Ocean to Ocean: Sandford Fleming's Expedition Through Canada in 1872 : Being a Diary Kept During a Journey from the Atlantic to the Pacific with the Expedition of the Engineer-in-chief of the Canadian Pacific and Intercolonial Railways

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James Campbell & Son, 1873 - Canada - 371 pages
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In this staple of Canadian history, Grant outlines Fleming's expedition through Canada in 1872. It is essential to understand the primitive cultures of the Native Americans of the time. Before European contact, the Native Americans could not grasp the concept of civilization in lived in what are formally known as Indian Tribes. These primitive beings lacked the technological innovation of their European counterparts and seemed to believe that the earth was created by a giant tortes creature, proving their lack of ability to link logic with fact. With the arrival of Fleming into this extremely primitive culture, the "Indians" would not be able to comprehend his intellect and would eventually suffer the fate of being reticulated and exploited.  

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Page 340 - Fitz-Eustace' heart felt closely pent ; As if to give his rapture vent, The spur he to his charger lent, And raised his bridle hand. And, making demi-volte in air, Cried, " Where's the coward that would not dare To fight for such a land!
Page 342 - Be lost for ever. In our halls is hung Armoury of the invincible Knights of old : We must be free or die, who speak the tongue That Shakespeare spake; the faith and morals hold Which Milton held. — In everything we are sprung Of Earth's first blood, have titles manifold.
Page 327 - It is a physical reality of the highest importance to the interests of British North America that this continuous belt can be settled and cultivated from a few miles west of the Lake of the Woods to the passes of the Rocky Mountains...
Page 90 - Dominion for quarter sections numbers and forming part of section number of the Township of containing acres, for the purpose of securing a homestead right in respect thereof.
Page 209 - ... this morning at 6.15 AM, and halted at I PM, after crossing the Riviere de Violon or Fiddle river, when fairly inside the first range. It was a grand morning for mountain scenery. For the first three hours the trail continued at some distance east from the valley of the Athabasca, among wooded hills, now ascending, now descending, but on the whole with an upward slope, across creeks where the ground was invariably boggy, over fallen timber, where infinite patience was required on the part of...
Page 169 - North-west, along the line we travelled, it is impossible to doubt that it is one of the finest pasture countries in the world, and that a great part of it is well adapted for cereals. The climatological conditions are favourable for both stock raising and grain producing. The spring is nearly as early as in Ontario ; the summer is more humid and therefore the grains, grasses, and root crops grow better ; the autumn bright and cloudless, the very weather for harvesting; and the winter has less snow...
Page 206 - Mountains" has been the remark of many a disappointed traveller by the Union and Central Pacific Railways. The remark will never be made by those who travel on the Canadian Pacific; there was no ambiguity about these being mountains, nor about where they commenced. The line was defined, and the scarp as clear, as if they had been hewn and chiselled for a fortification. The summits on one side of the Athabasca were serrated, looking sharp as the teeth of a saw; on the other, the Roche a Myette, immediately...
Page 214 - The Chief's bag got a crush against a rock, and his flask, that held a drop of brandy carefully preserved for the next plum-pudding, was broken. It was hard, but on an expedition like this the most serious losses are taken calmly and soon forgotten.
Page 3 - knowledge of the country on the whole would never lead me to advocate a line of communication from Canada across the continent to the Pacific, exclusively through British territory. The time has now...
Page 339 - By herds upon an endless plain, full-fed from the exhaustless glaciers of the Rocky Mountains, and watering ' the great lone land;' over illimitable coal measures and deep woods; on to the mountains, which open their gates, more widely than to our wealthier neighbours, to lead us to the Pacific ; down deep gorges filled with mighty timber, and rivers whose ancient deposits are gold beds, sands like those of Pactolus and channels choked with fish ; on to the many harbours of mainland and island, that...

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