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VOTE OF NEW-YORK CITY, 1903.
Boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx.
MAYOR.
CONTROLLER.

PRESIDENT BOARD

OF ALDERMEN. Low McClellan Hinrichs Grout

McGuire ! Fornes.
(Fusion). (Dem.). (Fusion). (Dein.). (Fusion). (Dem.).
949
3,200

832
3,200

946

3,184
1,521
4,918

1,602
4,912
1,606

4.909
1,998
4,669

1,989
4,857
1,998

4,845
2,297
3,565

2,237
3,564
2,237

3,500
1,243
3,715

4,172
3,768
4,207

3,720
1,765
6,614
1,736 5, 606

1,754 5,604 2,616 6,031 2,633 6,011

2,613

4,6°8
1,498
2,716

1,462
2,715
1,452

2,714
3,003
4,465
3,005
4,468

3,012 4,450
2.429
3,812

2,380
3,792

2378 3,689
1,953
3,910

1,949
3,903

1,900 3,897
1,730
3,190

1,736
3,152

1,739 3,146
1,724 3,977
1,720 3,944

1,729

3,943 2,137 4,699 2,122 4,687 2, 121

4,681 2,340 4,694 2,320 4,704 2,326

4,689
2,399
3,928

2,229
3,930

2,314 3,921
2,313
4,609
2,298
4,598
2,306

4,588 2,125 -6,561

2,111
6,520
2,121

6,514
6,916
6, 264
6,832 5,288

6,872 6,266
2,710
5,060

2,725
6,023
2,728

5,014 11,271 8,117

11, 184
8,174
11, 235

S, 212
2,449
5,503
2,449 5,554

2,450 5,540 9, 203 8,782 9,116 8,814 9,166

8,759
2,261
4,940

2, 208
4,972
2,233

4,950
4,153
2,762

4,127
2,807
4,149

2,763
2,517
2,928

2,476
3,931
2,482

3,910 3,852 2,565

3,842
2,562

3,847 2,550
2,265 5,123
2,237 5,113

2,246 5,110 6,122 3,841 6,045 8,901

6,002

3,860
3,172
6,394

3,121
6,293
3,124

6,271
10, 296
7,740
10,114
7,835
10,206

7,761
3,470
6,904.

3,407
6,903
3,423

6,902 2.935 5,246

2,910
5,258
2,926

5,237
6,581 11,522
6,528 11,510

6,562 11,465 11,160 14,783 10.986 14,863

11,005 14,801
1,805
2,774

1,813
2,752

1,822 2,737 132, 178 188,681

130,753 188,874 131,247 188.159

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26
27
28.
29
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
Annexed.

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Totals..

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Scattering Vote. Borough of Manhattan and the Bronx. For Mayor---Charles L. Furman (Soc. D.). 11,318; John McKee (Pro.). 376; James T. Hunter (Soc. Lab.), 3,540; William S. Devery (Devery), 2,678. For Controller-Morris Braun (Soc. D.), 11,784; Levi Hoag (Pro.), 395; John J. Kinneally (Soc. Lab.), 3,777; Louis W. Morrison (Devery), 2,420.

For President of the Board of Aldermen---Peter J. Flanagan (Soc. D.), 11.917; Wm. H. Draper (Pro.), 431; Elmer E. Snyder (Soc. Lab.), 3,775; William J. Stewart (Devery), 2,805.

Borough of Brooklyn. For Mayor--Furman (Soc. D.). 4.529; McKee (Pro.), 306; Hunter (Soc. lab.). 1,411; Devery (Devery), 237. For Controller-Braun (Soc. D.), 4,716; Hoag (Pro.), 413; Kenneally (Soc. Lab.), 1,519; Morrison (Devery). 167. For President of Board of Aldermen-Flanagan (Soc. D.), 4,859; Draper (Pro.), 504; Snyder (Soc., Lab.). 1,537; Stewart (Devery), 169.

