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Master of the Rolls in their custody, tied the loins, broke his back, and tre expirect back to back. That these two unhappy, in great agonies. The troops were all gentlemen were made fast to the long ordered out, and every thing bore the apcannon on the parade, which, being pre- pearance of confusion. In twelve minutes riously loaded, was then discharged, and and three-quarters from the time of shout. their bodies blown into a million of pieces. ing the King, the Princess was mounted That the smugglers then, in great num on a black horse, and dressed in regimenbers, marched to the City, where they tals, at the head of a thousand German seized upon the court of Aldermen, and cavalry, who were supported by eight as many Directors of the India Company thousand four hundred and eighty-eight as they could find, all of whom they put French infantry, exclusive of commise: to death, except Brook Watson, who was sioned and non-commissioued officers, tied by his wooden' leg to the top of the drums and 6 fes, at the head of whom was Monument. There was not a word of the Pretender, as commander in chief. Mr. Fox, or Napper Tandy, at Rochester, Both armies met in Hyde-Park, where, bor of the Queen or Princesses. Poor the guards did miracles; but overpower.. Watson, said I to myself, (and it blew ed by numbers, they were obliged to rebitter hard,) what will become of thee in treat; and had not the providence of God this storm!

sent the Master-General of the ordnance Still anxious, I posted to Chatham, to Tyburn, with a new howitzer to cover shere I thought I should arrive at the their retreat, they must all have been cur truth, Chatham being a garrisoned town. to pieces. There his Grace proved the Here I had fulf confirmation, and all the rise of fortifications, by getting behind an particulars from the landlord, who had ald cow-house, and from thence so an. them from a serjeant's wife that washed, noyed the Pretender's army, that they for a Colonel, who had them by express durst not pursuç the guards. In the froin London.

battle the Russian Princess was killed by The afair, as related at Chatham, ter a musket shiot; and on examination she rified me with horror. A lady, who said proved to be no other person than the fashe was a Russian Princess, begged to mous Timothy Brecknock, who was suppresent a petition to his Majesty; she posed to be hanged at Castle-bar some held it in ber hand in the form of a large time ago, but who, it seems, was brought roll of parchment, which his Majesty to life for this rebellious purpose. Things bent forward to receive, when the treach were in this state when the express set ofl. erous Princess fired off a pistol that was Well, says I to myself, my little pro.. concealed within the roll, and which hav. perty is gone, and the uational debt wil! ing four rifle barrels, each loaded with be paid of by a wipe sooner thau Mr. Pitt hall, two of them struck his Majesty on expected. There can now be no doubt the head, and penetrated the os frontis, of the fact, every thing is so circumstanlodged in the pia mater, and occasioned tial. thought it best, however, to proinstant death. But it was not the King ceed, and I travelled post without asking alone that fell; a footman, and a yeoman á question until I came to Shooter's-hill. of the guards, were mortally wounded by There I thought I could plainly hear the the two other balls; and the Princess, firing of small arms and the noise of availing herself of the general consterna. the Duke of Richmond's new howitzer. tion, drew forth another pistol and a dag- I asked the landlord how many the enemy ger, and rushing up into the Council-room, now were, and whether the troops from there slew the poor Attorney-General, the interior parts had arrived to strengthen as he was altering and amending a letter the Royal army. The landlord said be from Mr. Eden, about the Commercial knew nothing about troops, except the Treaty. Mr. Pitt, on seeing this bloody- dd troops that were quartered on him minded deed, fled to the door, but in bis against the field-day. "O then,” said I, confusion, not knowing how it opened, “thank God, some assistance is arrivedl." he was delayed, and unfortunately met -"Assistance!" replied the landlord, the fate of the Attorney General, being “assistance is of no use now. Tankard stabbed in the neck, just in the place and his party are routed, and the sinug where Cassius 'struck the first Cæsar. glers have carried the day; they carried The stab was so violent, and the dagger off every thing before the troops arrived so long, that the point penetrated to the here.” The Rochester story now occurred, luogs, and several of the ligaments of the and I bemoaned the fate of my poor heart. The undismayed Princess then friend Watson on the top of the monito made her way into St. James's-street, ment. “And are they really smugglers," where, meeting an ensigu of the guards, said 1,“that have done this bloody deed?" she knocked him down with the but-end --“Sinugglers! aye, that they are, and of her pistol, and, giving him a kick on stout fellows, l'll warrant them," replied

