English Naturalists from Neckam to Ray: A Study of the Making of the Modern World

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Cambridge University Press, Oct 31, 2010 - Nature - 394 pages
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C. E. Raven (1885-1964) was an academic theologian elected Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Cambridge in 1932, who developed an interest in natural history and the history of scientific thought. First published in 1947, this volume demonstrates how changing attitudes to the natural world reflected and influenced the transformations in scientific thought between the medieval period and the eighteenth century. Raven's focus on the field of 'natural history' reveals how the scientific ideas behind modern biological studies developed from the richly illustrated and often fantastical bestiaries of the medieval world. The subjects of this volume are grouped chronologically into Pioneers, Explorers and Popularisers, with biographical details woven together with discussions of their academic work. The book provided a wealth of new information concerning the founders of natural history and remains a valuable contribution to this subject.
 

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Contents

A THE PRELUDE Chapter I Nature and Medieval Science
1
Nature and Medieval Art
21
B THE PIONEERS III The Men of the Renaissance
36
his training
48
William Turner in exile
72
William Turner in maturity
93
William Turner scientist
123
John Caius and the Rarwrum Animalium
138
THE POPULARISERS XI Harrison Batman and Lyte
192
John Gerard
204
Edward Topsell
217
THE EXPLORERS XIV The Dawn of theNew Philosophy
227
John Parkinson
248
Thomas Johnson and his friends
273
William How and Christopher Merret
298
Religio Medici
339

Thomas Penny the botanist
153
Thomas Mouffet and the Theatrum Insectorum
172

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