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As a result of certain war activities, the barges then in use on the Ouachita River were commandeered for use elsewhere, and with no barges available for service on the river, the engineers discontinued the yearly maintenance work on the channel. They did, however, maintain the locks and dams. As a result, ship ping almost ceased until channel maintenance was begun again in 1950.

In 1951 there was a premature threat, presumably announced out of Washington, to disband the locks and remove the upper 3 dams in the Ouachita River unless shipping was immediately resumed in volume. This threat continued and was the cause of the low tonnage in 1952. To resume a volume of shipping, new boats, new barges, new docks, and new warehouses were required. These requirements called for the expenditure of a considerable amount of time and private capital. With a yearly threat to abandon the locks and dams, shippers are reluctant to spend the money necessary to resume shipping; however, much progress has been made even against these adversities and river shipping is increasing.

To start on the construction of the modified 9-foot channel would be the best assurance of continued service that could be given to shippers and would do more than anything else to stimulate new barge tonnage on the Ouachita River,

5-year shipping record on the Ouachita River

1949_ 1950_ 1951 1952 1953

Tons 83, 689 118, 427 156, 235

95, 010 144, 905

Tonnage of commodities barged in 1953


47, 042 Logs

53, 514 Salt cake..

9, 617 Machinery

2, 671 Barite_

1, 030 Fish

567 Fuel oil..

1, 835 Pipe-

260 Sand and gravel----

28, 369 In addition, some 15,000 passengers were reported as traveling on the Ouachita River,

The Quachita River Basin is potentially a great industrial area and can pay its way in return benefits. To aid in its overall development, it is entitled to and must have a 9-foot inland waterway on the main stem of the Ouachita River. It must also have its flood-control program and the main artery canals for drainage completed. The are benefits and business enough now to justify any and all Federal, State, and private funds which may be spent to complete these projects. Once completed, however, the increased returns to the Federal Treasury in taxes will be greatly enhanced.

With the completion of the Blakely Mountain Dam and the construction of the DeGray Dam, there will be a minimum daily flow in excess of 1 billion gallons of water down the Ouachita River in the most extreme dry-weather periods. With a 9-foot channel, barge tonnage on the Ouachita will increase from the present industries now located in the basin. This tonnage will be greatly supplemented from future industries which are expected to develop in the basin because of the availability of water and river navigation.

A look at the raw materials used by industries, which are available in commercial quantities in the Quachita River Basin, is impressive. These minerals are petroleum and natural gas, lignite, iron ore, bauxite, barite, cinnabar, slate, sand and gravel, kaolin and other clays, novaculite, manganese, titanium, marl. chalk, gypsum, sulfur, and salt. The basin also has 9.5 millions of acres of commercial hardwood and pine timber.

These industrial building blocks, plus a delightful climate, good railroad and highway facilities, an inland waterway system, airlines and approximately 1 million industrious people, are a potential for industrial greatness.

The building of the multiple-purpose dams and reservoirs, the construction of the 9-foot channel, and the completion of the main drainage canals are things that the people cannot do for themselves and, since it is the national policy for

the Federal Government to construct such interstate projects wherever they are feasible and economically justified, we urge the Congress to carry out the authorized projects in the Ouachita River Basin.


HEADQUARTERS, CAMDEN, ARK. The Ouachita River Valley Association is dedicated to the preservation, development, and use of the natural resources of the Quachita River Basin in Arkansas and Louisiana.

This reproduced document is sent to you as a progress or interim report of the association's activities. While it deals primarily with the securing of continued maintenance of the navigation features of the river, it covers in a brief way all of the activities of the association and generally outlines the policies of the association.



Camden, Ark., September 15, 1953, Col. THOMAS B. SIMPSON, District Engineer, Corps of Engineers, U. S. Army,

Vicksburg, Mi88. DEAR SIR: The attached justificaion report from the Ouachita River Valley Association deals primarily with navigation on the Ouachita River.

The brief time allotted for preparation, from the time the report was called for, prevented the covering of other vital civil-works projects sponsored by the association.

The association wishes the privilege of presenting arguments concerning other projects within the Ouachita River Basin at a later date to the Corps of Engineers, the Bureau of the Budget, and to the Congress. Respectfully submitted,

H. K. THATCHER, Executive Vice President,


Mr. THATCHER. This statement has been supported by telegrams which I filed with the House which I will not file with you because of the size of the record.

