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* The salary of a Circuit Judge is $1800 per annum, and an Attorney is paid $500 besides his fees.
In Kentucky, all judges are justices of the peace, I ment of dower, and of ferries and mills. Justices? and the principal court officers are elected by the Courts have exclusive jurisdiction of actions for people. The judges of the Court of Appeals are money or personal property not exceeding $50. The elected by districts for a term of eight years, one County Judge who holds the Quarterly Court is an every second year, and the judge having the ex-officio Justice, and hence his jurisdiction in shortest term to serve is Chief Justice. The cases not erceeding $50 is concurrent. Circuit Court Judges are elected by districts for Pleadings, dc.- In the Circuit Court, and in the six years, and justices of the peace for four years. Quarterly Court in cases of $50 and upwards, the
The Court of Appeals is the Supreme Court pleadings are written, and, except in certain cases of the State, and has appellate jurisdiction over where action or defence is founded upon a writing, the final orders and judgments of all other courts or for divorce, or damages, the pleadings must be of the State in civil cases, except where the sworn to. In such cases the procees must be amount in controversy is less than fifty dollars, or served ten days before court. In Quarterly and in cases of judgment granting divorce, or on a Justices' Courts where the aniount is less than $50, judgment of an inferior court from which an the pleadings may be oral, and process may be appeal is given to the Quarterly or Circuit Court. served but five days before court. It holds two terms annually, commencing on tho Criminal Jurisdiction.-The Court of Appeals first Mondays in June and Decenaber, continuing has appellate jurisdiction, on questions of law, in each term about seventy-fire days.
prosecutions for felonies, and in penal actions and The Circuit Courts have original jurisdiction prosecutions, where the fine is $50, or over that of all actions and proceedings for the enforcement amount. The Circuit Courts have general jurisof civil rights or redress of civil wrongs, except diction for the trial of all offences which may where exclusive jurisdiction is given to other be prosecuted by indictment, and all prosecutions courts, where the amount in controversy is $50 and penal actions, except where exclusive jurisand upwarıls; also appellate jurisdiction of the diction is given to other courts. The city and judgments and final orders of Quarterly and police courts have jurisdiction within corporate Justices' Courts, where the mattir in controversy limits incident to such courts, concurrent with is of the value of twenty dollars or more, and of other courts, where the punishment of a free per. judgments and final orders of the County Courts son is a fine not exceeding $100, or of a slave not in all probate business and other matters of local exceeding thirty-nine stripes. The Justices' and concern to the county, such as roads, passways, Quarterly Courts have exclusive jurisdiction where &c. There are also Quarterly Courts, which have the punishment of a free person does not exceed jurisdiction of actions to recover money or per- $10, or of a slave twenty stripes, and concurrent sonal property not exceeding $100 in value; and jurisdiction with Circuit Courts where the punishappellate, jurisdiction from jnstices' courts where ment of a free person is a fine not exceeding $100, the matter in controversy is $5 and over.
or of a slave, not exceeding thirty-nine lashes. The Coumty Courts have jurisdiction of the pro- City courts of Lexington and Louisville have bate of wills, &c., guardians, settlements with fidu- the larger jurisdiction suitable to the wants of ciaries, bastardy, division of lands and slaves, allot- cities.
FINANCES TO OCTOBER 10, 1863.
From all other sourcos...
$459,708 30 From sheriffs, for taxes, &c............... 1,133,753 38
$806,433 84 320,578 00
474,889 80 $3,254,003 29
To Military Fund...................... $384,745 61 Payments from October 11, 1862, to October, 1863.
13,330 33 To attorneys $7,362 29 paper for public printer...
4,280 00 * appropriations, August called seg
" public binding....
3,125 65 sion, 1862... 17,746 48 « Revenue Supervisors....
1,412 00 advance pay to nine-months men.. 10,000 00
u red foxes
1,604 00 * Blind Asylam........ 7,638 29 slaves executed...
6,500 00 clerks' services. 17,017 41 salaries
68,160 96 • Commissioners of Thíx................. 25,261 51 “ School Fund, revenue department. 189,256 92 "contingent expenses....................
16,156 04 " Sinking Fund, revenue department 338,613 90 "criminal prosecutions.................
"stationery for public use.......... 3,303 29 5 clerks paid trustees.....
17,072 73 * Deaf and Dumb Asylum....
100,000 00 Eastern Lunatic Asylum....
25,250 00 “ Sinking Fund proper................. 742,416 30 " Institution for Feeble-Minded and
“ School Fund proper...
170,350 51 Imbecile Children...............
9,852 98 18,805 45 « Western Lunatic Asylum...
59,250 00 "Jailers......
