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44TH CONGRESS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Ex. Doc. 46,

Part 2

, ( ,

FIRST ANNUAL REPORT

ON THE

INTERNAL COMMERCE

OF THE

UNITED STATES,

BY

JOSEPH NIMMO, JR.,

CHIEF OF THE DIVISION OF INTERNAL COMMERCE,

BEING

PART SECOND OF THE ANNUAL REPORT OF THE CHIEF

OF THE BUREAU OF STATISTICS

ON THE

COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

FOR THE

FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1876.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1877.

CONTENTS.

Page.

8

1. INTRODUCTION......

2. THE PRINCIPAL TRUNK RAILROADS OF THE UNITED STATES,

viz, The Grand Trunk Railway, the Central Vermont Railway, the New

York Central Railroad, the Erie Railway, the Pennsylvania Railroad,

the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad,

the Iron Mountain Railroad, the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad,

the Saint Louis and Chicago Railroad, the Mobile and Ohio Railroad,

the Louisville, Nashville and Great Southern Railroad, the Virginia and

Tennessee Railroad, the Atlanta and Richmond Air-Line Railroad, and

the important connections of these roads forming through lines between

different sections of the country...

A. THROUGH-FREIGHT LINES......

a. The Empire Transportation Company

b. Purposes for which through-freight lines have been formed....

B. CONSOLIDATION OF RAILROAD LINES

3. ECONOMY OF TRANSPORT BY RAIL.....

A. CIRCUMSTANCES AFFECTING THE COST OF TRANSPORTATION BY RAIL.

a. Gradients .....

b. Cost of road ......

C. Wages of labor and cost of material

d. Cost of fuel

. Effects of frost and snow.....

f. Volume of traffic.

g. Length of haul or distance transported....

h. Alignment of road

į. Bulk or package traffio..

j. Regular or irregular traffic

k. Nature and value of traffic

1. Speed

m. Quantity transported of one kind

n. Proportion of dead weight....

0. Maintenance of the road itself ...

p. Skill in management......

B. QUESTIONS OF POLICY IN RAILROAD MANAGEMENT WHICH AFFECT

FREIGHT CHARGES.

a. Questions as to the establishment of freight tariffs arising from the

relative amount of freight in each direction and from considerations

as to the advisability of carrying freights which cannot be made to

yield the average cost of transportation on the road ....

3. ECONOMY OF TRANSPORT BY RAIL-Continued.

B. QUESTIONS OF POLICY IN RAILROAD MANAGEMENT, ETC.

b. Questions of policy in the establishment of freight rates, based upon the

relations sustained by the railroads to each other and to the commerce

of the country...

4. INTERIOR WATER-LINES OF THE UNITED STATES .

A. THE CANADIAN WATER-LINES.

B. THE WATER-LINE FORMED BY THE LAKES, THE ERIE CANAL, AND THE

HUDSON RIVER...

C. THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER.....

a. The Mississippi River abore Saint Louis...

b. The Mississippi River below Saint Louis.

c. The mouth of the Mississippi River

D. THE MISSOURI River....

E. THE Ohio RIVER

a. The Louisville and Portland Canal..

F. THE CUMBERLAND RIVER

G. THE TENNESSEE RIVER....

H. THE ARKANSAS RIVER

I. WISCONSIN AND Fox RIVERS IMPROVEMENT.

J. GENERAL REMARKS IN REGARD TO THE VALUE OF WATER-LINES

5. THE COMPETITIVE FORCES WHICH EXERT AN INFLUENCE OVER

THE INTERNAL COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES.

A. COMPETITION

B. CIRCUMSTANCES WHICH TEND TO KEGULATE RAIL RATES.

C. PRACTICAL DIFFICULTIES IN THE ADJUSTMENT OF COMPETITIVE RATES.

D. COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS

6. THE COMPETITIVE FORCES WHICH EXERT A CONTROLLING IN-

FLUENCE OVER THE COMMERCE BETWEEN THE WEST

AND THE SEABOARD WITH RESPECT TO THE COMMERCIAL

INTERESTS OF BOSTON, NEW YORK, PHILADELPHIA, AND

BALTIMORE

A. VARIOUS DEGREES OF COMPETITION IN THE COMMERCE BETWEEN THE

WEST AND THE SEABOARD.

B. IMPORTANT CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH THE TRUNK-LINES ENGAGE IN

TRAFFIC BETWEEN THE WEST AND THE SEABOARD.

C. THE COMPETITIVE INFLUENCE OF THE TRUNK-LINES AND OF THE AT-

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