the landlord; “bụt they han't killed any Rhodes's livery stables on the Surrey side of body." My heart leaped to my mouth; Westminster-bridge; where I learned that and I asked my host if the Master of the the King was wounded between the fourth Rolls and the Minister were not blown to and fifth ribs; that the dagger had pene atoms by the great gun in the park, and trated the liver, but that the King was if my old school-fellow was not stuck on not dead. his wooden leg at the top of the Monu These were glorious tidings; both my tent? The landlord was all amazement, Sovereign and my property were alive! and asked the post-boy if I was mad. The f hastened joyfully in a coach to și. post-boy said all the road was mad; and James's, where the proper and authentic asked how far off the Pretender was?- intelligence was put into my hands, and The landlord said he knew no such sign five lines of the Gazette told me the on the road: but as to the smugglers, simple fact of the King's life being atthey were got off, and Mr. Tankard was tempted by one poor mad woman! Thus, gone after the tobacco-cart. I now found in its way from London to Dover, did the out my mistake, and that my smuggters story magnify itself into an assasination and the landlord's smugglers were dif. by Mr. Fox, a murder by an Indian ferent persons. I therefore asked him Princess, a rebellion by a Russian Prinhow soon he heard of the king's death cess, a massacre by smugglers, a butchery after the assassination by the Russian of all the Royal family by a gipsey, and Princess, and what were the particulars? a general slaughter of the house of HanoHe told me that I had heard the story ver by twenty assassins! quite wrong: there was no Russian Prin Such is the force of a travelling story; cess concerned. The King, he said, was and happy is it that every man in England poisoned by hot rolls and butter at Wind. can now laugh at the above idle reports, sor, and dropped down dead as he was the danger being past, and the King segetting out of his carriage at St. James's. cure in the attachment of his people. The baker had been taken up, and con

Most sincerely yours, fessed that Charles Fox came to him, when he had the dough in the learen, and that he gave him some powder to mix with it, THE NECESSARIES OF LIFE. which, he said, would make the Royal A contrasted view of the price of proFamily love him; and he accordingly put visions in the year 1561, and the year it in. Fox' was fled to Ireland. The Queen

1824. was extremely ill, and the two elder Princesses were dead, and the rest of the The expense of maintaining King family (for they all eat rolls and butter) Henry the Sixth, a prisoner by Edward were in a most dangerous way. Things the Fourth, in the Tower of London, were all quiet, and an express gone off with the daily allowances of ten persons for the Prince to come to town.

waiting upon bim for fourteen days, was This had a wonderful effect on my altogether 41. 5s. per day for the king mind, and I was anxious to get to town. and his ten attendants.

And that capBut one of the horses falling lame at the tive king's own diet for two days in the Green Man on Blackbeath, I was induced Tower cost but 18. 11d. per day. to ask the news there, while another was The expenses allowed to the Duke of getting. Here I beard, that the King was Exeter, a prisoner of the Lancastrian stabbed in the belly with a butcher's party, for himself per week was 68. 8d.; knife by one of the eastern Princesses, for his chief attendant 2s. and three other who was loaded with irons in India, by attendants 18. 8d. each per week; and Mr. Hastings; that his Majesty's bowels also for his own three servants 1s. 4d. came out, and that he died immediately.


week. -The Princess was secured, and sent to By the act of the 24th of Henry the the Tower.

