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shall be filed with the Secretary of State, and a certificate thereof, by said Secretary, be filed with the clerk of each county through or into which the railroad or steamboat for which such policeman is appointed may run, and in which it is intended the said policeman shall act; and such policemen shall severally possess all the powers of policemen in the several towns, cities, and villages in which they shall so be authorized to act as aforesaid.

§ 3. Section four of said act is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

Such police shall, when on duty, severally wear a metallic shield, with the words railway police,” or steamboat police,” as the case may be, and the name of the corporation for which appointed inscribed thereon, and said shield shall always be worn in plain view, except when employed as detectives.

Chap. 560. AN ACT for the preservation of the health of animals for

human food.

Passed April 13, 1866. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. No railroad company in this State, in the carrying and transportation of cattle, sheep, or swine, shall confine the same in cars for a longer period than twenty-eight consecutive hours, unless delayed by storms or other accidental causes, without unloading for rest, water and feeding, for a period of at least ten consecutive hours. In estimating such confinement, the time the animals have been confined without such rest on connecting roads from which they are received shall be computed, it being the intention to prevent their continuous confinement beyond twenty-eight hours, except upon the contingencies herein stated. Nothing in this act contained shall require the unloading of cattle, sheep, or swine, from the cars of the Buffalo and State Line railroad before their arrival at Buffalo, and the Atlantic and Great Western railroad, before they arrive at Salamanca.

§ 2. Provided the owner or person in charge of said animals refuses or neglects to pay for the care and feed of animals so rested, the railroad company may charge such expense to the owner or consignee, and retain a lien upon the animals until the same is paid; and Provided, further, That no claim of damages for detention shall be recov

ered by the owner or shipper of any animals for the time they are detained under the provisions of this act.

3. Any railroad company, owner, consignee, or person in charge of said cattle, sheep, or swine, who shall violate any provision of this act, shall, for each and every such violation, be liable for and forfeit and pay a penalty in the sum of one hundred dollars, to be sued for and collected in any court having jurisdiction, by any person, in the name of the people of the State of New York, one-half of the penalty, when collected, to belong to the informer, and the balance to be paid to the State Treasurer of the State of New York.

8 4. This act shall take effect immediately.

Ohap. 697. AN AOT supplementary to the act entitled “An act to

authorize the formation of railroad corporations, and to regulate the same," passed April 2, 1850.

Passed April 20, 1866. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. It shall be lawful for any number of persons, not less than ten, to form themselves into a company for constructing, maintaining, and operating a railway for public use, in the conveyance of persons and property, by means of a propelling rope or cable attached to stationary power, and upon compliance with the provisions of the first three sections of the act to which this is supplementary, they shall become a body corporate and politic, according to the provisions of said act; Provided, that the directors of any such company may be limited to any number not less than five, to be specified in the articles of association.

§ 2. Any such company may style itself by the name of the inventor or patentee of the particular method of propulsion used, together with such local designation as the associates may deem desirable, and shall, by such name set forth in their articles of association, have and enjoy all the powers and privileges and be subject to the liabilities mentioned in the aforesaid act passed April second, eighteen hundred and fifty, so far as the same are comprised in the first twenty-six sections and the twenty-eighth section thereof.

§ 3. Companies formed under the provisions of this supplementary act may fix and collect rates of fare on their respective roads, not

exceeding five cents for each mile or any fraction of a mile, for each passenger, and with right to a minimum fare of ten cents.

§ 4. It shall be lawful for any company formed under this act to construct and operate and maintain a road or roads in any other State or country in which the same does not conflict with the laws of such State or country; provided the assent of inventors or patentees are first obtained in the same manner and extent as would be necessary within the United States.

§ 5. Any company heretofore formed, or hereafter to be formed under the provisions of the act entitled “ An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations and to regulate the same," passed April second, eighteen hundred and fifty, or the acts amendatory thereof, may extend the time for the continuance of such company beyond the time mentioned in the original articles of association for such purpose, by the consent of two-thirds in amount of the stock held by the stockholders of said company in a certificate to be signed and proved or acknowledged by the stockholders signing the same, so as to entitle it to be recorded, which certificate shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of State, who shall upon such filing, record the same in the book kept in his office for the record of articles of association of railroad companies under said act, and make a memorandum of such record in the margin of the original articles of association in such book; and thereupon the time of the existence of such company shall be extended as designated in such certificate.

8 6. This act shall take effect immediately.

Chap. 798. AN ACT prohibiting the issue or use of free passes on the railroads of this State.

Passed April 25, 1866. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

SECTION 1. Every railroad company in this State is hereby prohibited from issuing free passes over its respective road or roads, or carrying persons or property free of charge over its road or roads, except such persons as may be injured upon its road or roads, and excepting such persons as may be employed by such railroad company, as clerks, laborers, officers or attorneys, and excepting also sick and disabled soldiers

$ 2. The penalty for a violation of this act shall be fifty dollars for each offense, to be sued for and recovered in the county where the offense shall be committed, by the district attorney thereof, in the name of the people of this State, and when collected, shall be paid into the treasury of the State.

8 3. This act shall take effect immediately.

Chap. 4. AN ACT to repeal an act entitled “An act prohibiting the issue of Free Passes on the railroads of this State."

Passed January 17, 1867. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

SECTION 1. Chapter seven hundred and ninety-eight of the laws of eighteen hundred and sixty-six, entitled “ An act prohibiting the issue of Free Passes on the railroads of this State,” is hereby repealed.

§ 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

Chap. 49. AN AOT to amend an act entitled an act to authorize the

formation of railroad corporations, and to regulate the same, passed April second, eighteen hundred and fifty.

Passed March 1, 1867. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. Section thirty-six of the act entitled “ An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations and to regulate the same, passed April second, eighteen hundred and fifty, is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

§ 36. Every such corporation shall start and run their cars for the transportation of passengers and property, at regular times, to be fixed by public notice, and shall furnish sufficient accommodations for the transportation of all such passengers and property as shall within a

reasonable time previous thereto be offered for transportation at the place of starting, and at the junctions of other railroads, and at the usual stopping places established for receiving and discharging way passengers and freights for that train; and shall take, transport and discharge such passengers and property at and from and to such places on the due payment of the fare or freight legally authorized therefor. No preference for the transaction of business shall be granted by said railroad corporation to any one of two or more companies or associations competing, in the business of transporting property for themselves or for others, upon the railroad owned or operated by such corporation, either upon the cars, or in the depots or buildings, or upon the grounds of such corporation; and whenever the railroad of such corporation, at or near the same place, connects with, or is intersected by any other railroad, such corporation shall fairly and impartially grant and afford to each of such competing companies or associations, equal terms of accommodation, privileges and facilities in the transportation of property and freight to and upon such connecting or intersecting railroad, and shall also grant and afford to each of such competing companies or associations, and to the officers, agents and employees thereof, equal facilities in the interchange and use of express, freight and other cars, so far as may be necessary to accommodate the business of each of such competing companies or associations, and every railroad corporation shall be liable to the party aggrieved in an action for damages for any neglect or refusal in the premises. The provisions of this section shall apply to all existing railroad corporations.

82. This act shall take effect immediately.

Chap. 254.
AN AOT in relation to railroads held under lease.

Passed April 3, 1867; three-fifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. Any railroad corporation created by the laws of this State, or its successors, now being the lessee of the road of

any

other railroad corporation, may take a surrender or transfer of the capital stock of the stockholders or any of them in the corporation whose road is held under lease, and issue in exchange therefor the like addi

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