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IV. TREASURY DEPARTMENT.
ESTABLISHED SEPTEMBER 2, 1789.
(Corrected at the Treasury Department, November 1, 1863.)
$4,000 George Harrington, Assistant Secretary....
...... 4,000 E. A. Rollins, Deputy Commissioner.......... 2,500 John F. Hartley, Chief Clerk ad. int.. 2,200 | Wm. F. Downs, Chief Clerk......
1,800 & M. McKean, Disbursing Clerk..
2,000 Richard Ela, Clerk..
1,800 Thomas L. Smith, FIRST AUDITOR............. 3,000 William H. West, Clerk... 1,800 David W. Mahon, Chief Clerk
2,000 William Handy, Clerk
1,800 Ezra B. French, SECOND AUDITOR............... 3,000 John N. Lovejoy, Appointment Clerk. 1,800 Ferdinand Andrews, Chief Clerk...
Robert J. Atkinson, THIRD AUDITOR.......... 3,000 Robert W. Taylor, FIRST COMPTROLLER..... 3,500 Allen M. Gangewer, Chief Clerk..
2,000 William Hemphill Jones, Chief Clerk..... 2,000 Stephen J. W. Tabor, Fourth AUDITOR...... 3,000 J. M. Brodhead, SECOND COMPTROLLER........ 3,000 W. W. Danenhower, Chief Clerk....
2,000 G. Buckingham, Chief Clerk..
2,000 Charles M. Walker, FIFTH AUDITOR. 3,000 Thomas M. Smith, Chief Clerk
2,000 Trancis E. Spinner, TREASURER..
5,000 Green Adams, SIXTH AUDITOR, William B. Randolph, Chief Clerk.......
3,000 For the P.O. Department.
2,000 Samuel E. Middleton, Cashier.... 2,400 John F. Sharretts, Chief Clerk
2,000 Lacies B. Chittenden, REGISTER..... 3,000 Hugh McCulloch, COMPTROLLER OF THE CURReinhold Solger, Assistant Register.......... 2,000
5,000 John A. Graham, Chief Clerk.
ASSISTANT TREASURERS AND CLERKS. Edward Jordan, SOLICITOR.. 3,500 T. P. Chandler, Boston ....
4,000 B. F. Pleasants, Chief Clerk......... 2,000 John J. Cisco, New York..
6,000 Jacob Russell,
Chief Clerk........ 3,000 Nathan Sargent, COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS 3,000 Archibald McIntyre, Philadelphia............ 2,000 Thomas Feran, Chief Clerk..... 2,000 | Benjamin Ferrar, St. Louis.........
ORGANIZATION OF THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT. This Department was originally organized under vision of the survey of the coast, of the light-house an act of Congress, approved 2 Sept. 1789, which establishment, of the marine hospitals, and of tho provided that "there shall be a department of construction of certain public buildings. treasury, to consist of the following officers:-a Under the Secretary, whose duties aro already Secretary of the treasury, to be head of the depart defined, the distribution of duties among the acmeat, & comptroller, an auditor, a treasurer, a counting and finance affairs of the Department is register, and an assistant to the secretary.” From as follows: that small beginning, in 1789, has grown the The First Comptroller prescribes the mode of present vast establishment.
