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The Portfolio ,

Comprising 1. THE FLOWERS OF LITERATURE. II. THE SPIRIT OF THE MAGAZINES.

III. THE WONDERS OF NATURE AND ART.
IV. THE FAMILY PHYSICIAN, AND DOMESTIC GUIDE.

V. THE MECHANICS' ORACLE.

No. LXXXV.)

LONDON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 18, 1824.

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Contents. Memoirs of Miss M. Tree.......

1 Anecdote.... Kingdom of Ashanlee.....................

2 A new Order of Knighthood.. Fairies .....:

Novel mode of Sporting.............. The Ferry House.

Sketches of Manners..................

10 Confessions of a Journeyman Baker....

A Canterbury Tale..................

ib. Henry III

6
Necessaries of Life-a Contrast..........

13 Roses and Gunpowder......

Paragrandine..

13 The Rose...

ib.

Buchan, Biography of..... Lines from the Spanish.. ib Pedler's Acre..

ib. Many a true Word spoke in jest.......... ib. Foreigu Drama .........................

ib. Dance of Death continued.. 8 Extraordinary Phenomenon...............

ib. The new married Pair ib. An Anacreontic,

15 The Merchant ib Dance of Death copeluded................

16 Locusts of Manilla.

ib

The Old Woman.................... ib. Conception............................... ib.

The Child..

ib. The Old Man.. ib Notices

ib. The Gamesters

ib.

MEMOIRS OF MISS M. TREE,

With a Full Length Portrait. Amid the numerous improvements house, and her sister is well known as a which our activity and experience have valuable acquisition to the boards of suggested, as desirable to our work, we Drury Lane Theatre. At fourteen years do not intend to make the PORTFOLIO a of age, having evinced a great predilecvehicle for dramatic criticism, delinea- tion for the science of music, she was tion of splendid scenery, or plots of placed under the tuition of Mr. G. Lanza, Dramas. But the prirate amiabilities of a gentleman to whom thestage is indebted Miss M. TRÉE, and her personal attrac- for many of its first-rate singers and tions, independent of her popularity as a brightest omaments, and beneath whose singer, have, unitedly, induced us to pro- auspices she continued till the Opera cure the accompanying FULL LENGTH season of 1817, when the facilities PORTRAIT, which, with the following la- afforded her of frequently singing with conic memoir of her life, will doubtless Madame Fodor gave decision to that be gratifying to our readers. To insure beautiful and peculiar style for which accuracy of feature and expression of she has since been distinguished. About countenance, the artist has been how this period she was introduced by Mr. noured by Miss TREE's personal ex., Harley the comedian, to Mr. T.:Cooke, amination of the painting.

whose musical knowledge and correct The life of this lady has been chequered taste quickly discovered in his youthful by few deviations from the tranquillity of friend the brightest hopes of future private life, and but slight materials can excellence, and who expressed his anxiety iberefore be collected for a sketch of her to receive her as a pupil for the term of professional career. We might extend four years. Cheered by his friendly ibe limits of this narrative, it is true, by encouragement, the young lady prepared pages of unnecessary praise, but public for a trip to Bath, at which place she approbation has been lavished upon her made her first appearance in some efforts with so cordial yet considerate a subordinate character in Opera ; but such Innd, that no evidence we could adduce was the taste and skill she displayed in can enlarge its amplitude, or confirm its this trifling part, that the manager was authenticity.

induced to announce her for Polly in the Miss Anna MARIA TREE was boru “ Beggar's Opera," on Nov. 13, 1818. in the month of August, 1803, in Norfolk This event was hailed with no ordinary Street, Middlesex Hospital. Her parents sensation by the lovers of harmony at are of the highest respectability; her that elegant place, and the newspapers father holds a situation in the Custom- teemed with testimonies of approbation Vol. IV.

