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son."

" In a few days!-all!- who are indeed she ought to be to my father's all?”

“My family-father, mother, uncle, Vivian looked unsatisfied with my cousin, and myself. But, my dear explanation, but did not question me fellow, now let us think seriously farther. He himself was the first to what is best to be done for you? I turn the conversation, and he did this can present you to Trevanion." with more affectionate cordiality than " Ha !"

was common to him. He inquired " But Trevanion is a hard, though into our general plans, into the probaan excellent man; and, moreover, as bilities of our return to town, and drew he is always changing the subjects from me a description of our rural that engross him, in a month or so, Tusculum. He was quiet and subhe may have nothing to give you. dued; and once or twice I thought You said you would work-will you there was a moisture in those lumiconsent not to complain if the work nous eyes. We parted with more of cannot be done in kid gloves? Young the unreserve and fondness of youthmen who have risen high in the world ful friendship-at least on my part, have begun, it is well known, as re and seemingly on his—than had yet porters to the press. It is a situation endeared our singular intimacy; for of respectability, and in request, and the cement of cordial attachment not easy to obtain, I fancy ; but had been wanting to an intercourse in still

which one party refused all confidence, Vivian interrupted me hastily and the other mingled distrust and

" Thank you a thousand times! fear with keen interest and compasbut what you say confirms a resolu- sionate admiration. tion I had taken before you came. I That evening, before lights were shall make it up with my family, and brought in, my father, turning to me, return home.”

abruptly asked if I had seen my - Oh! I am so really glad. How friend, and what he was about to do? wise in you !"

66 He thinks of returning to his Vivian turned away his head ab- family,” said I. ruptly—

Roland, who had seemed dozing, "Your pictures of family life and winced uneasily. domestic peace, you see," he said, “ Who returns to his family ?" 66 seduced me more than you thought. asked the Captain. When do you leave town ?”

" Why, you must know," said my “Why, I believe, early next week.” father, “ that Sisty has fished up a

“ So soon!" said Vivian, thought friend of whom he can give no acfully. “Well, perhaps I may ask you count that would satisfy a policeman, yet to introduce me to Mr Trevanion; and whose fortunes he thinks himself for-who knows?-my family and I nnder the necessity of protecting. may fall out again. But I will con You are very lucky that he has not sider. I think I have heard you say picked your pockets, Sisty; but I that this Trevanion is a very old daresay he has ? What's his name?" friend of your father's, or uncle's? “ Vivian," said 1—“ Francis Vi.

"He, or rather Lady Ellinor, is an vian." old friend of both."

* A good name, and a Cornish," " And therefore would listen to said my father. 66 Some derive it your recommendations of me. But from the Romans–Vivianus; others perhaps I may not need them. So from a Celtic word, which means". you have left-left of your own accord "Vivian !" interrupted Roland—a situation that seemed more enjoy

Vivian 1-I wonder if it be the son able, I should think, than rooms in a of Colonel Vivian ?” college ;-left-why did you leave ?” “ He is certainly a gentleman's

And Vivian fixed his bright eyes, son,” said I; “ but he never told me full and piercingly, on mine.

what his family and connexions were." " It was only for a time, for a trial, Vivian," repeated my unclethat I was there,” said I, evasively: poor Colonel Vivian. So the young

out at nurse, as it were, till the man is going to his father. I have no Alma Mater opened her arms--alma doubt it is the same. Ah!"

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young man."

“ What do you know of Colonel Roland was so disturbed, and why Vivian, or his son ?" said I. Pray, Colonel Vivian's grief should have tell me, I am so interested in this touched him home. Similarity in

affliction makes us brothers even to “ I know nothing of either, except the unknown. by gossip,” said my uncle, moodily. “You say he is going home to his "I did hear that Colonel Vivian, an family-I am heartily glad of it!" said excellent officer, and honourable man, the envying old soldier, gallantly. had been in-in-(Roland's voice fal The lights came in then, and, two tered)-in great grief about his son, minutes after, uncle Roland and I whom, a mere boy, he had prevented were nestled close to each other, side from some improper marriage, and by side; and I was reading over his who had run away and left him-it shoulder, and his finger was silently was supposed for America. The story resting on that passage that had so affected me at the time,” added my struck him—“ I have not complained uncle, trying to speak calmly. -have I, sir ?-and I won't com

We were all silent, for we felt why plain!"

THE WHITE NILE.

