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the praise worthy hope of being restored The Editor is deeply impressed with once more to those whose estimation this truth, and deems it both necessary she has forfeiteil, she relinquishes every hope of an alliance more honorable, and and becoming for a writer to seek the with an object she cannot help still re favorab'e opinion of his readers in the garding more dear: ber expectations' are wrought to the highest; she places outset, to present himself in such a way every thing on them, and she tinds hier as to secure at least a patient, if not an speculation rotten. She is onre more

attentive auditory, to say something at deluled; has become once more the sportof the heartless and depraved. Her the first meeting ofhis friends of promise country, indeed, expresses satisfaction and of hope. The Editor, lowerer, at her conduct, by awarding her a pecuniary compensation, which, had she been considers that to occupy any consideraotherwise than what she is represen. ble portion of a short paper in what ted to be, it would not have done; and Johnson terins, “The vain expedients it only now remains for her fellow-coun. trywomen to regard her in the same

of softening censure by apology, or liglit as if the man who had pledged his rousing attention by abruptness," would faith to her had fulfilled it : let not the be not only ont of place, but destructive punishment be inflicted on the victim of duplicity: on those who have disap. of the very end he so seriously and uppointed her, and deceived her, it should affectedly desires to obtain. fall without reserve. The breach of a promise of that sacred engagement, un

Immediately connected with the ori. der any circumstances, must be wound. gin and establishment of the cheap periing and mortifying in the highest degree odical press, the Editor has its prosperto a woman of the slightest sensibility; but when it falls on the head of a poor ity and public estimation seriously at unfortunate being, who has lamentably heart; and, although at present little lost the good opinion of the world, and has, through that means, an opportunity connected with its progress, he watches of regaining it, the disappointment must and regards it always with anxiety, and be, beyond measure, rankling and severe: it is like depriving the shipwreck ņot unfrequently with the painful feeled mariner of the last remaining plank ings of disappointed hope. He speaks which he has clung to, just as he has thus of the periodical press, but in the reached the shore, and sending him once more adrift on the co'd and pitiless way of pledge that the little nook he ococean.--Smiles and Tears, just pub- cupics in it shall be worthily filled; lished.

and with this, his bow of address, be

proceeds. THE PORTFOLIO.

It will conduce to the ease of the

reader, and to the general perspicuity THE CONVERZATIONE of the paper, to observe that such arti

cles or passages as have no signature No. 2.

are written by the Editor himself. This CRESTERFIELD, whose consummate will in general appear also from the knowledge of mankind will never be manner, chiefly with respect to the first disputed, obseryes, that the world in- person singular. The first person pluvariably form their opinion of a man by ral will probably be used only in such his first address. If this be pleasing, occasional sentences as refer to the Edithey are disposed to think favorably of tor and the Reader in the joint considerhis pretensions ; if rude, abrupt, doubt- ation of any subject. The royal proful, or in any way unpleasing, they noun we will never be used in the same form a corresponding opinion of his con manner adopted by anonymous writers Allct as to the objects of his undertaking. to denote the concealed individual.

OF THE EDITOR.

313

ACCOUNT OF THE ORIGINAL PHANTASMAGORIA.

DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNT OF THE ORIGI-
XAL PAXTASMAGORIA OF

PHILIPSTHAL.

It was my intention to bave given in the present paper a sketch of a little imaginary circle of friends, young and old, whom I should have treated as the

The most striking and happy applidramatis personæ of the piece, and

cation of the Magic Lantern was made through whion, and by whom, all its

in the winter of 1801 by M. Philipsbusiness will be conducted. A certain

thial, an ingenious Frencbman. The circle of reul and substantial persona novelty consisted in placing the lantern ges have, however, set forth their young

on the opposite side of the screen which wants and wishes in a stroug petition receives the images, instead of on the to us, and bave prayed in most loyal

same side as the spectator, in the old terinis, that, in consideration of the pre

manner, and suffering no light to apsent inclement, and (according to immemorial usage) very merry-making tends to form those images ; the sliders

pear but what passes through, and season, we would, at least for one

were therefore perfectly opake, except number, forego such our intentions, that portion upon wbich the transparent and would graciously please to fultil the figures are drawn, and the exhibition promises held out and made in a certain

is thus conducted. proclamation (see Prospectus,) issued under authority, when they were very exhibition were removed, except one