Borough of Queens. For Mayor--Furman (Soc. D.). 976; McKee (Pro.), 47: Hunter (Soc. Lab.), 178; Devery (Devery), 37. For Controller-Braun (Soc. D.), 1,005; Hoag (Pro.), 48; Kinneally (Soc. Lab.), 197: Morrison (Devery), 21. For President of Board of Aldermen-Flanagan (Soc. D.), 1,015; Draper (Pro.), 54; Snyder (Soc. Lab.), 204; Stewart (Devery), 19.

Borough of Richmond. For Mayor--Furman (Soc. D.). 133; McKee (Pro.). 50; Hunter (Soc. Lab.), 76; Devery (Devery), 8. For Controller-Braun (Soc. D.), 135; Hoag (Pro.), 50; Kinneally (Soc. Lab.), 79; Morrison (Devery), 8. For President of the Board of Aldermen-Flanagan (Soc. D.), 136; Draper (Pro.), 50; Snyder (Soc. Lab.), 80; Stewart. (Devery), 8.

Scattering total city. For Mayor--Furman (Soc. D.), 16,956; McKee (Pro.), 869; Hunter (Soc. Lab.), 5,205; Devery (Devery), 2.960. For Controller-Braun (Soc. D.), 17,640; Hoag (Pro.), 906; Kinneally (Soc. Lab.). 5,572; Morrison (Devery). 2,616. For President of the Board of Aldermen-Flanagan (Soc. D.), 17,967; Draper (Pro.), 1.039; Snyder (Soc. Lab.),5,596; Stewart (Devery), 3,061,

ALDERMEN ELECTED 1903.

Boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx. 1-Andrew J. Doyle (D.),

22-S. H. Jones (R.). 2- Michael Stapleton (D.).

23–Thomas F. Baldwin (D.). 3- Patrick Higgins (D.).

24-John R. Davies (D.). 4-Isaac Marks (D.).

25-Max S. Griffenhagen (R. and C. U.). 5-D. E. Sickles (R and C. U.).

26-John V. Coggey (D.). 6-Timothy P. Sullivan (D.).

27-Frank D. Sturges (R. and C. U.). 7-Charles W. Culkin (D.).

28---Patrick Chambers (D.). 8-Moritz Tolk (D.).

29—Beverly R. Robinson (R. and C. U.). 9—Frank L. Dowling (D.).

30_John T. McCall (D.). 10-1. W. Harburger (D.).

31-Franklin B. Ware (R. and C. U.). 11 -Reginald S. Doull (D.).

32-John A. Schappert (D.). 12--James J. Devlin (D.).

33--Elias Goodman (R. and C. U.). 13-John J. Callahan (D.).

31-James C. Meyers (R.). 14-John J. Haggerty (D.).

35--John J. Dietz (D.). 15- Frederick Richter (D.).

30-Charles Ahner (D.). 16-John H. Donohue (D.).

37 James Owens (D.). 17-John J. Twomey (D.).

38 John H. Dougherty (D.). 18-James E. Gaffney (D.).

39-Philip Harnischfeger (D.). 19--Hammond Odelt (R. and C. U.). 40- Peter J. Stumpf (D.). 20_William J. Boyhan (D.).

41-William E. Morris (D.). 21-Joseph Schloss (R.).

42-Arthur H. Murphy (D.).

Annexed District. 43-Frank Gass (D.).

47-Peter A. Sheil (D.).

Borough of Brooklyn. 45-Robert F. Downing (R. and C. U.). 56-James W. Redmond (D.). 46--John J. Bridges (D).).

57-John D. Gunther (R. and C. U.). 47--Moses J. Wafer (D.).

58-Owen J. Murphy (D.). 49--J. Richard Kevin (D.).

59---Patrick S. Keely (D.). 49--Arthur Guthrie (D.).

60--Frederick Brenner (D.). 50 John Diemer (R. and C. U.N.

61-William Wentz (R.). 51- Patrick H. Malone (D.).

62—John Wirth (R. and C. U.). 52- Frederick Lundy (D.).

63-John Hann (R.). 53--Francis P. Kenney (D.).

61-Ferdinand Haenlein (D.). 54-Andrew M. Gillen (d.).

