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Large storage capacity will result in a regulated annual release of about 1,600,000 acre-feet as compared with a dry year natural runoff of 600,000 acrefeet and a wet year natural flow runoff of 5 million acre-feet. Flood flow peaks of 100,000 second-feet will be reduced to 7,000 second-feet at the San Joaquin River. This means a maximum use of the Tuolumne River for domestic water supply, irrigation, flood control, and electric power.

Money available at the present time is not sufficient to complete the dam and appurtenances. We recognize the need for economy in Government and we approve the efforts being made to reduce expenditures. However we do feel that an appropriation of $1,250,000 by the Government is necessary to complete the Cherry Valley project, and urge that such appropriation be made so that the project may be put into operation without further delay.

The construction of the Cherry Valley Dam is under the jurisdiction of the city and county of San Francisco and details of expenditures made to date and to be made are being filed before the committee by the Public Utilities Commission of the city and County of San Francisco.


Mr. CROWELL. I would like to draw particular attention in my written statement to a graph that has been prepared—located in the back of the statement-of the actual operation of our present facilities. It shows what we have accomplished in the matter of flood control. I notice in 1950 the river had a 24-hour flow, 66,959 cubic feet per second. We controlled that to 21,100 second-feet.

The graph for the 4 years of control in this statement shows we have used our present facilities during this time, receiving no benefit as far as we are concerned, and will receive no benefit until the completion of Cherry Dam. So we are deeply concerned. This is the second stage of our procedure on the river. The third and last stage will be the completion of the new Don Pedro Dam which will completely control the river.

Thank you very much.

At this time I would also like to thank you, Mr. Griffith, and your staff for the excellent work you have done.

Mr. GRIFFITH. May I introduce Mr. Keesling of the city of San Francisco.




Mr. KEESLING. Mr. Chairman, in order to be brief and not duplicate in any way, I will state that I concur completely in the statements that have been filed with the committee by Mr. Lloyd, Mr. Kidd, and Mr. Crowell. In addition, as you well know, Mr. Chairman, and as Senator Kuchel knows, the Knowland-Kuchel bill was passed by the Senate after very careful consideration by the Senate Committee on Public Works, followed by careful consideration of the Mailliard bill on the House side, with the result that legislation was passed authorizing an additional amount of $2,500,000 for the overall projects, including approximately $2 million for the completion of the contractual obligations on the part of the Federal Government to the city of San Francisco.

In order to have something in the record, I request the committee for permission to include as part of my remarks, without reading them, certain portions of the committee report.

Senator KNOWLAND. It may go into the record at this point. (The report referred to follows:)



Cherry Valley Reservoir on Cherry Creek, a tributary of the Tuolumne River, is under construction by local interests, with financial assistance from the Federal Government. The existing Don Pedro Reservoir is being operated for flood control. Some planning work has been done on the New Melones Reservoir and the levee and channel improvements on the main river.

The estimated cost and appropriations to date for units of the plan are as follows:


Estimated Appropriated

to date


Cherry Valley Reservoir and New Don Pedro Reservoir, Tuolumne River..
New Melones Reservoir, Stanislaus River..
San Joaquin River levees.

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7, 692,300

The Flood Control Act of 1944 contained monetary authorization of $8 million for partial accomplishment of the plan. The approved budget for fiscal year 1954 includes $200,000 for Cherry Valley Reservoir and $25,000 for planning on the San Joaquin levees and channel work. This appropriation will leave a balance of $83,700 of the authorization available for appropriation after fiscal year 1954.

DISCUSSION The total area of highly developed fertile land subject to inundation by floodwaters of the lower San Joaquin River is approximately 250,000 acres. This area is fast increasing in both value and population. These increases add to the flood hazard involving loss of life and property. The valley contains segments of many transcontinental highways, railroads, and telephone and telegraph cables, and military supply depots at Tracy, Lathrop, and Stockton. Since 1900 the San Joaquin Valley has suffered 40 damaging floods. The flood damages in 1937–38 were estimated to be $5,340,000, the 1950–51 damages at $9,340,000, and the 1952 damages in excess of $2 million.

A high degree of flood protection is now provided by the Friant Reservoir along the San Joaquin River above the confluence of the Merced River. Existing reservoirs on the Tuolumne River are being operated for flood control and, with the Cherry Valley Reservoir when completed, will control most floods and upon completion of the new Don Pedro Reservoir will virtually eliminate floods on that stream and provide protection to about 10,000 acres of agricultural land along the Tuolumne River.