A

Sixth Edition.

roam,

than all,

and praise. Her reception, indeed, was Natire Land," Clari," or the such, that the Bath manager immediately « Maid of Milan," Miss M. TREE has put ber forward by placing ber in some been rapturously applauded. The unpreof the most prominent characters; and cedented popularity of the Sung, “ Sweet so decided was her success, that before · Home," has led us to annex it as á the close of the Bath season, in 1818, 'conclusion to this sketch. Mr. Cooke was offered an engagemeut

HOME! SWEET HOME! for her at Covent Garden Theatre. 'Mid pleasures and palaces though we may Knowing the advantages of an introduction to the metropolitan boards, that A charm from the skies seems to hallow us

there,

Be it ever so humble, there's no place like home! gentleman gladly embraced for his pupil Which seek through the world, is ne'er met an offer so alluring, and closed with an with elsewhere. engagement for three years upon the Toere's no place like home! Theie's no place

Home ! home! sweet, sweet home! most honourable terms. She made like tome: her appearance therefore, in the ardu.

An exile from home, splendour dazzles in vain. ous part of Rosina, in the Barber On! give me my lovely thatch'd coulage again of Seville," a character, as far as re. The birds singing gaily that came at iny call,

Give me tbem with the peace of mind dearer lates to vocal abilities, so difficult to be sustained, unless the performer is Home! home! sweet, sweet home! gifted with superior powers : in it, how. There's no place like home! There's no place ever, she obtained the most rapturous

like home! applause. From the favour she received on ber first appearance, she was inme. KINGDOM OF ASHANTEE. diately amounced for several other prin cipal characters; and she played with The kingdom of Ashantee, Mr. Dupuis equal success Patty in the “Maid of informs ns, in his journal of a residence in the Mill,” Lucy in “ Guy Mannering,” Ashantee, extends west to east, that is, and Susanna in the « Marriage of from Gaman to the Volta river, and em Figaro,” in each of which she was braces about four degrees of longitude, and equally charming; and her proficiency south to north, that is, from Cape Coast in the histrionic art has certainly raised Castle to the tributary kingdom, Gleofan, her to an eminence far above any singing about four degrees of latitude. There actress of the day. The characters of is a free communication with all the Viola in “ Twelfth Night,” Julia in the leading provinces. He says further, "Two Gentlemen of Verona," and Lady “ The metropolis of Ashantee, accord. Matilda in “Maid Marian," have been ing to my reckonings, will be found made by her peculiarly and exclusively about nine geographical miles to the her owo. We do not know any actress southward of the parallel of seven degrees who would attempt to rival her in them, of north latitude, and in two degrees as those pieces are adapted for repre. sixteen minutes, or nearly so, of west sentation at Covent Garden Theatre. ln longitude. It approaches in bearing the character of Ophelia she displays as nigher to the meridian of Elmina, thau much excellence as an actress, as judg- any other town on the line of coast, and ment and sweetness as a singer : indeed, when the path is open, the distance by this beautiful creation of Shakspeare's that, which is called the Wassau path or fancy never had a more interesting deli- route, is traversed in less time by one neator. In the “ Law of Java,” she day, and as some say one day and two had likewise an opportunity of display- watches, than any other station on the ing ber command over the finest and sea coast,-a proof of its westerly indearest feelings of the soul, by her just clination in regard to the longitudinal and powerful delineation of the fond and meridian of Cape Coast Castle. doting wife: the beautiful scene between “ The military resources of Ashantee her and Mr. Young has never been sur are great indeed, without casting into passed for heart-rending pathetic action. the scale her preponderating influence The success of Miss TREE has been en in Sarem and Dagomba. The bashaw tirely upon the score of her merit; she Mohammed assured me, that the armies came forth unsupported by any power- of Ashantee that fought in Gaman, sul patronage, or play-bill puffs. She amounted to upwards of eighty thousand has decidedly been the architect of her men, (without including the camp at. own fame; and if we consider her youth, tendants, such as women and boys) of there can be little doubt of her arriviag whom at one time above seven thousand in time at the very height of her profes. were Moslems, who fought under his sion, in which she is already (laking her orders. In this estimate I speak within talents collectively) without a rival. bounds, for I am inclined to believe be

Recently in several popular Operas,- alluded to the army of Banna as a dis.

THE KINGDOM or ASHANTEE.