36,391 38 " miscellaneous objects.................. 10,821 14 interest on Sinking Fund Loan.... 28,883 27
808,387 00 * Legislature, August called session, 1862.. 34,524 75
FINANCIAL REPORT OF 1862. Aggregate receipts from October 11, 1861, to October 10, 1862. ............... $3,519,066 Aggregate of warrants paid
3,014,0-22 Balance, October 11, 1862....
135,04 To which add balance of Sinking Fund.
100,066 And balance of School Fund....
134,598 Balance, October 11, 1862, as stated above in the account for 1863...... $159,708
State Debt, as per Auditor's Report of October 10, 1862.
466,000 00 Amount of 6 per cent, bonds unredeemed...
payable at the pleasure of the Legislature, and dated Do-
. 308,268 42
bonds, and same dated July 5, 1850, and made payable at
rate of 5 per cent. per annum from 1st January, 1850........ 101,001 59
1,326,770 01 * 231 August, 1855, held by the Board of Education........
42,894 72 Bond issued by the Governor for
the several counties, dated 21st February, 1857, held by the Board of Education..
12,167 30 Total State Dobt......
..$6,205,234 03 Assets and Sinking Fund. The State holds stock in various road and na- 1 7, 1863, speaks of the financial prosperity of Kenvigation improvements to the amount of $1,830,475.tncky in strong terms. Notwithstanding the fact A large number of items of revenue are set apart that many couuties of the State have been overrun for the Sinking Fund, and from these there was by invaders, guerrillas, and marauders, the finances derived in 1862 the amount of $35,574.
are in a most gratifying condition, as will be seen Governor Branlette, in his message of December by the following statement :
Balance in the Treasury, Oct. 10, 1860. .$126,548 | Repaid by the U. S.... $861,221 12
1861........ 280,112 Credit for quota of U.S. di-
Total repayments and credits by
the United States....... $1,466,221 12 In the Governor's message of December 7, 1863, Bulance due from the U. S...... 730,390 71 the following statement is given under this head: Advances to the United States to 31st August, 1863......
$2,106,611 83 Advances to the United States from 31st of August to 30th November... 90,000 00 Total advances..
. $2,196,611 83
VALUATION OF PROPERTY IN 1862 AND 1861. TABLE showing the Valuation of Land, Town-Lots, Slaves, Horses, Mules, Cattle, and Scores, and the
Numbers of each, in Kentucky, in the Years 1861 and 1862.
Faluation of Property from 1852 to 1862, inclusive. Carriages, Watches, Clocks, Plate, and Pianos.1858.
These articles of personal property were valued, in 1859..
1862, for purposes of taxation, as follows:-Car1860.
516,766,167 riages, of all kinds, $1,420,771; watches and clocks, ISci
$920,415; gold and silver plate, $504,386; pianos, 1862..
$500,228. Taz Levy.-For 1862
$1,107,251 Interesting Miscellancous Statistics.-The Report 1861
989,069 of the Auditor for 1862 contains the following in.
teresting statistics, partaking of the character of a Increase of levy, 1862.
$128,182 | census :
TABLE showing the following particulars relating to Kentucky for the Years 1861-2,—the Number of
White Males over 21 years old, of Children between 6 and 18 Years old, of Enrolled Militia, of Slaves ser 16 Years old, of Free Negroes, and of Blind, Deaf and Dumb; also the Tobacco, Hemp, Hay, Corn, Wheat, Barley, Pig-metal, and Blooms produced in each of the two Years.
Number of Acres of Land, and the gross Value, and Value per Acre in 1861-2.)
Total land lying in the State of Kentucky, and value (as per returns)......
Statistics from the Report of the Superintendent, R. Richardson, dated December 31, 1862. of the one hundred and ten counties in Ken- schools was 82,718. The lowest number at school tucky, one hundred and eight officially reported to was 27,992. The average number of children in the Superintendent for the school year ending attendance on the common schools throughout December 31, 1862.