Hearings were held by the committee on S. 621, at which interested Senators, Congressmen, and officials of local agencies testified as to the urgency for completion of the authorized projects. The committee was impressed with the expenditures that local interests have made for construction of water-resource projects in the San Joaquin Basin, and the cooperative agreements that have been reached between those agencies and the Federal governmenta: agencies operating in the area. It was noted that the city and county of San Francisco and the Turlock and Modesto Irrigation Districts have spent about $200 million on water-supply projects in the Tuolumne River Basin, and that a total of about 805,000 acres are farmed under irrigation in the San Joaquin Basin north of Kings River. These agencies have negotiated a contract with the Corps of Engineers which provides for Federal contribution toward the cost of reservoirs on the basis of flood-control benefits received, and operation of 5 existing and 2 proposed reservoirs for food control, in accordance with rules and regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, as well as for conservation purposes.

The committee believes it advisable to continue construction on projects now under way, but questions the advisability of starting construction on additional new large projects, with greatly increased costs, until they have been restudied and their economic justification determined.

The committee also believes that enactment of this measure at this session of Congress is essential to permit necessary budgetary procedures which must be carried on this summer and fall, to cover appropriations for fiscal year 1955.


The committee recommends enactment of S. 621 amended to provide for an increased authorization of only $8 million and with the understanding that the funds authorized will be utilized (a) to fulfill the contractual obligation of the Federal Government on the Cherry Valley Reservoir now under construction by the city and county of San Francisco, currently estimated at about $2 million.

Mr. KEESLING. With that my statement is completed, except only to thank you and members of the committee and members of the Public Works Committee. As Senator Kuchel is a member of that Public Works Committee, I want to thank him for all of the courteous cooperation we received from the members of that committee and from the Corps of Engineers and also from Mr. Griffith and his staff for their very fine cooperation.

Senator KNOWLAND. There has been a telegram come in to the committee from a Mr. Frank Andrews of Modesto, in opposition to the granting of funds for the Cherry Valley project. This telegram will be made a part of the record. (The telegram referred to follows:)


Cherry Valley Hearing, United States Capitol Building: Protest granting any funds as a flood-control project. San Francisco Cherry Valley, Tuolumne River, and Oakdale District on Stanislaus River are commercial water and power projects. Should stand on own feet. Data in mail.

FRANK ANDREWS. Mr. KEESLING. If I may be recognized in view of the announcement the Chair made concerning the introduction of some correspondence or testimony from Mr. Andrews, I would respectfully request, if it would be possible, to have Mr. Milton Kidd make a statement so that the committee would be well informed as to who Mr. Andrews is and have it appear at the same point in the record as the Cherry Valley testimony.

Mr. KIDD. Mr. Andrews is a well-known individual around our community who aspires to the position on the irrigation board that various members of the board have held. Not only has he run for election against me, 3 out of the 5 times, but 4 times against other members of the board by shifting his residence. He has not as yet succeeded in becoming a director of the irrigation district. That is a little of the background of this Mr. Andrews who offers this opposition.

After that background, we do not find any evidence of any leadership and I think you will find if it is signed with any title of Water and Power Users Association, that that association is rather fictional. He testified before one of our State groups that at the moment there was no one other than himself in recent years in that association, though there may be a few more who would admit membership in it.

Senator KNOWLAND. I would like to introduce Senator Willis Robertson of Virginia, a very able and conscientious member of this committee. These are mostly California witnesses on the several projects, and in conformity with our custom this year so they will not have to make two trips across the continent, we are holding our hearings immediately following their appearances before the House.

Senator ROBERTSON. I want to say that I appreciate the compliment you have paid me. I recognize you have the honor and privilege of representing a great State, and I am glad you and your junior colleague represent your people so ably.

Senator KUCHEL. May I make just a brief one sentence statement? When the Senate last year passed the bill which you and I introduced, to which Mr. Keesling has just commented, and the House sent a bill covering the somewhat similar subject in-however, a substantially lesser amount_before we accepted the House bill I did contact the Congressman from San Francisco, Mr. Johnson, who is here and also the head of the committee in the House; so that the bill we passed in the Senate is still subject to consideration by the House of Representatives this year, in spite of the fact that a portion of it was sent back in a separate bill.

Mr. GRIFFITH. The next item will be the "Merced stream group.” I now introduce Mr. Glenn M. Fountain.