3

tinct force, whose numbers varied from rivers and rapid torrents, which dis. {wenty w twenty-five thousand men, charge themselves on the opposite sides armed with tomahawks, lances, knives, into the Jolliba; and further to the westjavelins, and bows and arrows. Of the ward they are so high and steep that no eighty thousand the king can put muskets man can ascend to their summits, which and blunderbusses in the hands of from are barren, bleak, and oftentimes covered forty to fifty thousand. The opposing with snow. They are inhabited about enemy, including the auxiliary Moslem half way up by ferocious tribes of canand Heathen powers allied to the army nibals. The source of the river lies of Dinkera, amounted at times to one about two days distant up the monntains, hundred and forty thousand men, of and is distant from Coomassy thirty-eight whom a great proportion were cavalry. journeys, or about five hundred British The issue of that war, which restored miles horizontal." the sovereignty of Gaman to the king of Ashantee, must unquestionably have

FAIRIES increased his military strength to the extent of twenty or thirty thousand more From MacCULLOCH's Highlands and men, although it is true the relics of Western Isles of Scotland. those tribes who submitted, or escaped We were returning, well wearied, over the butcheries, were : aut considered a wide and open piece of moor, many worthy to be trusted with arms during miles from any habitation, when my my stay at court.

aid-de-camp, John Macdonald, suddenly “ the king of Dahomy and his aux. exclaimed. hey, what a bonny lassie.' Diaries, the bashaw says, can raise about I looked up, but saw no lassie; nothing fifty thousand men, of whom from eight but the open bare moor, though it was to ien thousand only are fusileers; the broad daylight, and John' was certainly rest are armed with bows and arrows, wide awake. I asked for the lassie : he besides sabres, and iron maces. This, he had lost sight of her, he said, behind says, is the greatest force the Daboinans that bush. There was nothing bigger ever seut into the field.

of the nature of a bush, than a few “The king of Benin is, however, stunted plants of heath and juniper, hy far the most powerful of the three which would not have concealed a girl monarchs, in regard to the umber of of nine or ten years old, as he averred tis troops, for he can arm two hundred this object to be. We nevertheless beat thousand upon an emergency, but he all the bushes round, as if we had been cannot furnish above ten thousand with searching for a hare, but to no purpose. vaskets.”

Johu seemed half inclined to believe that of the source of the Niger, Mr. Du- lre had seen a fairy: he bad probably pnis thus mentions :

been walking in his sleep, and dreaming “ The Moslems of Kong aud Manding erect. commonly used the term Wangara, as It is often very difficult to know what relating to Ashantee, Dahomy, and Bevin, to believe, in this world of doubts and cast of the Formosa. Of the Niger, well deceptions; and after ten summers spent known to them by its Bambara naine, in wandering among Highland hills and Juliba, they reported to this effect; that glens, amidst their mists and storms, in it has its source in a chain of mountains the very heart and centre of old romance, which bears west, and something dorth I have come away without knowing of the capital of Kong, from whence it whether to believe in fairies and other is distant eighteen journeys. According of the fraternity of elves, or not: not to this estimation, I conceive its foun- doubting about my own belief, I should tain may exist in about 11° 15' latitude huwever say, but uncertain whether north, and 7° 10' longitude west of the others believe. If we could trust an meridiau of Greeuwich. The interme- assertion because it is in print, as the diate space comprises a part of the 'vulgar do, we should be compelled Jistrict called Ganowa, inhabited by the tu credit that the Highlanders still Wanding and Falah (Foulah) tribes. The reside in a land of shadows, that surface for the first five or six days, they yet believe in brownies and fairies, they relate, is inclining to billy, yet it is and in all the poetical population which by no means abrupt; and forests alter- has been alternately the delight and uately abound, but they are not $0 terror of the younger says of many of ámpervious as those of Ashantee. After us, and of even the older ones of our the first bundred miles, the traveller ancestors. But of those who would thus commencés ascending a cluster of lofty instruct us, there are some who write mountains, and this labour occupies hin for effect, others who suffer their pens mix days. The mountains abouud in or imaginations to run away with them

a few who are desirous that we should be latter days been philosophised out of lieve what they do not themselves credit, half our pleasures. To doubt that such and a fourth set who, knowing the country things have been, wbether they may now only in books and tradition, repent, as of be or not, would in me be almost un. to-day, manners and opinions long past grateful, when one of my own worthy anaway. That seers have pretended to see cestors was himself rescued by the Little fairies, is not a species of testiinony Men in Green, as you yourself well which will command much respect. Know, from an event which has always That nine-tenths indeed of all this is been esteemed peculiarły critical of a ultely groundless, I am fully convinced; man's fate.

