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last ten years, has been made by the nations. The rulers of states and kingdoms have been taught the danger of tyranny; the people, that of anarchy; the financier, that even commercial advantages may be too dearly purchased; the politican and state finan, that durable power consists not so much in extended territory, as compacted dominion, flourishing population, and, above all, in juftice: justice in the conduct of governments external as well as internal.
We are Senceforth, we hope, and doubt not, for many years, to be called from the miferies and horrors of war to progreilive improvement in all the arts of peace; a nobler, as well as more pleasing and profitable career of ambition, among civilized nations, than that of conquest. The energy of our ingenious and lively neighbours will return to the arts and sciences with an elastic force, proportioned to the misguided ardour that has too long propelled them to the enfanguined field of battle. Their improvements will be our gain, as ours also will be theirs. May all civilized nations confociate and co-operate for the general good; for lessening calamities, incrcasing comforts, and advancing human nature to greater and greater excellence, both intellectual and moral!
It will of course become our business to watch and trace the progress or the vicissitudes of arts and sciences, the condition of society, and public opinion: a task, though more pleasing, yet not perhaps lefs difficult, than to defcribe the effects of public councils, and military operations; which, being marked by bolder and palpable lines, are more easily discerned, and more clearly comprehended.
Return of Buonaparte from Egypt to France.- His Letter to the Army of
Egypt. — The Companions of his Voyage.--Arrives at Corsica.— And at Frejus in Provence. ---Enthufiafiic Joy with which he was every where received. --Proceeds by Lyons to Paris. Hopes and Confidence of the Parihans, and in general all the French centered on this military Chief.Situation of the French Republic at this Period, external and internal.Stale of Parties.-War in the Western Departments.--Weakness and Flalfmeasures of Government.-- New political Changes meditaled by Abbé Sieyes.
- Personal Interview between the Abbé and Buonaparte.—Buonaparte carefled and courted by all Parties. The Army alone courted by him.-He favours and joins the moderate Party...Character of Abbe Sieyes. And of Buonaparte.-- Splendid Feast given in Hononr of Buonaparte. - Project for a Change in the Government and Conftitutio.— Necessarily communia caled to considerable Numbers of the Members of both Councils.— Yet kepi Secret till the Moment of Explofion. -The Council of Elders empouered by the Conftitution of 1795 to transport the Legislature whenever it should think Proper to any Commune within a certain Dipance of Paris. -ConVOL. XLII.
inand of the French Troops in and near Paris, vefied, by the Council of El. ders, in Buonaparte.-Translation of the Legislative Bodies, and the Direclory to St. Cloud.
circumstances, and what pri- army, and even from the persons vale considerations Buonaparte was
whom he cho'e to accompany him. induced to quit Egypt, and return The most distinguished among there, to France, and particularly whe- were general Berthier, chief of the ther it was in consequence of a staff; Lannes and Murat, generals secret correlpondence, and concert of division ; Marmont, the general with that subtle and restless projec. of brigade; Andreosti, the general tor of constitutions, abbé Sieyes, or of artillery; the chief of brigade, other politicians, is not yet known: Bessieres, who commanded his nor could it be expected that it guides; the three philosophers Berfhould have yet been revealed.- tholet, Mongé, and Arnaud ; a There is not, however, the least great number of officers, several reason for doubting the truth of his Mammalukes, and his guides. general declaration to the army, at Buonaparte, having communicaAlexandria, on the twenty-third of ted his design to general Berthier, August
, 1799, “ That he had deter- and hiin only, gave orders to vicemined immediately to return to admiral Gantheaume, to arm and France, in consequence of news get ready two frigates, together from Europe.". The substance of with two noops, the one of the the intelligence to which he alluded kind called an Ariso, the other a is well enough understood. The Turtane. This being done, he addadministration of the French repub- drelled sealed letter to all those lic was corrupt, weak, unpopular, whom he intended to take with and odious, and her armies dil him, with instructions not to open comfited in Germany and Italy, by it till a certain day, at a given hour, the Austrians and Rullians. To and at a certain point on the searepair both these misfortunes, and more. in repairing them to acquire addi The day appointed was the tional power and glory, it may twenty-second of August. All reasonably be presumed, was the those who had received the letter leading principle in the conduct of attended at the appointed place, Buonaparte. In the execution of and opened the letter, in which this design there was an invincible they found an order for their immenecessity of the most impenetrable diate embarkation. They did not secrecy Until the moment of his lote a inoment but left their bag
His letter to the army, on so interesting an occasion, our readers may wish to see at full length. As it is but short we shall here insert it: “ In consequence of the news from Europe, I have determined immediately to return to France I leave the command of the army to general Kleber. They shall hear from me speedily. This is all I can say to them at present. It grieves me to the heart to part from the brave men to whom I am lo tenderly attached. But it will be only for an instant; and the general I leave at their head, is in full poflession of the confidence of the governmenty and of mine."