FIFTY years since, the book before travellers, to be in the mountains us would have earned for its author of Abyssinia ; but the course of the the sneers of critics and the reputa- other branch, which is by far the longest, tion of a Munchausen : at the present had been followed, until very lately,only more tolerant and more enlightened as far south as 10° or 11° Ñ. L. Even day, it not only obtains credit, but now the river has not been traced to excites well-merited admiration of the its origin, although Mr Werne and his writer's enterprise, energy, and perse- companions penetrated to 4° N. L. verance. “The rich contents and Further they could not go, owing to the great originality of the following rapid subsidence of the waters. The work,” says Professor Carl Ritter, in expedition had been delayed six weeks his preface to Mr Werne's narrative, by the culpable dilatoriness of one of

will escape no one who bestows a its members ; and this was fatal to the glance, however hasty, upon its pages. realisation of its object. It gives vivid and life-like pictures We can conceive few things more of tribes and territories previously un exciting than such a voyage as Mr visited, and is welcome as a most ac Werne has accomplished and recorded. ceptable addition to our literature of Starting from the outposts of civilisatravel, often so monotonous." We tion, he sailed into the very heart of quite coincide with the learned pro- Africa, up a stream whose upper fessor, whose laudatory and long- waters were then for the first time winded sentences we have thus freely furrowed by vessels larger than a rendered. His friend, Mr Ferdinand savage's canoe - a stream of such Werne, has made good use of his gigantic proportions, that its width, at opportunities, and has produced a very a thousand miles from the sea, gave interesting and praiseworthy book. it the aspect of a lake rather than of It is, perhaps, hardly necessary to

a river.

The brute creation were in remind the reader, that the river Nile proportion with the magnitude of the is formed of two confluent streams, water-course. The hippopotamus the Blue and the White, whose junc- reared his huge snout above the surtion is in South Nubia, between face, and wallowed in the gullies that 15° and 16° of North Latitude. The on either hand run down to the stream; source of the Blue Nile was ascer enormous crocodiles gaped along the tained by Bruce, and by subsequent shore; elephants played in herds upon

Expedition zur Entdeckung der Quellen des Weissen Nil, (1840-1841,) von FERDINAND WERNE. Mit einem Vorwort von CARL RITTER. Berlin, 1848.

the pastures; the tall giraffe stalked and at last their employer would rely amongst the lofty palms; snakes thick on neither of them, but resolved to go as trees lay coiled in the slimy swamps; and see for himself. This was in the and ant-hills, ten feet high, towered autumn of 1838; and it might well be above the rushes. Along the thickly that the old fox was not sorry to get peopled banks hordes of savages showed out of the way of certain diplomatic themselves, gazing in wonder at the personages at Alexandria, and thus to strange ships, and making ambiguous postpone for a while his reply to gestures, variously construed by the troublesome inquiries and demands. adventurers as signs of friendship or “It was on the 15th October 1838," hostility. Alternately sailing and Mr Werne says, " that 1--for some towing, as the wind served or not; time past an anchorite in the wilderconstantly in sight of natives, but ness by Tura, and just returned from & rarely communicating with them; often hunt in the ruins of Memphis-saw, cut off for days from land by inter from the left shore of the Nile, the minable fields of tangled weeds,-the Abu Dagn, (Father of the Beard,) as expedition pursued its course through Mohammed Ali was designated to me innumerable perils, guaranteed from by a Fellah standing by, steam past most of them by the liquid rampart in his yacht, in the direction of those on which it floated. Lions looked regions to which I would then 80 hungry, and savages shook their gladly have proceeded. Already in spears, but neither showed a disposi- Alexandria I had gathered, over a tion to swim off and board the flotilla. glass of wine, from frigate-cap

