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OLD-AGE AND SURVIVORS INSURANCE BENEFIT PAYMENTS

OLD-AGE INSURANCE BENEFITS
SEC. 202. (a) ***

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Child's Insurance Benefits (d) (1) Every child (as defined in section 216 (e)) of an individual entitled to old-age insurance benefits, or of an individual who died a fully or currently insured individual after 1939, if such child

(A) has filed application for child's insurance benefits,

(B) at the time such application was filed was unmarried and [had not attained the age of eighteen, and] either (i) had not attained the age of eighteen, or (ii) was under a disability (as defined in section 223) which began before he attained the age of eighteen, and

(C) was dependent upon such individual at the time such application was filed, or, if such individual has died, was depend

ent upon such individual at the time of such individual's death, shall be entitled to a child's insurance benefit for each month, beginning with the first month after August 1950 in which such child becomes so entitled to such insurance benefits and ending with the month preceding the first month in which any of the following occurs: such child dies, marries, is adopted (except for adoption by a stepparent, grandparent, aunt, or uncle subsequent to the death of such fully or currently insured individual), [or] attains the age of eighteen [.] and is not under a disability (as defined in section 223) which began before he attained such age, or ceases to be under a disability (as so defined) on or after the day on which he attains age eighteen.

(2) Such child's insurance benefit for each month shall, if the individual on the basis of whose wages and self-employment income the child is entitled to such benefit has not died prior to the end of such month, be equal to one-half of the old-age insurance benefit of such individual for such month. Such child's insurance benefit for each month shall, if such individual has died in or prior to such month, be equal to three-fourths of the primary insurance amount of such individual, except that, if there is more than one child entitled to benefits on the basis of such individual's wages and self-employment income, each such child's insurance benefit for such month shall be equal to the sum of (A) one-half of the primary insurance amount of such individual, and (B) one-fourth of such primary insurance amount divided by the number of such children.

(3) [A child] A child who has not attained the age of eighteen shall be deemed dependent upon his father or adopting father at the time specified in paragraph (1) (C) unless, at such time, such individual was not living with or contributing to the support of such child and

(A) such child is neither the legitimate nor adopted child of such individual, or

(B) such child had been adopted by some other individual, or

(C) such child was living with and was receiving more than one-half of his support from his stepfather. (4) [A child] A child who has not attained the age of eighteen shall be deemed dependent upon his stepfather at the time specified in

was a currentoe of eighteenner, or upon such tim

ch child (A) sheat the

paragraph (1) (C) if, at such time, the child was living with or was receiving at least one-half of his support from such stepfather.

(5) [A child] A child who has not attained the age of eighteen shall be deemed dependent upon his natural or adopting mother at the time specified in paragraph (1) (C) if such mother or adopting mother was a currently insured individual. [A child] A child who has not attained the age of eighteen shall also be deemed dependent upon his natural or adopting mother, or upon his stepmother, at the time specified in paragraph (1) (C) if, at such time, (A) she was living with or contributing to the support of such child, and (B) either (i) such child was neither living with nor receiving contributions from his father or adopting father, or (ii) such child was receiving at least one-half of his support from her.

(6) A child who has attained the age of eighteen but who is under a disability (as defined in section 223) which began before he attained the age of eighteen shall be deemed dependent upon his natural or adopting father, his natural or adopting mother, his stepfather, or his stepmother at the time specified in paragraph (1) (C) if the child

(A) was or would, upon filing an application therefor, have been entitled to a child's insurance benefit on the basis of the wages and self-employment income of such father, mother, stepfather, or stepmother for any month before the month in which he attained the age of eighteen, or

(B) was, at the time specified in paragraph (1) (C), receiving at least one-half of his support from such father, mother, stepfather, or stepmother."

