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sophical friends, with whomi on such oce

casions I was commonly associated, THE PORTFOLIO. with my own habits of mechanical com

bination, a free use of my pencil, and a

professional acquaintance with the LONDON, FEBRUARY 26, 1825. practical arrangements of optical con

trivances, very quickly produced the CONVERSAZIONE OF THE

following apparatus, with which my

young readers may economically supply EDITOR.-No, 6.

themselves, with the assistance (as !

have before hinted) of the optician and The Red Woman of Berlin suggest the carpenter, and with which, wben ed to me the construction of a machine, they have so provided themselves, they

may defy the best concerted wonders of at once of simplicity and power, with the Red Woman, or any contrivance which a spectre of similar character with which the best informed, or the might conveniently, and without much vored the curious or the credulous.

most mischievous persons have yet farisk of discovery, be exhibited with a The subjoined Engraving will be negreatly increased effect. The Red cessary to a sufficient understanding of

its construction. Fig. 1 is a box of Woman's construction I have already pyramidical form, and of eighteen explained; the more astounding traits inches in length. Its larger extremity of her character. and the most terrifying inches deep by six inches wide; and

seven inches square, or rather say eight of her freaks, were clearly produced by its smaller end six inches high or deep confederacy. She appeared to many,

by three and a half inches wide. Let

the larger end be fitted with a glass different persons at the same time, at ground grey, such precisely as is found distant places, by a very simple and pal- in windows through which it is not in

tended to look, or such (but somewhat pable contrivance. Several of the ma

coarser in its grain) as we find receive chines were constructed, and each was ing the optical picture in the common entrusted to the management of an ex.

camera obscura. At the smaller eud let

the small magic lantern (wþich is again pert and trusty agent. Admission to represented, and in detail at Fig. 4,) be the King's apartments was purchased fixed firmly, and let a slit be formed in by bribes of an amount to overcome more the proper place inside of the box to serious scruples than those of a menial admit the little slide which contains the servant. A few persons (and a very figures to be exhibited. In the Engrarfew of these did wonders) of character ing, A is the lantern, B the slide of for general veracity were induced by re- paintings, E the larger end of the box presentations, and by influence as va- containing the ground glass, and G a rious as the temper and circumstances spectral or other face and face alone, of the parties required, to testify to painted on the ground glass from the alarms they never felt, to frights they small magic lantern and slide A and B. never experienced. Others of timorous FF is a sufficient quantity of horse character selected, and such hair, or any similar and suitable dress important crises of their private affairs for the face exhibited. C is a tin shutand feelings selected as entirely pre- ter, which is kept by a spring in its updisposed them to excessive agitation right position, in which it performs the and alarm, and thus drew them com oflice of closing the aperture of the lan. pletely into the widening and (as re- tern, and of course of preventing the prospected them and their ever-exaggerat, duction of the figure. When the figure ed reports) unconscious confederacy. is to be exhibited, a string passed The little machine I conceived, being through the bottom of the box is pulled however intended for no mischievous and held by the operator, the shutter is pranks, was to present new and more thus pulled into the horizontal position surprising effects, to be conducted with D, and the figure is produced. It reeconomy, with a simplicity of manage. mains as long as the operator chooses ment rendering it accessible almost to to hold the string, and when he wishes a child, and requiring isi a rational and the figure to vanish instantly, he has blameless use, no confederacy whate but to release the string he holds, and ever. The suggestions' which arose in the spring throws up the shutter, lear. desultory conversations with the philo« ing ihe lantern entirely closed; the

were

893

ACCOUNT OF THE ORIGINAL PHANTASMAGORIA.

figure of course has vanished quicker THE ROCK AND FORTRESS OF perhaps than by any other possible contrivance, unquestionably both quicker

GIBRALTAR. and with more precision and certainty Amongst the substantial wonders of than Dr. Philipsthal could effect it. The the world, very rationally and without whole machine thus prepared is either overstraining the expression, may be placcarried in the hand or borne on a staff ed the Rock and Fortress of Gibraltar. of convenient length fixed into the tin We intend giving an eugraving in our socket seen below the box. In Fig. 2 best style of this extraordi gary and feliis a contrivance by which, under a little citous combination of natura, and artifidifference of arrangement, the whole cial strength, from an original a'rawing. inachine is fixed firmly on a stout lea The memorable siege of Gibrali ar, by ther cap H worn by the operator, and the combined and utmost exertions of fastened under his chin; he thus bears France and Spain, which ended in their the apparition about, with unincumber- destruction by the novel defence by ed hands, and having approached the the brave Elliott, is fresh and ever livpoint at which he purposes to make the ing in the memory of every English boexhibition of his figure, he has but to som. The red-hot balls of Gibraltar, turn his back to it, having previously and the tremendous and colossal batpulled the string F, and his spectre is tering-ships of Spain, have been painted present, which he has himself in the in the imagination of every British youth; best and most unembarrassed position, but however strange it may appear, we to flee at the proper moment, and with haye few,—nay, we may say we have no the speed which may be necessary to representation of that particular scene, avoid detection. Much in this arrange or of the fortress itself, which is at once ment of course depends on the cap satisfactory and within convenient reach being constructed of firm materials, and of purchase. We shall then endeavour, its being well fixed to the head, chin, as far as our scale allows us to do so, and shoulders. · The Fig. 3 is the slide

