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AERIAL VIEW SHOWING PLANT AND WHARF OF THE GRAYS HARBOR PULP AND PAPER CO. ON CHEHALIS RIVER NEAR THE MOUTH OF

THE HOQUIAM RIVER. PORT OF GRAYS HARBOR TERMINAL ON CHEHALIS RIVER.

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PORT AND HARBOR FACILITIES

PIERS, WHARVES, AND DOCKS

There are 29 wharves at the port of Grays Harbor used for general navigation purposes. One is located inside Chehalis Point, 4 miles from the ocean, 8 on the Chehalis River, 19 on the Hoquiam River, and 1 on the Wishkah River. Of these, 12, including the port commission terminal, are within the city of Hoquiam and 16 in the city of Aberdeen. Thirteen of the wharves in the port are used in connection with plants engaged in the production of lumber, shingles, or other forest products, and in handling the output of the mills. The port terminal and two privately-owned wharves handle general cargo. The latter are not available for public use. The remainder are used for a variety of purposes, three being used for marine repair and construction work, two for handling fish, one for pulp and paper, one for receipt of petroleum products and oil bunkering, one for berthing fishing boats, two for the receipt of construction materials, and three are not in use at the present time.

The port of Grays Harbor terminal is located on the north side of the Chehalis River, in both Aberdeen and Hoquiam. It consists of a pier and approach 2,000 feet long and 400 feet wide across the outer end, extending diagonally from the shore, served on both sides with slips. Shoreward of the slips are extensive filled areas for storage of lumber and other bulk commodities. This area will serve as locations for additional piers and other terminal facilities when the commerce of the port warrants further expansion. There is a one-story transit shed, 78 by 380 feet, separated in two sections, served by three depressed and two surface tracks, connecting with a spur used jointly by the three railroads entering Grays Harbor. There is also trackage for the operation of two 5-ton electric hammerhead cranes. The pier is also used by the Pacific Coast Coal Co. for bunkering coal and the Union Oil Co. as an oil bunkering facility. This terminal is used for handling general cargo, lumber, and passengers both in foreign and domestic traffic. It serves as a concentration point for small shipments of lumber received by lighter from various mills, thus providing a quick turn-around for vessels whose cargoes are not obtained from any one mill.

The port commission also maintains a dock at Westport, inside Chehalis Point, near the entrance to the bay, which is used by fishermen and the general public at prescribed rates.

All the wharves at Grays Harbor have adequate rail connections and mechanical handling devices to care for the class of commodities passing over them.

The water front is protected by the fire departments of the two cities, each operating independently of the other but under an intercity agreement whereby one pumping engine of each will be furnished the other in an emergency. Hydrants are located at practically all of the wharves. The lumber mills have installed fire pumps with salt water intakes, supplying water to the distributing systems which serve all parts of the mills and usually the wharves. The port commission terminal is equipped with a sprinkler system in addition to hydrants and hose. No floating plant equipped for fire fighting has been provided for the harbor.

Detailed descriptions of the various wharves at the port are contained in the following table:

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Description:

Dimensions.
Depth of water, m. 1. 1. W.
Berthing space available.
Width of apron...
Deck above m. 1. 1. W..
Capacity per square foot.

Lighted or unlighted
Transit sheds on pier
Mechanical handling facilities.

Feet
Feet
Feet

Feet

Feet 100

160 1,110 200+295+170 feet and 280+80+100 feet.

110

260
27
27
27 17-28 feet.

20-0

20
100

160
1, 110 1,125 feet.

260
Open.
Open..

10-30
16 feet.
16 feet.

18 feet.
800 pounds.
500 pounds.

500 pounds.
Lighted..
Lighted..

Lighted.
None..
None...

None.
1 5-ton traveling electric hammerhead gantry 13-ton gasoline tractor crane, 40-foot reach, and Do.

crane, 70-foot reach; 1 5-ton gasoline cater- 5 7-ton Ross lumber carriers.
pillar crane, 40-foot reach; and 11 7-ton Ross
lumber carriers.
Northern Pacific Ry; 11,300-foot surface track Joint user. 4 surface tracks, total length 2,400 Northern Pacific Ry.: 1 300-foot surface track
east of wharf.
feet, in rear of wharf.

in rear of wharl.
City water available to vessels at $7.50 per None for vessels..

None for vessels.
thousand cubic feet.
City service, hydrants, hose, and hand extin- City service, hydrants, and hose.

City service and hand extinguishers. guishers. None for vessels. None for vessels.

None for vessels.

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