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Debt, 1864. Rente, 44 per cent ...............................

39,759,628
Rente, 4 per cent

478,081
Rente, 3 per cent.
Sinking Fund......

........................... 345,699,838

118,022,745 N.B.-The Sinking-Fund is fictive, and, as it owns 58,515,236. of Rentes, the whole annual charge of the public debt is only 327,422,311f. (say, $65,484,462).

THE CONSCRIPTION.

The dranght of 1860, which was

The whole number of conscripts who made of all Frenchmen who in

commuted for military service by 1859 attained their twentieth year,

payment of money was........ 19,874 men. was of.........

100,000 men The whole number of conscripts who The whole number of Frenchmen

furnished or procured the two who in 1859 attained their twen

classes of substitutes was....

454 tieth year was......

306,314 “

The total number of re-enlisted solThe whole number of persons ex

diers, volunteers, and government amined to discover their fitness for

substitutes in the army is............. 182,858 service was.......

206,168 The total number of exempted men The whole number of persons who

from military service was.............. 106,241 drew blanks in the lottery of conscription was...

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England Kingdom of Italy. Algeria. Zollverein Belgium Spain. Switzerland.. United States..... Brazil.... Turkey.. Reunion Island

403.2 175.0 165.7 155.5 149.2 135.4 125.7 75.7 60.2 39.7 32.7

456,4 179.5 130.9 160.8 157.8 128.8 142.8 82.2 61.9 32.5 29.5

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Peru
Russia.
Rio de la Plata....
Martinique
Guadeloupe
Chili
Ilolland
Spanish-Amer. Possessions
Egypt..
Hanseatic Towns...............
Uruguay..

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 10 11

26.3 24.6 23.0 22.9 18.8 18.2 17.8 17.6 16.6 15.1 15.0

23.2 30.1 25.8 20.4 16.6 17.1 19.8 16.4 14.2 22.3 15.8

1

FRENCH EXPORTATIONS (Continued).

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Rank according

1861. 总览 密铝亞经经与绍 总经络| to importance,

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FRENCH IMPORTATIONS. (Value expressed in millions of francs.)

Special Commerce.

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Sweden
Senegal...
Austria.
Uruguay
Mauritius and Cape of Good

Hope.
Chili.
St. Pierre, Miquelon, and

Deep-Sea Fisheries.. Peru ... Portugal Mexico Venezuela.. Denmark China, Cochin-China, and

Oceania Greece. Roman States.... New Granada .... Other African Countries... French Guyana English-Amer. Possessions Philippine Islands... Sainte Marie, Mayotte, and

Nossi-Bé Guatemala................

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Iron (other than unmanu

factured cast iron)........ 7.3 6.2 Clocks and watches..

6.9 5.2 Block tin....

6.9 11.3 Flax and hemp thread...... 6.7 5.3 Hemp...

6.4 8.2 Sea-fishes...

6.2 14.6 Sulphur

5.9 11.8 Furs

5.8 4.9 Tallow and lard.

5.5 12.1 Exotic gums...

5.3 3.2 Cotton thread..

5.1

5.1 Horses.

4.8

10.6 Cacao

4.6 7.7 Nitrate of soda

4.4 4.1 Silk goods....

4.2 4.1 Cheeses...

3.6 8.9 Goats' wool thread..

3.5 5.7 Pepper and allspice..

3.4 3.7 Tongues and sounds of cod and mackerel.....

3.1 2.0 Fish oil....

5.6 Butter....

2.7 5.5 Quinquinia bark....

2.4 1.5 Potash

1.8 2.2 Tea.....

1.2 Toys and mercery

1.5 1.3 Agricultural instruments, files, scrapers, saws, and tools....

1.4 1.5 Arms....

1.2 1.4 Cloves

1.2 0.4 Nitrate of potash.

0.2 0.4 Sundries......

263.4 279.5 Totals........... 2,018.2 2,442.3

THE MORE IMPORTANT GOODS, WARES, AND MERCHANDISE EXPORTED.

(Values expressed in millions of francs.)

Special Commerce.

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66

Tobacco.

Profitable as this monopoly was to the French The sale of tobacco, in all its forms, is a monopoly Government, the proceeds are really a great deal of the French Government.

of money less than England draws from the same 31 Dec., 1853, stock on hand 70,031,127 kilogr's. imported article by her judicious practice of 1860, purchases..... 35,713,327

liberty. England taxes tobacco between 3 shil.

lings and 9 shillings the pound, levying at the Total. 105,7 14,454

same timean additional tax of five per cent. Never

theless, although she las a population one-fourth Origin of tobacco bought in 1860:

less than France, and with fewer smokers and Grown in France.... 21,055,106

snuffers in proportion to every hundred inhabit. America.... 10,400,073

ants than France possesses, tho ditlerence between elsewhere.... 60,970,870

the two nations in the revenues drawn from this Total............... 103,744,454

source was as follows, in these years :31 Dec., 1900, stock on hand 72,903,094

Years.

France.

England. 1SCO, sales........... 20,580,668

1955.

.113,816,271f. 121,785,550r. Amount of money return'd 193,599,705f.

1856.

120,975,149 130,240,650 Expenses of monopoly...... 58,207,020f.

1857.

.120,996,477 131,335,800 1858.

.129,119,804 136,355,350 Clear profits........ 135,392,685f.

1859...

..129,660,348 139,338,675

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