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PRE FAC E.
FROM a series of incidents, to which mortality is at all times liable, and all men must sometime encounter, the Annual Register had fallen more and more back in the time of publication. It was not an easy matter to remedy this defect, and to overtake time, in such eventful years as the last decade of the Eighteenth Century; amidst multiplied political intrigues, internal convulfions, and wars so wide in their extent, and complicated in their operation. This, however, has now been completely accomplished. We close the century, without being one volume in arrears; we conclude the volume for 1800, without leaving any event to be recorded in the next, that could, with any degree of propriety, be introduced and related in the present volume : so that, at the commencement of the century on which we have just entered, we set out, in our historical inquiries and narratives, without any encumbrance.
We congratulate our readers on that great, though somewhat unexpected, event, which so auspiciously marks the commencement of the present æra.* Thc Temple of Janus is fhut; it is not unreasonable to hope that it will be long before it be again opened. A dreadful but salutary experiment, in the course of the
* For a summary review and character of the Eighteenth Century, and more especially at its close, see the conclusion of the History of EuTope, in this volume,
అత్యంత అందము last ten years, has been made by the nations. The rulers of states and kingdoms have been taught the danger of tyranny; the people, that of anarchy; the financier, that even commercial advantages may be too dearly purchased; the politican and state finan, that durable power consists not so much in extended territory, as compacted dominion, flourishing population, and, above all, in juftice: justice in the conduct of governments external as well as internal.
We are Senceforth, we hope, and doubt not, for many years, to be called from the miferies and horrors of war to progreilive improvement in all the arts of peace; a nobler, as well as more pleasing and profitable career of ambition, among civilized nations, than that of conquest. The energy of our ingenious and lively neighbours will return to the arts and sciences with an elastic force, proportioned to the misguided ardour that has too long propelled them to the enfanguined field of battle. Their improvements will be our gain, as ours also will be theirs. May all civilized nations confociate and co-operate for the general good; for lessening calamities, incrcasing comforts, and advancing human nature to greater and greater excellence, both intellectual and moral!
It will of course become our business to watch and trace the progress or the vicissitudes of arts and sciences, the condition of society, and public opinion: a task, though more pleasing, yet not perhaps lefs difficult, than to defcribe the effects of public councils, and military operations; which, being marked by bolder and palpable lines, are more easily discerned, and more clearly comprehended.
Return of Buonaparte from Egypt to France.- His Letter to the Army of
Egypt. — The Companions of his Voyage.--Arrives at Corsica.— And at Frejus in Provence. ---Enthufiafiic Joy with which he was every where received. --Proceeds by Lyons to Paris. Hopes and Confidence of the Parihans, and in general all the French centered on this military Chief.Situation of the French Republic at this Period, external and internal.Stale of Parties.-War in the Western Departments.--Weakness and Flalfmeasures of Government.-- New political Changes meditaled by Abbé Sieyes.
- Personal Interview between the Abbé and Buonaparte.—Buonaparte carefled and courted by all Parties. The Army alone courted by him.-He favours and joins the moderate Party...Character of Abbe Sieyes. And of Buonaparte.-- Splendid Feast given in Hononr of Buonaparte. - Project for a Change in the Government and Conftitutio.— Necessarily communia caled to considerable Numbers of the Members of both Councils.— Yet kepi Secret till the Moment of Explofion. -The Council of Elders empouered by the Conftitution of 1795 to transport the Legislature whenever it should think Proper to any Commune within a certain Dipance of Paris. -ConVOL. XLII.
mand of the French Troops in and near Paris, vested, by the Council of El. ders, in Buonaparte. Translation of the Legisative Bodies, and the Di
reclory to St. Cloud. BY:what special combination of departure he concealed it from the vale considerations Buonaparte was whom he chose to accompany him. induced to quit Egypt, and return The most distinguished among thele, to France, and particularly whe- were general Berthier, chief of the ther it was in consequence of a staff; Lannes and Murat, generals secret correspondence, and concert of divifion; Marmont, the general with that subtle and restless projec- of brigade; Andreosli, the general tor of conftitutions, abbé Sieyes, or of artillery; the chief of brigade, other politicians, is not yet known: Bessieres, who commanded his nor could it be expected that it guides; the three philosophers Berfhould have yet been revealed. tholet, Mongé, and Arnaud ; a There is not, however, the least great number of officers, several reason for doubting the truth of his Mammalukes, and his guides. general declaration to the army, at Buonaparte, having communicaAlexandria, on the twenty-third of ted his design to general Berthier, August, 1799, “That he had deter- and hiin only, gave orders to vicemined immediately to return to admiral Gantheaume, to arm and France, in consequence of news get ready two frigates, together from Europe.". The substance of with two noops, the one of the the intelligence to which he alluded kind called an Aviso, the other a is well enough understood. The Tartane. This being done, he adadministration of the French repub- dresled a sealed letter to all those lic was corrupt, weak, unpopular, whom he intended to take with and odious, and her armies dil- him, with inítructions not to open comfited in Germany and Italy, by it till a certain day, at a given hour, the Austrians and Ruffians. To and at a certain point on the searepair both these misfortunes, and more. in repairing them to acquire addi- The day appointed was the tional power and glory, it may twenty-second of. Auguft. All reasonably be presumed, was the those who had received the letter leading principle in the conduct of attended at the appointed place, Buonaparte. In the execution of and opened the letter, in which this design there was an invincible they found an order for their immenecessity of the most impenetrable diate embarkation. They did not fecrecy. Until the moment of his lole a moment but left their bag
His letter to the army, on so interesting an occasion, our readers may with to fee at full length. As it is but Mort we shall here infert it: “ In consequence of the news from Europe, I have determined immediately to return to France I leave the command of the army to general Kleber. They mall hear from me speedily. This is all I can say to them at present. It grieves me to the heart to part from the brave men to whom I am so iendcrly attached. But it will be only for an instant; and the general I leave at their head, is in full pofession of the confidence of the governmenty and of mine."