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It seems strange, that two such men as Johnson and Warburton, who lived in the same age and country, should not only not have been in any degree of intimacy, but been almost personally unacquainted. But such instances, though we must wonder at them, are not rare. If I am rightly informed, after a careful inquiry, they never met but once, which was at the house of Mrs. French, in London, well known for her elegant assemblies and bringing eminent characters together. The interview proved to be mutually agreeable.

I am well informed, that Warburton said of Johnson, “I admire him, but I cannot bear his style :” and that Johnson being told of this, said, “That is exactly my case as to him.” The manner in which he expressed his admiration of the fertility of Warburton's genius and of the variety of his materials, was, “ The table is always full, Sir. He brings things from the north, and the south, and from every quarter. In his · Divine Legation,' you are always departed friend, for which I warmly thank him, let me not suffer the lustre of his reputation, honestly acquired by profound learning and vigorous eloquence, to be tarnished by a charge of illiberality. He has been accused of invidiously dragging again into light certain writings of a person [Bishop Hurd] respectable by his talents, his learning, his station, and his age, which were published a great many years ago, and bave since, it is said, been silently given up by their author. But when it is considered that these writings were not sins of youth, but deliberate works of one well advanced in life, overflowing at once with flattery to a great man of great interest in the church, and with unjust and acrimonious abuse of two men of eminent merit; and that, though it would have been unreasonable to expect an humiliating recantation, no apology what. ever has been made in the cool of the evening, for the oppressive tervour of the heat of the day; no slight relenting indication has appeared in any note, or any corner of later publications; is it not fair to understand him as superciliously persevering ? When he allows the shafts to remain in the wounds, and will not stretch forth a lenient hand, is it wrong, is it not generous, to become an indignant avenger?

? " Were you ever, Sir," said a person tu Johnson, “in company with Dr. Warburton ?” He answered, “I never saw him till one evening, about a week ago, at the Bishop of St. [Asaph’s] : at first he looked surlily at me; but after we had been jostled into conversation, he took me to a window, asked me some questions, and before we parted, was so well pleased with me, that he patted me.” “You always, Sir, preserved a respect for him ? ” “ Yes, and justly: when as yet 1 was in no favour with the world, he spoke well of me, and I hope I never forgot the obligation.”—Hawkins's Apoph., Johnson's Works, vol. xi., p. 213.-Croker. (Johnsoniana, p. 135.]

entertained. He carries you round and round, without carrying you forward to the point, but then you have no wish to be carried forward.” He said to the Reverend Mr. Strahan, “ Warburton is perhaps the last man who has written with a mind full of reading and reflection.

It is remarkable that in the Life of Broome, Johnson takes notice of Dr. Warburton's using a mode of expression which he himself used, and that not seldom, to the great offence of those who did not know him. Having occasion to mention a note, stating the different parts which were executed by the associated translators of “The Odyssey,” he says, “Dr. Warburton told me, in his warm language, that he thought the relation given in the note a lie." The language is warm indeed ; and, I must own, cannot be justified in consistency with a decent regard to the established forms of speech. Johnson had accustomed himself to use the word lie, to express a mistake or an error in relation; in short, when the thing was not so as told, though the relator did not mean to deceive. When he thought there was intentional falsehood in the relator, his expression was, “ He lies, and he knows he lies.

Speaking of Pope's not having been know to excel in conversation, Johnson observes, that “ traditional memory retains no sallies of raillery, or sentences of observation; nothing either pointed or solid, wise or merry; and that one apophthegm only is recorded.” In this respect, Pope differed widely from Johnson, whose conversation was, perhaps, more admirable than even his writings, however excellent. Mr. Wilkes has, however, favoured me with one repartee of Pope, of which Johnson was not informed.. Johnson, after justly censuring him for having “nursed in his mind a foolish disesteem of kings,” tells us, “yet a. little regard shown him by the Prince of Wales melted his obduracy; and he had not much to say when he was asked bv his royal highness, how he could love a prince while he disliked kings ?The answer which Pope made was, “ The young lion is harmless, and even playful; but when his claws are full grown, he becomes cruel, dreadful, and mischievous."

But although we have no collection of Pope's sayings, it is not therefore to be concluded, that he was not agreeable

It seems strange, that two such men as Johnson and Warburton, who lived in the same age and country, should not only not have been in any degree of intimacy, but been almost personally unacquainted. But such instances, though we must wonder at them, are not rare. If I am rightly informed, after a careful inquiry, they never met but once, which was at the house of Mrs. French, in London, well known for her elegant assemblies and bringing eminent characters together. The interview proved to be mutually agreeable.