Widow's Insurance Benefits (e) (1) The widow (as defined in section 216 (c)) of an individual who died a fully insured individual after 1939, if such widow

(A) has not remarried,
(B) has attained (retirement age] age sixty-two,

(C) (i) has filed application for widow's insurance benefits or was entitled, after attainment of (retirement age] age sixty-two, to wife's insurance benefits, on the basis of the wages and selfemployment income of such individual, for the month preceding the month in which he died, or

(ii) was entitled, on the basis of such wages and self-employment income, to mother's insurance benefits for the month preceding the month in which she attained (retirement age] age sixty-two,

(Þ) was living with such individual at the time of his death, and

(E) is not entitled to old-age insurance benefits, or is entitled to old-age insurance benefits each of which is less than three

fourths of the primary insurance amount of her deceased husband, shall be entitled to a widow's insurance benefit for each month, beginning with the first month after August 1950 in which she becomes so entitled to such insurance benefits and ending with the month preceding the first month in which any of the following occurs: she remarries, dies, or becomes entitled to an old-age insurance benefit equal to or exceeding three-fourths of the primary insurance amount of her deceased husband.

(2) Such widow's insurance benefit for each month shall be equal to three-fourths of the primary insurance amount of her deceased husband. (3) In the case of any widow of an individual

(A) who marries another individual, and

(B) whose marriage to the individual referred to in subparagraph (A) is terminated by his death but she is not his widow (as defined

in section 216 (c)), the marriage to the individual referred to in clause (A) shall, for purposes of paragraph (1), be deemed not to have occurred. No benefits shall be payable under this subsection by reason of the preceding sentence for any month prior to whichever of the following is the latest: (i) the month in which the death referred to in subparagraph (B) of the preceding sentence occurs, (ii) the twelfth month before the month in which such widow files application for purposes of this paragraph, or (iii) September 1956.

Parent's Insurance Benefits (h) (1) Every parent (as defined in this subsection) of an individual who died a fully insured individual after 1939, if such individual did not leave a widow who meets the conditions in subsection (e) (1) (D) and (E), a widower who meets the conditions in subsection (f)

1) (D), (E), and (F), [or] an unmarried child under the age of eighteen deemed dependent on such individual under subsection (d) (3), (4), or (5), or an unmarried child who has attained the age of eighteen but is under a disability (as defined in section 223) which began before he attained such age and who is deemed dependent on such individual under subsection (d) (6), and if such parent

(A) has attained retirement age,

(B) was receiving at least one-half of his support from such individual at the time of such individual's death and filed proof of such support within two years of such date of death,16

(C) has not married since such individual's death,

(D) is not entitled to old-age insurance benefits, or is entitled to old-age insurance benefits each of which is less than threefourths of the primary insurance amount of such deceased individual, and

(E) has filed application for parent's insurance benefits, shall be entitled to a parent's insurance benefit for each month beginning with the first month after August 1950 in which such parent becomes so entitled to such parent's insurance benefits and ending with the month preceding the first month in which any of the following occurs: such parent dies, marries, or becomes entitled to an old-age insurance benefit equal to or exceeding three-fourths of the primary insurance amount of such deceased individual.

(2) Such parent's insurance benefit for each month shall be equal to three-fourths of the primary insurance amount of such deceased individual.

(3) As used in this subsection, the term "parent” means the mother or father of an individual, a stepparent of an individual by a marriage contracted before such individual attained the age of sixteen, or an

adopting parent by whom an individual was adopted before he attained the age of sixteen.

(0) In any case in which there is a failure

(1) to file proof of support under subparagraph (D) of subsection (c) (1), clause () or (ii) of subparagraph (E) of subsection (f) (1), or subparagraph (B) of subsection (h) (1), or under clause (B) of subsection (f) (1) of this section as in effect prior to the Social Security Act Amendments of 1950, within the period prescribed by such subparagraph or clause, or

(2) to file, in the case of a death after 1946, application for a lump-sum death payment under subsection (i), or under subsection (9) of this section as in effect prior to the Social Security Act Amend

ments of 1950, within the period prescribed by such subsection, and it shown to the satisfaction of the Secretary that there was good cause for failure to file such proof or application, as the case may be, within such period, such proof or application shall be deemed to have been filed within such period if it is filed within two years following such period or within two years following August 1956, whichever is later. The determination of what constitutes good cause for purposes of this subsection shall be made in accordance with regulations of the Secretary.

