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exterminates the whole nation to which Mordecai belonged. Abusing, for his cruel purpose, the favour of his credulous sovereigo, he obtained a decreel to be sent forth, that, against
a certain day, all the Jews throughout the Persian dominions should be put to the sword.
5. Meanwhile, confident of success, and blind, to approaching ruin, he continued exulting in his prosperity. Invited by Ahasuerus to a royal banquet; which Esther the queen had prepared, “ he went forth that day joyful, and with a glad heart.” But behold how slight an incident was sufficient to poison his joy! As he went forth, he saw Mordecai in the king's gate; and observed, that he still refused to do him homage: “ He stood not up, nor was mov ed for him;" although he well knew the formidable designs, which Haman was preparing to execute.
6. One private man, who despised his greatness, and disdained submission, while a whole kingdom trembled before him; one spirit, which the utmost" stretch of his porer could neither subdue nor humble, blasted his triumphs. His whole soul was shaken with a storm of passion. Wrath, pride, and desire of revenge, rose into fury.
7. With difficulty he restrained himself in publick; but as soon as he came to his own house, he was forced to disclose the agonyp of his mind. He gathered together his friends and family, with Zereshi his wife. 66 He told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and of all the things wherein the king had promoted him; and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants only a of the king.
8. He said, moreover, Yea, Esther the queen suffered no Kotha man to come in with the king, to the banquet that she had prepared, but myself; and to-morrow also am I invited to throne her with the king.” After all this preamble," what is the Eliza conclusion? “ Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate." 9. The sequels of Haman's history I shall not now pur
It might afford matter for much instruction, by the conspicuous justice of God in his fall and punishment. But contemplating only the singular situation, in which the heir expressions just quoted present him, and the violent agitation of his mind which they display, the following reflections enco naturally arise:
19. How miserable is vice, when one guilty passion creates so much torment! how unavailing is prosperity,
1. 'I moral !
| and hi
when in the height of it, a single disappointment can destroy the relish of all its pleasures! now weak is human nature, which in the absence of real, is thus prone to form to itself imaginary woes!
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SECTION IV. a As-pire, ås-pire', to desire with l For-ti-tude, för-te-túde, courage, eagerness.
bravery. 6 Mod-ern, mod'-dúrn, late, not an-m Fe-lic-i-ty, fè-lis'-e-te, happiness, cient.
pleasure. c Rog-er-As-cham, rôj'-jůr-ås'-kám, n Scaf-fold, skåf'-fủld,, a slight tuior to Queen Elizabeth.
frame. d Re-plete, re-plète', quite full. o Con-stan-cy, kön'-stån-sė, resolu. ' e Lit-er-a-ture,lit'-tér-rå-túre,learn- tion. ing, skill.
p Of-fence, ôf-fénse', crime, -injury. f Pref-er-a-ble, préf-fér-å-bl, eligi- 9 In-fringe-ment, in-frinje'-ment, ble, better.
breach, violation. & En-ter-prise, én-tér-prize, a haz-r Con-strain, kon-stråne', to compel. ardous undertaking
s A-tone, &-tone', to answer for. Re-lin-quish, rè-ling'-kwish, tot Fil-ial, fil-yál, pertaining to a forsake, leave, release.
Ten-der, tên’-dir, to offer, soft. u Tend, tënd, to watch, to move to. k Zeal, zéle, ardour for any person wards.
Lady Jane Gray. 1. This excellent personage was descended from the riends royal line of England by both her parents.
She was carefully educated in the principles of the reformation; and her wisdom and virtue rendered her a shining example to her sex. But it was her lot to continue only a short period on this stage of being; for, in early
life, she fell a sacrifice to the wild ambition of the duke of ed Northumberland, who promoted a marriage between her e bad and his son, lord Guilford Dudley; and raised her to the Cedhe throne of England, in opposition to the rights of Mary and s the Elizabeth.
2. At the time of their marriage she was only about eighteen years of age, and her husband was also very young: a season of life very unequal to oppose the interest
ed views of artful and aspiring" men; who, instead of exBu posing them to danger, should have been the protectors of the their innocence and youth.
3. This extraordinary young person, besides the solid endowments of piety and virtue, possessed the most engaging disposition, the most accomplished parts; and being of an equal age with king Edward VI. she had received
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all her education with him, and seemed even to possess a reprie greater facility in acquiring every part of manly and clas-toolid sical literature.
4. She had attained a knowledge rif the Roman and 10. Greek languages, as well as of several modern tongues; choly had passed most of her time in an application to learning; slici a and expressed a great indifference for other occupations the G and amusements usual with her sex and station.
5. Roger Ascham," tutor to the lady Elizabeth, having lain, i at one time paid her a visit, found her employed in reading 11. Plato, while the rest of the family were engaged in a party of hunting in the park; and upon his admiring the singularity of her choice, she told him that she “ received more plea- 1 jantin sure from that author, than others could reap from all their -sport and gayety."
6. Her heart, repleted with this love of literature and sie sa serious studies, and with tenderness towards her husband, who was deserving of her affection, had never opened itself le lor to the flattering allurements of ambition; and the information of her advancement to the throne was by no means agreeable to her. She even refused to accept the crown. pleaded the preferable right of the two princesses; expressed her dread of the consequences attending an enterSrize so dangerous, not to say so criminal; and desired to remain in that private station in which she was born.