I am well informed, that Warburton said of Johnson, “I admire him, but I cannot bear his style:” and that Johnson being told of this, said, “That is exactly my case as to him.” The manner in which he expressed his admiration of the fertility of Warburton's genius and of the variety of his materials, was, “ The table is always full, Sir. He brings things from the north, and the south, and from every quarter. In his Divine Legation, you are always departed friend, for which I warmly thank him, let me not suffer the lustre of his reputation, honestly acquired by profound learning and vigorous eloquence, to be tarnished by a charge of illiberality. He has been accused of invidiously dragging again into light certain writings of a person (Bishop Hurd] respectable by his talents, his learning, his station, and his age, which were published a great many years ago, and have since, it is said, been silently given up by their author. But when it is considered that these writings were not sins of youth, but deliberate works of one well advanced in life, overflowing at once with flattery to a great man of great interest in the church, and with unjust and acrimonious abuse of two men of eminent merit; and that, though it would have been unreasonable to expect an humiliating recantation, no apology what. ever has been made in the cool of the evening, for the oppressive tervour of the heat of the day; no slight relenting indication has appeared in any note, or any corner of later publications; is it not fair to understand him as superciliously persevering? When he allows the shafts to remain in the wounds, and will not stretch forth a lenient hand, is it wrong, is it not generous, to become an indignant avenger?

“ Were you ever, Sir," said a person tu Johnson, “in company with Dr. Warburton ?" He answered, “I never saw him till one evening, about a week ago, at the Bishop of St. [Asaph’s] : at first he looked surlily at me; but after we had been jostled into conversation, he took me to a window, asked me some questions, and before we parted, was so well pleased with me, that he patted me.” “You always, Sir, preserved a respect for him ? ” “ Yes, and justly: when as yet i was in no favour with the world, he spoke well of me, and I hope I never forgot the obligation.”—Hawkins's Apoph., Johnson's Works, vol. xi., p. 213.-Croker. [Johnsoniana, p. 135.]

entertained. He carries you round and round, without carrying you forward to the point, but then you have no wish to be carried forward.” He said to the Reverend Mr. Strahan, “ Warburton is perhaps the last man who has written with a mind full of reading and reflection.”

It is remarkable that in the Life of Broome, Johnson takes notice of Dr. Warburton's using a mode of expression which he himself used, and that not seldom, to the great offence of those who did not know him. Having occasion to mention a note, stating the different parts which were executed by the associated translators of “ The Odyssey," he says, “Dr. Warburton told me, in his warm language, that he thought the relation given in the note a lie.The language is warm indeed ; and, I must own, cannot be justified in consistency with a decent regard to the established forms of speech. Johnson had accustomed himself to use the word lie, to express a mistake or an error in relation ; in short, when the thing was not so as told, though the relator did not mean to deceive. When he thought there was intentional falsehood in the relator, his expression was, “ He lies, and he knows he lies.

Speaking of Pope's not having been know to excel in conversation, Johnson observes, that “ traditional memory retains no sallies of raillery, or sentences of observation; nothing either pointed or solid, wise or merry; and that one apophthegm only is recorded.” In this respect, Pope differed widely from Johnson, whose conversation was, perhaps, more admirable than even his writings, however excellent. Mr. Wilkes has, however, favoured me with one repartee of Pope, of which Johnson was not informed. Johnson, after justly censuring him for having “nursed in his mind a foolish disesteem of kings," tells us, “yet a. little regard shown him by the Prince of Wales melted his. obduracy; and he had not much to say when he was asked by his royal highness, how he could love a prince while he disliked kings ?The answer which Pope made was, “The young lion is harmless, and even playful; but when his claws are full grown, he becomes cruel, dreadful, and mischievous.”

But although we have no collection of Pope's sayings, it is not therefore to be concluded, that he was not agreeable

in social intercourse; for Johnson has been heard to say, that“ the happiest conversation is that of which nothing is distinctly remembered, but a general effect of pleasing impression." The late Lord Somerville," who saw much both of great and brilliant life, told me, that he had dined in company with Pope, and that after dinner the little man, as he called him, drank his bottle of Burgundy, and was exceedingly gay and entertaining

I cannot withhold from my great friend a censure of at least culpable inattention to a nobleman, who, it has been shown, behaved to him with uncommon politeness. He says, “ except Lord Bathurst, none of Pope's noble friends were such as that a good man would wish to have his intimacy with them known to posterity.” This will not apply to Lord Mansfield, who was not ennobled in Pope's lifetime; but Johnson should have recollected, that Lord Marchmont was one of those noble friends. He includes his lordship, along with Lord Bolingbroke, in a charge of neglect of the papers which Pope left by his will; when, in truth, as I myself pointed out to him, before he wrote that poet's life, the papers were “ committed to the sole care and judgment of Lord Bolingbroke, unless he (Lord Bolingbroke) shall not survive me;" so that Lord Marchmont has no concern whatever with them. After the first edition of the Lives, Mr. Malone, whose love of justice is equal to his accuracy, made, in my hearing, the same remark to Johnson ; yet he omitted to correct the erroneous statement. These particulars I mention, in the belief that

[James, 13th Lord Somerville, who died in 1765.Malone.] Let me here express my grateful remembrance of Lord Somerville's kindness to me, at a very early period. He was the first person of high rank that took particular notice of me in the way most flattering to a young man, fondly ambitious of being distinguished for his literary talents; and by the honour of his encouragement made me think well of myself, and aspire to deserve it better. He had a happy art of communicating his varied knowledge of the world, in short remarks and anecdotes, with a quiet pleasant gravity, that was exceedingly engaging. Never shall I forget the hours which I enjoyed with him at his apartments in the royal palace of Holyrood House, and at his seat near Edinburgh, which he himself had formed with an elegant taste.

? This neglect, however, assuredly did not arise from any ill-will towards Lord Marchmont, but from inattention ; just as he neglected to

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