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BRUTALITY OF LONDON MOBS.

327

TORICAL PAINTING,

ing," Spit in your list, and go in !" actions of life. Your hackney-coachYour hackney-coachman demands dou man takes his fare with a short bow ble his fare ; and, even when you sub- remercie, for the little pour boire-and mit, will call you “horse" into the bar. there is kindness on both sides. The gain. Your waterman has much ado postilions are spoiled by the English, to keep hiin from drowning himself, travellers, but there is still the dispo-, that he may at the same time give the sition to be bon enfant. If you quar., man who hires hiin a ducking." Arel, the thing is forgotten in ten milamplighter throws his spare oil about nutes, (while an Englishman, woulų. jocosely; urchins pelt each other with sulk over it for ten days;) they laugh, mud, that a chance splash may fall “put on” afresh, and seem to wish upon the passenger; itinerant dealers to keep in charity for all sakes. So, the collar you as they offer their wares for drayman-though they have no rule sale; butcher-boys and mail-coach for “ sides" in driving, does not block drivers run people down for their up a street at any time for his diveramusement as well as for their conve sion. So the man whom you sit next nience; women (in the street) desire to in the pit of the theatre, does not to embrace you, and overpower you make himself as large as possible ių with execrations when you decline; and order to incommode you. watchmen take you up, (do crime committed) growing rampant in the exer BRENCH MODE OF ENCOURAGING HI8cise of their authority !

Now, in France, the “contract social” is of a very different character. Your St. Geneviève, has since been created a .

M. Gros, who painted the dome of Englishman, (especially after the se

Baron by his Sovereign for that work: cond class,) like Duke Richard, “has no brother." Pass a market, a wharf, stead of the covenanted price, (2,0001.)

on visiting the scene of his labors, inor even a merrymaking—the abiders

the minister of the interior has doubled not only curse you, but they curse one

the sum, and given 4,0001, for the work. another. The oath among us is not

-Such is the French-now mark the an excrescence or a garnish, but an in- English mode of encouraging historitegral and important member in every We have as many ways of the great room at the Adelphi, was

cal painting.-Mr. Barry, who painted sending a soul to hell in London, as

struck from the list of Royal Academici. they have of sending an egg to table (and more variety in them) at Paris. ring this work by working for engravers,

ans, and obliged to support himself duOur London carmen-firemen-boxers

after he returned exhausted to his -mail-coach guards--and Thames

house.-Mr. West left his family his street porters—the whole globe could not, mateh them for figure, insolence, Government, and died embarrased.

three last great works, unpurchased by courage, or ill-humour! I heard a fellow the day before I left London-- Professorship of the Royal Academy:

Mr. Fuzeli escaped from want into the he was a navigator" digging put a

Mr. Proctor, who gained both prizes sewer in Clare-market, and an inha

for sculpture and painting, was starved bitant was in doubt whether the foun

to death in an obscure lodging in Claredation of his house might not be af

market :-and Mr. Haydon, after devofected, “ No, no," said my friend, ting 20 years to bistury, and having his with the greatest coolness, “not yelno danger at all yet. But, when I get his plasters, prints, and books of art,

works applauded by thousands, lost all over on the other side," pointing, and

was thrown into the King's Bench, and working onwards,“ you'll come rattling down, all the row of you, as nice his bread! And all this happens in a

bas taken to portrait painting to get as can be." In France there are no battles among and Institutions to nourish young stu

country, where there are Academies the lower orders; few quarrels ; and a

dents in the bighest branches, founded little ill language goes a great way.

for that purpose; while France does Your domestic servant has the art to

not let her efforts for the art end with be perfectly familiar, and yet never

her Academies, but as soon as young disrespectful; and this lies by no means

men give evidence that they have benein his acquiescence, of course in your opinions, but in the tact and good hu- Academies, they receive honors, and if

fited by the instruction obtained in their mour with which he contradicts you. The same feeling prevails-an absence they ask 2,0001. for a work, are not acof heart-burning between rich and cused of conceit, but get 4,0001. poor--in all the mipor ordinary trans.

sentence.

