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Sec.
Appeals; how impeached or re-
moved; employees of; powers,
rights and duties; General As-
sembly may establish bureaus;
sessions of commission public;
record shall be kept; two shall
be a quorum; salaries of com-
missioners; General Assembly
may provide for their election
by the people,

155
Powers and duties of,

156
Concerning notice to corporations

against whom action is to be
taken,

1566
Has powers of court of record in
certain matters,

1560
Penalty on corporation refusing to

obey order of commission, 156c
How action of commission ap-

pealed from; Attorney-General

to represent it on appeal, 1560
Supreme Court of Appeals alone

to have power to review, or en-
join or in any way interfere with
action of commission,

1560
Action of commission not sus-

pended pending appeal until sus-
pending bond shall have been ex-
ecuted,

156e
Corporation to keep accounts of

excess charges pending appeal,
and excess returned,

156e
Proceedings on appeal; facts, etc.,

to be certified to appellate court;

jurisdiction of appellate court, 156f
Appellate court, on reversing order
of commission, shall enter such
order commission should
have entered; commission may
make new rates based on new
circumstances pending appeal,
such orders not to be retro-
active,

1569
Proceedings by persons in courts

Sec.
Transportation companies
carry members of, free,

155
Action as to rates of transpor-

tation companies from junction
points, mileage and other spe-
cial tickets,

160
Shall assess for taxation property

of railroad and canal
panies,

176, 179
Shall ascertain franchise · tax,
how,

178
Proceedings on appeal from as-

certainment in sections 176 and
178,

180
Corporation courts, shall appoint
electoral boards,

31
Shall hear and decide applications

to correct list of unpaid poll-
taxes,

38
One in each city of the first class, 98
When in city of second class, how
abolished,

98
Ceases to exist when, in city of

second class,
Counties, formation and division of, 61
General Assembly may grant by

general law powers of local legis-
lation to supervisors,

65
General Assembly not forbidden to

authorize appropriations by, to
charitable institutions,

67
Officers of,

110
Not responsible for acts of sheriff, 114
Cannot lend credit to person or

corporation; when may subscribe
to stock of railroad company,

185
County surveyor, to be appointed
as prescribed by law,

110
Courts of Land Registration, Gen-

eral Assembly may establish, 100

98

as

D.

Departm ts, legislative, executive

and judicial, to be separate and
distinct,

5, 39
Disabilities, legal, persons excluded
from voting,

23
Power of General Assembly to im-
pose,

36
Power of General Assembly to re-
move, as to duelling,

57
Division of powers,

39
Duelling, disabilities arising from, 23
how removed,

57

against corporations not affected
by fine of commission; action of
commission not to be questioned
in such proceedings; no case
based upon or involving order of
commission shall be heard or dis-
posed of pending appeal from
such order,

156h
Reports of, what may be recom-
mended therein,

1562
Upon organization of, Board of
Public Works and office of Rail-
road Commissioner shall cease
to exist; papers of same trans-
ferred to commission,

156k
Amendments to act creating, 1561

E.
Education, State Board of, how
composed,

130
Superintendent of Public Instruc-

tion ex-officio president of, 131

Sec.
Evidence, in criminal proceedings no

man required to give, against
himself,

8
Executive department,

69-86

F.

Fellow-servant, doctrine of, abol-
ished to extent stated,

162
Fines, excessive, ought not to be
imposed,

9
Franchises, of cities and towns, lim-

itations and restrictions of, 125

G.