65-Frank Bennett (R. and C. U.). 55-Ardolph La Kline (R. and C. U.). 60-Henry F. Grimm (R. and C. U.).

Borough of Queens. 67-Herman Koch (D.).

69—-William T. James (R. and C. U.). 68.John E. McCarthy (D.).

70-Martin W. Lochner (D.).

Borough of Richmond. 71-John J. Collins (D.).

73-Cornelius A. Shea (R, and C. U.). 72-John D. Gillies (D.).

Totals-Democrats, 52; Republicans, 5; Republican and Citizens Union, 16.

Term of Aldermen, two years; salary, $1,000 a year,
VOTE FOR PRESIDENTS OF THE C. U.). 97,717; Edward Kaufmann (D.),
BOROUGHS, 1903.

105,015; Joseph A. Weil (S. D.), 4,746;

Frank C. Strickland (Pro.), 476; Timothy MANHATTAN-Cyrus L. Sulzberger

Walsh (S. L), 1,567. (Fusion), 114,458; John F. Ahearn (Dem.), 164,163; Richard Bock (Soc. D.), 10,030; George B. Hillard (Pro), 364; Charles G. VOTE ON RICHMOND COUNTY Tesche (Soc. Lab.), 3,146; John W. Johns

TICKET, 1903. ton (Devery), 2, 230. THE BRONX-Joseph I. Berry

Sheriff--Metcalfe (Fusion), 6,308;

MC(Fusion). 18,034; Louis F. Haffen (Dem.),

Cormack (D.), 6,802. 23,316; Gustave Dressler (Soc. D.), 1,518; James H. Hardy (Pro.), 97; Patrick Early

NEW-YORK CITY OFFICIALS. (Soc. Lab.). 524, BROOKLYN-J. Edward Swanstrom

Elective, (R. and C. U.), 100,375; Martin W. Little- Mayor-George B. McClellan (D.); salton (D.), 102,346; Cortes W. Cavanagh

ary, $15,000; term, 2 years, ending Dec. (Soc. D.), 4,920; John Berry (Pro.), 468; 31, 1905, Henry A. Crumb (Soc. Lab.), 1,573.

Controller-Edward M. Grout (D.); salQUEENS-James Clonin (R. and C. U.),

ary. $15,000; term, 2 years, ending Dec. 12,689; Joseph Cassidy (D.), 16,340.

31. 1905.
RICHMOND-George Cromwell (R and President of the Board of Aldermen-
C. U.), 6,778; C. L Marsh (D.), 6,381; Charles V. Fornes (D.); salary, $5,000;
John Ward (Soc. D.), 131; J. D. Horton

term, 2 years, ending Dec. 31, 1905. (Pro.), 43; John Clark (Soc. Lab.), 81.

Appointive.
Corporation Counsel-Jahn J.

Delany
JUSTICE MUNICIPAL DISTRICT

(D.); salary, $15,000. COURT, XIith DISTRICT.

City Chamberlain--Patrick Keenan (D.); William S. Bennet (R.), 12,322; Alfred

salary, $12,000. F. W. Seaman (D. and C. U.), 13, 181;

Fire Commissioner-Nicholas J. Hayes James F. Bell (Soc. D.), 250.

(D.); salary, $7,500.

Tenement House Commissioner--Thomas

C. T. Crain (D.); salary, $7,500.
JUSTICE MUNICIPAL DISTRICT Mayor's Secretary-John H. O'Brien
COURT, XIIIth DISTRICT.

(D.): salary, $5,000.

Bridge Commissioner-George E. Best Julius G. Kremer (R. and C. U.), 4,155; (D.): salary, $7,500. Leon Sanders (D.), 5,009; Louis B. Boudin Police Commissioner-William McAdoo (Soc. D.), 976; Samuel Smilansky (Soc. L.), (D.); salary, $7,500. 125.

Health Commissioner-Dr. Thomas DarVOTE ON

lington (D.); salary, $7,500.
NEW-YORK COUNTY

Street Cleaning Commissioner John
TICKET, 1903.

