Medicine and Western Civilization

Front Cover
David J. Rothman, Steven Marcus, Stephanie A. Kiceluk
Rutgers University Press, 1995 - History - 442 pages
This fabulous anthology is sure to be a core text for history of medicine and social science classes in colleges across the country. In order to demonstrate how medical research has influenced Western cultural perspectives, the editors have collected original works from 61 different authors around nine major themes (among them "Anatomy and Destiny," "Psyche and Soma," and "The Construction of Pain, Suffering, and Death"). The authors range from Aristotle, the Bible, and Louis Pasteur, to Masters and Johnson, Ernest Hemingway, and Simone de Beauvoir. The primary sources selected to illustrate the themes are well chosen and contrast with each other nicely. However, the brief background material for the selections center around the authors and offer little or no discussion about the selections' relevance to the topics at hand. This book would be best read in a class or group where the texts' meaning in relation to each other can be discussed, but the book can stand alone if the reader is prepared to do some critical thinking.
 

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User Review  - DarthDeverell - LibraryThing

Medicine and Western Civilization, edited by David J. Rothman, Steven Marcus, and Stephanie A. Kiceluk contains a selection of primary sources from the ancient world through 1990 C.E., with the ... Read full review

Medicine and Western civilization

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

This fabulous anthology is sure to be a core text for history of medicine and social science classes in colleges across the country. In order to demonstrate how medical research has influenced Western ... Read full review

Contents

The Bible 6th century B C
11
Galen ca A D 130201 The Hand
17
Paracelsus 14931541 Volumen Medicinae Paramirum
23
Clerical Investigation into the Case of Benedetta Carlini 16191623
33
Hippocrates 460377 B C The Nature of Man
43
Andreas Vesalius The Fabric of the Human Body 1543
54
William Harvey An Anatomical Study on the Motion of the Heart
68
Aristotle 384322 B C The Generation of Animals
79
Louis Pasteur On the Extension of the Germ Theory to
253
Hippocrates 460377 B C The Hippocratic Oath
261
Asaf Judaeus A D 7th century Admonition
267
Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger Malleus Maleficarum ca 1486
274
Elizabeth Blackwell The Influence of Women in the Profession
282
Zora Neale Hurston My Most Humiliating Jim Crow Experience 1944
288
Edward Jenner An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae
299
R T H LaŽnnec A Treatise on the Diseases of the Chest and on Mediate
310

W Remarks on Masturbation 1835
91
Mary Putnam Jacobi Do Women Require Mental and Bodily Rest during
97
Sigmund Freud The Dissolution of the Oedipus Complex 1924
103
Kinsey Wardell B Pomeroy and Clyde E Martin
109
Simone de Beauvoir The Second Sex 1949
117
William H Masters and Virginia E Johnson Human Sexual Response 1966
125
Snodgrass An Envoi PostTURP 1991
135
St Augustine A D 354430 The Creation of the Mans Soul
145
Michel de Montaigne On the Power of the Imagination 1580
152
Robert Burton The Anatomy of Melancholy 1621
161
Josef Breuer and Sigmund Freud Studies on Hysteria 18931895
178
A Memoir of Madness 1990
198
Jordan of Turre fl 13131335 The Symptoms of Lepers
209
Edwin Chadwick Report on the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring
217
Ignaz Semmelweis The Etiology Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed
240
Joseph Lister On the Antiseptic Principle in the Practice of Surgery 1867
247
Robert Koch The Aetiology of Tuberculosis 1882
321
Quality of Health
330
Philippe Pinel The Clinical Training of Doctors 1793
345
Dix On Behalf of the Insane Poor 1843
353
Florence Nightingale Notes on Hospitals 1859
360
George Orwell How the Poor Die 1946
368
An Archaeology
376
Frances Burney Madame DArblay A Mastectomy 1811
383
William Cowper Memoir of the Early Life 1816
391
James Young Simpson Answer to the Religious Objections Advanced against
398
Jean Stafford The Interior Castle 1946
406
Pius XII The Prolongation of Life 1958
419
An AIDS Memoir 1988
426
Philip Larkin Aubade 1977
435
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About the author (1995)

Steven Paul Marcus was born in the Bronx, New York on December 13, 1928. He graduated from high school at the age of 15 and won a tuition-free scholarship to Columbia University. He received a bachelor's degree in English literature, a master's degree, and a PhD from there. He became an associate professor at Columbia in 1963, a full professor of English in 1967, and the George Delacorte professor in the humanities in 1976. He became a professor emeritus in 2004. He wrote literary criticism. His books included Dickens: From Pickwick to Dombey, The Other Victorians: A Study of Sexuality and Pornography in Mid-19th Century England, Representations: Essays on Literature and Society, Freud and the Culture of Psychoanalysis: Studies in the Transition from Victorian Humanism to Modernity and Doing Good: The Limits of Benevolence written with Willard Gaylin, Ira Glasser and David Rothman. He died from cardiac arrest on April 25, 2018 at the age of 89.

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