M. nor would it now be any praise to a people rapidly becoming enlightened as

THE FERRY HOUSE, they are natarally acute, to suppose that they are not fast forgetting the

From the same. follies that belong to the childbood of It was early in the morning when nations, to an age of barbarism. Still, I Roger and I arrived at the pass; and, have, myselt, met with just enough to winding down the long descent between prove that the relics of these ages of the mountains of the Kyle Rich, found adult infancy remain; and that, among ourselves in front of the inn. * This is the past superstitions, or rather philoso. the ferry house.' 'Aye, aye, ye'll be phy, of the æra of credality, there are wanting the ferry, nae doot.' "To be yet some keeping their holds over the sure; and you can give me some breakimagination of a few individuals. It fast. It's the sabbath. '_ I know that; not the character of the country: but in- but I suppose one may breakfast on the stances can always be found on which to sabbath.' Aye, l'se warn ye-that's a build, a general assertion, by those who bony beast.'It's my lord's poney.' take pride or pleasure in promulgating "Aye I thought it was Roger; I thought such a belief. It is not peculiar to these I kenned his face. And where 'al ye be Psychologists to generalize from partial gaun.' • I am going to Eilan Reoch, and or solitary instances; since it is of the I want some breakfast. A weel a weel, vory essence and nature of all philoso- I diuna ken; lassic ! tak the gentlephers so to do. They need not, therefore, man's horse. No sooner, however, had care for a remark which they share with Mrs. Nicholson taken possession of the all the great and wise of the earth. To gentleman and his horse, and his property say, as bas been said, that the High- also, securing thus the soul and body Janders carefully conceal their belief in both of Don Pedro, than all this civility the supernatural invisible world, is to vanished on a sudilen; small as it was Inake, an ingenious provision for all before. I asked for the ferryınan, and possible doubts on this head : but it is the boat and the tide-she kenn'd one that will it convert these into con- naething about the ferry.- Why, I victions. If I have been less fortunate thought you said this was the ferrythan others in my investigations, I have, house. That was true; but the ferry 19 say truth, a shrewd suspicion that buat was half a mile off, and she had we must come to the task willing to nothing to do with the ferryinai, and her believe, as Dr. Johason says; or, as not husband was not at home, and the ferrya less great character observes, there buat would not take a horse, and Mrs. must at least be 5 a permission of the Nicholson did not care what became of will. If you may have thus lust some she lvorse, or of me, or of the tide.'-of the amusement which I might have "Would she not send.'-Na---I might collected for you, there are none who gang and spcer myself if I lik it.'-Good can better dispepse with it, and none to Highland civility, this; particularly to whom it is likely to have offered less you landlord's friend. But Mrs. novelty. To myself, I must own, it has Nicholson said she cared not a baubee been a source of lisappointment. Scottish for my lord nor his friends neither. or English, Danish or Gerinan, or Tar I was obliged to go and look after the tarian, I also have read with delight, the ferry-boat myself. When I came there, lucubratious of the master spirits of the there was a boat, it is trire; but the shadowy world, and shall continue to ferryman was at church, five miles off, read as long as my spectacles shall on the other side of the water; he would

I could almost indeed sit down probably be back by twelve o'clock, or at the foot of Suil Veinn, and cry to two or three, or not at all.

When I rethink that the Elfe quene with hire turned to Mrs. Nicholson, the breakfast jolly compaigute, danceth no more in the . was not ready. "Where is my breakfast ?" green mede,' and that we have in these 'And dev ye want breakfast ?--

serve.