8, 11

Sec.
Duties of board,

132
School divisions, how constituted;

county or city shall not be di-
vided in formation of,

132
School superintendents, how ap-

pointed; term of office; may be
removed for cause,

132
School fund managed by Board of
Education,

132
Board to have management of
State Library,

132
School district, each magisterial

district shall constitute a, 133
School trustees, number, how se-
lected; term of office,

133
Manual and industrial schools,

cities and towns may make ap-
propriations to,

141
Compulsory, General Assembly
may provide for,

138
When free text-books provided, 139
Limitation to appropriations to

educational institutions; excep-
tions,

141
Educational institutions, appoint-

ment of boards of visitors or

trustees of; term of office, 142
Educational qualification of voters;

roll of persons thus qualified to

be kept; appeal under section,
Elections, ought to be free,

6
By the people; who may vote,

18, 19, 20, 21
Shall be by ballot,

27
Person entitled to vote at next,
may register,

26
Privileges of voters during,

29
General Assembly to enact laws
governing,

36, 56
Date of, for members of General
Assembly,

41-42
For county officers, when held, 112
Mayor and council not elected and

terms not to commence at same
time with those of other city
officers,

122
Elective franchise and qualifications
for office,

18-38
Electoral Board, constitution and ap-
pointment and terms of,

31
Shall appoint judges, clerks and
registrars of election,

31
Who ineligible,

31
Emoluments, no man entitled to ex-

clusive, or privileges from com-
munity except for public ser-
vices,

4
Employer's liability,

162
Equality and natural rights of all
men,

1

19

General Assembly, may provide for

trial of offences by magistrate, 8
May provide for juries of less than

twelve,
Shall provide for annual registra-

tion of voters, appeals from, and
correction of same and transfers
of voters,

25
Shall provide form of ballot, 28
May prescribe property qualifica-

tion for voting in local elec-

tions; how such action taken, 30
Members of, shall swear to sup-

port Constitution of United
States and of Virginia,

34
Shall enact laws governing elec-
tions,

36
May provide for use of voting ma-
chines,

37
May prescribe further evidence of
payment of poll-tax,

38
Shall consist of Senate and House
of Representatives,

40
When reapportionments of State

into senate and house districts
shall be made,

43
Proceeding in case of emergency
bills,

53
Who are ineligible for election to, 44
Removal of member from district
shall vacate his office,

44
Salaries of members to be fixed

by,
Member not to be appointed or

elected during his term to any
office of profit except by election
of the people,

45
Time of meeting and duration of
sessions; extensions,

46
Neither house to adjourn more

than three days nor to another
place without consent of the
other,

46
Quorum; power of smaller num-
ber,

46

45, 46

-

Sec.
Each house to select its officers,

make rules, direct writs of elec-
tion for vacancies occurring du-
ring session, judge of election
of members, and punish or expel
members,

47
Members exempt from arrest
when,

48
Freedom of speech and debate in, 48
Each house to keep and publish

a journal, yeas and nays enter-
ed on request of one-fifth,

49
How laws and amendments shall
be enacted,

50
When recorded vote necessary,

50-76
Signing of bills by presiding officer
of each house,

50
Committee on special, private and
local legislation, duties of,

51
Shall apportion State for Con-
gressional districts,

55
May declare when any office va-

cant where no provision made in
Constitution,

56
Shall prescribe manner of con-

ducting elections, returns thereof,
of determining contested elec-
tions and of filling vacancies in
cases not specially provided for
in Constitution,

56
May remove political disabilities
as to duelling,

57
Shall not pass certain laws, 58
Shall not incorporate church or

religious denomination, but may

secure title to church property, 59
May form and divide counties,
when,

61
May enact local option or dispen-

sary laws or other laws controll-
ing liquor traffic,

62
Shall confer on courts power to

grant divorces, to change names
of persons, to direct sale of es-
tates of infants, and may regu-
late punishment by courts for
contempt,
What local, special or private legis-
lation prohibited,

63
May enact general laws, however,
in such cases;

limitation of
amendments of such general
laws,

64
May confer by general law powers

of local legislation on super-
visors and councils,

65
Shall prescribe number and com-

pensation of its employees,
Appropriations to churches and in-

stitutions forbidden; exception, 67

Sec.
Shall appoint Auditing Commit-
tee,

68
To provide checks and balances for
officers,

84
Shall decide tie and contested elec-
tions for Governor,

70
When Governor may convene,

73
Governor shall communicate con-
dition of State to,

73
Proceedings to pass bill over veto
of Governor,

76
May require record and papers,

etc., from Secretary of the Com-
monwealth,

80
To prescribe by law duties of

State Treasurer and Auditor, 81, 82
To fix salaries of officers of Execu-
tive Department,

