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York.] Should I do so, I should belie my thoughts :
Comfort's in heaven, and we are on the earth,
Now shall he try his friends that flatter'd him.
Hold, take my ring.
But I shall grieve you to report the rest.
Comes rushing on this woeful land at once!
And duty bid defend : the other, again,
THE DECLENSION OF RICHARD'S FORTUNE, HIS DEPOSITION
OF BOLINGBROKE's AFFAIRS,
HOUSE OF LANCASTER; REPRESENTED BY SCENES SUPPOSED TO OCCUR IN GlouCESTERSHIRE, IN WALES, AND IN LONDON.
HISTORICAL MEMORANDUM. After Richard had landed in Wales, and was almost deserted by his army, he fled privately to the isle of Anglesey, with a purpose of reaching Ireland or France : but Northumberland treacherously got possession of his person, and carried him to Bolingbroke at Flint Castle, who was aware of the whole transaction. Shakspeare represents the facts somewhat differently, but truly in the main. His representation, likewise, of the manner of the king's death, though for a long time the popular account, has yielded to the belief that Richard was starved to death in Pomfret castle.
Bolingbroke with his force is on his way through the wilds of Gloucestershire; and we may suppose that, on the occasion of a temporary halt, he and Northumberland are in conversation ; during which, other persons come up: Bolingbroke first speaks : [Bolingbroke.] How far is it, my lord, to Berkeley now? [Northumberland.] Believe me, noble lord,
I am a stranger here in Glou’cestershire.
It is my son, young Harry Percy :
Harry, how fares your uncle Worcester ? [Hot.] I ha'd thought, my lord, to ha've heard his health of you. [Northumberland.] Why, is he not with the queen ? [Hotspur.] No, my good lord; he hath forsa'en the court,
Broken his staff of office, and dispers'd
The household of the king. [Northumberland.) What was his reason? [Hotspur.] Because your lordship was proclaimed traitor:
And he is gone straightway to Ravenspurg,
Then, with direction to repair to Ravenspurg. [North.] Have you forgot the duke of Hereford, boy ? (Hotspur.] Forgot? Why no, my lord; for to my knowledge,
I never, in my life, did see the duke. [North.] Then learn to know him now: this is the duke. [Hotspur.] My gracious lord, I tender you my service,
Such as it is, bei'ng tender, raw, and young.
I count myself in nothing else so happy,
Keeps good old York there?
Mann'd with three hundred men, as I have heard ;
Here come more friends.
[Bolingbroke.] Welcome, my lords of Ross and Willoughby.
I wot your love pursues a banish'd traitor.
My treasury as yet is only thanks [Ross.] Your presence makes us rich, most noble lord. [Bolingbroke.] Evermore thanks, the exchequer of the poor;
Which, till my infant fortune comes to years,
It is my lord of Berkeley, as I guess. [a pause.] [Berkeley.] My lords, I have a message to deliver
To one among you whom-Ah! now I see him :
To you, my lord of Hereford, I come.
And I am come to seek that name in England;
Before I make reply to aught you say. [Berkeley.] Mistake me not, my lord ; 'tis not my meaning
To raze one title of your honour out.
To fright with arms a nation lull'd in peace. [Bolingbroke.] I shall not need transport my words by you;
For here in person comes his grace of York. [a pause.
My noble uncle, thus I bend my knee. [York.] Show me thy humble heart, and not thy knee,
Whose duty is deceivable and false.
Grace me no grace, nor uncle me no uncle:
So many miles upon her peaceful bosom,
Now priso’ner to the palsy, chasten thee ! [Bolingbroke.] My gracious uncle, let me know my fault. [York.) Fault!
Why gross rebellion and detested treason.
With braving arms against thy absent sovereign ? [Bolingbroke.] As I was banishid, I was banish'd Hereford ;
But as I come, I come for Lancaster.
my inheritance of free descent. The speech is followed by a general expression of approbation from the lords present, and a call upon the duke to make common cause with them; to which York replies :