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not be duplicated, as it contains every print one volumes. Boswell's "Life of Johnson" is in ten could ever wish to acquire. The two volumes of volumes; Doran's "Annals of the English Stage" "Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant” cost Mr. Daly was extended to 25 volumes. Colley Kibber's $2,000; this work was specially illustrated on the "Apology for His Own Life” was extended to margin of the text by David Edward Cronin, with three volumes, with over 500 portraits. Hugh 255 original pen-and-ink and water-color sketches, Kelly's "Thespis: A Critical Examination into representing scenes in the life and history of the Merits of the Performers Belonging to the Gen. Grant, and inserted in the work are numer Drury Lane Theater," contains 200 prints and ous autograph letters of Gen. Grant.

portraits. As was to be expected, Mr. Daly had a grand Mr. Daly also extra-illustrated Ridgeway's collection of Shakespeare's works, among which "Memoir of Mrs. Billington," "Henry Irving,” were the four folio editions, the Halliwell-Phillips "Charles Kean," "Barney Williams,” “Fanny set of Shakespeare, editions by the various edi Elssler," "Mr. and Mrs. John Wood," "Coquelin tors, and the Henry Irving Shakespeare, large versus Irving.” It was Mr. Daly's custom to paper, in eight volumes, extended to 45 volumes privately print all the new plays that he put on by means of some 3,000 additional illustrations the stage, and the greater part of which he extracollected from all sources, and all the known sets illustrated; such as "The School for Scandal," of Shakespeare plates issued by themselves or in "The Country Girl," "As You Like It," "Midsumthe various published editions of Shakespeare. mer Night's Dream,” “Merchant of Venice," "The This work cost about $6,000, and was used by Mr. Critic," "She Would and She Wouldn't," "Love's Daly as a working copy.

Labors Lost.” His collections of stage biography embraced His copy of "The Record of the New York hundreds of works; in fact, everything he could Stage from 1750 to 1860,” by Joseph N. Ireland, obtain that gave particulars of the lives of all con which was published originally in two volumes, nected with the stage was to be found in his was extra-illustrated with over 10,000 illustrations, library, as well as all works on the history of the water colors, drawings, pen-and-ink sketches stage. This was unusually valuable and very and autographs, playbills, etc., and numbers over complete and numbered hundreds of volumes. thirty volumes. "The Life of Peg Woffington," Another valuable set was works that had been written by Mr. Daly, was extra illustrated and written for and against the stage, “Pro and Con" extended to two volumes. The margin of the book as Mr. Daly called them. They were numerous itself is well illustrated in water colors by Eugene and covered the last 200 years, and showed that Grivaz, who also treated many of Mr. Daly's books opinions were about equally divided for and in the same manner. against the stage. Another important illustrated Mr. Daly also had an uncut copy of Balzac's book in the library of Mr. Daly was his "History works, the Roberts Brothers of Boston edition, of London,” 36 vols., imperial folio, which gives translated by Mrs. Wormeley, in 40 volumes. an excellent pictorial history of London from the This was extra-illustrated, and in illustrating the earliest to modern times.

plates were taken from two different French ediHis copy of the "Memorial to George Holland" tions. In addition to this set of Balzac, Mr. Daly was extended to two volumes, with over 200 had a collection of various books that had been prints. Other works that were illustrated with an written about Balzac, some of wbich were extraexceptionally choice collection of rare plates are illustrated with portraits and autograph letters. "Sketch of Edwin Booth," "Life of Richard Brins Mr. Daly had an excellent collection of books, ley Sheridan,” Campbell's “Life of Mrs. Siddons,” illustrated, showing the different costumes of all Chambers' "Book of Days," extended from two to nations from the earliest period up to the present 12 volumes; Arthur Murphy, author of "Johnson time. In addition to this he gathered together and Garrick," James Boswell's “Life of Samuel everything on the subject of costume it was posJohnson," in six volumes.

sible to collect. These he had arranged chronoMr. Daly also extra-illustrated two copies of logically and had done up in eight large quarto Cunningham's "Story of Nell Gwynne," one of volumes. By doing this Mr. Daly saved considerwhich is in one volume and the other, which is able time, as he could see at a glance the different by far the most remarkable copy in existence, is costumes that were in vogue at any one period. extended to four volumes folio. Spooner's William Winter's book on Ada Rehan he had "Biographical History of the Fine Arts" is ex enlarged to quarto size, extra illustrated, and extended from two to four volumes. “Hawkins' tended to two volumes. This work contains "Life of Edmund Kean”; this was extended to 14 nearly every portrait that has ever been pubvolumes. Percy Fitzgerald's “Life of Garrick," lished of Miss Rehan, and in itself is a splendid which contains many valuable autographs, as well portrait gallery of one person. Mr. Daly had a as the first will of Garrick; this work is in fifteen very good collection of books illustrated by Cruik


sbank; also a complete set of the publications of and Gownsman. Mr. Daly also had an exceedingly the Grolier Club. The publications of the Kelm valuable gathering of original letters by Thackscott Press are well represented here and worth eray, as well as pen-and ink sketches and drawto-day considerably more than he ever paid for ings that Thackeray made, many of which have them.