83
To fix and regulate bonds of offi-
cers,

85
Shall have power to establish Bu-

reau of Labor and Statistics, 86
Jurisdiction of courts to be regu-
lated by law,

87
May change jurisdiction of Su-

preme Court after 1910 in mat.
ters merely pecuniary,

88
Duties, compensation and tenure

of office of officers of Supreme
Court of Appeals to be prescrib-
ed by law,

92
Places of sessions of Supreme

Court of Appeals to be fixed by
law,

93
Number of terms of circuit courts
to be prescribed by law,

97
May provide for a Special Court

of Appeals, how constituted, 89
Shall have management of Law
Library,

132
To elect judges of Court of Ap-
peals by joint vote,

91
May provide for Special Court of
Appeals,

89
May rearrange judicial districts,
how,

95
Shall elect circuit judges,
Shall elect city court judges, 99
Salaries of judges to be fixed by
law,

102
May provide additional courts for
cities,

98
Shall choose judges of city courts,
how elected,

99
May establish courts of land regis-
tration,

100
May confer certain jurisdiction on
clerks of courts,

101
May remove judges from office for
cause,

104

96

63

66

one

Sec.
To provide for appointment, or
election, and jurisdiction of jus-
tices of the peace,

108
Shall provide by whom and in

what manner applications for
bail shall be heard,

109
Compensation of commissioners of

the revenue of counties shall be
prescribed by law,

110
May change magisterial districts
by law,

111
Other duties of clerks of city

courts to be provided by law, 118
Same provision as to Common-

wealth's Attorney of city, 119
May designate authorities to ap-

point city officers, and authorize
Mayor to remove members and
officers of police and fire de-
partments,

120
May permit council to consist of

branch in city of under
10,000,

121
May change the time of election

of all city officers, except Mayor
and council; must not be elected
and commence to serve at same
time with other officers,

122
Shall provide for examination of

books, etc., of county officers
handling public funds,

115
Shall be governed by United States

census in determining population
of cities and towns,

116
Shall enact general laws for or-

ganization and government of
cities and towns; how special
act therefor passed,

117
Shall provide by general laws for

extension or contraction of cor-
porate limits of cities and
towns,

126
Shall maintain efficient system of
public schools,

129
May impose further restrictions

on granting of franchises by or
selling or leasing property of
cities and towns,

125
Compensation of Superintendent of

Public Instruction to be pre-
scribed by law,

131
Shall prescribe rules and regula-

tions for government of State
Library,

132
School trustees to be selected in

manner and for term prescribed
by law,

133
Shall set apart certain sums for
Literary Fund,

134
Application of certain moneys for
school fund,

135

Sec.
May establish certain schools, 137
May provide for compulsory edu-
cation of children,

138
May in discretion continue appro-

priation to College of William
and Mary,

141
Boards of visitors or trustees of

educational institutions to be
appointed in manner prescribed
by law,

142
Powers and duties of Board of

Agriculture and Immigration to
be prescribed by law,

144
Same as to Commissioner of Agri-

culture and Immigration, 145
General Board of Directors of

Insane Hospitals subject to such
regulations as General Assem-
bly may prescribe,

150
Duties and bond of Commissioner

of State Hospitals for the Insane
to be prescribed by law,

152
May amend act creating corpora-

tion commission upon recom-

mendation of commission, 1561
Shall prescribe certain fees to be

paid by corporations, and pen-
alties for failure,

157
Members shall not accept free

transportation or any rebate in
rates for same; penalty,

161
Shall enact laws preventing trusts

inimical to public welfare, 165
Shall enact general laws concern-

ing issue of bonds and stock by
corporations,

167
Shall provide for reassessments
of property,

171, 172
Shall levy state capitation tax,

how applied; further capitation
tax may be authorized to coun-
ties, cities and towns,

