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London, Nov. 29, 1783. "DEAR MADAM,

" You may perhaps think me negligent that I have not written to you again upon the loss of your brother, but condolences and consolations are such common and such useless things, that the omission of them is no great crime; and my own diseases occupy my mind and engage my care. My nights are miserably restless, and my days, therefore, are heavy. I try, however, to hold up my head as high as I can.

"I am sorry that your health is impaired: perhaps the spring
and the summer may, in some degree, restore it; but if not, we
must submit to the inconveniences of time, as to the other dise
pensations of Eternal Goodness. Pray for me, and write to me,
or let Mr. Pearson write for you. I am, &c.,

"SAM. Johnson."
-, will be your turn of presiding at the Essex Head. Your com-
pany is therefore earnestly requested."

"One penny shall be left by each member for the waiter.

Johnson's definition of a club, in this sense, in his Dictionary, is, “ An assembly of good fellows, meeting under certain conditions."

following letter to Mr. Alderman Clark, a gentleman for whom he deservedly entertained a great regard. 1


“Jan. 27, 1784. “ Dear Sir,

“You will receive a requisition, according to the rules of the club, to be at the house as president of the night. This turn comes once a month, and the member is obliged to attend, or send another in his place. ou were inrolled in the club by my invitation, and I ought to introduce you ; but as I am hindered by sickness, Mr. Hoole will very properly supply my place as introductor, or yours as president. I hope in milder weather to be a very constant attendant. I am, Sir, &c.,

“SAM. Johnson. “You ought to be informed that the forfeits began with the year, and that every night of non-attendance incurs the mulct of threepence, that is, ninepence a-week.”

On the 8th of January I wrote to him, anxiously inquiring as to his health, and enclosing my “Letter to the People of Scotland on the Present State of the Nation." “I trust," said I, “ that you will be liberal enough to make allowance for my differing from you on two points, the Middlesex election and the American war,] when my general principles of government are according to your own heart, and when, at a crisis of doubtful event, I stand forth with honest zeal as an ancient and faithful Briton. My reason for introducing those two points was, that as my opinions with regard to them had been declared at the periods when they were least favourable, I might have the credit of a man who is not a worshipper of ministerial power.”

1 My venerable friend Mr. Clark, who had contributed some informa. tion to my first edition, died at Chertsey, Jan. 16, 1831, æt. 93.Croker.


“ Feb. 11, 1784. “Dear Sir,

“I hear of many inquiries which your kindness has disposed you to make after me. I have long intended you a long letter, which perhaps the imagination of its length hindered me from beginning. I will, therefore, content myself with a shorter.

“Having promoted the institution of a new club in the neighbourhood, at the house of an old servant of Thrale's, I went thither to meet the company, and was seized with a spasmodic asthma, so violent, that with difficulty I got to my own house, in which I have been confined eight or nine weeks, and from which I know not when I shall be able to go even to church. The asthma, however, is not the worst. A dropsy gains ground upon me : my legs and thighs are very much swollen with water, which I should be content if I could keep there; but I am afraid that it will soon be higher. My nights are very sleepless and very tedious, ard yet I am extremely afraid of dying.

“My physicians try to make me hope that much of my malady is the effect of cold, and that some degree at least of recovery is to be expected from vernal breezes and summer suns. If my life is prolonged to autumn, I should be glad to try a warmer climate; though how to travel with a diseased body, without a companion to conduct me, and with very little money, I do not well see. Ramsay has recovered his limbs in Italy ; and Fielding was sent to Lisbon, where, indeed, he died; but he was, I believe, past hope when he went. Think for me what I can do.

“I received your pamphlet, and when I write again may perhaps tell you some opinion about it; but you will forgive a man struggling with disease his neglect of disputes, politics, and pamphlets. Let me have your prayers. My compliments to your lady and young ones. Ask your physicians about my case : and desire Sir Alexander Dick to write me his opinion. I am, dear Sir, &c.,

“Sam. Johnson.”


“Feb. 23, 1784. “MY DEAREST LOVE,

“I have been extremely ill of an asthma and dropsy, but received by the mercy of God sudden and unexpected relief last Thursday by the discharge of twenty pints of water. Whether I shall continue free, or shall fill again, cannot be told. Pray for me. Death, my dear, is very dreadful ; let us think nothing worth our care but how to prepare for it: what we know amiss in ourselves let us make haste to amend, and put our trust in the mercy of God and the intercession of our Saviour. I am, &c.,

“ Sam. Johnson."


“ London, Feb. 27, 1784. “ DEAR SIR,

“I have just advanced so far towards recovery as to read a pamphlet; and you may reasonably suppose that the first pamphlet which I read was yours. I am very much of your opinion, and, like you, feel great indignation at the indecency with which the king is every day treated. Your paper contains very considerable knowledge of history and of the constitution, very properly produced and applied. It will certainly raise your character, though perhaps it may not make you a minister of state.

“I desire you to see Mrs. Stewart once again, and tell her, that in the letter-case was a letter relating to me, for which I

Letter to the People of Scotland on the present State of the Nation. I sent it to Mr. Pitt, with a letter, in which I thus expressed myself :“My principles may appear to you too monarchical; but I know and am persuaded they are not inconsistent with the true principles of liberty. Be this as it may, you, Sir, are now the prime minister, called by the sovereign to maintain the rights of the crown, as well as those of the people, against a violent faction. As such, you are entitled to the warmest support of every good subject in every department.” He answered, “I am extremely obliged to you for the sentiments you do me the honour to express, and have observed with great pleasure the zealous and able support given to the CAUSE OF THE PUBLIC in the work you were so good to transmit to nie.'

will give her, if she is willing to give it me, another guinea, The letter is of consequence only to me. I am, dear Sir, &c.,

“Sam. Johnson."

In consequence of Johnson's request that I should ask our physicians about his case, and desire Sir Alexander Dick to send his opinion, I transmitted him a letter from that very amiable baronet, then in his eighty-first year, with his faculties as entire as ever, and mentioned his expressions to me in the note accompanying it,—“ With my most affectionate wishes for Dr. Johnson's recovery, in which his friends, his country, and all mankind have so deep a stake;" and at the same time a full opinion upon his case by Dr. Gillespie, who, like Dr. Cullen, had the advantage of having passed through the gradations of surgery and pharmacy, and by study and practice had attained to such skill, that my father settled on him two hundred pounds a year for five years, and fifty pounds a year during his life, as an honorarium to secure his particular attendance. The opinion was conveyed in a letter to me, beginning, “I am sincerely sorry for the bad state of health your very learned and illustrious friend, Dr. Johnson, labours under at present."


“ London, March 2, 1784. “DEAR SIR,

“Presently after I had sent away my last letter, I received your kind medical packet. I am very much obliged both to you and to your physicians for your kind attention to my disease. Dr. Gillespie has sent me an excellent consilium medicum, all solid practical experimental knowledge. I am at present, in the opinion of my physicians (Dr. Heberden and Dr. Brocklesby), as well as my own, going on very hopefully. I have just begun to take vinegar of squills. The powder hurt my stomach so much that it could not be continued.

“Return Sir Alexander Dick my sincere thanks for his kind letter; and bring with you the rhubarb ? which he so tenderly

1 From his garden at Preston field, where he cultivated that plant with such success, that he was presented with a gold medal by the Society

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