never been published; and there were also porThere are original editions of Harrison Ains traits of Thackeray that Thackeray made himself, worth's historical novels, also the works of Bul and if many of the popular magazines of to day wer Lytton, sets of Victor Hugo and Moliere; and could only get hold of this matter it would give the library also contained many of the original considerable of the life of Thackeray that has editions by Moliere, as well as a copy of the rare

never appeared in print. edition of one of Moliere's works that was pre Mr. Daly's collection of first editions of Dickens sented to Mr. Daly by the noted French actor, was remarkably complete. Mention has already Coquelin.

been made about the collection of letters in Dick. One of the nuggets in Mr. Daly's library was a

ens' autograph. His collection, however, of folio called "Pass Two," a series of passes, signed Dickens letters, I should judge, numbers not far by the great actors and actresses of the last cen short of 500 letters written by Charles Dickens, tury and the commencement of this. The works and a great many of which relate to the earlier of Boisgobey, Paul de Kock, and Gaboriau are life of Dickens, and give considerable insight into also well represented.

Dickens' early successes; and in the collection are Of the first editions of modern authors, Mr. quite a number of letters written by Charles Daly's library, while not complete, was more per

Dickens' father to the various publishers that fect than a great many collections; among them

Charles Dickens had dealings with, asking for are all the works illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley, certain favors. The greater portion of the Dick. who had a style of his own, and whose works ens manuscripts were used in extra-illustrating will ere long be more sought after than

Forster's "Life of Dickens," three volumes, inlaid great many illustrators. Eugene Field's works to quarto size, and extended to eight volumes. are excellently represented, many of which were This work alone cost Mr. Daly over $5,000. About limited and large paper editions. This collection five years ago Mr. Daly secured at auction in also included Field's "Model Primer," with Trow's

London the original drawings that Seymour made imprint, and possibly this is unique and more

for the first number of "Pickwick," some of which valuable than the Denver edition, which in were issued and some were not. The collection reality was the original issue. Bunner's works included a privately published pamphlet on the were very perfect, and the collection included a subject and a few letters that passed between a splendid set of Andrew Lang's works, many of Seymour and Dickens. This cost Mr. Daly £500, which were limited editions and on large paper.

or $2,500. Edwin Arnold's works were very full, as well as Quite recently Mr. Daly secured the original the works of Austin Dobson. Riley's works were litle deeds of the house in Pall Mall that was precomplete. William Winter, as may be expected, sented to Nell Gwynne. These deeds had Nell was well represented. The works of Tennyson Gwynne's initials, "E. G.,"and written by herself. were not complete, but were fairly so. Longfel. It is said that in addition to this there is only low wanted some of the eariier volumes to make another autograph of Nell Gwynne in existence, it perfect; many of the rarest earlier works by both of which were in Mr. Daly's possession. Longfellow were to be found among his collec His collection of prompt books of all the plays tion. The various editions of the Rubaiyat of that he ever put on the stage is very large, and Omar Khayyam were very full, and there were a with each play there are newspaper clippings, few of Lewis Carroll's works.

taken from the newspapers at the time, as well as This collection of first editions, as Mr. Daly the programmes and other matter in connection called them, was gathered within a very short with the play. He had a magnificent collection time, and in connection with them it is only a few of play bills belonging to this country and to Lonweeks ago that Mr. Daly wrote me asking me to be don. Mr. Daly had a complete file of all the proon the watch for first editions of the FitzGerald's gramines he issued in connection with his theatres “Omar" and Carroll's “Alice in Wonderland.” in New York and London. He had also all the

Mr. Daly's collection of the first editions contracts that he made with his people from the of Thackeray's works something won time he took the management of theatres up to derful. Everything that he had written the present time. Of subscription books in sets, and published was here; newspapers and journals and those issued in one or two volumes, folio size, that contained Thackeray's articles, no matter he had a great gathering. what they were, were to be found in the collection, Of that class of literature that we have seen so as well as several duplicate copies of The Snob much of in this country of late, such as The Chap