All the lights of the small theatre of little boys. Supported (and as we hanging lamp, which could be drawn shrewdly suspect instigated) by cer. tain iufluence which such young rebels up so that its Aame should be perfectly

enveloped in a cylindrical chimney or can always secure, and which is found opake shade. In this gloomy and wato prevail in every well regulated court, Pering light, the curtain was drawn up, they have prevailed. That the reader and presented to the spectator a cave or may judge for himself of the propriety place exhibiting skeletons, and other of our condescension to the humble re

figures of terror, in relief, and painted quest of these petitioners, let him pe

on the sides or walls. After a short inruse the subjoined public promise, terval the lamp was drawn up, and the which the rogues bad soinehew or other

audience were in total darkness, sucprocured, (for it was issued many years

ceeded by thunder and lightning ; which ago,) and inserted it in their petition, last appearance was formed by the maand I have little doubt but he will, as I did, wonder that the subject should let down after the disappearance of the

gic lantern upon a thin cloth or screen, ever have been so long laid on the shelf. light, and consequently unknown to Here is the document:

most of the spectators. These appear“Preparing for the press a Descriptive ances were followed by figures of deEssay on the Instrument vulgarly termed parted men, ghosts, skeletons, transthe Magic Lantern, with plates and mutations, &c. produced on the screen wood cuts, which will contain complete by the magic lantern on the other side, instructions for the more perfect inan- and moving their eyes, mouth, &c. by agement and the more extensive and ra

a well-known contrivance of two or tional use of this most curious instru

more sliders. The transformations were ment in its present improved state; and effected by moving the adjusting tube of an account of the various instruments and the lantern out of the focus, and changcontrivances for exhibiting optical de- ing the slider at the moment of the conceptions; a deseription of various sim

fused

appearance. ple and amusing combinations to be

It must be again remarked, that these made with the Magic Lantern, and dis. tinct instructions for the choice and circle of illumination, and that the

figures appear without any surrounding management of the colours, &c, used in spectators, having no previous view or painting the slides, which enables per- knowledge of the screen, nor any visisons who can draw in water colours, to ble object of comparison, are each left paint very superior slides themselves; directions for fitting up portable thea- their respective fancy. After a very

to imagine the distance according to tres of optical amusement at a small ex

short time of exhibiting the first figure, pense, dissertations on the probability it was seen to contract gradually in alí of optical deceptions having been used its dimensions, until it became extremeduring the dark ages to overawe the ly small, and then vanished. This efignorant, and the eligibility of now em

fect, as may easily be imagined, is proploying the same means to promote and duced

by bringing the lantern nearer simplify the objects of general educa. and nearer the screen, taking care at zion."

the same time to preserve the distinctness, and at last closing the aperture

altogether : and the process being (ox. it will be needful for us to explain with cept as to brightness) exactly the same reference to a figure, the arrangement, as happens wlien visible objects become and actual construction of the appar &more remote, the mind is irresistibly led tus and machinery. to consider the figures as if they were The lantern with which Philipsthal receding to an immense distance. exhibited was of the construction de

Previous to our description of the picted in the upper figure of the arwhole of this remarkable exhibitiou, nesed cut;

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in which A A is a tin case or box, with a close fitting door at its back, and a high chimney B. to convey off the smoke and heat from an argand lamp C. Dis a lens of four inches diameter, and plano convex, of eight inches focal length, between which and the lamp is placed the painting to be exhibited. Along tube E (say of 18 inches,) proceeds from the large lens, and a smaller lens F of a. bout two inches in diameter, and seven inches focal length, is fixed in a short cylindrical frame G, which is covered on its flat and circular edge with cloth, and is moved or adjusted back and forwards in the tube E by a rack H, as the figure is required to be produced larger or smaller.

(To be continued.)

CHRONOLOGY FOR THE YEAR

1824.