Eighth, c. 3, beef, pork, mutton, and A fresh horse being put to the chaise, veal, were first directed to be sold by we soon arrived at the Bricklayer's Arms, weight, and no person to take above one opposite Kent bar turnpike, where the halfpenny a pound for beef or pork, nor horses would not pass without water. above three farthings for mutton or veal. There the landlady, who was a widow, in- The halfpenny at that time, it is true, formed me, that Charles Fox, disguised was equal to three farthings of our in woman's clothes, had murdered the present money. King, and fled to' Ireland, from whence The following is a copy taken from a he was to bring over all the volunteers, manuscript of Dr. Smith: and Napper Tandy, to take London by

Anno Domini 1561. storn-ihe vile ungrateful man!

In about five minutes we were at Wm. Mingay, Esq. Mayor of the City of


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PEDLER'S ACRE. Norwich, his expenses for a dinner, in Hume estimates the value or efficacy the which he feasted the Duke of Nor- of a given weight of silver coins in the folk, and the Lords, Knights, and Gentry. eleventh and twelfth centuries, to the value

£ 8. d.

and efficacy of our silver coins in the year Imprimis--Beef eight stone,

1762, to have been in the proportion of at 1416. the

only 10 to 1, but we believe no one will stone ..

0 5 4 think that, in the year 1824 or even as Two collars of

far back as 1762, the Mayor of Norwich brawn


could entertain the Duke of Norfolk, Four geese:..


and the lords, knights, and gentry, so

14 Eight pists of but.

sumptuously as Mr. Mingay did in 1561, ter

0 i 6 for ísl. 178. 6d. or even double that A forequarter of veal

0 0 10 A bindquarter of


0 1 0 A leg of miutton.. 0 0 5 A New invention, called the ParaA loin of mutton

grandine, is spoken vf in some of and shoulder of

the Italian journals. Its object is to veal

0 1 0 avert hail-storms, as the electrical conA breast and coast

ductors serve to obviate danger from mutton

0 0 7 lightning. In this climate, the hail is Six plovers 0 1 O seldom so violent as to occasion any Four brace of par

very serious losses ; but in many parts tridges

0 2 0 of the continent, it is dreaded as the Four couple of

most destructive enemy of the husbandrabbits

1 8 man: and we have known insurance Two guinea pigs 1 0 companies established for the sole purFour couple of

pose of guarding against loss by hailhens

0 0 storms. The inventor of the ParagradTwo couple of

dine is a Signor Apostolle; and many mallards 0 1 O experiments have been made with it by Thirty-foar cggs 0 0 6 a Signor Thollard. A report in its Two bushels of

favour has been made at Milan by Signor Hour

0 1 6 Beltrami. One of the latest accounts Sixteen loaves of

of its beneficial effects has been pubwhite bread :: 0 0 4 lished by Signor Antonio Perotti of San Eighteeri loaves of

Giovanni di Cassara. He states, that wheaten bicad. 0 0 9 on a piece of land belonging to himself, Three loaves of

containing 16,000 perches in extent, mislin brcad.. 0 0 3 having fixed up several of the ParaOne barrel double

grandini, he had the satisfaction to fiud heer

2 6 that no injury was done by hail to the One barrel small

corn, and very little to the vines, although beer

0 1 O no less than fourteen storms bad oc. One quarter wood 0 2 2 curred in the current year, five of which Nuts,macc, civua.

appeared to threaten great misebicf to mou, and granes 0 3 his fields, but passed over them and fell Four pounds Bar

on the neiglıbouring lands of Valvasovi, bary sugar, i.. 1 6 Bagnarola, and Savorgnano. These Fruit and almonds 0 7 instruments are composed of metallic Sweet water and

points and straw ropes, bound together perfumes

4 with hempen or flaxen threads. Dr. Sixteen oranges.. 0 0 2 Astolfi, in a letter to Professor Frau Two gallons while

cesco Orioli, of Bologna, relates that ou and claret wine 0 2 O "the 19th of June a háil-storm, proceeding One quart sack 9d.

