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THE PORT OF EVERETT, WASH.

PORT CUSTOMS AND REGULATIONS

FEDERAL SERVICES AND REGULATIONS

A digest of the more important regulations of the Public Health, Customs and Immigration Services, together with information relative to their services and charges applicable to vessels, freight, and passengers, and a list of the Federal documents required of vessels are contained in Miscellaneous Series No. 1–Port and Terminal Charges at United States Ports. Copies of this publication may be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.

Permission to enter the port of Everett is not required. The port is open, and vessels are received at all times. Visits by customs boarding inspectors are made at pier or anchorage. Vessels may clear between the hours of 9 a. m. and 4:30 p. m. on week days. On Sundays and holidays clearances may be effected by special arrangements made with the customs.

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, TREASURY DEPARTMENT

Quarantine.-Vessels bound for Everett which are subject to quarantine inspection should receive this inspection at Port Townsend, and should not proceed from quarantine until inspected and granted free or provisional pratique. Fumigation may be arranged through the Seattle office.

Hospitals.—The Public Health Service maintains a relief station and a contract hospital at Everett where medical services may be procured. The marine hospital is at Seattle.

CUSTOMS SERVICE, TREASURY DEPARTMENT

Everett is a subport in the Washington customs district, the headquarters for which are located in Seattle. The customhouse is located in the Federal building at the corner of Colby and Wall Streets, about one-half of a mile from the water front. It is open from 9 a. m. to 4.30 p. m. The working hours of customs inspectors are from 8 a. m. to 5 p. m., 1 hour being allowed for luncheon. Overtime service is rendered when necessary.

IMMIGRATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

No Federal control over immigration is maintained in Everett. Immigrants on incoming vessels who are not detained at quarantine are usually examined on board and if subject to detention are disembarked at Seattle; otherwise they are allowed to proceed to destination.

LOCAL REGULATIONS

While control over the movements of vessels and over other harbor activities in the port of Everett is vested in the city council, no regulations relating thereto have been officially promulgated.

Under authority conferred by act of Congress approved May 9, 1900, entitled "An act to authorize the Secretary of War to make regulations governing the running of loose logs, steamboats, and rafts on certain rivers and streams," the following current regulations, prescribed on April 27, 1910, govern the use of the Snohomish and Snoqualmie Rivers, Wash., on which loose timber and logs are floated in large quantities.

Loose logs may be floated in navigable parts of the Snoqualmie and Snohomish Rivers under the following conditions:

1. All loggers and river drivers operating on the Snoqualmie and Snohomish Rivers shall be required to register at the United States Engineer Office, Seattle, Wash., giving the firm name, manager's name, and post office address.

2. No logs shall be dumped into the rivers or released from storage booms without being turned over to a registered driving company, firm, or individual.

3. River drivers authorized to operate on these streams must maintain a sufficient organization of boats and experienced workmen to care for the drives of their customers.

4. River drivers shall so conduct their operations that all parts of the river will be effectively patroled and the formation of jams prevented.

5. During times of freshet, river drivers shall increase their force and station men at critical points where jams are liable to form.

6. Loggers who entrust their logs to river drivers will be required to satisfy themselves that their logs are being driven in accordance with the regulations, and if continued unconcern on their part results in confusion the privilege of dumping logs into the stream shall be denied to them.

7. Hemlock logs that will not float for their entire length shall not be deposited in the rivers.

PORT ADMINISTRATION

Administrative control over the operation of the port of Everett is vested in the Federal Government, the State of Washington, the city of Everett, the Port of Everett Commission and the Board of Pilotage Commissioners for the State of Washington.

The Federal Government exercises jurisdiction with respect to health inspection and quarantine of vessels, their crews and passengers; customs inspection and collection; immigration service; inspection of ships' hulls and boilers and ships' safety devices; and coast guard and lighthouse services.

The State, through the Department of Public Service of Washington regulates services and charges of intrastate carriers, public terminal operators, warehousemen, and public utilities, and through the State Commissioner of Public Lands, controls the sale and lease of State tidal and shore lands.