keeping and rendering accounts for the civil and It is the daty of the Secretary of the Treasury diplomatic service, as well as the public lands; to digest and prepare plans for the improvement, revises said accounts, after they are reported by fuereass, and management of the revenue, and for the First and Fifth Auditors, to determine whether the support of public credit; to prepare and report the disbursements are made according to law,and estimates of the public revenue and the public ex- certifies the balances thereon; be passes upon penditares; to superintend the collection of the and countersigns all requisitions for money for revente; to prescribe the forms of all public ac- the civil and diplomatic and public land service, counts; to grant warrants for moneys paid out of and countersigns all warrants on the Treasury the Treasury in pursuance of appropriations by made by the Secretary. law; and, generally, to perform all such services The Second Comptroller prescribes the mode of relative to finance as he shall be directed to per keeping and rendering the accounts of the Army form. Under this definition of his duties in the and Navy Departments, and the Indian and Penorganic act, and under various laws enacted since, sion Bureaus: revises said accounts, after they the Secretary of the Treasury has charge of all are reported by the Second, Third, and Fonrth public ameys COLLECTED, and the supervision of Auditors, to determine if the disbursements aro all public money® DISBURSED; he has charge of all made according to law, and certifies the balances operations connected with borrowing money on thereon; and he passes upon, and countersigns, the credit of the United States; of the manage- all requisitions on the Treasury for money for the ment and diseharge of the PUBLIC DEBT; of the War, Nary, Indian, and Pension service. collection of the CUSTOMS and Excise duties and The Commissioner of the Customs prescribes the MAKSI TAXES; of all matters relating to COMMERCE mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of and NAVIGATION ; of the Mints and the coinage of the customs revenue and disbursements, and for Doney: of the preparation, authentication, and the building and
repairing custom-houses, &c., and Laatle of BONDE, SOTES, SECURITIES, or other evi- revises and certifies the balances
arising thereon. dences of debt due by the United States; and of The Commissioner of Internal Revenue superinreports on the condition of the BANKS.
tends the collection of the excise and other internal In addition to the foregoing purely fiscal affairs, taxes, prescribes the mode of keeping and renderDhe Secretary is charged with the general super l ing account of the revenues
and disbursements connected therewith, decides upon the interpreta- | the department, instructing attorneys, marshals, tion of the provisions of the tax law, approves or and clerks relative thereto; and receives returns disapproves of the appointment of deputy col- from each term of the United States courts of the lectors and assistant assessors, and pronounces condition and progress of such suits and legal upon the sufficiency of the bonds of the collectors proceedings; has charge of all lands and other and their deputies.
property assigned to the United States in payment The First Auditor receives and adjusts the of debts due the Post-Office Department, and has accounts of the customs revenue and disburse power to sell and dispose of the same for the ments, appropriations and expenditures on account benefit of the United States. of the civil list and under private acts of Congress, The Treasurer receives and keeps the moneys and reports the balances to the Commissioner of of the United States in his own ofhce and that of the Customs and the First Comptroller, re- the depositories, and pays out the same upon war. spectively, for their decision thereon.
rants drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury, The Second Auditor receives and adjusts all countersigned by the First Comptroller, and upon accounts relating to the pay, clothing, and recruit- warrants drawn by the Postmaster-General, and ing of the army, as well as the armories, arsenals, countersigned by the Sixth Auditor, and recorded and ordnance, and all accounts relating to the by the Register. He also holds public moneys Indian Department, and reports the balances to advanced by warrant to disbursing officers, and the Second Comptroller for his decision thereon. pays out the same upon their checks.
The Third Auditor receives and adjusts all ac- The Register keeps the accounts of public recounts for subsistence of the army, fortifications, ceipts and expenditures; receives the returns and military academy, military roads, and the quarter makes out the official statement of commerce and master's department, pension claims arising from navigation of the United States; and receives from military services previous to 1816, and for horses the First Comptroller and Commissioner of Cusand other property lost in the military service, toms all accounts and vouchers decided by them, and reports the balances to the Second Comp- and is charged by law with their safe-keeping. troller for his decision thereon.
The Solicitor superintends all civil suits comThe Fourth Auditor adjusts all accounts for the menced by the United States (except those arising service of the Navy Department, and reports the in the Post-Office Department), and instructs the balances to the Second Comptroller for his decision United States attorneys, marshals, and clerks in thereon.
all matters relating to them and their results. The Fifth Auditor adjusts all accounts for diplo- He receives returns from each term of the United matic and similar services performed under the States courts, showing the progress and condition direction of the State Department, and reports of such suits; has superintendence of the collecthe balances to the First Comptroller for his de- tion of outstanding direct and internal duties; has cision thereon.
charge of all lands and other property assigned, The Sixth Auditor adjusts all accounts arising set off, or conveyed to the United States in payfrom the service of the Post-Office Department. ment of debts, all trusts created for use of the His decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken United States in payment of debts, power to sell in twelve months to the First Comptroller. Ho and dispose of lands so assigned, &c., and power superintends the collection of all debts due the to release lands when payment is made in money. Post-Office Department, and all penalties imposed United States Coast Survey.--The Coast Survey on postmasters and mail-contractors for failing to Office is charged with the superintendence of the do their duty; he directs suits and legal proceed- survey of the Coast of the United States, and its ings, civil and criminal, and takes legal measures Superintendent is the Superintendent of Weights to enforce the prompt payment of moneys due to and Measures.