McGaw Woodbury (D.); salary, $7,500.
Sheriff-Ralph Trautmann (F.), 127,404; Commissioner of Charities-James H.
Mitchell L. Erlanger (D.), 180,248; Ed- Tully (D.); salary. $7,500.
ward F. Cassidy (Soc. D.), 11, 701; Edward Commissioner of Correction-Francis J.
A. Packer (Pro.), 478; Robert J. Downs Lantry (D.); salary, $7,500.
(Soc. Lab.), 3,653; Thomas Rock (Devery), Commissioner of Water Supply, Gas
2,530; William F. Grell (German D.), and Electricity-John T. Oakley (D.): sal-
11,670.

ary, $7,500.

Dock Commissioner-Maurice FeatherVOTE ON KINGS COUNTY TICKET,

son (D.); salary, $6,000. 1903.

Civil Service Commissioners-John H. District Attorney-Henry B. Ketcham McCooey (D.), chairman; Joseph P. Day (R. and C. U.), 90,963; John F. Clarke (D.), E. A. Crowninshield (D.), Jerome (D.), 112,218; Warren Atkinson (S. D.), Siegel (D.), Hal Bell (R.), Eugene F. 4,818; Asa F. Smith (Pro.), 414; Henry O'Connor (R.). salary of chairman, $6,000; Kuhn (S. L.), 1,526.

other commissioners, no salary. Sheriff-John K. Neal (R. and C. U.), Tax Commissioners--Frank A. O'Don97,485; Henry Hesterberg (D.), 105,330; nell (D.), president; John J. Brady (D.), Frederick L. Lackemacher (S. D.), 4,787; Edward H. Todd (D.), James C. Bouck John N. Jones (Pro.), 507; Edward C. (D.), Samuel Strasbourger (R.); salaries, Schmidt (s. L.), 1,551; William F. Grell president, $8,000; other

commissioners, (German D.), 15.

$7.000 each. Register-W. John Schildge (R and C. Commissioners of Accounts John C. U.), 98,914; Matthew E. Dooley (D.), 103,-- Hertle (D) and William Harman Black 776; Thomas A. Hopkins (S.D.), 4,796; (D.); salary, $5,000 each. John W. B. Quail (Pro.), 463; Stephen Park Commissioners--John J.

Pallas Mummery (S. L.). 1.557.

(D.), president; William P. Schmitt (D.), County Clerk - Alfred J. Boulton (R. and Michael J. Kennedy (D.); salary, $5.000.

1

BOROUGH PRESIDENTS.

1 Register-John H. J. Ronner (D.); MANHATTAN--John F. Ahearn (D.);

term 4 years, ending Dec. 31, 1905; salary, salary, $7,500; term ends Dec. 31, 1905.

$12,000. THE BRONX-Louis F. Haffen (D.);

1 District Attorney-William Travers salary. $7,500; term ends Dec. 31, 1905.

Jerome (D.); term 4 years, ending Dec. BROOKLYN-Martin W. Littleton (D.);

31, 1905; salary, $12,000. salary, $7,500; term ends Dec. 31, 1905.

Public Administrator-William M. Hoes QUEENS-Joseph Cassidy (D.); salary,

(D.); appointed, no term: salary, $10,000. $5,000; term ends Dec. 31, 1905.

Commissioner of Jurors-Thomas AlliRICHMOND-George Cromwell (R. and son (R.); appointed by Appellate Division, C. U.); salary, $5,000; term ends Dec. 31, Supreme Court. 1905.

1 Elected on Republican, Citizens Union

and anti-Tammany ticket. NEW-YORK COUNTY OFFICIALS.

(County Clerk, District Attorney and Register elected on non-partisan ticket,

KINGS COUNTY OFFICIALS. supported by all opponents of Tammany District Attorney-John F. Clarke (D.); Hall.)

term expires Dec. 31, 1907. 1 County Clerk--Thomas L. Hamilton County Clerk-Charles T. Hartzheim (R.); term 4 vears, ending Dec. 31, 1905; (R.); term expires Dec. 31, 1905. salary, $15,000.