The cause of science has countless tain Achmet, (a Swiss, named Baumobligations to the cupidity of poten- gärtner,) the secret plan of the expetates and adventurers. May it not dition to the White Stream, (Bach'r be part of the scheme of Providence, el Abiat,) and I had made every effort that gold is placed in the most remote to obtain leave to join it, but in vain, and barbarous regions, as a magnet because, as a Christian, my discretion to draw thither the children of civili was not to be depended upon.” sation? The expedition shared in by The Swiss, whom some odd caprice Mr Werne is an argument in favour of fate, here unexplained, had conof the hypothesis. It originated in verted into an Egyptian naval capappetite for lucre, not in thirst for tain, and to whom the scientific duties knowledge. Mehemet Ali, viceroy of of the expedition were confided, died Egypt, finding the lands within his in the following spring, and his place control unable to meet his lavish ex was taken by Captain Selim. Mr penditure and constant cry for gold, Werne and his brother, who had long projected working mines supposed to ardently desired to accompany one of exist in the districts of Kordovan and these expeditions up the Nile, were Fazogl. At heavy cost he procured greatly discouraged at this change, Austrian miners from Trieste, a portion which they looked upon as destrucof whom proceeded in 1836 to the tive to their hopes. At the town of land of promise, to open those veins Chartum, at the confluence of the of gold whence it was reported the old White and Blue streams, they witVenetian ducats had been extracted. nessed, in the month of November Already, in imagination, the viceroy 1839, the departure of the first beheld an ingot-laden fleet sailing flotilla ; and, although sick and weak, merrily down the Nile. He was dis from the effects of the climate, their appointed in his glowing expectations. hearts were wrung with regret at Russegger, the German chief of the being left behind. This expedition espedition, pocketed the pay of a Bey, got no further than 6° 35' N. L.; alate and drank in conformity with his though, either from mistakes in their rank, rambled about the country, and astronomical reckoning or wishing to wrote a book for the amusement and give themselves more importance, and information of his countrymen. Then not anticipating that others would he demanded thirty thousand dollars soon follow to check their statements, to begin the works. An Italian, who they pretended to have gone three had accompanied him, offered to do degrees further south. But Mehemet it for less; mistrust and disputes arose, Ali, not satisfied with the result of

their voyage, immediately ordered a sort of general direction of the exsecond expedition to be fitted out. pedition, of which, however, Soliman Mr Werne, who is a most adventu was the virtual chief ; the second rous person, had been for several captain was Feizulla Effendi of Conmonths in the Taka country, in a stantinople; the other officers were district previously untrodden by two Kurds, a Russian, an Albanian, Europeans, with an army commanded and a Persian. Of Europeans, there by Achmet Bascha, governor-general were the two Frenchmen, already of Sudan, who was operating against mentioned, as engineers ; a third, some rebellious tribes.

Here news named Thibaut, as collector; and reached him of the projected expedi- Mr Werne, as an independent pastion; and, to his great joy, he ob- senger at his own charges. The lained from Achmet permission to ships were to follow each other in accompany it in the quality of pas two lines, one led by Soliman, the senger. His brother, then body- other by Selim ; but this order of physician to the Bascha, could not be sailing was abandoned the very first spared, by reason of the great mor day; and so, indeed, was nearly all tality in the camp.

order of every kind. Each man sailed At Chartum the waters were high, his bark as he pleased, without nautithe wind was favourable, and all was cal skill or unity of movement; and, ready for a start early in October, but as to one general and energetic superfor the non-appearance of two French vision of the whole flotilla and its engineers, who lingered six weeks in progress, no one dreamed of such Korusko, under one pretext or other, thing. Mr Werne indulged in gloomy but in reality, Mr Werne affirms, reflections as to the probable results because one of them, Arnaud by of an enterprise, at whose very outset name, who has since written an ac such want of zeal and discipline was count of the expedition, was desirous displayed. It does not appear to to prolong the receipt of his pay as have struck him that not the least bimbaschi, or major, which rank he of his dangers upon the strange voytemporarily held in the Egyptian ser age he had so eagerly undertaken, vice. At last he and his companion, was from his shipmates, many of Sabatier, arrived: on the 230 Novem- them bigoted Mahometans and reckber 1840 a start was made ; and, on less, ferocious fellows, ready with the that day Mr Werne began a journal, knife, and who would have thought regularly kept, and most minute in its little of burthening their conscience details, which he continued till the 22d with so small a matter as a ChrisApril 1841, the date of his return to tian's blood. He is evidently a cool, Chartum. He commences by stating courageous man, prompt in action; the composition of the expedition. and his knowledge of the slavish, “It consists of four dahabies from treacherous character of the people Kahira, (vessels with two masts and he had to deal with, doubtless taught with cabins, about a hundred feet long, him the best line of conduct to pursue and twelve to fifteen broad,) each with them. This, as appears from with two cannon; three dahabies from various passages of his journal, was Chartum, one of which has also two the rongh and ready style-a blow guns; then two kaias, one-masted for the slightest impertinence, and his vessels, to carry goods, and a sàndal, arms, which he well knew how to use, or skiff, for intercommunication; the always at hand. He did not scruple crews are composed of two hundred to interfere when he saw cruelty or and fifty soldiers, (Negroes, Egyp- oppression practised, and soon he tians, and Surians,) and a hundred made himself respected, if not feared, and twenty sailors and boatmen from by all on board; so much so, that Alexandria, Nubia, and the land of Feizulla, the captain of the vessel in Sudàn.” Soliman Kaschef (a Circas- which he sailed, a drunken old Turk, sian of considerable energy and cou who passed his time in drinking spirits rage, who, like Mr Werne himself, and mending his own clothes, apwas protected by Achmet Bascha) pointed him his locum tenens during commanded the troops. Captain his occasional absences on shore. Selim had charge of the ships, and a During his five months' voyage, Mr

