless it is to be “I enter in this little book (said Dick) the names counted to the credit of young Mr. Smallweed's of the streets that I can't go down while the shops financial talents) that his adroit totalling of the are open. This dinner to-day closes Long Acre. score upon the occasion of his dining with the bought a pair of boots in Great Queen street last young man of the name of Guppy and Mr. Jobling week, and made that no thoroughfare, too. There's was inaccurate. It ran:
only one avenue to the Strand left open now, and I "Four veals and hams is three, and four pota shall have to stop that up to-night with a pair of toes is three and four, and one summer cabbage is gloves. The roads are closing so fast in every dithree and six, and three marrows is four and six, rection that in about a month's time, unless my and four half-pints of half-and-half is six and three, aunt sends me a remittance, I shall have to go threeand four small rums is eight and three, and three or four miles out of town to get over the way.” Pollys is eight and six. Eight and six in half a Obviously, Avenue Kruger-or whatever, is to be sovereign, Polly, and eighteenpence out.":
its name—would have fulfilled what an Irish jourA reference to a preceding page shows that three
accustomed to call “a much-needed pint-pots had been superadded.
want." Question X. is.
One is glad to see brought to the light Mrs. "What lady was it who said that "if the police Skewton's appreciation of the eighth Henry: greased their whiskers less and minded the duties “So bluff! (cried Mrs. Skewton), wasn't he? So
burly. So truly English. Such a picture, too, he decided that the British held ultimate victory in makes, with his dear little peepy eyes and his be their hands, and his newspaper was continued as a nevolent chin !” With which you may compare Tory publication. Gaine found himself in unexa thumb-nail resume of another sovereign. Was it pected difficulty at the close of the war, and was not Lady Tippin's husband who had been knighted obliged to petition the Legislature for permission to by George III in mistake for somebody else?-"on remain in New York. He kept a bookstore and which occasion His Majesty was graciously pleased general printing office until his death in 1807, at to observe: What. what, what? Who, who, 148 Pearl Street, better known in those days as the who? Why, why, why?'". ""- The Academy.
"Sign of the Bible." His old sign years before had
been the “Bible and Crown,” but for obvious reasons Old Book-sellers.
the crown was taken down after the British troops THOSE WHO FLOURISHED IN NEW ORK ON
left New York. DRED YEARS AGO.
Cobbett was well known to the reading public one One hundred years ago the man of letters in this hundred years ago, for the vituperation of his Porcity who was anxious to secure the latest volume cupine's Gazette had made this editor hated with an from London or a printed sermon or oration de intensity deeper perhaps than had been shown for livered by one of his own countrymen would in any other wielder of the pen. His two years as a variably visit the booksellers' shops, to be found on Philadelphia editor were full of troublesome experiMaiden Lane and Pearl street. On those two thor ences, and when Dr. Rush won a libel suit against oughfares in 1800 were fourteen bookstores, one him, carrying with it $5,000, Cobbett abandoned half the number then doing business in New York. the town in which he had neither enjoyed nor given Ten were on Pearl street, making that street unmis any brotherly love. He came to New York and takably the literary headquarters of the town. The lost no time in opening a book-shop at 141 Water newspapers of 1800 give us the names of twenty- street, near Hanover Square, and was a prominent eight persons who were book publishers and deal
advertiser on January 1, 1800. He published The ers, to a greater or less extent. A few advertised Court Calendar and soon began that series of pamtheir wares liberally, but the majority were content phlets known as the “Rush Light,” in which, with an occasional few lines, or eagerly called atten among other things, he continued to hold Dr. Rush tion to the publication of a pamphlet or a book of up to ridicule. When Cobbett got an idea that he local interest. Such was the case with the sermons was right, he held on to it with the pertinacity of a of Dr. Linn and Dr. Mason on the life and deeds of bulldog. He claimed that 1800 began the new cenGeorge Washington, delivered before large congre tury instead of 1801, and beneath his advertisement gations on February 22, 1800.
