The Turnpike Road System in England: 1663-1840

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Cambridge University Press, Feb 15, 2007 - History - 316 pages
This book deals with the development and administration of turnpike trusts in England from the creation of the first turnpike authority in 1663 to the coming of the the railways in 1840. It is concerned specifically with assessing the economic importance of the trusts before and during the Industrial Revolution. The author begins by analysing the importance of the roads in relation to the entire transport network in the seventeenth century and then examines the legislative development of the trust device and spread of the turnpike trusts throughout the country. The financing of the trusts and the way in which they were managed are considered and the relative success of the turnpikes are assessed by looking at the movement in the costs of land transport. The study is based on parliamentary records and on original trust documents, studied on a country-wide basis. By examining this material Dr Albert is able to provide a detailed and comprehensive history of English turnpike trusts which will supersede in many respects the standard accounts of the subject written in the early 1900s.
 

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Contents

The origins of the turnpike trust
14
The development of the turnpike system
30
Trust administration
57
The financing of the turnpike system
93
The rate of interest and the turnpike trusts
120
Movements in the cost of road transport
168
Summary and Conclusions
188
Bibliography
263
Index
287
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