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RELIABILITY OF THE FOREGOING RATION. 10 these statistics are as accurate and reliable as

any medical statistics heretofore published; and, In conclusion, a few remarks may be made upon although it has not been possible to represent the reliability of the statistics from which the fore- the whole army by them, they correspond to so going ratios are deduced. It is frankly admitted vast a host that they possess high value in themthat the data in the Surgeon-General's Office, selves, and may fairly be assumed to approximate from which the statistics of the first year of the in the closest manner the results which would war were compiled, are exceedingly incomplete. have been attained had the reports been comNo systematic effort appears to have been made plete. to secure reports of sick and wounded prior to In fact, the number of regiments reporting is June, 1862, when already fourteen months of the so great that the statistics from which these ratios war had elapsed. The existing reports, referring to have been prepared may safely be said to be the the three-months men, are too few to enable the largest medico-military statistics yet ever comstatistician to deduce any reliable ratio of sick- piled. ness and mortality for that force; and for a long Great efforts have been made during the fiscal time after the three-years volunteers were mus- year ending June 30, 1863, to secure completetered into the service, many of their surgeons ness in the medical statistics; and these efforts, persistently neglected to furnish the reports although not crowned with perfect success, have required by regulations. In fact, up to the had the effect of rendering the reports for that close of the first year of the war the sick reports year comparatively complete; and the work of received at the Surgeon-General's Office never compiling them is progressing as rapidly as is represented, for any one month, more than two- possible with the clerical force employed. thirds of the army actually in the field. In It is believed that, as the attention of the carefully attempting to compile the statistics of medical officers in service is now fully directed to the several armies for the first year of the war, the effort being made to compile these statistics, it has not been possible, therefore, to secure a per their hearty co-operation may be relied upon, and fect record for any one of them; the figures never that the figures for the present year may be represent the whole force, but always merely a hoped to be as nearly complete as can be excertain number of the component regiments: pected from any great army in time of war. nevertheless, so far as they go, it is believed that TABULAR STATEMENT OF DEATAS, BY DISEASE AND IN BATTLE, OF CERTAIN MICHIGAN REGIMENTS IN 1861–62.

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OONGRESS. TEE legislative power granted by the Constitu- that the quotient so found should be the ratio of tion of the United States is vested in a Congress, representation for the several States. The ratio shich consists of a Senate and House of Repro- thus ascertained under the census of 1860 was sentatives. The Congress must meet at least once 124,183; and upon this basis the 233 Representin every year, which meeting must be on the first atives were apportioned among the several States. Monday in December, unless they by law appoint one Representative for every district containing a diferent day.

that number of persons; giving to each State at The Senate of the United States is composed of least one Representative. Subsequently, by the act two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legis- of March 4, 1862, the number of Representatives lature thereof for six years. At their first meet from and after March 3, 1863, was increased from ing under the Constitution, the Senators were 233 to 241 by allowing one additional Representdrided into three classes, so that the terms of ative to each of the following States, viz. : Illinois, one-third of the Senators might expire every lowa, Kentucky, Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, second year. By this means one-third of the Se- Rhode Island, and Verinont. sate is renewed biennially: No person can be a Besides Senators and Representatives, there is Senator who is under thirty years of age, nor a class of members of Congress, called Delegates, ueless he has been nine years a citizen of the who sit in the House and represent the organized Taited States, and when elected an inhabitant Territories of the United Status. These Delegates of the State for which he is chosen. When may present subjects for legislation and address vacancies happen in any State, temporary appoint- | the House, but, not representing States, they have ments may be made (if the Legislaturo be not in no votes. Iu the present Congress there are nine, session) by the Executive of the State, until the -one each from the Territories of Washington, bext meeting of the Legislature. The Vice-Pre- New Mexico, Utah, Nebraska, Colorado, Nevada, sident of the United States is President of the Dakota, Arizona, and Idaho. Senate, but has no rote unless they be equally Under the law of August 16, 1856, the compendirided. The Senate is required to choose also a sation of a Senator, Representative, or Delegate president pro tempore, who presides in the absence in Congress is $6000 for each Congress, at the rato of the Vice-President or when the latter shall of $3000 per annum, and mileage at the rate of exercise the office of President.