7. Overcome at last with the entreaties, rather than reasons, of her father, and father-in-law, and above all, of her
13. husband, she submitted to their will, and was prevailed on
en his to relinquish" her own judginent. · E:it her elevation was of very short continuance. The nation declared for queen Mary; and the lady Jane, after wearing the vain pageantry of a crown during ten days, returned to a private life, with much more satisfaction than she felt when royalty wastinderedi to her.
8. Queen Mary, who appears to have been incapable of generosity or clemency, determined to remove every person, from whom the least. dang could be apprehended. Warning was, therefore, given ady Jane o prepare for death; a doom which she had expected, sich the innocence of her life, as well as the misfone: to which she
13 had been exposed, rendered no unwelcome news to her.
9. The queen's bigoted zealk under coinur of tender mercy to the prisoner's soul, induced her to send priests, who molested her with perpetual disputativn; and even a
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Dossess a repriere of three days was granted her, in hopes that she nd class would be persuaded, during that time, to pay, by a timely
conversion to popery, some regard to lier eternal welfare.
10. Lady. Jane had presence of mind, in those melan
choly circumstances, not only to defend her religion by arning: solid argument, but also to write a letter to her sister, in spations the Greek language; in which, besides sending her a copy
of the Scriptures in that tongue, she exhorted her to mainharing tain, in every fortune, a like steady, perseverance.
11. On the day of her execution, her husband, lord Guila parti ford, desired permission to see her; but she refused her ngularí . consent, and sent him word, that the tenderness of their re plex? parting would overcome the fortitude of both; and would
too much unbend their minds from that constancy, which
their approaching end required of them. Their separation, re' and she said, would be only for a moment; and they would soon isband
, rejoin each other in a scene, where their affections would ed itself be forever united; and where death, disappointment, and form misfortune, could no longer have access to them, or disturb
their eternal felicity.
12. It had been intended to execute the lady Jane ang lord Guilford together on the same scaffold," at Tower hill
but the council, dreading the compassion of the people ired for their youth, beauty, innocence, and noble birth, change
ed their orders, and gave directions that she should be beheaded within the verge of the Tower.
13. She saw her husband led to execution; and having give en him from the window some token of her rencmbrance, she waited with tranquillity till her own appointed hour
should bring her to a like fate. She even saw his headless anity body carried back in a cart; and found herself more con
firmed by the reports which she heard ofthe constancy° of his end, than shaken by so tender and melancholy a spectacle.
14. Sir John Gage, constable of the Tower, when he led ble or her to execution, desired her to bestow on him some small i per present, which he might keep as a perpetual memorial of
her. She gave him her table book, in which she had just re for written three sentences on seeing her husband's dead body;
one in Greek, another in Latin, a third in English.
15. The purport of them was," that human justice.was against his body, but the Divine Mercy would be favourable to his soul; and that if her fault deserved punishment, her youth, at least, and her imprudence, were worthy of excuse; and that God and posterity, she trusted, wound
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of her Jed on in w2
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show her favour." On the scaffold, she made a speech to the bystanders, in which the mildness of her disposition led her to take the blame entirely on herself, without uttering one complaint against the severity with which she had been treated.
16. She said, that her offencep was, not that she had laid her hand upon the crown, but that she had not rejected it with sufficient constancy; that she had less erred through ambition than through reverence to her parents, whom she had been taught to respect and obey: that she willingly received death, as the only satisfaction which she could now make to the injured state; and though her infringement of the laws had been constrained," she would show, by her voluntary submission to their sentence, that she was desirous to atones for that disobedience, into which too much filial' piety had betrayed her: that she had justly deserved this punish'ment for being made the instrument, though the unwilling instrument, of the ambition of others: and that the story of her life, she hoped, might at least be useful, by proving that innocence excuses not great misdeeds, if they tendu any way to the destruction of the commonwealth.
17. After uttering these words, she caused herself to be disrobed by her women, and with a steady, sèrene countenance, submitted herself to the executioner.
SECTION V. a Or-to-grul, dr-te-grül,
f Vencer-a-tion, Yên-er--shin, b Viz-ier, viz'-yère, prime minister awful respect. of the Turkish empire.
8 De-lib-er-ate, de-lib'-êr-dte, to <Di-van, dé-vån', council of the ori-think in order to choose. ental princes, a hall.
h Riv-u-let, rlv'-d-let, a brook, a d Cyg-net, sig'-nét, a young swan. streamlet. e Man-date, mån'-date, a command, li Fic-tion, fik'-shủn, the act of a precept.
feigning, a falsehood.
\k A-mass, d-mås', to heap up. Ortogrul;_or, the vanity of riches. 1. As Ortogrula of Basra was one day wandering along the streets of Bagdat, musing on the varieties of merchandise which the shops opened to his view; and observing the different occupations which busied the multitude on every side, he was awakened from the tranquillity of meditation, by a crowd that obstructed his passage. He raised his eyes, and saw the chief vizierb who, having returned from the divan,' was entering his palace.
2. Ortogrul mingled with the attendants; and being sup
of son stood
stand know the