They are from Monroe-West Monroe, Bastrop, Crossett, El Dorado, Camden, Prescott, Gurdon, Arkadelphia, Hot Springs, and BentonBauxite.

Those telegrams all came from the chambers of commerce of those places in support of the paper which I am presenting here today.

We subscribe to the Budget Bureau's request with three exceptions that I would like to mention to you. First, we feel that the dam, which we know as the DeGray Dam, authorized in 1950 as a part of the Ouachita River Basin flood-control project, should be started on its way toward construction because it is a part of the program and it is vitally necessary to our entire valley's economy. I think Congressman Harris will discuss that just a bit more later.

The second thing I would like to call to your attention in which we are not strictly in accord with the Budget Bureau is that we feel that there has been an error—maybe mine, maybe the engineers'—but we feel that the Ozan Creek which is a part of the Little Missouri River program should have been included in the item for which the budget allowed $492,000 for the completion of the section below Murfreesboro.

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Ozan Creek carries water from some of the richest agricultural land in the Little Missouri River Basin. The budget seems to have disregarded the completion of the drainage work on that creek. It is an error because if we do not complete it now, some day we may have to and it will cost $15,000 to $20,000 in addition to what it would cost if the work were done now.

Senator MCCLELLAN. Ozan Creek is actually an extension of this Missouri River project?

Mr. THATCHER. We thought it was a part of it.
Senator McCLELLAN. You did ?

Mr. THATCHER. Yes, sir; and we never thought anything except that it was a part. The people thought it was a part. When the budget came out recommending the money for that work, we were all delighted. We had a big meeting over at Prescott, Ark. More interest was shown than I have ever seen shown anywhere before on anything of that type.

I have some resolutions from the various communities. They are resolutions from Arkadelphia, Oklona, Bingen, McCaskill, Blevins, Hope, Prescott, Langley, Boughton, Wheelen Springs, Camden, and Gurdon. I would submit those for the record.

(The material referred to follows:) Several people of Blevins, Hempstead County, Ark., as a sign of their interest in the proposed flood-control, channeling, and drainage work on Ozan Creek and Little Missouri River, attended a meeting in Prescott, Ark., January 29, 1954, and voiced our approval of this project.

We in this area who have farmlands on the banks of the Ozan Creek and Little Missouri River realize as much as anyone the great need for the proposed work. Not only will it make flooded and worthless land tillable and therefore increase the value of our land, but also it will improve farming conditions in countless other ways.

We of the Blevins area respectfully urge the Congress to pass the appropriation necessary to the successful completion of this flood-control work as set up on the 1954-55 budget. Respectfully submitted,

H. M. STEPHENS. BLEVINS, Ark., January 30, 1954.

GENTLEMEN: Farmers and landowners near Boughton, a farming community in Nevada County, Ark., are very much interested in the proposed flood-control work on the Little Missouri River and Ozan Creek that will be up before the Congress shortly.

We have favored this work for a long time and have long realized the need for something on this order to be done. Our land adjacent to the streams is not producing as it should because several times in the year it is flooded. Floodcontrol work will be of more value to the farmers of this area than any other thing.

We ask that this work be approved because we believe, along with thousands of other farmers and landowners in this section of Arkansas, that it is a deserving project. Yours very respectfully,

J. H. LANGLEY. BOUGHTON, ARK., January 30, 1954.

JANUARY 29, 1954. GENTLEMEN : Some of us from Whelen Springs, a small community in Clark County, Ark., attended a meeting today which was attended by about 70 persons representing 4 counties and 11 communities.

There was unanimous agreement in approving the flood control, channeling, and drainage work proposed for Ozan Creek and Little Missouri River. We join the other landowners and farmers whose land is located on one of these streams in urging that appropriations be approved for this work.

We know that the increase in property values, living conditions, and farm production will more than justify your approval for this work. Yours very truly,



Washington, D. C. GENTLEMEN : The residents of Okolona, Clark County, Ark., and the adjacent farming area are vitally interested in the flood-control project proposed for Ozan Creek and Little Missouri River.

Several people of this area own land on Little Missouri River and have an annual problem in connection with their farming operations because of the lack of flood control. Crops are destroyed or damaged during the flood stages, and this creates an economic problem because the primary occupation here is farming.

Every consideration you can give toward this project will be appreciated. This is a project in which we are in complete harmony with our neighboring counties that also are concerned with the flood-control work. Very respectfully submitted,

BUREN HARDIN. OKOLONA, ARK., January 29, 1954.