$8 for every twenty miles of estimated distance The House of Representatives is composed of by the most usual road from his place of residence members chosen every second year by the people to the seat of Congress, at the commencement and of the several States. No person can be a Repre at the end of every session; but this mileage is sentatire who is under twenty-five years of age, allowed for two sessions only in each Congress. Bor unless he has been seven years a citizen of The compensation of the Speaker of the House is the United States, and, when elected, an inhabit double that of a Representative, and the President ant of the State for which he is chosen. Repre- pro tempore of the Senate, when there is no Vicesentatives are apportioned among the several | President, is entitled to the compensation allowed States according to their respective numbers, by law to the Vice-President, $8000 per annum. which numbers are ascertained by an actual enu- The times, places, and manner of holding elecmeration, or census, of all the inhabitants, made tions for Senators and Representatives are presitlsin every term of ten years. When by this scribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; means the whole number of free persons is ascer- but Congress may at any time by law alter such tained, excluding Indians not taxed, there is added regulations, or make new ones, except as to the to such number three-fifths of all other persons, places of choosing Senators. No Senator or Reand the aggregate thus found is the represent presentative can, during the time for which he ative population. By the law of 23d of May, 1850, was elected, be appointed to any civil office under under which the existing apportionment of Re- authority of the United States, which shall have presentatives was originally made, it was enacted been created or the emoluments of which shall that the number of Representatives in Congress have been increased during such time; and no should be 233, that the representative population person holding any office under the United States determined by the census of that year and there shall be a member of either House during his after should be divided by said number 233, and continuance in offico.


1 24 2

APPORTIONYENT OF REPRESENTATIVES BY Act op MARCH 4, 1862, UNDER THE CENSUS OP 1860. Alabama........... 6) Louisiana ..................

5 Ohio......... Arkansas... 3 Maine...

5 Oregon... California.. 3 Maryland.

5 Pennsylvania.... Counecticut.. 4 Massachusetts.

10 Rhode Island Delaware.......... 1 Mississippi..

5 South Carolina.......... Florida.. 1 Missouri

9 Tennessee...... Georgia. 7 Michigan

6 Texas....... Illinois. 14 Minnesota..

2 Virginia.. Indiana.. 11 New Hampshire..

3 Vermont... Iowa... 6 New Jersey..

5 Wisconsin Kansas. 1 New York...

31 Kentucky. 9| North Carolina......



4 11


Thirty-Eighth Congress-First Session.

(The figures denote the expiration of the terms of the Senators.)
HANNIBAL HAMLIN, of Maine, Vice-President of the United States, and President of the Senato.
SOLOMON FOOTE, of Vermont, President pro tempore.
John W. FORNEY, of Pennsylvania, Secretary.

1865 Alexander Ramsay, St. Paul,

1869 1867 M. S. Wilkinson, Mankato,

1866 Arkansas. 1865

Mississippi. 1867

1869 California.


Missouri. John Conness,

San Francisco, 1869


B. Gratz Brown, James A. McDougall,

St. Louis,

1867 J. B. Henderson,


1869 Connecticut.

New Hampshire, James Dixon,


John P. Hale,


1865 Lafayette S. Foster, Norwich,

Daniel Clark,

Manchester, 1867

New Jersey. George Read Riddle, Wilmington, 1869 William Wright, Newark,

1869 Willard Saulsbury, Georgetown, 1865 John C. Ten Eyck,

Mount Holly,

1865 Florida.

New York. 1860 Edwin D. Morgan,

New York, 1869 1867 | Ira Ilarris,


1867 Georgia. 1865

North Carolina. 1867

1865 Nlinois.


W. A. Richardson, Quincy,

Benjamin F. Wade, Jefferson,

1869 Lyman Trumbull, Alton,

John Sherman,


1867 Indiana.

Oregon. Thomas A. Hendricks, Shelbyville, 1869

Benjamin F. Harding,

1865 Henry S. Lane, Crawsfordsville, 1867 G. W. Nesmith,


1867 Iowa.

Pennsylrania. James W. Grimes, Burlington,

1865 Charles Buckalew, Bloomsburg, 1869 James Harlan, Mt. Pleasant, 1867 | Edgar Cowan,

Greensburg, 1867 Kansas.

Rhode Island. James H. Lane,

Lawrence, 1865 William Sprague, Providence, 1869 Samuel C. Pomeroy, Atchison, 1867 Henry B. Anthony, Providence, 1865 Kentucky.

South Carolina. Lazarus W. Powell,

1865 Henderson, 1865 Garrett Davis,



1869 1865

1865 1867



1865 Lot M. Morrill,


William P. Fessenden, Portland,

Solomon Foot,


1869 Maryland

Jacob Collamer,

Woodstock, 1867
Reverdy Johnson, Baltimore, 1869
Thomas II. Hicks,

Cambridge, 1867
John S. Carlile,

Clarksburg, 1869


West Virginia. Charles Sumner,



Waitman T. Willey, Morgantown, 186 Henry Wilson,


P. G. Van Winkle,

186 Michigan.

Wisconsin. Zachary Chandler, Detroit, 1860 James R. Doolittle, Racine,

1869 Jacob M. Howard, Detroit,

1865 Timothy 0. Howe,

Green Bay,


STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE. Foreign Relations.-Messrs. Sumner (chairman), Indian Affairs.-Messrs. Doolittlo (chairman), Feater, Doolittle, Harris, Davis, Johnson, and Wilkinson, Lane (Kansas), Harlan, Nesmith, VcDougall.