Sherifi-W. E. Melody (D.); term exSheriff--Mitchell L. Erlanger (D.) term pires Dec. 31, 1905. 2 years, ending Dec. 31, 1905; salary, Register---John K. Neal (R.); term ex$12,000.

pires Dec. 31, 1905.

PROGRESS IN SCIENCE.

By far the most interesting scientific work of the year has related to the properties of a chemical element which was first discovered late in 1898 by two

Paris chemists, M. and Mme. Curie. They had been following Discovery of up earlier observations, by Becquerel, of a feeble and invisible Radium.

radiation given off by uranium, and apparently akin to that which

Röntgen almost simultaneously found was emitted by a vacuum tube. Mme. Curie noticed that thorium, a rare metal that was already known, had the

same quallty. Then alone she isolated from the mineral (pitchblende) from which uranium is usually extracted another element that gave oft more of the mysterious agent. She called this "polonium," after her native country, Poland. Finally, in co-operation with her husband, she found traces of a still different substance, apparently a new element, very much more powerful than polonlum. This was called by its discoverers "radium." Indepondent trials by other chemists led to the general acceptance of the genuineness of the new elements and to a wider study of their properties, both by the Curies and others.

These investigations were hampered by the difficulty of obtaining radium. It occurs in such minute quantities that an immense amount of ore must be treated to get it, and the chemical process of separation is itself prolonged and expensive. It was recently stated that one-fifteenth of an ounce, if so much were got together, would sell for $10,000, and prices were going up! Pure radium has not yet been secured. Most experiments are made with the bromide of it, or else the chloride. The estimated atomic weight of radium is 225, which makes it heavier than gold. lead and platinum, and almost as heavy as thorium and uranium.

Early in 1903 M. and Mme.. Curle announced, a startling phenomenon. Radium possesses a temperature that is 1.5 degrees C., or 2.7 degrees Fahr. above its surround

ings; which is enough to melt hall its own weight of ice in an hour. The Atomio Experiments by Dewar show that this same excess is maintained Theory.

when its environment is chilled to 400 below Zero Fahr. This

fact, like the emission of an invisible radiation, identical with X-rays but a thousand or many thousand times as intense, bas created a profound sensation among chemists and physicists. It seems to upset the accepted" law of conservation of energy. There has been a vast amount of speculation about the possible source of the heat and other radiations. No fully satisfactory theory has been found, but J. J. Thomson, Sir William Crookes and some other high authorities incline to the view that the atoms of radium, instead of being absolutely permanent and stable, may possibly be undergoing an exceedingly slow disintegration.

Still another puzzling revelation has been made by Sir William Ramsay and another British chemist, named Soddy, in co-operation. Under certain circumstances gases are evolved from radium, one of them having been identified as belium. The latter is the lightest element known, except hydrogen. It was once supposed to exist only in

the sun, Its name being derived from the Greek word meaning the sun,

"helion." Later, the spectroscope revealed its existence in other stars. Eight or ten years ago Sir William Ramsay assisted in isolating helium from a terrestrial mineral. Late in November, 1903. he reported some experiments which led him to suspect that radium underwent a partial transformation into a different ele ment, and that the old notions of the ancient alchemists about the possibility of the transmutation of metals may havo been correct. The heat phenomenon, already men

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tioned, led Sir William Crookes, earlier in the year, to reiterate his own long cherished suspicion to the same effect, but other scientific .men yet hesitate about accepting that notion.

Inasmuch as X-rays have been used by physicians with limited success in the treatment of cancer on the surface of the body, but without apparent effect on deep

seated, malignant growths, Alexander Graham Bell has suggested Medicine and the use of radium for the latter troubles, because, inclosed in a Surgery.

tiny tube. It can be introduced to the immediate vicinity of the

cancer. Such experiments have been undertaken, but they have not been continued long enough to prove much. Owing to the enormous cost of radium, Mr. Soddy has suggested that thorium

be tried instead. He believes that some of the emanations, caught in water, might be eficacious in killing the germs of tuberculosis.