CONFESSIONS OF A JOURNEYMAN BAKER. The deuce 'is in you.Ye maona Mr. Maton was apprenticed, in the swear on the sabbath, said the puritani- year 1792, to a person in Salisbury, who *al bag, but ye'll get your breakfast: was miller, baker, &c. and who had some Aye, aye, ye's get gude tea and eggs.' army contracts ; he afterwards came to It was twelve o'clock before this break- London, and entered the service of a fast came; and, instead of tea and eggs, baker, where, on the first Sunday, he there entered a dirty wooden bowl full of got initiated into one branch of the salt herrings and potatoes. This was business, that is, of managing the dinners the very diet, with which her villainous the sent to be baked. "As I was underaucestry fed the prisoners who were man,' he says, 'it became my duty to take thrust into their dungeons to choak with the dishes out of the shop into the bakethirst : and when I remonstrated, she house; the second hand, as the cant told me that I was "ower fine, and a phrase is, shaves the meat, (that is to say), saut herring was a gude breakfast for cuts as much off from each joint, as he ouy gentleman, let alone the like thinks will not be missed; the foreman o'me.' It was impossible to eat salt drains the water off, and puts the dishes herrings, after six hours' walking and into the oven till they require to be riding in a hot summer's day: but that turned; after which the liquid fat is did not exempt me from paying two shil- drained from each dish, and the defilings. In the end, the ferry-boat was not ciency is supplied with water; this fat is forthcoming, the man was not to be found, the master's perquisite !" Here is a he would not carry a horse if he was. I was pretty particular considerable way of obliged to go without my breakfast, and robbing Sunday dinners, as our friend finding a man with a cockle-shell of a Jonathan would say. While living with boat, idling along the shore, I left this master, Mr. Maton acquired a knowRoger to the mercy of Mrs. Nicholson, ledge of the trade of dealing in dead and rowed down the strait to Eilan men,' or charging loaves to the customers Reoch.

which they never had ; this is another

lucrative branch of the business, in which THE CONFESSIONS

master and man strive which can get the OF A JOURNEYMAN BAKER. monopoly. Such, at least, was the case • Confession is good for the soul.' in this place, and Maton kept a check on

OLD PROVERB. his master. He found that four shillings THOUGH no believer in transubstan. per week, with the spoils of the dead tiation, or the doctrines of the Roman shillings a week, with lodging, bread,

men,' was more profitable than sixteen Catholic Church, we acknowledge our. selves somewhat partial to the confes and the spoils of a sharp knife in the

beer, a Sunday dinner, broken victuals, sional. Lackington opce amused us

bakehouse, which would shave off a dinmuch in this way, and the other day we had half an hour's laugh at the confes. ner, to a hair's breadth. This baker, sions of a bricklayer, showing by what plunderer, used to send a peck of four

who appears to have been a terrible process a bill for repairs was augmented. four pounds

short of the proper weight. These confessions, excellent however as

Another baker with whom Mr. Maton they are in their way, fall infiuitely lived, not only robbed the castomers' short of those of a journeyman baker, dishes of the fat, but the journeyman of which have just fallen into our hands, their accustomed perquisite--the lean. and of which we propose to reuder a

On Christmas Day, which is usually a good account,

We have long been of opinion that banquet with the bakers, Mr. Maton was Pharaoh's chief baker was not the only sent out of the way, but

returning rather one of his trade who ought to be banged; unexpectedly, he found the master busily and coald we for a moment have had employed in filling his dishes, basons, any misgivings as to the severity of our

and tea -saucers, with puddings and mince? judgment, they would have been removed meat, and ornamenting his dough boards by a pamphlet, just published, entitled with mutton chops, pork chops, veat •Tricks of Bakers, unmasked by James cutlets, and beef steaks, cat most scienMaton.' of all the frauds of trade we

tifically from the viands before him; ever read or heard of, we never met with there were upwards of twenty pudding any equal to those exposed by Mr. Ma- dishes from which he had taken toll?

Bad as the master-baker was, our conlon;

and if one half of his statements are true, there are or bave been bakers in

fessionalist, James Maton, to wit, was London, whose malpractices would, in

worse. "On New Year's Day, or it might Turkey, have caused their ears to adoru be about the Twelfth Day, says he we door-posts, if they did not procure them to bake, and I thought I had a right

had about a dozen good plum-puddings a baking in their own ovens.

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