gage in their lodgings, and their my's fleet. But the ship that carried horses on the shore. Having arrived Buonaparte, with crowded fails, was on board the lips prepared for the foon out of danger. The other three vovage, their names were called thips, about nine in the morning of
Two strangers were found the leventh, came to anchor near St. among them and relanded. They Rapheau, which, about noon, the then weighed anchor and set fail, crews were permitted to enter. Abut contrary winds did not permit bout two, Buonaparte, with his comthem to get out of the road of panions and suite, arrived at Frejus, a Aboukir till the twenty-fourth of small fea-port of Provence, amidst an Aurut.
immense concourle of people, who Previously to his departure, Bu- hastened to behold him from the onaparte left a letter auldrelled to neighbouring country. The mogeneral Kleber, with orders that it ment they landed, they fell down, in fould not be opened for twenty. imitation of a custom among the four hours after his quitting the Greek and Roman generals, and land. This letter contained his ap- einbraced the ground, which they pointment to the chief coinmand of called the Land of Liberty: Tranithe army of all Egypt, during the ports of enthusiastic joy broke out absence of Buonaparte, and an or- among the spectators on every fide, der for conferring the command of and nothing was heard but cries of Upper Egypt on general Dellaix. vive la Republique ! vive Buonaparte. On leaving the anchorage of A- The magiltaies of Frejus went out boukir, the small French Squadron to meet them, and received them could descry but one frigate, and with a kind of triumphal honours, they arrived at Ajaccio, in Corfica, The generals Lannes and Murat, on the thirtieth of September.— both wounded, sel out from St. There they were detained by con Rapheau with all the crews for trary winds till the fixth of Octo- Toulon, from whence, fome days ber.
On the fixth they were but thereafter, they proceeded to Paris. ten leagues distant from Toulon, It was certainly a piece of great when, in the evening, they per- good fortune that Buonaparte and ceived an English Squadron of eight his companions Mould effect their fail
. The question now propoled escape through so many hostile ships in council was, whether they thould of war, Rullian, Turkill, and fail' back to Corsica, or attempt to English. His greatest dangers, make the shore. Buonaparte foon however, were encountered during decided it. Recollecting, perhaps, the two first days after his embark the encouraging words of Julius ation, when he was prevented by Cæsar to his mariners in circum- contrary winds from getting out of stances also of danger, he said, the road of Aboukir. The army "Be not alarmed, fortune will not must have suppoled that he was abandon me, let us make directly only going to reconnoitre some part for the coast.” Signals were made of the coast, or for concerting and accordingly, and the frigates veered planning fome secret expedition. immediately eastward. The Avilo, There was not a little danger of his not perceiving the signals, remain- real defign, in the course of those ed behind in the midst of the ene two days being discovered; in
which cale there was also some formers read their parts, not hav. danger of the army stopping him, ing had time to commit them to and demanding an explanation of memory. On his appearance at the his conduct; so that the return of theatre, he was received with thunBuonaparte, as well as 'bis expedi- ders of applaule, and when he tion to Egypt, and transactions went out of the house, the audithere, were strongly tinciured with ence followed him home to his the marvelous. If there were in lodgings. On the day after his arreality a divinity of fortune, there rival in Paris, he had a private aucould be no doubt that Buonaparte dience of the directory: All the is of her greatest favourites, as streets and allies leading to the he himself is very ready to acknow- Luxembourg were crowded with ledge.
fpectators. Buonaparte teftified a At six o'clock in the evening of lively fenfibility to the demonstrathe feventeenth of Odober, this - tions with which he was every celebrated chief left Frejus, and where furrounded of the public joy proceeded to Paris, in company and gladness. In his way to and with general Berthier and the three from the directorial palace, he obmembers of the national institute ferred among the spectators several already mentioned. The courier soldiers who had served under him who had been dispatched before in his campaigns in Italy. These him, to announce his arrival to the men he called to him, wherever he directory, and to prepare relays of perceived them, and gave them horses for his journey, called out his hand, with expreslions of goodfor them every where in his nane, will and friend thip. He wore a and from every town and village great coat with a Turkish sabre. the people rushed out to meet him, His hair was cut very short, and and accompanied him beyond their the climate of Egypt had changed respective communities : lo im- the natural palenels of his face, info mense was tie crowd, even in the a dart complexion, which improved roads, that the carriages found it his appearance. On leaving the difficult to go forward. In every directory he paid visits to the miplace through which he passed, nisters of war and marine, and from Frejus to Paris, there were at other perfens of consequence in the night illuminations. At Lyons, service of the republic. when it was known that he was to Thefe particulars will not be pass that city, nothing was omitted censured as too minute, when we ihat could be imagined, in order reflect on the interest which the to testify the joy of the citizens, and French nation felt in Buonaparte at give him a splendid reception. A this time, and how much that unishort theatrical piece, called the versal enthufialm, in favour of this llero's Return, was composed and single man, contributed to the imrepretented immediately. The per- portant scenes with which it was
It is a question of not a little curiosity, what is the reason why Puonaparte affects to consider himself as under the peculiar protection of fortune? When he had to do with barbarians, to talk of tate and fortune, might not be bad policy? But in fortune he has es reiled his confidence to the French army, and even the French nation and legiflature, who, if they are not even deists, are much less polytheists.