Mr. FOUNTAIN. My name is Glenn M. Fountain. I am here appearing in behalf of the Merced City Council and directors of the Merced Irigation District and a large group of interested citizens that live in the district.

Senator KnowLAND. We are glad to have you here, and I want to say in passing that we have lost a very good friend since last year who was vitally interested in this matter, the late Senator George Hatfield who on many occasions communicated with me regarding the importance of this project.

Mr. FOUNTAIN. I thank you very much, Senator.

If it had not been for Senator Hatfield, I do not think we would have gotten this project started. I give him all the credit. You have been very kind in your committee to help us. I am going to make a similar statement. We need $320,000 to wind up this project. You have been very kind in your committee and have given us a little every

We have the State's participation straightened out. Senator Hatfield got us $650,000 last year, a considerable amount of which has been spent on channel clearance. In our project the rights-of-way have all been purchased for the Bear Creek Dam. The State reclamation board is out purchasing rights-of-way for the levee bypass. That and the diversion channel at Black Rascal will complete the project. I could go on for the next half hour, but there is a matter of time.

I want to thank you. It is in your hands and you have done a swell job.

Senator KNOWLAND. I think this is one of the types of projects where actually it is all tied together. Until it has been completed, you really do not get the advantage of the other parts of the project which have been completed.

Mr. KEESLING. It all ties in together.

I have a telegram from Tom Griffen that the Black Rascal has been over its banks. The road was closed to the broadcasting radio station.

Thank you very much.
I have a statement to submit.
Senator KNOWLAND. That will be included in the record.



Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, my name is Glenn M. Fountain. I am a retired farmer. I am appearing in behalf of the city council of the city of Merced and the board of directors of the Merced Irrigation District. For 22 years I farmed between Bear Creek and Black Rascal Creek, the South Fork of Black Rascal running through my ranch.

The Merced stream group is not a new project. It is, in fact, a 10-year-old project which is scheduled to be completed this year. It was authorized under Public Law No. 534, 78th Congress, 2d session (1944). This act provided for the construction of 4 flood detention reservoirs on Burns, Bear, Owens and Mariposa Creeks, and for 2 diversion canals--1 to divert the flow of Black Rascal Creek into Bear Creek, and the other to divert the flow of Owens Creek into Mariposa Creek. State authorization was provided under chapter 1514, California State Statutes of 1945.

Since 1944, Mariposa Creek, Owens Creek and Burns Creek Dams have been constructed, and money has been appropriated for the Black Rascal Creek and Owens Creek diversion canals.

In the 1953 session of the California State Legislature $650,000 was appropriated to the State reclamation board for the State of California's obligation on the Merced stream group for downstream channel clearance and for sites and rights-of-ways.

The State reclamation board has contracted with the Merced Irrigation District to make all surveys on the creek channel cleaning, have also contracted with the Merced Irrigation District to clean and enlarge Mariposa Creek. On February 1, 10 miles of Mariposa Creek had been cleaned at a cost of approximately $50,000. Surveys have been made on Miles Creek. The estimated cost of this work will be approximately $65,350. The estimated cost to clear Bear Creek will be approximately $120,540.

Already $2,555,000 has heen appropriated for this project with $320.000 neces. sary for completion, which is in the President's budget. This $320,000 was included in the budget for "Civil functions of the Corps of Engineers for the fiscal year 1954," as submitted to the Congress in January. The approval of this $320.000 appropriation will allow the completion of the entire $2,875,000 Merced stream group project.

In almost every year since the project was approved in 1944, representatives of the area have appeared before this committee and justified to the complete satisfaction of its members the acute need for this project. This year, we come before you to ask approval of the $320.000 necessary to complete this project. Last year, $200,000 was appropriated to begin construction of the Bear Creek Dam. Approval of this request will allow the construction to continue uninterrupted to its completion. A delay until next year will cause construction to be stopped--and increased costs will result. This is the time when the project can be completed most economically. This is the time when the completed project is sorely neerled. This is the time when Congress should move to complete a project which they have approved many times.

The need for the project increases with the passing of each day. This is due to the fact that the area is experiencing a continuous growth in population and expansion of agricultural, industrial, and general business activity. In addition, there is to be considered Castle Air Force Base, a key component of the Strategic Air Command, which is itself adjacent to the flood area and which has a large part of its personnel residing within said area.

When completed, the project will give flood protection to some 136,000 acres in Merced County, all of which is intensely cultivated, and included in the area is

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