to supply the want. Of description we of paintings which should have two shall say little, for obvious reasons. The figures of the same face, with some strike history of Gibraltar, so glorious to Enging variation of countenance, or ano- lishmen, is remembered in its brightest ther face altogether different.

points, as we remember the creed of The face exhibited may thus be made

our religion ; but few of us can picture instantaneously to change its aspect, or to himself any distant idea of the actual to give place to another of different

scene. We shall be easily excused more character, and this faculty of the ma than to say, what we feel, that it is chine inight evidently be extended al- utterly impossible for description to give most without limit. In the simple ar an adequate idea of this stupendous rangement, such as the figure before structure, which looks like the work of us, the change is made by pulling the centuries, and which in its appearance slide by its rings, either to the right or presents the highest character of subleft, till its further passage is checked limity and power. by the projecting pieces at the two ends. Fig. 5 is a diagram, shewing the optical construction of this magic lan- CHRONOLOGY FOR THE YEAR tern. A is the lamp of illumination; B

1824. is the large lens, which is the balf of a

JULY. sphere of two and a half inches radius. C is a plano convex lens of one inch

1. Thomas Thurtell, brother of the diameter, and three and a half inches murderer, and James Snowden, sen, focal length, placed with its convex side next towards the lamp. D is the tenced to two years' imprisonment in slit or aperture for the painting.

Newgate for endeavouring to obtain I should here remind my young Office, by pretending loss of goods by

money falsely from the County Fire friends to look back to the last Number

fire. for a scene of an example of this exhi.

7. The remains of Lord Byron depobition, in which a youth bears the ap- sited in the house of Sir Edward parition, which, in addition to the wig Knatchbull, Great George-street, Westof horse hair, has a beard of the same

minster. materials, and a wrapping (garment of

A copy of Columbus's letter to the ample dinensions; the latter (except King of Spain

on the discovery of Ameunder peculiar circumstances) may rica sells for 34 guineas. however be dispensed with.

The executors of Lord Byron obe | To be continued in our next, when : tain an injunction to restrain the publi.

the Engraving will appear.

cation of some private letters written Spirit of the Abagazines. by him to his mother.

8. Death of the Queen of the Sand- A VIEW IN THE HORSE BAZAAR. wich Islands at Osborne's Hotel in the

In England the persons who partiAdelphi. The King very ill,

10. Mr. Henry Baring, M. P., reco. cularly interest themselves about horses vers 10001. dainages of Captain' Web consist of three distinct classes, the inster, in an action for crim. con.

dividuals of each of which have as

The defendant had suffered judgment to go for those who are quicksighted in such

marked and peculiar an air about them, by default. 12. The remains of Lord Byron con. matters, as if they wore a distinct cosa

tume. The first of these classes conveyed from London amidst an immense

sists of the young bloods of family and concourse of people to Newstead Abbey.

The body of James II., King of fashion, chiefly military, with whom an England, discovered in a leaden box, acquaintance with horses is only one on digging the foundation for the steeple (though the principal) among their many for the new church of St. Germain, at: Class consists of those of various ranks

personal accomplishments. The second Paris.

17. Colonel Trench proposes a plan in life, from the highest to the secondary for forming a terrace on the north side part of the middle, whose passion for of the river, from London to West- others. -The third class consists of

horses absorbs and supersedes all minster-bridge. 24. Dreadful fire in Chancery-lane.

those truly knowing hands, who live by

adıninistering to the fancies and in AUGUST.

clinations of the two former. 1. News arrived of the defeat and

You'll find that the company at the massacre of the British forces at Cape Horse Bazaar consists almost entirely Coast Castle by the Ashantees.

of the above three classes; and when 2. Letters from Frankfort state, that you've been half as long “ about town' an imperial ediet was passed forbidding

as I have, you'll be able to distinguish Lord Holland, Lady Morgan, and three

an individual of each of them by his other ladies, to enter the Austrian ter

mere air, as well as if you could look ritories.

into his heart or his pocket-book. The 9. Trial of John Carroll, a Roman

two last, indeed, have an express Catholic priest, for the wilful murder of costume, that is scarcely at all amenaCatherine Linnott, a child three years

ble to the decrees of fashion, and has unand a half old, at the Wexford Assizes, dergone very little change as long as I in Ireland. After a long trial the pri.

can remember-none at all indeed, with soner was acquitted on the ground of A single exception appertaining to the insanity, the Jury being of opinion that apparel of the legs—which we shall this dreadful act was committed under have occasion to notice hereafter. The the influence of the most violent religi- first class, however, is much too fanous enthusiasm. The prisoner to be ciful to answer the above description. shut up for life as a dangerous person.