the State, during the year, was 43,654. The whole number of children living in dis- The whole number of districts in which schools tricts in which common schools were duly taught were taught (each city and town being considered three months and over, in conformity to the gene- one district) was 22:25. ral law, for the year, was 158,989. This number The whole number of children of the school age ernbraces the children living in a few districts in in the State, as reported to the Auditor, was which schools were taught for a period less than 219,122. three months during the year 1862,—such schools The number of children in the districts where havine been broken up or discontinued in conse- schools were open, and the number attending
of the invasion of the State. The highest luring the seven years preceding 1863, are proof children actually attending the district sented in the following exhibit:
Number of children reported to
243,025 254,111 267,712 280,466 286,370 182,976 158,989 Average attending school 92,367 88,931 97,001 98,925 107,219 61,375
43,654 Amount and Condition of the School Fund.—The lowing table shows the duration of insanity prior present resources of the Common School Fund to admission :(Jan. 1, 1863) consist in the interest and dividends Over 20 years, 2; over 10 years, 8; over 5 years, due semi-annually on the amount of State bonds 1; over 1 year, 7; under 1 year, 17; unknown, 8. ($1,381,832.03, mostly bearing interest at the rate The average age at the time of admission was of five per cent.), and bauk stock ($73,500), held by 39.62 years. In 8 cases insanity is attributed to the Board of Education; in the amounts realized the “war excitement." annually from a tax on the capital stock and sur- Civil Condition.Married, 21; single, 16; widowplus of the Farmers' Bank, Southern Bank of Ken- ers, 4; widows, 2. tucky," Commercial Bank, and Bank of Ashland; Occupation of Males.--Farmers, 14; Merchants, and in a tax of five cents on the one hundred dol- 1; Gas-lighter, 1; Shoemakers, 5; Soldier, 1; Lalars' worth of taxable property in this Common- borer, 1; Saddler, 1; Boatman, 1; Theological Stuwealth, or one-sixth of the net revenue annually dent, 1. collected. A small amount also has been realized Form of Insanity.-Mania, 27; Melancholia, 6; to the Educational Fund under the provisions of the Dementia, 6; Monomania, 2; Imbecility, 2. act imposing penalties for betting on elections, and The mortality of the year was 5.71 per cent. of the act by which all forfeitures to the Common- Nearly two-thirds of this mortality had for immewealth in actions for the recovery of money lost at diate cause pulmonary consumption. gaming are to be appropriated for the use and The following tables refer to the deceased of the benefit of the Common School Fund. Th amount year: per scholar, counting the whole number reported, Causes of Death.-Exhaustion, 2: Phthisis pulallotted out of the treasury March 1, 1863, on ac- monalis, 10; Epilepsy, 3; Apoplexy, 1. count of schools tanght during the year 1862, was The average age at the time of death was 43 62 one dollar and five cents, a larger amount than years. has been disbursed since March 1, 1860. The Duration of Insanity prior to Death.- 28 years, whole amount of funds in the treasury to the 1; over 24 years, 1; over 23 years, 1; over 14 years, credit of common schools on the 1st of March, 1; 12 years, 1; 11 years, 2; 10 years, 1; 9 years, 2; 1863, was $311,528.30; and, financially, the school 8 years, 1; 7 years, 1; 6 years, 2; 3 years, 1; unsystem was then in better condition than at any known, 1. previous time since the beginning of the rebellion. WESTERN LUNATIC ASYLUM OF KENTUCKY, HOP
KINSVILLE, --Dr. James Rodman, Superintendent.-KENTUCKY EASTERN LUXATIC ASYLUM, LEXINGTON,
From a letter dated at this institution, December -Dr. W. S. Chipley, Superintendent.-Statistics | 1, 1863, we take the following: from the Report of Oct. 1, 1862.
“Our last Report shows 135 inmates (72 males, 63 fernales). Our percentum of recoveries for several years past is about 38 upon all admissions. Our Asylum is supported by the State, not relying upon private sources for any part of its support, although we occasionally receive pay-patients. Our Asylum-building was burnt November 30,
1861. It is being rebuilt, and will be occupied by Remaining, Oct. 1, 1861
137 100 237 December 15. It has accommodations for 325 Admitted since......
26 17 43 patients.”
KENTUCKY AND THE WAR. Governor BramWhole number during the year...
103 117 280 lette's Message to the Legislature of Kentucky,
sent in to that body on the 7th of December, 1863, of whom have recovered...
15 10 25 surnishes the following figures relating to the dicd
5 11 16 Kentucky volunteers. Whole number of men removed..
2 8 sent to the field for three years, 37,444: for one
year, 11,911; for nine months, 413; for sixty Remaining, Oct. 1, 1862.
137 94 231 days, 1770,- total, 51,538. Of these, the troops
furnished prior to January 1, 1863, as set forth Whole number from 1824 to date... 1,680 850 2,530 in detail in the subjoined table, were organ
ized into 35 regiments and 2 battalions of inOf whom have recovered..
947 fantry, 14 regiments of cavalry, and 2 companies died......
970 of artillery. The organization of those placed in removed
219 the field in 1863 had not been made public when eloped..
133 this table was prepared (December 12, 1863). remaining
231 Enrolled Militia. - The number of enrolled
militia in the Commonwealth is 119,577, as re
turned in 1863. of the 231 patients remaining, over 200 are non- Erpenses on account of the war.-These are paying or State patients.
stated in the account of the finances of the Of the 43 patients admitted during the year, all State, ante. but 17 had been insane a length of time which Adjutant-General's Report.—The Report of Adalmost precluded any hope of recovery. The fol- jutant-General John W. Finnell, dated December