MARCH. 1. MA. ABERCROMBIE complains in the House of Commons of the conduct of the Lord Chancellor, for having noticed in open Court what had passed in the House, and for having declared a statement of Mr. Abercrombie's respecting the Court of Chancery to be an utter falsehood. The House refuse to interfere, :

8. Lord Byron sells his valuable Manor of Rochdale, in Lancashire, at a very low sum, supposed to be 31,0001., in order to apply the produce to the assistance of the Greeka.

8. The House of Commons come to

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as

a resolution that the duties and draw. racks at Cairo, which destroyed 6000 backs on the exportation of silk shall men, several powder magazines, a field cease on the 25th of this month, and of artillery, and an immense quantity of that in July, 1826, the importation of ainmunition, which had been prepared foreign silks shall be allowed on the for an expedition against the Greeks. payment of 30 per cent. duty. The silk 22. The collection of pictures of the weavers surround the House of Cone late John Juius Augerstein, Esq., 38 inons in great numbers, and present a in number, purchased by Government petition by Mr. Burton, inscribed on at the sum of 57,0001, as the commercecrimson silk, against the proposed al- ment of a national gallery. Sir George teration of the laws.

Beaumont liberally gives his pictures 10. The niece of Lord Bathurst, while to the public for the same purpose. taking a ride on horseback by the banks

A company formed at St. Petersof the Tiber at Rome, is suddenly burgh under the auspices of the En. thrown into the river by the fall of her peror of Russia, to unite the Black Sea horse, and drowned.

to the Baltic, by canals from the Dnie11. The officers of the 10th hussars per and Niemen. ridiculed in a new Comedy brought out

(To be continued in our next.) at Covent-garden Theatre, called, “ Pride shall have a Fall."

LETTERS OF TATE WILKINSON 12. The Dey of Algiers, intimidated by the declaration of war on the part of

TO MATHEWS, THE COMEDIAN. England, surrenders all the Spanish

THERE are kings who have never prisoners he had lately taken.

been crowned; and such, in his way, 15. The Marquis of Lansdown moves,

was honest Tate Wilkinson-tlie most in the House of Lords, that an Address morose of managerial monarchs. His be presented to the King, praying him person and manner are as familiar to to acknowledge the independence of the the town by Mr. Mathews's personificaSpanish South American colonies. Lord tion of them in his " youthful days," 18 Liverpool mores, an amendment,

if they had not passed away. We shall, that the House is satisfied with the mea. therefore, add to the interest and curios sures already adopted. The amend. sity of the picture by connecting it with ment is agreed to.

one or two of his youthful despatchesThe House of Commons refuse to

and the rather as they refer to the abolish flogging in the army.

“ youthful days" of other persons, about 16. Mr. Canning obtains leave to

whom the town is, in the present day, bring in a Bill to render more effectual still more interested. It will be seen by the Laws against Slave-trading, by the following that there is no such thing gradually effecting the freedom of the as mounting the ladder of distinction blacks in the West Indies.

without treading the lowermost steps 17. Mr. Hobhouse presents a petition of it, however soiled they inay be. We to the House of Commons from Mr. here see the most successful actor of the Worgman, a jeweller, praying that No- day, at the beck and call of a man who blemen may be allowed to exercise their

now only lives in his personification of influence at elections openly, and that him. The address will remind the reathe proprietors of close boroughs may

der of what Mathews relates that send their nominees to the House with Tate ever called a person twice by the out the trouble of an election.

same name. 19. At Cordova the Exaltados suc To Mr. Maddox, or Mathews, Theatre, ceed in murdering ten persons, in pur

Carmarthen. suance of a plot to assassinate all the

Hull, Feb. 10, 98. Constitutionalists on this day, being the Sir-As a man in the mountains, and feast of St. Joseph.

not known on change, added to your ex20. One of the sons of Mr. Hender- press desire of being here, convinces son, Consul-General at Colombia, de me you have misunderstood my meaning stroyed by an alligator, whilst bathing for engaging you in Junc next-I shall in the river Magdalena.

want a comedian that can strike the 21. Captain Sir George Ralph Col. audience well, as to say, " this will do,” lier, in a state of mental derangement, and then advance your situation. And occasioned by some severe reflections as to coming out in a first situation, and on his conduct in “ James's History of the business you wrote for, no such the late Naval War," puts a period to thing can be complied with. Mr. Emery his existence by cutting his throat with is in full possession of fame and chaa razor.