SUSPENSION OF BENEFITS OF ALIENS WHO ARE OUTSIDE THE UNITED

STATES

(p) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, no monthly benefits shall be paid under this section to any individual who is not a citizen or national of the United States for any month after the third consecutive calendar month during all of which the Secretary finds, on the basis of information furnished to him by the Attorney General or information which otherwise comes to his attention, that such individual is outside the United States and prior to the first month thereafter for all of which such individual has been in the United States, unless such individual is a citizen of a foreign country which the Secretary finds has in effect a social insurance or pension system which is of general application in such country, under which periodic benefits, or the acturarial equivalent thereof, are paid on account of old age, retirement, or death, and under which individuals who are citizens of the United States but not citizens of such foreign country and who qualify for such benefits are permitted to receive such benefits or the actuarial equivalent thereof while outside such foriegn country for periods of three months or longer.

(2) No person who is, or upon application would be, entitled to a monthly benefit under this secti on for June 1956 shall be deprived, by reason of paragraph (1), of such benefit or any other benefit based on the wages and self-employment income of the individual on whose wages and self-employment income such monthly benefit for June 1956 is based.

(3) If an individual is outside the United States when he dies and no benefit may, by reason of paragraph (1), be paid to him for the month preceding the month in which he dies, no lump-sum death payment may be made on the basis of such individuals wages and self-employment income.

(4) Subsections (6) and (c) of section 203 shall not apply with respect to any individual for any month for which no monthly benefit may be paid to him by reason of paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(5) The Attorney General shall certify to the Secretary such information regarding aliens who depart from the United States to any foreign country (other than a foreign country which is territorially contiguous to the United States) as may be necessary to enable the Secretary to carry out the purposes of this subsection and shall otherwise aid, assist, and cooperate with the Secretary in obtaining such other information as may be necessary to enable the Secretary to carry out the purposes of this subsection.

REDUCTION OF INSURANCE BENEFITS

Maximum Benefits

SEC. 203. (a) Whenever the total of monthly benefits to which individuals are entitled under section 202 for a month on the basis of the wages and self-employment income of an insured individual is more than $50 and exceeds (1) 80 per centum of his average monthly wage, or (2) one and one-half times his primary insurance amount, whichever is the greater, such total of benefits shall, after any deductions under this section, after any deductions under section 222 (6), and after any reduction under section 224, be reduced to 80 per centum of his average monthly wage or to one and one-half times his primary insurance amount, whichever is the greater, but in no case to less than $50; except that when any of such individuals so entitled would (but for the provisions of section 202 (k) (2) (A)) be entitled to child's insurance benefits on the basis of the wages and self-employment income of one or more other insured individuals, such total of benefits, after any deductions under this section, after any deductions under section 222 (6), and after any reduction under section 224, shall not be reduced to less than 80 per centum of the sum of the average monthly wages of all such insured individuals. In any case in which the total of the benefits referred to in the preceding sentence, after reduction (if any) thereunder, is more than $200, such total shall, notwithstanding the provisions of such sentence, be reduced to $200. Whenever a reduction is made under this subsection, each benefit, except the old-age insurance benefit, shall be proportionately decreased.

Deductions on Account of Work or Failure to Have Child in Care

(b) Deductions, in such amounts and at such time or times as the Secretary shall determine, shall be made from any payment or payments under this title to which an individual is entitled, until the total of such deductions equals such individual's benefit or benefits under section 202 for any month

(1) in which such individual is under the age of seventy-two and for which month he is charged with any earnings under the provisions of subsection (e) of this section; or

(2) in which such individual is under the age of seventy-two and on seven or more different calendar days of which he engaged in noncovered remunerative activity outside the United States; or

(3) in which such individual, if a wife under retirement age entitled to a wife's insurance benefit, did not have in her care (individually or jointly with her husband) a child of her husband entitled to a child's insurance benefit; or

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