Washington, D. O. DEAB SIR: I have been selected as a spokesman for a large group of landowners and farmers in the Bingen, Ark., area on the proposed flood-control work on Ozan Creek and Little Missouri River.

We strongly urge your committee to approve this measure because there is no action that could help this farming section of Arkansas any more than that which has been proposed.

Our washed-out and muddy farms are capable of better production if the floodcontrol and drainage work is carried out. Yours very respectfully,


GENTLEMEN: McCaskill, Ark., is a farming community located near Ozan Creek on which flood control, channeling, and drainage work has been listed for approval on the President's new budget.

Our people are very much in favor of this project and the work on Little Missouri River because it will mean a great deal to us in better living conditions and better farmland.

I know of no other proposed action with such outspoken support as this river and creek work, and can assure you this letter speaks for many other farmers and landowners.

We have waited a long time for some form of flood-control work to be done and urge your strong consideration of this project. Respectfully yours,


Whereas the great need for clearing the channel of the Ozan Creek and Little Missouri River below the Narrows Dam at Murfreesboro, has been recognized by the President in his report to the Congress; and

Whereas the Ouachita River Valley Association and particularly the people of Clark, Nev., and Hempstead counties have constantly supported the program for this improvement for the past 10 years; and

Whereas the Ouachita River Valley Association is the representative agency given the responsibility for all flood control and river development in the Ouachita Valley: Therefore be it

Resolved, That the Chamber of Commerce of Arkadelphia, Ark., in regular session at 12 noon, February 2, 1954, pledged our support and urge that every effort be exhausted to the end that the necessary funds be appropriated by the Congress for this channel work, that our support will include sending repre sentatives when called on to any and all conferences and hearings before the Rivers and Harbors Committee of the Congress. That a copy of this resolution be placed in the hands of the Ouachita River Valley Association, a copy to the Chamber of Commerce of Prescott, Ark., the Chamber of Commerce of Hope, Ark., the mayor of Murfreesboro, Ark., and a copy placed in the minutes of the Chamber of Commerce of Arkadelphia. Resolution approved this 2d day of February 1954.

A. C. STONE, President,
Geo, S. DEWS, Secretary-Manager.


CAMDEN, ARK., February 5, 1954. The Chamber of Commerce of Camden, Ark., joins in urging the Congress to appropriate sufficient money to allow the Corps of Engineers to finish the authorized flood-control and drainage project on the Little Missouri River and Ozan Creek. The channel corrective work planned for the Little Missouri River Basin will allow orderly drainage during high water periods and will provide a more satisfactory and economic downstream usage of the released waters from the Narrows Dam during extreme dry periods.

ED PACE, President.

Whereas a meeting was held in Prescott, Ark., on January 29, 1954, for the purpose of discussing the proposed flood control, channeling, and drainage work on Little Missouri River and Ozan Creek; and

Whereas there were 70 persons in attendance representing 11 communities in 4 counties and approximately a population of 96 000, the communities being Hope, Prescott, Camden, Arkadelphia, Gurdon, Blevins, McCaskill, Bingen, Whelan Springs, Okolona, and Boughton, and the counties being Clark, Hemp stead, Nevada, and Ouachita ; and

Whereas these persons representing their areas showed a great amount of interest in the proposed work on Little Missouri River and Ozan Creek by attending the meeting and by speaking of the great need of this project and of its economic value to the entire Quachita River Valley; and

Whereas the group was unanimous in its decision to favor the project in its entirety as it appears on the new Presidential budget: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That the Prescott Chamber of Commerce does hereby agree to work in every way possible to perpetuate interest in the flood control, drainage, and channeling work on Little Missouri River and Ozan Creek, and to cooperate with any group or agency whose aim is to promote this work and bring before the Con ress further evidence of its need; and, be it further

Resolved, That the Prescott Chamber of Commerce will strive to show further interest by sending a representative to congressional hearings on the project.

Resolution approved this 30th day of January 1954.
Respectfully submitted.

President, Prescott Chamber of Commerce.

Whereas the great need for clearing the channel of the Ozan Creek and Little Missouri River below the Narrows Dam at Murfreesboro has been recognized by the President in his report to the Congress; and

Whereas the Ouachita River Valley Association and particularly the people of Clark, Nev., and Hempstead counties have constantly supported the program for this improvement for the past 10 years; and

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