of January 9th he gives a sample of his style: Among these early purveyors of literature are a "N. B.-Mr. Fenno calls it contumacy in the few names that have attained more than the ordi editor of The Court Kalendar' to insist on it that nary limits of remembrance. There was Evert Duy this year 1800 is the first year of the nineteenth ckinck, a miscellaneous tradesman in his early years, century. What I does Mr. Fenno look upon himbut who later made a specialty of books, a fact self as a judge and view the editor as an offender which undoubtedly had its influence upon his sons brought to his bar? Contumacy with a vengeance ! and led them to compile their very thorough, but Why, the very air of Philadelphia seems to be imnot absolutely perfect, “Cyclopedia of American pregnated with tyranny-literary, legal and mediLiterature.” William Dunlap, artist, theatrical cal. Contumacy or not, the editor does still fermanager and author, was managing the Park The sist in asserting that the year 1800 is the first of the atre that had been opened late in 1798. Kot nineteenth century, and that to believe the contrary zebue's German plays were the rage of the town a is to betray a degree of ignorance excusable in no century ago, and in February Dunlap advertised one but a Philadelphian." his translations of those plays at 3772 cents each. Where the Drexel Building now stands, on the
Two prominent editors whose papers bad been corner of Wall and Broad streets, was a popular suspended were making their living as book deal bookstore kept by John Furman, who enlarged his ers-Hugh Gaine and William Cobbett. The former business by taking in Samuel C. Loudon as a partsucceeded much better than the latter, for in June, ner, and purchasing the entire stock of Alexander Cobbett shook off the dust of his tumultuous ex Somerville. The name of Caritat was one of the periences and sailed for England, leaving his busi most prominent in the book world of New York for ness in the hands of John Ward Fenno, who a few many years. He kept a large store at 133 Broadyears before had published a newspaper in Phil way. His advertisement on January 14th reads: adelphia. Before the Revolution, Gaine was the “This day is published and will be delivered gratis proprietor of a successful newspaper, known as the to subscribers and purchasers a supplement to the New York Mercury. He was anxious to enlist upon catalogue of H. Caritat's general and increasing the winning side, and after several clever maneuvres circulating library and bookstore."
The names of T. & J. Swords, too, of 99 Pearl
Books that are Parted With. Street, will be found in many books published at
Writers should drop in on us, if they want to that time. They printed many books for their own
know what the public really thinks of them,” said sale and for other dealers who did not keep a press
a well-known old-book man the other day. “Not in their store. Several of the novels of Charles
a few popular authors would be surprised if they Brockden Brown, including “ Willard Ormond"
should see the number of their works that people and “Arthur Mervyn," were issued first by T.
have parted with after one reading, and which we & J. Swords, and they imported extensively from
are trying to sell at reduced prices. There are a abroad.
few-a very few—works which seem to defy even Another popular book-man was George F. Hop
hard times. We can never get hold of one of them. kins, who for several years printed The Commer
There, for instance, are the works of James Lane cial Advertiser. Hopkins' store was known as
Allen. I believe in all my experience I have “Washington's Head.” He published many of
handled but one of his books. Another book of the orations delivered after the death of Washing
which only one second-hand copy is on record here ton, and later published a collection of his writings.
is Joe Jefferson's Autobiography. But we have The store of John Low, at 332 Water street, was Kipling here in all collections and editions; Conan known as “Shakespeare's Head," from a fine
Doyle and Mark Twain "Trilbys" by the hundred, wooden figure of the poet that ornamented the and a number of copies of “The Martian.” Richbuilding. Edward Belden, a nephew of Noah ard Harding Davis figures largely. There has Webster, did a general publishing business at 40 been a scattering of Stephen Crane, but the proPine street, in connection with his editorial man portion is small. Gibson's drawings-even the agement of The Commercial Advertiser. Dr. latest volume-have been resold. You can get James Church published medical works at 137
Stevenson, and Stevenson in his subscription edi
tion at that. George Meredith contributes a few, Front street, and Benjamin Gomez of 97 Maiden Lane combined with book-selling the speculative Henry James a few, Howells a few, Captain Charles
a large number. Amelia Barr, Mrs. Burtov Harridelights of retailing lottery tickets.
son, Mrs. Burnett, Edna Lyall, Florence Marryat, Peter A. Mesier of 107 Pearl street and T. B. Jan- Margaret Deland and Mrs. H. Ward are represented sen & Co. of 248 Pearl street were prominent in
by a large number each."-Philadelphia Record. the trade and kept excellent stores. Others in the center of activity were Samuel Campbell, 124 Pearl street; John Rebout, 358 Pearl street; S.
Their First Guinea. Stephens, 165 Pearl street; Brown & Stanolany, 164 Water street; T. S. Arden, 186 Pearl street,
The happy notion of collecting from various well
known writers the history of the way in which they and David Longworth, near the Park Theatre, on Park Row. The latter published many fine engrav
earned their first guinea has occurred to Miss Maud
Churton, and the result of her inquiries may be ings, and Shakespearean lovers frequented his shop
found in Pearsons' Magazine for December. Mr. to look at his collection of Boydell's Shakespeare
Conan Doyle earned his by a story in Chambers' gallery.