173
May from time to time determine

na iral oyster beds, etc., 175
Shall provide and maintain sink-
ing fund,

187
May levy special tax for pensions, 189
Shall prescribe manner of setting
aside homestead exemption,

192
Prohibited from passing laws stay-

ing the collection of debts, 194
Government, instituted for common
benefit,

3
What is best,

3
When majority of community has
right to reform,

3
Should be uniform; separate gov-

ernment from that of Virginia

not to be established in State, 14
Qualities necessary to preserva-
tion of,

15

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Sec.
Hospitals for the Insane, State,

board of directors for each; num.
ber of members; how appointed;

149
General board for; how composed;
powers of,

150
Superintendents of; how appoint-

ed and removed; term of office;
may appoint employees,

151
Officers of; term of office; how ap-
pointed,

151
Commissioner of; how appointed;

term of office, powers, duties
and compensation,

152
House of Delegates, number of mem-

bers; how and when elected, 42
Qualifications of a delegate,

44
To choose Speaker,

47

Sec.
Governor may issue writs of elec-

tion to fill vacancies in General
Assembly occurring during re-
cess,

47
Term of,

69
How elected; mode of proceeding

in contested elections for, to be
decided by law,

70
Qualifications for election,

71
Residence and salary,

72
Duties and powers of,

73, 74
Shall attest commissions and
grants,

75
Duties in regard to bills passed by
General Assembly,

76
Veto of items of appropriation
bills, effect of,

76
Governor shall commission judges, 102

Member of Board of Education, 130
To appoint Board of Agriculture

and Immigration, subject to con-
firmation of Senate,

143
To appoint Directors of Peniten-

tiary, subject to confirmation of
Senate,

148
To appoint Directors of State

Insane Hospitals, subject to con-
firmation of Senate,

149
To appoint Commissioner of State

Insane Hospitals, with confirma-
tion of Senate,

152
To appoint Corporation Commis.

sion, with confirmation of Gen-
eral Assembly,

155
Grants shall be in name of Com-

monwealth, attested by Gover-
nor,

75

I.
Impeachments by House of Dele-

gates to be tried by Senate
under oath or affirmation; limi-
tation of sentence; party con-

victed liable to indictment, 54
Indictments to conclude "against the

peace and dignity of the Com-
monwealth,"

106

J.

H.

or

Habeas corpus, writ of, when sus-
pended,

58
Heirs of property,

195
Homestead and other exemptions, 190-195
Homestead exemption, householder

or head of family entitled to,
not exceeding $2,000; to what

debts exemption does not extend, 190
In what property exemption shall
not be claimed,

191
Manner and conditions on which

exemption may be set aside to
be prescribed by General Assem-
bly,

192
Homestead exemptions heretofore

claimed not invalidated by this
constitution; householder
head of family at time this con-
stitution goes into effect may
select old or new exemptions, 193

Jeopardy, no man to be put in, twice
for same offence,

8
Judge, office of, not to be heredi-
tary,

4
Judges, one for each city court of

record, chosen by General Assem-
bly; qualifications, residence;
how elected; may be required

authorized to hold other
courts,

99
Circuit, may be required or au-

thorized to hold certain other
courts,

97
Privileges of corporation judge of

city of less than 5,000 inhabi-
tants,

99
Shall be commissioned by Gover-

nor; salaries to be fixed by law;
terms of office; elections to fill
vacancies to be for unexpired
term,

102
Limit of salaries; how paid; cities
may increase salaries,

103
How removed from office,

104
Of Court of Appeals, Circuit Court

or city court of record cannot
practice law hold other
office; exception,

105
Of election; how appointed and
who not eligible,

31

or

nor

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