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a In 1889-90.
c Includes proceeds of bond sales.
d The State funds apportioned to cities are included in col. 5.
5, 572, 124
12, 831, 102
1, 179, 213
4, 240, 310
1, 380, 307
2,405, 471 I.... 109,988
757, 360 I. 2,361, 401
North Central Division:
TABLE 9.-(1) Amount raised per taxpayer; (2) amount raised for each child of the school population; (3) comparison of the number of taxpayers with that of the school population.
Amount raised per capita of adult male popu la- Amount Number
raised for of adult
RECEIPTS OF SCHOOL MONEYS.
(Tables 8, 9, and 10.)
The total receipts of school moneys, as tabulated, foot up to $147,915,282.
Of this sum $8,296,347, or 5.6 per cent of the whole, was the income of permanent school funds; $27,631,657, or 18.7 per cent, was derived from State taxes; $100,358,635, or 67.8 per cent, from local taxes; and $11,628,643, or 7.9 per cent, from sources other than the foregoing.
More than two-thirds of all the money expended for common schools in the United States is raised by local taxation. Only about oneeighteenth is derived from the income of permanent school funds, and less than one-fifth from State taxes. These proportions vary greatly, however, in different parts of the Union, as will be seen by examination of Table 10.
The amount received from State taxes shows an increase of $2,398,088. Pennsylvania and Georgia contribute largely to this increase. The State appropriation of Pennsylvania was increased in 1889 from $1,500,000, at which figure it had stood for some years, to $2,000,000.1 The large increase in the case of Georgia is due to the assessing of a half-mill tax (increased to 1 mill in 1890) and to the allotting to the common schools of all taxes arising out of taxable property in the State in excess of $360,000,000. Georgia schools received from the former source in 1889, $165,000; from the latter, $50,576.
Local taxes.-The aggregate increase of local taxation amounted to $4,227,519. The large increase in the local tax of Maine ($137,149) was for the purpose of first supply of free text-books. Illinois gained nearly $2,000,000, an increase in one year in local taxes more than equal to the total amount raised from all sources in any Southern State except Maryland, Kentucky, and Texas. New York lost over a million dollars in local taxes, yet still raised nearly twice as much as all the Southern States put together.
These facts emphasize the difference in the sources of support of the schools North and South. In the latter section the conditions created by legislation are too often unfavorable, sometimes even antagonistic, to the development of the principle of local taxation for schools.
Relative amount raised by the several States.-In Table 9 the school revenue of each State has been compared with the number of male persons over 21 years of age. (i. e., with the number of taxpayers, or persons from whom in the main the school revenue is drawn), and also with the school population (i. c., with the number of persons for whose benefit it is raised). These are significant ratios, whereas the revenue per capita of population has no bearing on the matter. See remarks on p. 9.
'The legislature of 1891 made a further increase of the State appropriation, raising it to the munificent sum of $5,000,000.