CHRONOLOGY FOR THE YEAR that the pheart idinagotie lartéra inbred 14:34.

oü ä mal and arm tabte of farlous diMARCH.

mensions, which cither slides silently 99. Mr. Pocock, of Brighton, sets itt groven on the floor of the eparinent sa't itoni the Suspension Pier for Lonc or sinye, or runs on a smooth door, on don in the Royal Gift, built by desire of 160 king, atleasuring Alte feet six inches bitall solid wheels; covered with thick id length, lonnaye four cwt.

cloth, and that (hè whole apparatus is 30. Two young mon, rumeul Teory and Thomas Large, butnt to death in enclosed to a bag of covering of dark the eago at tewislam, tie straw of coloured cloth, for order to prercut aty ifefr bedo baving caught ire from some accidental escape of lighi, which would coate with which they iad been r:lied to warm themselves. Henry Large hind greatly injurc, If not totally destroy the been comunitied for throwing oil of vi. Ilusive effece of the exhibition. Two triol over the gown of a maid-scrvan, and his brother, out of compassion, hád: other optical deceptions, of singular accompanied him. Their efforts to ex. and extremely impressive effecl, formed tricate themselves were most desperate. Death of the Duchess of Depoh.

a part of this gentleman's successful shire at Rome. She was celebrated in and extraordinary exhibitions, whieb Italy for ber patronage of the Fine shall be tho subject of out Dext. Arts. $I. Arrival at Buenos Ajres of tho

The lower bgore of our Engrating British Consuls to the Independent represents en arrangement for & tilagić States of South Ameriea. The Cousuls lantero of greai power and effect, prowere most favourably received.

Greas dlarni ai Cape Coros i Castle posed by Grovebandi, a mathematician in consequence of thio advance of the and philosopkët, about 150 years since, Agliantees.

and which, by a singular nogligence of (April 10 our next.)

the instrument, htus seldoni or never, es.

cept in a fow solitary instances in the THE PORTFOLIO.

bands of the curious, becu acted upon.

A is a glass or metallic reflector; B THE CONVERZATIONE the lamp or candlo; C a double convex OY TIX EDITOR.

lens of five inches diameter, and 12 No. 8.

inches focal length , D a double convex

leps of the same fueal length, but of Ir the dimedblots of the phantoint of three inches and a half diameter; F a figuro exhibited are to be increased, the double convex lens of 48 inches focal whole instrument is gradually drawn length, and one and a half inches diafrom the screen on which the figures meter. The lenses D and F are fixed are thrown, while, at the same time, and iu one tube G G at a distance of three at à corresponding rate, the smaller inches from each other, with a dialens F is by the rack H drawn nearer phragm or shutter midway between to the painting. If, on the cotitrary, the them, and having an opening in its

centre equal to the diameter of the leas hgure is to become smaller, or seem to

F. The tube G G slides to and fro, recede, the whole instrument is made to with the tube H containing the larger advance towards the screen, while, at lens C, and a groove II immediately

before the lens C receives the painting. the same time, the small lens F is made

Some of our young readers might gradually to increase its distance from profitably and pleasantly employ their the lamp, and advance towards the mechanical abilities in the construction

of this powerful instrument, purchasing outer extremity of its tube. It should their lenses at an opticjąu's, and taking be understood that in this experiment, themselves the assistance of the carpen

ACCOUNT OF THE ORIGINAL PHANTASMAGORIA. 829 tee and the tinman, in the general ar. vert to the account of Philipsthat's larangement and disorganization.

bouts, My young readers are in possession of The annexed Cut represents the the relyal particulars of ibe two com- Plantasmagoria of Philipsthal, comstructions of the instrument which are pletely arranged and in action, in exthe most effective and easy of manage- planation of what has been already said meut. We shall beed but one other of it, explanatory sketch to enable us to re

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A is in this' view the instrument it. Judgments were various. Some thought self, under the arrangement of parts they could bave touched the figures, and construction already described ; B others had a different votion of their the small stand or table on which it is distance, and a few apprehended that supported; b) the small wheels or they had not advanced beyond the first rollers on which it made to move

row of the audience. His lightning was, backwards or forwards with respect to at the suggestion of some of bis English the scene, between the grooved guide audience, shortly much improved, by bepieces ec. D is the semi-transparent ing produced, as at our large theatres, by scene itself, (the modo of preparing throwing powdered resin through a light which we shall presently particularly concealed in a dark lantern. His thundescribe,) and E is the wondering au- der was natural and infinitely grand, a dience.

sheet of thin plate iron of about five We may bow return to our account feet in length; and the usual width, was of De Philipsthal.