YOL. LXV.-NO. CCCXCIX.

D

Werne had a fine opportunity of stead of the customary ration of coffee; studying the peculiarities of the dif- and many a Mussulman drank more ferent nations with individuals of than did him good, or than the Prowhich he sailed ; and, although his phet's law allows. In the night, Caplong residence in Africa and the East tain Feizulla tumbled out of bed ; had made him regard such matters and, having spoiled his subordinates with comparative indifference, the by over-indulgence, not one of them occasional glimpses he gives of Turk- stirred to his assistance. Mr Werne ish and Egyptian habits are amongst picked him up, found him in an epithe most interesting passages in his leptic fit, and learned, with no great book. Already, on the third day of pleasure, Feizulla being his cabinthe voyage, the expiration of the mate, that the thirsty skipper was Rhamadan, or fasting month, and the subject to such attacks. He foresaw setting in of the little feast of Bairam, a comfortless voyage on board the gave rise to a singular scene. The narrow bark, and with such queer flotilla was passing through the coun- companions; but the daily increasing try governed by Achmet Bascha, in interest of the scenery and surroundwhich Soliman was a man of great ing objects again distracted his importance. By his desire, a herd of thoughts from considerations of peroxen and a large flock of sheep were sonal ease. He had greater difficulty driven down to the shore, for the use in reconciling himself to the negliof the expedition. The preference gence and indolence of his associates. was for the mutton, the beef in those So long as food was abundant and regions being usually tough and coarse, work scanty, all went well enough ; and consequently despised by the but when liquor ran low, and the Turks. “This quality of the meat is flesh-pots of Egypt were empty, owing to the nature of the fodder, the grumbling began, and the thoughts of tender grass and herbs of our marsh the majority were fixed upon a speedy lands and pastures being here un return. Their chiefs set them a poor known—and to the climate, which example. Soliman Kaschef lay in hardens the animal texture, a fact bed till an hour after sunrise, and the perceived by the surgeon when opera- signal to sail could not be given till ting upon the human body. Our he awoke ; and Feizulla, when his Arabs, who, like the Greeks and Jews, and Mr Werne's stock of brandy was born butchers and flayers, know no out, passed one half his time in dismercy with beasts or men, fell upon tilling spirits from stale dates, and the the unfortunate animals, hamstrung other moiety in getting intoxicated on them in all haste, to obviate any the turbid extract thus obtained. chance of resumption of the gift, and Then the officers had female slaves on the hecatomb sank upon the ground, board ; and there was a licensed pitiful to behold. During the fay- jester, Abu Haschis, who supplied ing and quartering, every man tried the expedition with buffoonery and to secrete a sippet of meat, cut- ribaldry; and the most odious practing it off by stealth, or stealing it tices prevailed amongst the crews; from the back of the bearers. These for further details concerning all which coveted morsels were stuck upon matters we refer the curious to Mr skewers, broiled at the nearest watch- Werne himself. A more singularly fire, and ravenously devoured, to pre- composed expedition was perhaps pare the stomach for the approaching never fitted out, nor one less adapted banquet. Although they know how effectually to perform the services reto cook the liver excellently well, upon quired of it. Cleanliness and sobriety, this occasion they preferred eating it so incumbent upon men cooped up in raw, cut up in a wooden dish, and small craft, in a climate teeming with with the gall of the slaughtered beast pestilence and vermin, were little repoured over it. Thus prepared, and garded ; and subordination and vigieaten with salt and pepper, it has lance, essential to safety amidst the much the flavour of a good raw beef- perils of an unknown navigation, and steak." The celebration of the Bairam in the close vicinity of hostile savages, was a scene of gluttony and gross were utterly neglected,-at first to the revelry. Arrack was served out in- great uneasiness of Mr Werne. But

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