It does not keep in the sale mind for 10. Official accounts received of the

more than a season together, even in taking of the Island of Ipsara by the regard to the class of animal it chooses Turks.

to patronize, or the mode in which it 13. Lord Gifford decides in the Court should be used ;-now running all upon of Chancery, that letters, written confi- bony hunters--now scorning to be borne dentially to another, cannot be publish- by anything but full blood-and now ed by that party to whom they were ada infinitely contemptuous towards any dressed without the consent of the thing but the managed graces of an ans writer.---(Batfield v. Childe.)

bling Arabian or a Spanish Jennet. 15. The Vice Chancellor undergoes less tickle, too, in the affair of horseman

These high-bred persons are scarcely an operation for the stone.

A Board of Admiralty formed in ship-patronizing the hunting seat, the France.

military seat, and the knowing or slang 23. His Majesty, in the wish of con

seat by tarns,—just as the leader of the ferring some mark of honourable dis

season happens to be affected at the tinction on Mr. Wyatt, the architect, commencement of it. We can scarcely grants him authority to go by the name

expect, then, that they should be less of Wyattville.

fanciful in regard to the attire of their

owu proper persons. (September in our next.)

Look at that stable-door on the left, which has just opened to emit from within that sprig of English nobility.

VIEW IN THE HORSE BAZAAR.

895 But let us not use any epithets in regard city of the statesman and philosopher. to him that can be construed contemptu. But there are the rudiments of all these; ously; for contempt is the last feeling and what is worth them all) that fine his miere appearance is calculated to placidity which cannot consist with excite; and it is that alone about which them, and which results from that truly we are concerning ourselves. In fact, philosophic indifferencewhich nobody has “ His port I love he looks as if

ever found out the secret of so fully as He'd chide the thunder if at him it

our modern English men of pleasure. roar'd."

You'll say I'm getting sententious,

The truth is, I're a real respect for the The truth is, that our young nobility class of persons I am describing, and of the present day are very noble looking think them as superior to the men of persons, and that their mánners and pleasure about town,” in the time of habits, as well as their appearance, Charles and Anne, as the entire want have undergone a striking change for

of pretence and petitmaitreship is to the the better, within a very few years :

presence of these. They think that with their morals, of course, you and I they might have been any thing that have nothing to do; those we leave

they had pleased: in which they are to their mammas. It was the fashion, pretty right,-for most of them have a short time ago, to tax them with effe- fine natural capacities. And they think minacy; and is so still among a certain that they are just what they wish to be, class of inquirers,-as if that were not because what they think best; and in the very last fault that can fairly be laid this they are pretty right too. Why, to their charge. Why even you, Frank, then, should they pretend to be other will be surprised, and perhaps pleased than they are? I mean they are right to learn, that a soft hand is a mere vul- for the present, wbile their high blood garism now-a-days, and that the real is in its full heat and heyday. They thing is to ride on horseback without

are destined to become distinguished gloves ! Bat let us return to our example of so, Heaven knows they had need enjoy

statesmen, hereafter, perhaps; and if the first class of company who frequent themselves a little while they may. the Horse Bazaar. With what an air But I am sacrificing the costume to the he standsm-looking down upon the man he is addressing -- (for it is the fashion The dress of the class of persons I am

character, which is against all rule. to be six feet high-his little earlship

now describing was never better adaptof U. e nevertheless not withstand- ed to its purpose than now; that pur, ing)-- yet without the slightest assumption of superiority; for why should he pose being to enable the wearer to look

entirely different from all other classes assume a virtue" which be possesses ?

of people, without any one being able

to And with what an air of half- assumed, half-sincere deference the man who is point out from what it is that diffelistening to his orders looks up to him! Pence arises. And this you are to know

is the criterion of a well-dressed man. I would bet odds, by the air of each, He shall have on apparel of exactly that a bargain has been struck between them, and that both know that the buyer fifty other persons, who shall meet him

the same description as that worn by has been taken in. Not that the horse is

in the course of the morning ; not one a bad one; for the lord is likely to know

of which fifty shall doubt that he is pretty nearly as much about that matter

the best-dressed man they have seen ; as the jockey. But he has given a

and not one of them shall observe that score or so of pounds more than if he had chosen to wait for the public sale. he is, in fact, dressed the same as they

themselves are. What is there conspi. But what matter? He has a fancy for

cuous in a perfectly plain blue frock the horse, and he will have it. And as for the price, that will only enable him, silk 'handkerchief, with scarcely any of

coat, buttoned up to the throat, a black if he shouldn't happen to like it, the the white collar seen above it, and a better to oblige his young friend from pair of almost black trowsers, cut off Oxford, who wants “ exactly such

straight round the boot, and strapped a horse!"