Book, The Lark, Four o'Clock, What to Eat, The Many of the extra-illustrated books in the 1878 Poster, Red Letter, Lotus, Clack-Book, Echo, Baton, collection had not been extended by Mr. Daly, he had complete files. These he called his Topsy. but were from English collections. One of the turvy Literature. Of the works of Sir Walter highest prices of the sale was the $572 paid for a Scott Mr. Daly's library contained a full and com copy of Knigbt's edition of Shakespeare, explete set in full levant, as well as another set tended to 44 volumes by the insertion of 3,700 in boards as issued. This latter set, however, plates. At Bangs' the same copy was resold for lacks the first three volumes of “Waverley.” Of $231 on February 24, 1898. Another interesting miscellaneous books, rarities, ancient and modern. book was Spooner's "History of the Fine Arts” in Mr. Daly's bookcases—and he had several-were four volumes, with 1,000 extra plates, which just overflowing, and if a bookseller was to start fetched $200. The book that excited the most in business with these books he could issue a competition, however, was the copy of Ireland's catalogue that would be remarkable for second “Records of the New York Stage,” which Mr. hand booksellers in this country.

Daly had extended from two to ten volumes, Mr. Daly had a complete set of William Hazlitt's adding 2,000 plates. The sum of $1,100 was paid works in original editions, and the same could be for this work, which was probably the best extrasaid of the works of Charles Lamb. Notwith Illustrated Ireland that has been sold at auction. standing that Mr. Daly had such a collection of Among other prices of interest were the followbooks, he had them so arranged that he could find ing: Boswell's "Life of Johnson,” 6 volumes, 600 at once anything he wanted. One room at his plates, $168; Chambers' "Book of Days," 12 volresidence contained only extra-illustrated books, umes, $234; Cunningham's "Nell Gwynne," 156 another his dramatic books, another his miscel- plates, $70; Dr. Doran's "Annals of the English laneous books, and when he wanted a certain Stage,” 5 volumes, 700 plates, $175; a book on book he had only to go to a certain room and get “Human Longevity,” 5 volumes, many plates, just what he wanted. In his office at the theatre $192.50, and Spence's "Anecdotes," with 3 works he kept his prompt books and his books on cos relating to Pope, in three volumes, 220 plates, tumes and a miscellaneous lot of works that he $240. At the recent Cox sale in New York, the needed in his business. He also had a room in

later was resold for $129. the rear of the entrance to the stage door; this contained his magazines, his newspapers, and

AN AMERICAN WILLIAM MORRIS. some of the larger books that took up too much There is a small village in the western part of room at his residence.

New York State, called East Aurora. It has a HENRY BLACKWELL. population of little more than 1,500. Four years

ago it was almost unknown; scarcely anyone had Mr. Daly's first library was sold October 14,

ever heard of it. So when a tiny literary maga1878, and following days, by George A. Leavitt &

zine, sailing under the name of The Philistine, Co. of this city as "the valuable and interesting

made its appearance, bearing on its title page the collection formed by a prominent American play

name of East Aurora as its place of publication, right, consisting of an unusually choice and

many readers believed that this was but an desirable assemblage of books relating to the

imaginary place, the name chosen to indicate its drama, including many extra-illustrated and

character as "the rising light or roseate glow of unique copies.” There were 1,117 lots in the early morning in the eastern [literary] sky.” Had auction catalogue, and the sale is said to have

it been but an imaginary name, none could more realized over $10,000. Mr. Daly's name does not

aptly have been selected as the birthplace of this appear in the catalogue, but it was widely known

new magazine. He was a bright, saucy, little at the time that the collection was his. The pref- chap, this self-styled Philstine; not afraid to speak ace itself disclosed the fact when it is said that the

his mind, to stir up wasps' nests, to act the "enfant collection had been used during a career that

terrible" of literary Philistines, arrogant jeunes who scored a hundred successes as the working li

hide their impudent mediocrity under the mask of brary of a practical playright. Here would be

a feigned superior exclusiveness and mysticism, found, it went on to say, a score of authorities, and self-satisfied old fogies whose blood had suggestions, histories, documents, and general

become stagnant under the influence of fattening hints collected for the express purpose of theatri

egotism, and whose big heads were half hidden cal management. Here was an astonishing quan

under the nightcaps of indolent and obstinate tity of superb art works, of books of costume, of

conservatism. The father of this valiant young bistoric ornament, of architecture. Here was

knight was Elbert Hubbard, now lovingly called pictorial matter enough to shadow with the dream scenery of the artist the most stupendous stage,