loosely suspended by a small chain, In the course of the evening figures and being shaken by one of the lower of celebrated med were thus exhibited corners, produced, according to the with curious transformations : such as quickness of the shake, its continuance, the head of Franklin, which was sud- or its force, either a distant rumbling, denly changed to a skull, and these the increasing and louder peel, as the were rapidly succeeded by phantoms, storm advanced, or the terrific and agskeletons, and various terrific figures, tounding, crash. To those who bave which, instead of seeming to recede and not heard the sounds emitted by a large then vanish, as those before exbibited, sheet of metal thus suspended, it may were (by enlargement) made suddenly appear extravagant to assert 80 wonto advance, to the surprise and asto- drous an effect ; nor is it easy to denishment of the audience, and then dis- scribe the power and closeness of the appear by seeming either to pass with a resemblance. The low rumbling swell rapid sweep over the heads of the speca of distant thunder, and the quick suctators, or to sink directly before them cessiod of loud'explosive bursts of thuninto the ground. This part of the ox« der from elevated clouds, are alike at hibition, which by the agitation of the the instant command of the exhibitor. spectators appeared to be much the With a plate of dimensions not less than most impressive, had legs effect with me four feet long by three in width, the than the receding of the figures, doubt- operator soon feels his power of proless because it was more easy for me to ducing whatever character of sound he imagine the screen to be withdrawn may desire. than brought forward. But among the The exhibition of Phantasmagoria young peoplo who were with me the may seem triling, and fitted but for the

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young, and such as seek but the latter tual. He has failed to immortalise the kind of amusement. Let us not, how. honest effusions of the simple boy who ever, deceive ourselves; as experiments sweeps the grocer's shop in the morning, leading directly to the developement of and coes, by the pale moonlight, to the curious and important optical pheno- trull of all-work. He has left us ignomena, they require our serious atten rant of the teoder billets pended by the tion; as exhibitions leading as distinctly linen-draper's shopman, after daily lato important and useful speculation on bour, to the simpering stitcher at a stay. spectral appearances, they still piore shop. He leads us at once from the coy seriously demand our countenance and simplicity of nature to the highest stage our assiduous cultivation. I would of refinement. Without stopping to humbly propose it as my opinion, and take in his course the intermediate steps not without a confident expectation that by which the sublime pinnacle is asmany others may think with me, tbat no cended, be wafts us, as on the wings of subject is beneath the consideration of a cherub, to the loftiest height, where a philosopher. The most estimable phi- we soar, as the lark, until tired of our losophical characters have been, of all celestial intrusion, we are content, like other men, ever the most studious of it, to drop to the original lowness of the daily and apparently the trifling oc- mortality. It is left to the citizen to currences of life. Newton's attention record the deeds of love of which this was attracted by the fall of an apple, vast metropolis is the theatre. And before he extended the theory of gravi: what more amusing, more instructive, tation to the moon, and thence ex than the complication in the movements plained the laws of the universe. Soap of the blind deity's votaries ? Kate the bubbles and the prisin were the play- cook has long fixed her amorous eyes things of children before he selected on Billy the butler; but Billy's ambithem as instruments to analyse the rays tion soars higher, and he courts an alof light, and thence determine the con- liance with his washerwoman's daughstruction of telescopes, which now pe- ter. 'Tis in vain Kate prepares him a netrate the depths of space and bring round of toast nightly to give a zest to myriads of new worlds within our ad- his cup of bohea. He eats the toast, miring gaze, and within the reach of bui sues not the hand that made it. our speculations. Franklin, by the Less obdurate is the heart of the grokite of a child, conducted lightning cer's apprentice. His daily toil perfrom the clouds to the earth: and, in a formed-the shutters closed—the lights word, it must appear to us that the extinguished-he casts away the neat most beautiful and the greatest disco- apron in which his form had been enveries have been made, not by those shrouded, and sallying to the corner of who could command the expensive and Petticoat-lane, meets his fair Desdeornamental apparatus of showy experi- mona, a milliner's apprentice, to enjoy ment, but by such as were in the habit the pristine recreation of a stroll down of close attention to the means, the Bishopsgate. And who shall tell in agents, and the operations which are mannered language the projects, the eoustantly performing around us, and shifts," the numerous ills that love is are frequently ill understood, only be- heir to," to gain the happy object of a cause considered trifling, and therefore treat to the Royalty ? Many a plot mahabitually neglected.

fured is counteracted by an unwelcome (To be continued.)

order of a few pounds of cheese, which must be delivered that night at a dis

tance. A wedding is suddenly got upSpirit of the magazines. the nuptial dress is to be prepared by a THE LOVES OF THE CITS.

