Saviours of the Nation: Serbia's Intellectual Opposition and the Revival of Nationalism
Jasna Dragovi -Soso asks why this strong and apparently democratic opposition movement subsequently turned towards an extreme form of nationalism and had by the end of the 1980s accepted Miloševi 's undemocratic policies. Based on the author's extensive primary source research and interviews with key protagonists, Saviours of the Nation examines both the causes and the consequences of the opposition's transformation into a nationalist force. Highlighting the role of historical context, it argues that three main factors contributed to the intellectuals' elaboration of a radical nationalist ideology: abandonment of cultural "Yugoslavism" in conjunction with the post-Tito crisis of the state, difficulties in solving the thorny "Kosovo question," and relationships between the dissidents and their Slovenian counterparts. Soso also includes a thorough analysis of the "Memorandum" of the Serbian Academy and the intellectuals' relations with Miloševi . She argues that the intellectual opposition's search for Serbian statehood at any price undermined its ability to present a convincing political alternative, allowing the regime to overcome its crisis of legitimacy and continue its reckless and belligerent policies.
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Albanian argued Association of Serbia autonomous Belgrade intellectuals Belgrade intelligentsia Belgrade University Borislav Bulatovic Chetniks Ciril Zlobec Committee conﬂict constitutional Cosic creation critical intellectuals criticised Croatian Croatian Democratic Union Croats cultural Danas debate Defence of Freedom deﬁned democratic Dimitrij Rupel dissidents Djilas Djukic Dobrica Dobrica Cosié emigration ethnic federal ﬁgures ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁrst Freedom of Thought genocide Goli Otok historian historical Horvat human rights ibid ideological independent intellectual opposition intelligentsia interview journal Knjiéevne novine Kosovo question Kosovo Serbs liberal literary Ljubljana March Memorandum Milosevic Milosevié’s mobilisation Montenegrin national question nationalist Nova revija ofﬁcial organisation Partisan Party Party’s political Popov Praxists Predrag Palavestra president province rally reﬂected regime represented republic republic’s Serbian Academy Serbian Cultural Serbian intellectuals Serbian leadership Serbian national Slobodan Slovenes Slovenian intellectuals Slovenian Writers socialist Society South Slav Thought and Expression Tito Tito’s unity Ustasha Vojislav Vojvodina Yugoslavia Zagreb