in a direction frorn Bentivoglio to St. onequart malm

Giovanni Triano, camne near the laids sey5d, one quart

of Count Chenet, which were protected bastard 3d. and

by Paragrandini; on approaching which one quart mus

the clouds were seen at once to disperse. catine 6d..... 0 1 11 A similar occurrence happened on the

24th of June on the estate of Galicra, Tutal'........ 1 17 9 wlicre a number of these urachines had

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been set up by Dr. Paucaldi. The last lay down near the bank, and fell asleep statement we sball notice is contaiued, while his vigilant dog stood near as a in an official regort to the Milan govern-, faithful sentinel during his master's ment by Goufaloniere of San Pietro in slumbers. As soon as he awoke, he Casale. He says, that during a stormy found that the animal had made an day, when there were many claps of excavation by scratching, and, upon thunder and flashes of lightning, he further inspection, he perceived some went out to observe the effects of the pieces of gold a little below the surface Paragrandine, and noticed the electric of tbe ground. Having supplied his duid to be attracted by the points of the temporary wants from this unexpected straw in the machine, around which the treasure, he adjourned to a neighbouring flame played in graceful curyes; while inn, resolved to prosecute his discuin the adjoining fields not protected by veries on the following day; when he the Paragı andine, much rain fell, and had no great difficulty in discovering . the lightning did considerable inischief." many vessels filled with the precious

metal. Having thus, as it were, by a BUCHAN,

miracle, become the disposer of immense Was boru at Ancram in Roxburgh. plot of ground, -the miue of his riches;

wealth, he determined to purchase the shire, im 1729. He was educated at Edinburgh with a view to the church, " Pedler's Acre;" thus verifying the

-which from him was denominated which however he quitted for the study words of Scripture ;—“The kingdom of oti medicine, and after residing there several years he went and settled in Heaven is like unto treasure hid in a Yorkshire, where he became physician field; the which, when a mau hath to the Foundling Hospital at Ackworth. found, he bideth ; and for joy thereof, He continued there till the institution gueth and selleth all that he hath, and was dissolved, and then returned to buyeth that field.”—Matt. c. xiii. v. 44. Edinburgh, where he practised several

Not long after, the fortunate dog of years with success. lu 1770 he pub this still more fortunate master, died; lished his popular book, entitled “Do and the opuleut pedler, instigated by mestic Medicine; or, a Treatise on the gratitude towards the poor animal who Cure and Prevention of Diseases;" which had been instrumental in ibis extraordihas goue through numerous editions. Þary event, desired to obtain for his He now removed to London, where he

canine servant more honourable burial also obtained considerable practice, God's creation. For this purpose, he

than is commonly allotted to this part of which was diminished by the preference he gave to society rather than to busi. applied to the sexton of the parish,

He published two other useful offering a liberal donation in the event of buoks, "A Treatise on the Venereal Dise bis wishes being gratified. Gold can ease,” which went through three editions, effect every thing, and the wealthy and “Advice to Mothers on the subject applicant found little obstruction to the of their own Health, and on the means

accomplishment of his object. The dog of pruinoting the Health, Strength, and accordingly was interred within the preBeauty of their Offspring ;" both in cincts of consecrated ground; and there 8vo. He died in 1805. Dr. Bucban

is still to be seen (in Newington Church, left a son, who is also an eminent phy. rative of this very singular incident.

we believe) a carved tablet commemosician, and has writlen “ Practical Observations concerning Sea-Bathing ; to which are added, Remarks on the Warm



[An Extract from the unpublished works PEDLER'S ACRE.

of M. de Reiffenberg, professor in the The subjoined story, though but

University of Louvain.] little known, is a fact authenticated by

Soul. historical record, and may be considered Arise. one of those providential instances

Body. of good fortune, which not only delight

Who wakes me? but astonishes the mind.

