The Fire, the Star and the Cross: Minority Religions in Medieval and Early Modern Iran

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I.B.Tauris, Feb 22, 2006 - Religion - 288 pages
Contemporary political events have generated a strong interest in minorities in the Middle East. Although today the region is mostly identified with Islam, it has been home to many other great cultures, and the civilization of the Islamic world is itself indebted to the various peoples that the Arabs subdued in the 7th and 8th centuries. Far from fading away after the Arab conquest, the inhabitants of the Iranian plateau and of Mesopotamia were central players in the lives of their regions. However, the magnitude of their contribution to the emergence of the early Islamic world has hitherto been neglected. In this fascinating and groundbreaking study, Khanbaghi offers a comprehensive discussion of those groups that resisted assimilation to the new Islamic order yet continued to participate actively in the socio-political life of their homeland. He concentrates on Iran, which due to its complex religious history offers unique opportunities for the study of non-Muslim communities, specifically of Zoroastrians, Jews and Christians. Aptin Khanbaghi has written an important and fascinating book which aims to present a thorough evaluation of the historical contributions made by religious minorities – Zoroastrians, Jews and Christians – to the societal and cultural physiognomy of the lands of Iran in pre-modern and early modern times. His general perspective and his broad treatment of the topic are quite new, while his use of sources and of the secondary literature is genuinely impressive. The Fire, the Star and the Cross makes a very significant and original contribution to our knowledge and understanding of Iranian history and civilization during an era when the foundations were laid for the emerging modern Iranian state.’ BERT G FRAGNER, Director of the Institute of Iranian Studies, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Religious Minorities under the Sassanians The Cultural Affirmation of Jews and Christians in Iran
6
Iran under Foreign Creed The Domination of Islam over Zoroastrians Jews and Christians
15
New Hope and Bitter Deception Iranian nonMuslims under the Mongols 12561336
52
The PostMongol and PreSafavid Period A Brief View of Iran under the Timurids and the Aq Qoyunlu
88
The Safavid Period
93
Conclusion
159
Notes on the Text
164
Appendix
208
Selected Bibliography
223
Index
248
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Aptin Khanbaghi is a scholar of Iranian history, based at the Margaret Beaufort Institute, University of Cambridge

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