But we are digressing. tight uuder it? This is the costume of Observe his head-you shall not see a finer in a long summer's day; and you there is an air distingue about it, which

the person I am describing. And yet shall not see the like of it any where but

not all the ruffs, velvet, and pointa in England, and in this class of English devices, of Charles's time could give, life. "True, there is not, in the face, You will tell me, perhaps, that it is the the elevation of the poet, or the thought

wearer makes all the difference. But fulness of the sage, or the piercing sag&e here you are mistaken. I do not mean,

to say that if you take as fine a mere on so as to aduit of their inclining person as the one before us out of the downward instead of sticking bolt out ranks of the Life Guards, and put these like a postilion's; a neckeloth usually very clothes upon him, he will look like of some fancy shawl pattern, put on a man of fashion; any more than the wide, so as to go into folds ; a bat man of fashion would look like a life- rather lower in the crown than the comguardsman in his clothes : for each mon run, and smaller towards the top; has a knack of putting on and of wearing and lastly, an ash stick, quite straight, his things “ with a difference.” But Ì with the exception of an artificial hook must insist that the chief and almost the for the hand. entire merit of the mere appearance of The last class of persons we shall enthe former (leaving his air and mode counter here in any noticeable numbers of moving out of the question)

depends consists of the knowing hands to whom on the artists he employs. There is I pointed your attention as we were ensomething about a coat of Stultz, that tering the place. The costume need no one else can achieve; and that no not to be described, because it varies one acquainted with such matters can but little, except in want of precision, mistake, whether he sees it on the back from that of the preceding class ; of of a boor or a Brummel. It is the same which in fact they are but a variation with the boots, hat, &c. In short, the after all—many of them having formerly only article of dress which depends en belonged to that class, and purchased tirely on the practical skill of the that experience there which enables wearer is the neckcloth: for the ready- them to retail it back again to the rising formed French stock—which is proba. generation of the said class. The only bly by this time beginning to penetrate striking difference between the memto those “uttermost parts of the earth” bers of these two classes is observable which you inhabit-has long since been in their faces-those of the latter exploded here, and is now the very having usually a something about them climax of cockney vulgarity.

which cannot be mistaken-a mixture Your true London horse-fancier is of shrewd cunning and seeming carethe most exclusive person in the world, lessness, steeped all over in what, for in all that he thinks, feels, looks, says, want of a better word, I must eall slangand does. It is, however, with his which cannot be met with anywhere else. looks alone that we are to concern our The air, half-familiar, half-respectful, selves at present.

He is almost al- with which one of these persons comes ways a light weight”-consequently up to a probable customer,--with his small, compact, and what is called left hand in bis hip pocket, and his right dapper in his figure. His face good- hand swishing, with a bit of ash, the humoured, healthy (for a Londoner,) inside of his right boot, and his eyes and notwithstanding its somewhat vas casting down a sidelong glance at the cant look, yet always shrewd, watch operation,-announces to hin that he ful, and knowing. His present costume has “just picked up the nicest little is a single-breasted bottle green coat, mare in England, &c.' I say, the air in length, or rather in shortness, ap- with which he does all this is a unique proaching to a jacket, --with pockets on thing, and one which you can have no the hips to admit his hands when they notion of till you see it. It is pecuare not otherwise einployed, (which liar to a London horsedealer; and the they seldom are except when the bridle coarse, clumsy, clodhopping cunning of is in them,) an outside waistcoat of buff your York lads (though perhaps quite kersey, with covered buttons, or of buff as effective) is vulgar in comparison. toilinette striped with blue and green, If one is to be taken in, by all means and an under-waistcoat, sometimes two, let it be done with an air. of some bright fancy pattern and colour; It only remains, to introduce you to breeches made very loose and short, Mr. George Young, the ostensible proeither of wliite or buff cord, or of a light jector, proprietor, manager, and muldrab kersey slightly tinged with green, tum parvo of this model of horseand covered buttons ; jockey boots markets. And where can I do so to made very long, so as to wrinkle down, better advantage than as he occupies and with a very short top, or in place of his auctioneer's throne, and wields his this latter a modern innovation (not yet little ivory sceptre, on his Wednesday countenanced by the best specimens of and his Saturday levee days ? Bebold this class) consisting of a short piece of him, then, standing in his pulpit, (which, light coloured kersey to button on where by the way, has the demerit of remindthe boot top would otherwise be. Add ing one a little too much of Punch's peto this, long plated spurs, loosely put rambulating theatre,) at the farther end

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