The Turnpike Road System in England: 1663-1840
This book deals with the development and administration of turnpike trusts in England from the creation of the first turnpike authority in 1663 to the coming of the the railways in 1840. It is concerned specifically with assessing the economic importance of the trusts before and during the Industrial Revolution. The author begins by analysing the importance of the roads in relation to the entire transport network in the seventeenth century and then examines the legislative development of the trust device and spread of the turnpike trusts throughout the country. The financing of the trusts and the way in which they were managed are considered and the relative success of the turnpikes are assessed by looking at the movement in the costs of land transport. The study is based on parliamentary records and on original trust documents, studied on a country-wide basis. By examining this material Dr Albert is able to provide a detailed and comprehensive history of English turnpike trusts which will supersede in many respects the standard accounts of the subject written in the early 1900s.
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The origins of the turnpike trust
The development of the turnpike system
The financing of the turnpike system
The rate of interest and the turnpike trusts
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Adverse Adverse Adverse Anne bill Blackstone Edge Bridge Trust c.io canals capital carriers Cent Ches committee costs County Area Act County Records Cross Trust Derbys Development of Transportation Devon documents Durham economic eighteenth century Favourable Favourable Favourable Fulham funds gates Glos Glouces Hants Harbour Hertford County Hertfordshire Ibid improvement increased Industrial Revolution investors James McAdam John Loudon McAdam justices Kent King's Highway LA/HW/TP Lanes Leices Leicestershire loans London trusts Manchester McAdam Middx mileage miles Mortgage Ledger Mortgages Norf North Road Northants Northum Notts Oxon paid parishes Parliament petition rate changed Record Office River Road County Area road repair Roads leading route Salop Security Ledger Shef Somer subscribed Surr surveyors Suss tolls Trust Account Book Trust Minute Book Trust Mortgage turnpike acts Turnpike Roads turnpike trusts wages wagons Webbs West Rid wheels Wibsey Wilts Worces Yorks Yorkshire