ESTIMATED RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1864.
Constructing burglar-proof vaults
Expenses of taking the eighth cenfor the assistant treasurer at New
$129,977 03 York, and fire-proof filo-cases for
Expenses of taking census in Territhe collector at New York, and for
tory of Colorado...
3,262 68 incidental expenses of a change
Suppression of the slave-trade.... 31,939 41 of location of their offices... $166,562 26 Colonization of persons of African Continuation of the treasury build
descent residing in the District of ing......... 571,714 87 Columbia...
28,420 00 General Post-Office extension....... 3,366 89 United States Capitol extension...... 288,500 00 Building post-offices, court-houses,
New dome of United States Capitol. 103,869 21
83,740 61 Completing the Washington aqueCompensation of prize-commission
92,000 00 ers, and other expenses connected
Alterations and repairs of buildings therewith, under act of July 17,
in Washington, improvement of 1862... 26,354 22 grounds, &c...
59,369 51 Salaries of commissioners in insur
Compensation of public gardener, rectionary districts in the United
gate-keepers, watchmen, laborers, States, clerks, &c.......
8,498 28 Compensation to H. K. Brown and
Salaries, &c. of the Metropolitan others for thirteen months' ser
98,000 00 vices as art commissioners..
9,000 00 Lighting the Capitol, President's Detection and bringing to trial per
60,077 17 sons engaged in counterfeiting
Penitentiary in the District of Cocoin, &c. of the United States......
12,919 93 Release of certain persons held to
Asylum for insane of District of service or labor in the District of
Columbia and army and navy of Columbia....
993,406 35 the United States... Expenses, commissions, &c. to carry
Columbian Institute for Deaf, Dumb, into effect acts for a national loan. 1,782,456 99 and Blind for District of Columbia. 15,650 00 Allowance or drawback on articles
Support of transient paupers in the on which internal duties or tax
District of Columbia..
5,154 00 has been paid.........
632,507 27 Potomac and Eastern Branch Expenses of collecting the revenne
bridges, compensation of drawfrom customs.... 3,238,936 67 keeper, &c........
13,093 76 Repayments to importers...... 2,262,770 59 Patent fund.... Debentures on drawbacks, bounties,
Expense of distributing Congresor allowances...... 1,026,135 59 sional documents..
6,000 00 Debentures and other charges.... 7,027 24 Relief of sundry individuals.... 36,862 38 Refunding duties on arms imported
Some work of art to be executed by by States.. 11,703 00 Hiram Powers...
5,000 00 Refunding duties under the act ex
15,221 70 tending the warehouse system......
4,837 80 Additional compensation to collec
Total miscellaneous..... $15,671,890 24 tors, naval officers, &c....
4,118 03 Salaries of special examiners of drugs 4,637 33 Under the direction of the Interior Department. Support and maintenance of lighthouses, &c...
Indian department... 862,089 41
$3,140,194 44 Building light-houses, &c............
Pensions, military.. 10,996 01
908,232 16 Life-boats, compensation of keepers
167,697 39 of stations, &c...
Relief of sundry individuals, and Marine hospital establishment........
496 80 198,933 60 Building marine hospitals, including repairs, &c...
Total Interior Department...... $4,216,520 79
5,462 84 Building custom-houses, including repairs....
Under the direction of the War Department. Purchase or construction of revenue
Pay of the army proper.............. $5,179,196 39 cutters 68,749 84 Pay of volunteers...
201,270,432 79 Expenses of collecting sales of pub
Subsistence of volunteers and lic lands... 111,254 06 regulars......