racters--80 suit your convenience as to Dreadful fire in the Arsenal Bar staying away. If you are with me at

York, 220 July, or Aug. 18, it will do. and good conduct in irregular skirMr. Emery will not quit me till the mishing, he soon rose to the situation London theatre opens--therefore you of commander-in-chief of the Guerilla can only play occasionally—but you will of Navarre. His services were so have full scope untill the end of Octo- agreeable to the Regency, which gober, and then I can judge of contiou- verned the kingdom during the captivity ance or raising terms, according to your of Ferdinand, that they heaped military desert and success—for a good come honours upon him, the bare enumeration dian only will do if I can get hiu. of which occupies two pages of the

Your, &c.

work. This patronage was not beTate WILKINSON. stowed in vain. Mina became the chief Dear Sir-I am truly pleased at your

actor in every warlike effort which the success, and think it a feather in the Spanish army made, while we acted as York company—but you write to me as

their auxiliaries ; and though his troops if I was in a recoverable state-in were ill-provided with necessary equipstead of that, (to write) this is a vio- ments-though military stores could not lent fatigue. I had néar 901. inonday be obtained, except by breve manu capnight at Leeds—but I am not equal to

tures from the enemy; and even defeebe pleased, or to eat any thing. I am

tion was sown in his camp, he still mainworse than ever. Your letter is now

tained his ground; and to his effective before me.

I cannot get through it, yet aid in distracting the forces of the you write to me as if I was as gay as

French, our successes at Vittoria and yourself. I want to see no July Richards Pampeluna may be greatly attributed. or Octavians--not but you may tell Mr. He kept his authority and command till Elliston if he can eoine on the 71h Sun, the return of Ferdinand, when despoday in Trinity I shall be glad to see him. tism and fanaticism having arrayed Tell him to write by return. He can

themselves against Constitutional liberplay on Monday in London--monday, ty, he was obliged to exile himself in Aug. 12. I bave no strength or time for France. This finished his “ Campaign compliments. Wishing you good health of Independence.” After spending six Yours in great pain,

years under Buonaparte and the Bour. Tate Wilkinson.

bons, he arrived in Spain, and was alP. S. This is a great fatigue and pain most immediately afterwards invested

with a command in ebief. The exerTo Mr. Mathews.

tions in the “Campaign of Liberty" did not sully the laurels which he bad

already gained. He was ever to be Spirit of the Magazines. found firm at his post--the same brave

patriot--the same intrepid soldier who LIFE OF GENERAL MINA.

rose superior to the obstacles which This brave patriot has at length con were thrown in his path, and to the evil sented to gratify the wislies of his machinations of his eneinies. But the friends by a brief history of his life, or irruprion of the French-coming like a ratber of bis campaigns, for his private torrent from the Pyrenees to destroy annals are mingled up and chronicled in every vestige of national independence, those of his unhappy country. What- completely paralyzed the hand of Mina. ever of prejudice attached to his pame Stretched on the sick-bed-without will now be fully removed by this pub- troops—without resources-surrounded lication ; and if the character of Mina by spies and traitors, he languished for once attracted notice by his chivalrous some time in Spain, vainly expecting a devotion to Spain, in her days of tribu. re-action in the minds of his degraded lation, the interest will, for the same countrymen. reason, be teufold increased. The diffi "At last," says he, p. 101, “ when culties with which he had to encounter, the Constitutional Government was dis. in his career of glory, are plainly and solved, with the Cortes ; the King remodestly told. He was the son of an stored to absolute power; and wben the bonest farmer of Idozin, in the pro- chemy's army, reinforced by the 5th vince of Navarre, and until his 20th corps, under the command of Marshal year devoted himself to the labours of Lauristou, was threatening a formidhuzbandry. His patriotism was first able siege to the only places in Cataluua excited by " the treacherous invasion of which continued to defend themselves, Spain by Napoleon in 1808; and, anx. Barcelona, Tarragona, and Hostaljous to serve his country, be abandoned rich; what was to be done? To prohis native village in 1809, and enlisted long the defence of them was next to as a private soldler. By his bravery impossible ; hope there was none; and

to me.

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