"Fra Elbertus” by his numerous friends and disand actors enough to fill it, and professional gos- ciples. This congenial man, who has made the sip enough to set the coulisses ringing.

obscure village of East Aurora famous on two


continents—at least among book-lovers and liter. for profane, daily usage; they want to be cherateurs—is in wider circles known as the author ished as art-treasures. Though issued in but of the charming "Little Journeys to the Homes small, limited editions, and by no means cheap of Great Men and Women." He has also written books, they are eagerly bought up by lovers of some novels, though these are his minor efforts. fine books, who feel a justifiable pride in owning His literary strength and originality, bowever, has these beautiful volumes. The list of the Roycroft full sway in the columns of his tart little Philis- publications includes some of the masterpieces of tine. Its origin was obviously caused by the literature, such as the "Rubaiyat of Omar Khay. appearance of that memorable little magazine, yam,” the “Sonnets from the Portuguese,” the The Chap-Book, which, like its numerous imita “ Confessions of an Opium Eater," the “Essays of tors, is now dead. The Philistine, of all these Elia," “In Memoriam,” “The Deserted Village," miniature magazines, which at a time had become “The Ancient Mariner," etc. Aside from these a veritable literary craze, is the only one still there are also some modern works written in the alive, and as brisk and as bright as What spirit of The Philistine. Among these are a colmakes it so beloved by a host of readers is the lection of essays by Elbert Hubbard entitled “ As sincerity of its tone and feeling, the strong moral it Seems to Me,” “ Sermons from a Philistine Pulity of purpose in exposing philistinism, vanity, pit," by William McIntosh (Doctor Phil), “ Hand ignorance and indifference. Mr. Hubbard wields and Brain," a symposium of essays on socialism a virile pen; he is fearless and aggressive; yet as by William Morris, Grant Allen, George Bernard a writer he always holds himself in check and Shaw, Henry S. Salt, Alfred Russel Wallace and never becomes vulgar or offensive. Whatever he Edward Carpenter. To these books there has rewrites is poetry in prose; tenderness of feeling is cently been added another exquisite volume conblended with a delicate sense of humor; art and taining a collection of bookish verse by Irving refinement are the keynotes of his literary mind; Browne, entitled “ The Ballads of a Bookworm." yet he always strikes whatever he aims at; his Many of these poems have already 'appeared in sarcasm and wit flash ever and anon, purifying print in Duprat's "Book Lover's Almanac,” in the air as does the lightning in nature, for there The Philistine, and in various magazines and is always a good reason for his attacks. In one of newspapers; some are new. The author died in the recent numbers of The Philistine there was a February of this year at Albany, N. Y., but his little preachment entitled “A Message to Garcia,” verses stand as a living monument of the poet Mentioning in a few terse words the famous deed and of his love of books, a love that finds an echo of dauntless Rowan, who went fearlessly through in the hearts of all who know how to appreciate the enemy's lines to deliver the President's mes the Roycroft Books. All of them show loving sage to General Garcia, he uses this incident as care in their maker, far above the manufacture of the preacher uses a text from Scripture. He ordinary books, which is governed more or less by draws a parallel, applying this deed as an object commercial considerations. They are all beautilesson to modern life. In an announcement in a fully printed in bold type, with deep dark ink, on later issue he calls it modestly an insignificant hand-made paper, initialed and illumined by hand, article; it is, however, in its simplicity so signifi- and bound with characteristic taste either in cant and strong that it could not fail to make a soft chamois leather with silk lining, or in plain, deep impression. The edition of that number was rough pasteboard, no less artistic in its effect. soon exhausted; the article was quoted through Mr. Hubbard, before entering the book field, out the country; it was reprinted in pamphlet was a stock-breeder--hence probably his animosform, as well as in an edition de luxe, and sold to ity to the Chicago pork-barons. A man of fine the extent of many thousand copies.

education and literary propensities, he spent It is in this particular branch of brother Hub- much of his time in the company of books and bard's achievements, namely, in the making of when he found in his little village of East Aurora books, veritable editions de luxe, that he has an enterprising printer of a congenial mind, he gained the reputation of an “American William interested himself practically in the making of Morris.” The press where The Philistine is books. He had made a special study of the Italprinted is called “The Roycroft Shop," and the ian art of printing during the Renaissance, and books which have emanated from this press are from his large collection of specimens of fine old known as Roycroft Books.” That name has for printing he chose initials and head and tail pieces, some time come to mean to every book-lover and or had them especially designed after these samcollector the embodiment of all that is most ex ples. His wife proved a valuable helper, as it quisite and elevated in taste and refinement in was she who illuminated by hand all initials and the high art of bookmaking. In type, presswork, ornamentation of the first publications. Now the binding and general appearance these books are Roycrofters number about twenty in all, working a delight to the eye. They are almost too pretty together in harmony in the artistic atmosphere of