69,151,724 37 Surveys of public lands...
74,346 83 Quartermaster's department......... 239,005,029 67 Surveying land claims in Califor
Arms, ordnance, &c....
42,746,114 31 nia
19,021 88 Organizing volunteers and payPreparing unfinished records of sur
ment of bounty.......
19,724,091 10 veys to be transferred to the State
Expenses of recruiting.
260,222 81 authorities
7,418 75 Medical and hospital department. 11,896,796 68 Services of special counsel, &c. in
Forts, arsenals, armories, &c.... 4,300,236 77 defending the title to public pro
Refunding to States expenses inperty in California.......
24,203 90 curred in raising volunteers..... 2,644,383 25 Rent of surveyor-general's offices,&c. 13,511 35 Arms, &c. for loyal citizens in reRepayments of lands erroneously
847,000 00 sold
12,917 38 Military Academy at West Point. 65,000 00 Indemnity for swamp-lands sold to
2,307,772 69 individuals.....
37,189 78 Five per cent. to State of Minnesota. 948,07 Total War Department......... $599,298,600 83 Creder the direction of the Navy Department.
On account of the Public Debt. Pas of the Navy......
$12,495,516 48 For interest on the public debt... $24,729,847 00 Construction and repair...
32,272,253 24 In payment of loans and tempoOrtsance, &e... 6,515,590 55 rary debt.........
181,086,635 00 Provisions and clothing...
4,143,764 51 Equipment and recruiting.
3,071,395 02 Aggregate expenditures....... $895,796,630 97 Contingencies of the navy.
2,002,948 62 Deduct this amount applied to the Yards and docks.....
1,431,981 60 discharge of temporary debt, &c. 181,086,635 00 Marine corps..
986,062 32 Velicine and surgery..
133,281 37 Navigation, &c...
88,631 82 Naval Academy.
38,016 07 Belief of sundry individuals...... 31,663 67
Total Navy Department......... $63,211,105 27
of the public debt......... $689,980,148 97 Actual expenditures for the year. $714,709,995 97
PUBLIC DEBT OF THE UNITED STATES. TABLE showing the titles of the several Loans of the United States, and the amounts of each outstanding,
Varch 4, 1861, and September 30, 1863; also the Length of Time each Loan has to run, and the dates the szorral Ads authorizing the Loans.
$2,883,364 $242,621 July 11, 1841; Apr. 15, 1842. 1,000
July 22, 1846. 9,415,250 9,415,250 January 28, 1847. 8,908,342 8,908,342 March 31, 1848. 3,461,000 3,461,000 September 9, 1850. 114,119 114,115
104,812 104,512 Acts prior to 1857. 4,636,800
12,900 December 23, 1857. 20,000,000 20,000,000 June 14, 1858.
7,022,000 7,022,000 June 22, 1860. 10,000,000
600 December 17, 1860. 1,981,000 18,415,000 February 8, 1861.
512,900 March 2, 1861 1,016,000 March 2, 1861. 50,000,000 July 17, 1861; Aug. 5, 1861. 139,679,000 2,022,173
320,000 147,767,114 February 25, 1862; March
17, 1862; July 11, 1862. 278,511,500 101,931,103 156,918,437 March 1, 1862. 150,000,000 July 11, 1862. 17,766,057 July 17, 1862; Jan. 17,1863.
104,969,937 March 3, 1863. $68,482,686 $1,222,113,560
OPERATIONS UNDER THE INTERNAL REVENUE LAWS. In the several subjoined statements the pub- | tributed to the National Treasury by cach descriplisher and editor of the “National Almanac" have tion of articles subject to tax, by cach description the satisfaction of placing before the public the of persons required to take out license, by the first official information showing the operation of banks, railroad companies, &c., and by each dethe Internal Revenue Laws. At the time when scription of stamps. They also show the propor. these sheets are sent to press, there are no pub- tion in which cach State contributes Internal Iished returns on the subject. These statements Revenue to the National Treasury. Our stateare of the highest interest and importance, ex- ments are arranged in the following order :kibiting as they do the amount of revenue con- 1