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ORIGINAL GREEK, AND WITH THE FORMER TRANSLATIONS
To which is applied, in numerous words, the orthoepy of the Critical Pronouncing Diction-
By which “the Proper Names are accented and divided into syllables exactly as they cught
BY ISRAEL ALGER, JUN. A. M.
Teacher of Youth, Author of Elements of Orthography, and the New Practical Book-Keeper.
DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS, to wit:
- - District Clerk's Office.
BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the twenty-third day of August, A. D. 1822, and in the forty-seventh year of the independence of the United States of America, Israel Alger, jun. Ensign Lincoln, and Thomas Edmands, jun. of the said District, have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as Proprietors, in the words following, to wit –“ The Pronouncing Testament.—The New Testament . Lord and Saviour jesus Christ, translated out of the original Greek, and with the former wanslations diligently compared and revised." To which is applied, in numerous words, the Orthoepy of the Critical Pronouncing Dictionary; also, the classical pronunciation of the proper names as they stand in the text—scrupulously adopted from “A Key to the Classical Pronunciation of Greek. Latin, and Scripture Proper Names. By John Walker, Author of the Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, &c.” By which “the proper names are accented and divided into syllables exactly as they ought to be pronounced, according to rules łrawn from analogy and the best usage.” o, which is prefixed, An Explanatory Key. “A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in pictures of silver.”—Solomon. By Israel Alger, jun A. M. Teacher of Youth, Author of Elements of Orthography, and the New Practical Book. Keeper.” In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, “An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned;" and also to an act. entitled, “An act, supplementary to an act, entitled, An act for the encouragement of learning by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned; and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching, historical, and other prints.” JNO. W. DAVIS,
Clerk of the District of JMassachusetts.
THE primary design of this publication has been to divide and accent the proper names, as they occur in the text, and in such a manner as will best show their true pronunciation. Of the use and need of a scheme, which would easily, directly, and certainly effect this object, the mind of the F. ditor was forcibly impressed from having witnessed, on a certain occasion, the bad reading of these names by persons, who, in other respects, were good readers. The inqui arose, What can be done to facilitate the just and proper reading of the Sacred Scriptures 3. few reflections, in relation to this inquiry, originated the plan, which is presented in the title page, and which, so far as it has been communicated, has received very general approbation.
The chief advantages upon which this Edition of the New Testament solicits, from the Pub lick, a patronage, in preference to other editions, are:-that the tendency of its scheme in dividing and accenting words, will be to produce a uniformity, regularity, and certainty in the pronunciation of those words which are often corruptly or variously spoken by different persons of good education —that it presents the Standard Pronunciation, as contained in Mr. Walker's fictionary and Key, without the expense of those books, or the wearisome labour of searching them for the sounds which they convey;-and, what is more than all, it is hoped that it will create a more general use of the Sacred Writings in Schools throughout our country.
to some it may appear needless, to have accented words which appear perfectly simple in form, and clear in expression, but, when it is recollected, that the most simple words in the language are frequently pronounced differently by different persons of good attainments, it is hoped, that every objection to the dividing of the whole of the proper names; will subside.
when the pronunciation of words could not be fully and clearly expressed, by the aid of the
Key, the orthoepy of such words has been written in the bottom of the page, either as Mr. Wàiker has himself written it, or in strict conformity to those rules and principles which he has established, so far as by a critical and careful investigation of them, they have been understood. —those words, which have been marked at all, except those in the bottom of the page, have, after the first instance, been marked nearly as often as they afterwards occur; but, as it has been an object to disfigure the text as little, as possible, the neglecting to accent every vowel in a marked word, or to Italicise every silent letter, would not materially affect the design which has been pursued.
Tjhome of the vowel sounds in the Key, is nearly the same as that given by Mr. Walk: er, to which are prefixed Mr. Perry's marks. The pupil should be well acquainted with all the vowel sounds, as they are marked in the Key, and be able to sound them separately, as they are written in the brackets, and in the order in which they stand. THE EDITOR.
N. B. The observations, at the head of the Books, have been taken from a Testament, published in Edinburgh by the Rev. William Brown.
Boston, ..?ugust, 22, 1822.