Brown, and Buckalew. Finance.-Messrs. Fessenden (chairman), Sher- Pensions.-Messrs. Foster (chairman), Lane (Inpan, Howe, Cowan, Clark, Van Winkle, and Con- diana), Pomeroy, Van Winkle, Saulsbury, and

Buckalew. Commerce.- Messrs. Chandler (chairman), Mor- Revolutionary Claims.-Messrs.Wilkinson (chair rill, Ten Eyck, Morgan, Sprague, and Sauls- man), Chandler, Wilson, Nesmith, and Wright.

Claims.--Messrs. Clark (chairman), Howe, PomeAgriculture-Messrs. Sherman (chairman), Har- roy, Anthony, Morrill, Hicks, and Hendricks. haa. Wilson, Lane (Kansas), and Powell.

District of Columbia.-Messrs. Grimes (chair. Vihitary Affairs and the Militia.-Messrs. Wilman), Dixon, Morrill, Wade, Willey, Henderson, son (chairman), lane (Indiana), Howard, Nesmith, and Richardson. Morgan, Sprague, and Brown.

Patents and the Patent Office.-Messrs. Cowan Niral Affairs.-Messrs.Hale (chairman),Grimes, (chairman), Ten Eyck, Sherman, Ramsey, and Anthony, Willey, Ramsey, Harding, and Hicks. Saulsbury.

Judiciary.-Messrs. Trumbull (chairman), Fos- Public Buildings and Grounds.-Messrs. Foot tar, Ten Eyck, Harris, Howard, Bayard, and (chairman), Trumbull, Grimes, Henderson, and Posell.

Hendricks. Post Offices and Post Roads.-Messrs. Collamer Territories.-Messrs. Wade (chairman), Wilkin. (chairman), Dixon, Ramsey, Henderson, Conness, son, Hale, Lane (Kansas), Carlile, Davis, and und Buckalev.

Richardson. Public Lands.-Messrs. Harlan (chairman), To Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses Pomeroy, Foot, Harding, Carlile, Hendricks, and of the Senate.-Messrs. Dixon (chairman), Clark,

and Harding. Private Land Claims.- Messrs. Harris (chair Engrossed Bills.-Messrs. Lane (Ind.) (chair man), Sumner, Howard, Bayard, and McDougall. man), Sumner, and Willey.

Joint Committee on Printing.

Joint Committee on the Library. On the Part of the Senate.-Messrs. Anthony On the Part of the Senate.-Messrs. Collamer (chairman), Morgan, and Powell.

(chairman), Fessenden, and Johnson. Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills. On the Part of the Senate.-Messrs. Howe (chairman), Cowan, and Hicks.

John W. Forney, Secretary of the Senate.

Isaac Basset, Doorkeeper.
William Hickey, Chief Clerk.
William J. McDonald, Principal Clerk.

Official Reporters of the Senate.
D.W.C. Clarke, Principal Erecutive Clerk.
George T. Brown, Sergeant-at-Arms.

R. Sutton, D. F. Murphy, J. J. Murphy, and John W. Jennings, Postmaster,

E. V. Murphy.

SCHUYLER COLFAX, of Indiana, Speaker.

EDWARD MCPHERSON, of Pennsylvania, Clerk.

Seate vacant. Entitled to six members.

Seat vacant. Entitled to one member.


Seats vacant. Entitled to seven members. Beate vacant. Entitled to three members.


1. Isaac N. Arnold, Chicago.

2. John F. Farnsworth, St. Charles. 1. Thomas B. Shannon, Plumas.

3. Elihu B. Washtrurne, Galena. 2. William Higbee, Calaveras.

4. Charles M. Harris, Oquaka. 3. Cornelius Cole, Santa Cruz..

5. Owen Lovejoy,


6. Jesse 0. Norton, Joliet.
7. John R. Eden,

Sullivan. 1 Henry C. Deming, Hartford.

8. John T. Stuart, Springfield. 2 James E. English, New Haven.

9. Lewis W. Ross,

Canton. 3. Augustus Brandegee, New London.

10. A. L. Knapp,

Jerseyville. 4. John H. Hubbard, Litchfield.

11. J. C. Robinson,

12. William R. Morrison,


13. William J. Allen,

Marion. 1. Nathaniel B. Smithers, Dover.

James C. Allen,

Palestine. • From the State at large.

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