given day, and those hours which the

fond pair had mutually agreed to dedi. · Every age has its peculiarities, and cate to love, are destined to be employe every longue its theme. Mine is Love. ed in preparations for others to enjoy its What more intellectual ? What more consummation. Soar higher, gentle calculated to inspire the strains of the pen, and tell how the lawyer's clerk poet, or to awaken the tuneful lyre of has made all necessary arrangements the muse? Moore and Love will sound to drive his tenderly-adored one to a in unison when the urn shull contain Sunday dinner at the Castle at Richthe source from whence those divine ef- mond, in a hired Stanhope. How the fusions have sprung, wbich have so coats are borrowed with which to decomuch delighted us in the present age. rate the well-built vehicle, and to cheat But there are many kinds of love; and the insulting toll-keeper who would ask Noore has treated only of the intellec- " a ticket!”-how the boots are par

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BY A PHILANTHROPIST.

lished, the cravat extra-starched for a nieces flying from the care of aged unfancy tie, when the Genius of the ele- cles, to seek refuge in the arms of proments exerts his capricious power, and tectors of their own seeking; and troudeluges the sabbath, so that the home blesome wards coaxing guardians, and cannot be quitted. Here are hopes professing contrition an hour before the blighted, plots frustrated, vows slight. selected time of their elopeinent. Veed, protestations mulled, love cooled, rily in this metropolis all is love; and and, as ill-nature might say, its votaries whether it be shown in the titterings of fooled! But why strain at a guat, and a housemaid to the costermonger who swallow a camel ? Why tell the sor calls for dust in the inorniug, or in the rows that corrode the heart of the ap more elevated flirtation of the tradesprentice, and leave the master unmo man's daughter with her father's clerk, lested ? Are his movements to be less it all tends to establish the truth of the watched because he takes his place in old song, that side the coach for a trip to Rumford, to

'Tis love, 'tis love, 'tis love, catch a widow ? Shall the second pal.

That makes the world go roond. pitations of her tender heart too be neg

M. R. lected—the spring of first love again budding in all its freshness, as the fond ADVICE TO VARIOUS PERSONS, anticipations of a duplicate honey-moon beam their joyous rays upon her long- occasions; shewing more especially

In various walks of life, on various benighted countenance ? Shall the coy interrogations of Mary, how shall you selves to be respected, and pointing

how the most humble may cause themlike a master,” uttered in the playful; out how slender means and slight opness of feminine delight to a faithful servant of long service, be suffered to portunities may be turned to good ac

count. bę buried in the hidden depths of oblivion unrecorded ? No, no! But, gal. lant pen, spare the ladies, and chastise To Ladies with Parasols.-FORGET the men, Tell how the odious bache that there is such a thing as an eye in lors pass their dreary round how they the world; don't see where you are porise at ten, dress at twelve, lounge till king the fine picked points of your parathree, showering in profusion their un sol which would blind a spider, and meaning glauces, and then take their never for one moment remember that tavern dinner at four, and boast of in most heads have two vulnerable. platrigues in which they never were en ces which, the odds are, you will one gaged, and of favours never granted day hit. At an exhibition of paintings them. Leaving these naughty boys, let always trace the beauties of the pic- : us come to the wily men. Here the tures with the end of your parasol. merchant toils for hours amidst conflict. • To dirty idle Boys.-My dear dirty ing passions, agitated by the love of idle boy, if it should so happen that a. bis golden idol, against the more natural gentleman should give you bis horse to affection. Tell how he metes merit by hold while he goes into a house, mind the measure of sterling worth; calcu. the moment his back is turned to climb lated, not according to pounds avoir up into the saddle, thrust your feet into dupoise, but pounds, shillings, and the stirrup leathers, and see whether pence, born in the purlieus of the you can ride; if you should find that you Tower. How he hears the virtues of a cannot, as is very likely, and should be maid, and the intellectual acquirements thrown, as is extremely probable, roar of her mind, recounted with apparent as loud as ten thousand devils or a little attention; and then sums up the proba- angel in arms; protest that you are bility of a union by a salutary interro- broken into five hundred pieces, and be gatory as to the figure of her fortune, sure to blame the cruel gentleman for totally regardless of that of herself. having bid you ride the vicious horse up And last, not least, in this theatre of and down—80 shall you challenge the Love, comes the woes of parents and compassion of good people, and a store guardians. These are, in fact, the. of half-pence shall assuage your pains. plagues of love. Here are plotting To Chimney-Sweepers.-A chimneydaughters daring to choose husbands sweeper is a character that should make for themselves, despite of those parental himself respected in his walk through lessons of prudence and foresight so

life. You have much in your power often preached them; sons courting al- people are greatly at your mercy. All liances without the gilded ornainents decent folks make way for you, and the which their friends are good enough to cleaner and smarter they are the more copsider so essential to their happiness; they fear you; now mind what I say,

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