" than he could

the Roycroft Shop, which has its home in a quaint How MUCH WE REALLY KNOW ABOUT chapel-like brick building in Gothic style. Most

SHAKESPEARE. of Mr. Hubbard's co-workers are young ladies of

Bacon could po more have written “Hamlet East Aurora--among them his particular "edition

have created this planet.-Carlyle. de luxe,"is his daughter. To this colony of artistic One “W. R. W." wrote recently in the New bookmakers belongs also Will Denslow, the young York Times attacking Shakespeare and belaurelChicago designer; St. Gerome Roycroft, a clever ing Bacon. This resulted in the rejoinder which young sculptor; “Ali Baba,” an old man in years, follows: but not in mind, who is full of quaint sayings, There were many men in Shakespeare's time bright talk and interesting reminiscences.

far more capable of approaching his genius than Mr. Hubbard is not what is generally called a Bacon, and there probably was no other literary genius; that would be stretching friendly admira

man who had as strong a dislike for the stage and tion too far. But he certainly is an artist in all its connections as Bacon. His writings abound modern bookmaking art; he has done more, per in abuse of it. haps, than any other American in fostering the If “W. R. W.” knows of anything of a “damlove of fine books and the appreciation of art in aging nature" in Shakespeare which would disletters. As a writer he is original, vivid, lucid, credit him as the writer, then how about Bacon? stimulating, entertaining and always interesting.

He was a man totally devoid of a sense of honor. EDUARD ACKERMANN. Pope said he was the meanest of mankind.

Macaulay says as a Judge he accepted bribes *

from both sides. His treatment of his benefactor, AN EASTERN TALE.

Essex, who had given him Twickenham Court,

which was so beautiful that he called it Garden of A monarch died and left his heir A thousand camel-loads of scrolls.

Paradise, is one of the basest instances of ingratiA hundred Brahmins had their care

tude and shamelessness in history. He hesitated Grave, learned men, with patient souls.

at no cruelty or meanness in his servile pursuit of Court favor. He hunted the poor old

man Philosophers the books had writ Who every realm of thought surveyed,

Peacham to death and presided at his torture in And all the wealth of human wit

the Tower. He was convicted of taking bribes Was here assembled and displayed.

and banished from the precincts of the Court, and

while he was in such disgrace he lived in great The new-made king, who loved not toil, But valued wisdom, gave command,

pomp and extravagance and begged the Goveru"Convert this sap to sugar! Boil

ment to pay his pension in advance, and to do it Till not a drop its bulk expand.”

promptly, as the treasury was very low and there

were other claims against it. His mother and In smaller scope, with labor vast, His wise men pressed the volumes' lore,

brother Anthony paid many of his debts out of Till all, when twenty years had passed,

pure shame of the way he defaulted on his promA train of thirty camels bore.

ises. He died £22,000 in debt. He is credited as

a writer of moral essays, but there is very little With scant approval in his looks, The king beheld the laden train.

morality in them.

His essays on

How a Person "What! thirty camel-loads of books?

Should Behave When He Has Incurred the DisI will not read them! Boil again.”

pleasure of His Prince,” where he advises the

offender to "prudently transfer the blame upon The Brahmins packed the volumes' thought In terser style. It came to pass

others," is the plane of his whole career. It is That all, when ten years more they'd wrought,

reasonable to me to suppose that Shakespeare Was burden for a single ass.

had bim in mind when he wrote:

Let the candied tongue lick absurd pomp,
Engrossed amid the cares of state,
The monarch mocked their learning's spoil,

And crook the pregnant hinges of the knee,

Where thrift may follow fawning.
And thrust them from his palace gate.
"No asses here! Go back and boil.”

Certainly the plays cannot be credited to Bacon

and denied to Shakespeare on the ground of The Brahmins burned their parchments white something of a “damaging nature" being susAnd threw away their horns of ink,

pected of the latter.
And did what few men dare who write;
They bravely set themselves to think.

Bacon's only attempt at fiction or fancy is his

“New Atlantis." No one would ever suspect Returned at length, "A single word

Shakespeare of having written it. It is a picture The sum of human knowledge wraps,

of the kind of a community that suited Bacon's Oh, mighty king," they all averred. Then on his fan they wrote, "Perhaps.”

taste. There is no thought of a theatre. There -John GOADBY GREGORY. are no amusements, except, perhaps, a feast or a

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