Journal in 1878, called “The Mystery of Sarsassa Books on etiquette, improvement of the mind,
Valley," for which he was paid three guineas. with poetical and moral selections, designed espe “Sarah Grand” also earned her first guineacially for the fair sex, were among the works which which was thirty shillings—from Chambers' Jourevery book-seller always kept in stock. An adver nal, with an essay on the binding of Chinese womtisement of a new one of this order, which was
en's feet. Mr. Bernard Shaw's first guinea was published early in 1800, gives a fair idea of the fifteen shillings, but he does not say how he earned contents of these young ladies' books.
it. Mr. H. G. Wells' first money came from the “The Mental Flower Garden." A book which Family Herald; Mr. Crockett's from a Glasgow merits the patronage of the fair sex, containing an
newspaper; Mr. Rider Haggard's from the Gentle
man's Magazine, for an account of a Zulu warelegant copper engraving representing Minerva
dance; Mr. Clement Scott's from Tom Hood's presenting a copy of the work to a young lady, who
weekly, Saturday Night; and Mr. Alfred Harmsis attended by Venus and a group of beautiful
worth's from an article in one of the Illustrated girls. With a great variety of elegant poetical London News' publications. Miss Churton has pieces, pleasing and admonitory letters, cards of
not always met with complaisance. Mr. Jerome compliments, entertaining and moral dialogues,
and Mr. Anthony Hope declined politely to endevotional poems. A sure guide to accurate pro
lighten her, while Ouida wrote: "If Miss Churton nunciation which may save some young ladies a do not succeed in literature, her failure will cerblush in company.
tainly not be due to want of effrontery."
In undertaking to write these few chapters on the as an enemy has said, by ‘yellow bibliomaniacs lives of the book-collectors, we feel that we must whose skins take the colour of their food'; and there move between lines that seem somewhat narrow, the wealthy race of Attalus built up the royal colhaving regard to the possible range of the subject. lection which Antony captured in war and sent as We shall therefore avoid as much as possible the a gift to Cleopatra. description of particular books, and shall endeavour It pleased the Greeks to invent traditions about to deal with the book-collector or book-hunter, as the books of Polycrates at Samos, or those of Pisisdistinguished from the owner of good books, from tratus that were counted among the spoils of librarians and specialists, from the merchant or Xerxes : and the Athenians thought that the very broker of books and the book-glutton who wants same volumes found their way home again after the all that he sees.
victories of Alexander the Great. Aristotle owned Guillaume Postel and his friends found time to the first private library of which anything is actually discuss the merits of the authors before the Flood. recorded; and it is still a matter of interest to folOur own age neglects the libraries of Shem, and low the fortunes of his books. He left them as a casts doubts on the antiquity of the Book of Enoch. legacy to a pupil, who bequeathed them to his liBut even in writing the briefest account of the great brarian Neleus: and his family long preserved the book-collectors, we are compelled to go back to collection in their home near the ruins of Troy. somewhat remote times, and to say at least a few One portion was bought by the Ptolemies for their words about the ancient book stories from the far great Alexandrian library, and these books, we East, from Greece and Rome, from Egypt and suppose, must have perished in the war with Rome. Pontus and Asia. We have seen the brick-libraries The rest remained at home till there was some fear of Nineveh and the copies for the King at Babylon, of their being confiscated and carried to Pergamus. and we have heard of the rolls of Ecbatana. All They were removed in haste and stowed away in a the world knows how Nehemiah 'founded a library,' cave, where they nearly perished in the damp. and how the brave Maccabaeus gathered again what When the parchments were disinterred they became had been lost by reason of the wars. Every desert the property of Apellicon, to whom the saying was in the East seems to have held a library, where the first applied that he was ‘rather a bibliophile than pillars of some temple lie in the sand, and where a lover of learning. While the collection was at dead men 'hang their mute thoughts on the mute Athens he did much damage to the scrolls by his walls around.' The Egyptian traveller sees the attempts to restore their worm-eaten paragraphs. site of the back-room of Rameses that was called Sulla took the city soon afterwards, and carried the the 'Hospital for the Soul.' There was a library at books to Rome, and here more damage was done the breast of the Sphinx, and another where Cairo by the careless editing of Tyrannion, who made a stands, and one at Alexandria that was burned in trade of copying 'Aristotle's books' for the libraries Julius Caesar's siege, besides the later assemblage that were rising on all sides at Rome. in the House of Serapis which Omar was said to
The Romans learned to be book-collectors in have sacrificed as a tribute of respect for the Koran. gathering the spoils of war. When Carthage fell,
Asia Minor was celebrated for her libraries. the books, as some say, were given to native chiefThere were 'many curious books' in Ephesus, and tains, the predecessors of King Jugurtha in culture rich stores of books at Antioch on the Orontes, and and of King Juba in natural science: others say where the gray-capped students ‘chattered like that they were awarded as a kind of compensation water-fowl' by the river at Tarsus. In Pergamus
to the family of the murdered Regulus. Their prethey made the fine parchment like ivory, beloved, servation is attested by the fact that the Carthagin