§3. The publick patronage given to the Pronouncing Testament; having equalled the sanguine expectations of the Editor and Publishers, and a new edition being required, they have been induced to procure stereotype plates, and have bestowed much care to render them correct. . As the improvement of attaching Mr. Walk pronunciation to the work, is contributing rapidly to increase the use of the Testament in so voy extensive demand for this edition is anticipated, and the publishers cherish to co- ill materially aid the young in acquiring a correct pronunciation.
Boston, September, 1323
TO THE REGULAR NATIVE SOUNDS OF THE ENGLISH VOWELS. -o
JNote to the Key. The sound of the vowel 6 in mêve, prôve, &c. marked, by Mr. Perry, with the Broad accent, is, in this Key, marked with the Grave accent, à thus, in move, prove, &c.—The long and short sounds of a are placed together, consequently 4. a. in Mr. Walker's order is transposed.
4. When joined with a final syllable in the pronunciation, a sometimes becomes a consonant, as in It-āliam. 5. G or oh denotes a hard sound, like k, as heard in Christ. 6. G or g denotes a soft sound, like j, as heard in gel'id, gypsy. 7. ph generally sounds like f, as håard in Phi-lè'món. 8. § or g denotes a soft or flat sound like 2, as heard in müse, sige, 9. In a diphthong or triphthong, a vowel with a marked accent, shows that its fellow vowel or vowels are silent, and that its own sound is the only proper one in that combination, as in yeast,” beau’ty. . 10. The vowel i is not silent, unless Italicised, and forms an exception to the last rule, as in field, pláid. In some words, when it is not Italicised, it has only the power of e final, lengthening the preceding vowel, as in obtāin, pron. Öb-tane'. 11. Italick letters, in words of the text which are marked with the vowel accents, are likewise silent, as in réa'son. 12. All words in the text wholly Italick, having been supplied by the Englisht translators, have no correspondent words in the original copies of the Greek Testament. 13. ['] This oblique mark denotes the chief or primary accent to be on that syllable, over or immediately āfter which it is placed. Thus—Dā'vid, in right pronunciation, is accented on the first syllable. 14. The termination ah, in Hebrew proper names, when under the primary or secondary accent, is long, as in Täh'e-rã, Béth'ra-bāh; but, when not under the accent, and final, it is short, as in Jē-höväh, Jü'dāh. 15. The Greek and Latin termination a, when not under the principal accent, by omitting the final h, invariably bears the mark of the short sound of the ltalian à, as in Béth-ès'dä, ä-ör'ta. 16. In words of this book having marked vowels, a, without an accent over it, always has its short Italian sound. 17. § before r, in a monosyllable, or in an accented syllable, or m a syllable before the accented one, has the sound of Č in véry ; e.g. were, mér'chânt, për-fôr'mánce, për-ām-bū-lā'tion. 18. The Ortho-e-py of words, written in the bottom of the page, governs those words through the book.
• In the Sacred Writings, every participial ed, where it is not preceded by a vowel, ought to make a distinct syllable: as, “Who hath believed our report, and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?” But where it is preceded by a vowel, the e is suppressed, as in justified and glorified in the following passage: “Whom he did predestinate, them he also call’ed : and whom he called, them he also justified; and whom he justified, them he also glorified.” RULE, for reading common and fumiliar writings.
when a verb ends with a sharp consonant, as f.p., k, s, h, and soft, the termination ed, assumed by the preterite and participle, sounds like t; as stuffed, tripped, cracked, passed, vouched, faced, pron. stuft, tript, crackt, past, voucht, faste. But when the verb ends in a flat consonant, as b, g, t, * , or a liquid, as l, m, n, r, the termination ed, preserves the flat sound of d; as drubbed, pegged, lived, buzzed, blamed, joined, filled, barred, pron. drubb'd, peggid, liv'd, buzz"d, blam’d, join'd, fill'd, barr'd.
JNote. When verbs end in t or d, ie or de, the participial ed is always heard in a distinct syllable, as trust, trust'ed; sound, sounded ; flute, flui'ed ; guide, guided. [Walker's Principles.
THE GOS'PEL ACCOR'DING TO ST. MATTHEW,
This Gos'pel is supposed to have been written about eight years after our Lord's
St. Matthew, who was sirmamed Levi, the author of it, is belie'ved
to have preached the Gospel chiefly in E-thi-op;-a, where he is said to have suf. fered martyrdom, but by what kind of death authors are not agreed.