The City of Everett is empowered to exercise general police powers over shipping within the harbor included in which are the regulating of the speed of vessels, designating of anchorages and the handling of inflammables, explosives, and other hazardous cargoes.

The Port of Everett Commission organized pursuant to the provisions of the Port Districts Act of 1911 is composed of three members elected by the voters of the port district to serve for a term of 3 years. It exercises jurisdiction over the port district which is practically coextensive with the corporate limits of the cities of Everett and Mukilteo and directs the affairs of the port facilities under its control.

Among other powers the commission may acquire lands by eminent domain; collect taxes and make assessments; issue bonds when sanctioned by the voters of the district; construct or otherwise provide facilities essential to port development; fix absolutely and without right of appeal or review, all rates of wharfage, dockage, warehousing and other port and terminal charges in connection with improvements owned and operated directly by the port district itself; lease wharves, docks and other property acquired by it; and create and fill positions and fix salaries.

The Board of Pilotage Commissioners.-Up to 1935 the pilotage law of the State of Washington, passed in 1907, merely required that a person offering himself as a pilot should hold a Federal pilot's license for Puget Sound waters, that he should not pilot a vessel of greater tonnage than provided by his license, and that he must have had 1 year's experience as a pilot of oversea or coasting vessels of at least 1,500 gross tons.

The law imposed a penalty upon masters employing pilots not holding the required license and upon unlicensed persons engaging in piloting. There was nothing in the law compelling any vessel to engage a pilot.

In 1935, the legislature passed the Puget Sound Pilotage Act creating a board of pilotage commissioners for the State of Washington. It was approved by the Governor, February 23, 1935. The statute provides that the director of labor and industries of the State of Washington shall be ex-officio chairman of the board, and that four other members each to hold office for a term of 4 years are to be appointed by the Governor.

Two of the appointive commissioners must be pilots licensed under the new statute and actively engaged in piloting upon the waters covered by the act for at least 3 years immediately preceding appointment while the other two must have been actively engaged in the ownership, operation, or management of deep-sea cargo and/or passenger carrying vessels for at least 3 years immediately preceding their appointment. One of the shipping members must be a representative

a of American and one of foreign shipping.

The appointive commissioners hold office for the period for which they are appointed and until their successors have been appointed. Any vacancy in an appointive position shall be filled by the Governor for a term of 4 years. Members of the board serve without compensation or payment of expense. The office of the State Department of Labor and Industries is the office of the board.

Jurisdiction of the commission extends over Puget Sound and adjacent inland waters, which is construed by the statute to mean and include all the inland waters of the State of Washington inside the international boundary line between the State and British Columbia, extending south to and including Olympia but excluding that portion of the Straits of Juan de Fuca west of Port Angeles.

Powers and duties. The board is authorized to make rules and regulations in furtherance of the purposes of the statute; establishing the qualifications of pilots, providing for their examination, issuance of licenses and to establish a register of licensed pilots and of vessels, operators, and agents; to provide for the maintenance of efficient and competent pilotage service on the waters within its jurisdiction; to fix rates of pilotage, provided that no rate shall be changed upon motion of the board more than once in 12 months.

Pilotage dues.-Rates established by the statute remain in effect for a period of 2 years from its enactment. No rate is to be increased, lowered, or altered without public hearing. The board may fix extra compensation for extra services to vessels in distress or for awaiting vessels or being carried to sea on vessels against the will of the pilot.

Pilot licenses.-Pilots are required to obtain licenses from the commission which are valid for a term of 5 years unless revoked. The commission has the authority to suspend, withhold, or revoke such licenses, and appeal from its decision may be taken to the Superior Court for Thurston County. An annual license fee of $100 is payable by each pilot to the Puget Sound pilotage fund.

Pilotage fund.-The statute created in the State treasury a special fund to be known as the Puget Sound pilotage fund to which all monies collected under the provisions of the statute, including fines, are to be paid and credited. The statute made an initial appropriation of $5,000 from the fund for the payment of expenses, maintenance, and operation of the board.

The rules and regulations promulgated by the Board of Pilot Commissioners name Port Townsend as the pilotage station.

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