In medicine and surgery few other advances have been recorded, and these have not all been fully verified. W. T. Councilman, of Boston, thinks that be has identified the

germ of smallpox, which he classes as an animal parasite. In the latter respect it resembles the organism which is responsible for malaria, and differs from bacilll, which belong to the vegetable kingdom. A commission sent to Vera Cruz hy the United States Marine Hospital Service in 1902, to study yellow fever, published its report in 1903. The important feature of it was a claim that the germ of that disease (which is known to be carried from one human subject to another by mosquitoes of the species stegyomia fasciata) had been found. This parasite, too, is assigned to the animal kingdom. J. C. Smith, of New-Orleans, had a large share 1. its discovery. Dr. Otto Schmidt, of Germany, recently announced that he had found the germ of cancer. Similar statements have been made by other specialists in the last few years. However, Schmidt says that he has been able to cultivate his microbe and manufacture a curative serum from it.

Several new remedies for tuberculosis have been descrsbed, but, with one exception, none of them have demonstrated their value. Following up a line of experiment that was first undertaken by Dr. E. L. Trudeau, of Saranac Lake, N, Y., Behring (inventor of the diphtheria antitoxin) has been working at a serum which could be used for preventing tuberculosis, just as vaccination gives temporary immunity against smallpox. Behring has applied his system only to calves, while Trudeau worked with rabbits and guinea pig. 'The encouraging results attained excite & hope that some day human subjects can be made immune against tuberculosta, but that result has not yet been attempted.

Experiments in electric traction, begun in Germany two years ago, but Inter rupted to permit reconstruction of the track on the Marienfelde-Zossen line, were

resumed in 1903. By degrees the mean speed for several miles Eloetrio Traction. was brought up to 130 miles an hour. An alternating current (of

the three phase type) was employed. This was taken from overhead wires, at a voltage of 10,000 or 12,000. Transformers on the car reduced it to 1,800 volts before admitting the current to the motor.

On & suburban road in Berlin a car was also tried to test the feasibility of leading a current having a pressure of 6,000 volts directly into the motor, without transformers

An electric engine was put into regular service for handling boats along a shart stretch of canal north of Cincinnati. Legal and other obstacles were put in the way of the enterprise, but it was a success technically. An alternating current was used, and an overhead wire supplied the same. The engine ran on two ordinary rails beside the canal.

In a competitive trial of several such motors in Germany, one made by Ganz & Co. of Budapest, was reported to have shown the largest economy. This was so designed that two wheels under the engine embraced a rall sideways sugly, and their rotation pulled the machine along. Still another new motor, devised in this country, was tested on the Erie Canal near Schenectady. This was mounted on a vertically disposed rall, in such a way that the latter could be gripped between wheels above and below, for the same purpose.

Wireless telegraphy made less headway than had been expected. The sending of several messages in December, 1902, from Glace Bay, Cape Breton, and Cape

Cod to. Poldhu, in England, was followed, early in 1903, by the Other Electrical transmission of news dispatches to "The London Times" fox Advances.

several days. Marconi revisited America in September for fur

ther tests at Poldhu, but made no public announcement concerning them.

He said he had several improvements in view, but until they were patented he could not describe them. At no time, so far as the publie could learn, were messages sent from Poldhu to America.

Hugo Jone, of Chicago, inventor of an electrical battery that consumer carbon, poblished more details in 1903 than ever before, and claimed that this device was anywhere from two to five times as encient as a combination of furnace, boiler, steam engine and dynamo. J. H. Reid, of Newark, N. J., gave public demonstrations of a similar battery. He converts fuel into gas before consuming it in the production of electricity, and thinks he gets 50 or 58 per cent of the theoretical eficiency of the substance used.

By the completion of a submarine cable from San Francisco via Hawait and Guam to the Philippines on July 4, 1903, a second telegraphic circuit of the globe was effected. Manila already had a connection with the continent of Asia.

Numerous experiments were made with wireless telephones, which revive an olde Idea. Their utility cannot be predicted.

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