Soul. Before Westminster Bridge was built,

Hear'st thou the thunder peal there was a rendezvous for passengers Whose voice loud calls thee from the sion that spot, vulgarly called “the Far lent dust? thing Ferry It happened that a poor Time is accomplished. pedler, having crossed the river from

Body. Vestuinster, oppressed with fatigue,

I belong to nothinguess.





than four yards in depth. This dark There's no such thing. --Come follow me. slimy mixture of mud and water followed Body.

the course of the rivulet, overflowing its

To where? banks for twenty or thirty yards on each To whom?

side, and to the distance of seven or Sorel

eight miles from the immediate irruption; Thy Judge.

all this way is deposited a black moorish Body.

substance, varying from eight to thirtyAnd who is he? six inches in depth, and mixed ocasionally Soul.

with sand and rocky fragments, pieces Thy God. of timber, and uprooted trees, which had Body.

been borne along by the inpetuous torWhat would he?

rent. This heavy and powerful stream Soul.

broke down one solid stone bridge, made Vengeance.

breaches in two others, clogged up and ; Body.

stopped several inills, laid flat several No, there is no God. whole fields of corn, and overthrew to the Soul.

foundation several hedges and walls. In Unbappy wretch!

its course it entered the houses, floating Body

the furniture about, to tbe astonishment Or if there be, his mercy and terror of the inhabitants. At the Will forgive the faults of an imperfect time of the irruption the clouds were being

copper-coloured, and lowering; the atSoul.

mosphere was strongly electric, and unBefore his throne thoul't find thou art usually close and saltry. There was at deceived.

the same time loud and frequent thunder, Come on.

with much zigzag lightning, peculiarly Body.

faring and vivid. An hour before there And who art thou ?

was scarcely a breath of air stirring, but Soul.

the wind quickly rose to a hurricane, and Come.

after blowing hard from six to eight Body.

o'clock, sunk again into a profound calm, No. at which time the heavy rain, which had Soul.

continued all the while, ceased, and,

with the exception of a few floating 'Thy soul.

clouds, the sky was very serene. · The Body.

whole is conjectured by the neighbours Away! Death hath released me to be caused by some subterraneous From thy detested intercourse - - Hence, commotion, the most considerable as to

its results that has taken place in this Nor longer trouble my profound repose.

kingdom for many generations. The EXTRAORDINARY PHENOMENON

river Aire, at Leeds, presented the effects

of this phenomenon last Friday afternoon; A Correspondeat has forwarded to us

the water that came down the river was the following account of one of the most

in such a polluted state as to have poisonextraordinary phenomena which we remember to have seen an account of in ed great quantities of fish; and the

water, contiouing ju much the same England :On Thursday last, the 2nd instant, for culinary purposes as well as for

turbid state, has become entirely useless at Haworth, five miles south of Keighley,

The Coinmissioners of the iu the West Riding of the county of

dyers, &c. York, and on the borders of Lancashire, the inhabitants of Leeds, that they will at

water-works have given public notice to about six o'clock in the evening, a part present suspend the supply of water, so of the high-lands on the Stanbury-moor opened into a chasm, and sunk to the totally useless to them, until the stream

subsides into a proper state. depth of six yards, in some places exbibiting a ragged appearance, and form. Death comes but once, the Philosophers say

ANACREONTIC. ing two principal cavities,—the one was And 'tis true, my brave boys! but that once about two hundred yards, and the other

is a clencher: not less than six hundred yards in cir- It takes us from drinking and loving away,

It turns us from warm animation to clay. cumference. From these hollows issued

Aud spoils at one blow the best Boozer and two immense columns of muddy water,

Wencher. and uniting at a distance of upwards of And Death comes to all, so they tell us again100 yards from their sources, constituted, And that 100, my boys, you'll find is no fable , for about two hours, an overwhelming Which to me is a reason prodigiously plain,

Before we reinains are, while here we remain, flood from forty to fifty (sometimes To drink all we can, aud to love all we're serenty) yards in width, and seldom less able.

I am


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