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Senator CORDON. Then, if this sum of money mentioned here, $940,000, is appropriated and expended, with no further work, there will be developed flood-protection benefits resulting therefrom.

General CHORPENING. That is correct.
Senator CORDON. That is what I wanted in the record.
All right, Senator, you may proceed.
Senator KENNEDY. That is all, Mr. Chairman.

Senator SALTONSTALL. Mr. Chairman, I would like to present Congressman Heselton, and then would the Chair indicate the amount of time available to us? I would like to at least present to the committee the other members of the committee who have come in, representatives of local government, but Congressman Heselton will speak first.

Senator CORDON. Well, frankly, the Senator has not been counting the minutes here, and is not going to. He is just going to allow the witnesses to proceed but will ask them to be as brief as they can, to make as clear a statement in the record as possible, and then to supplement their statements with anything they deem necessary but to be as generous with the committee as they possibly can with respect to the time taken.

We are very glad to have you with us, Mr. Heselton.




Mr. HESELTON. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the committee, I would like to submit a statement which I have prepared. I believe a copy is in front of

each of you gentlemen. Senator CORDON. Without objection, that will be made a part of the record at this point.

(The statement referred to follows:)



I believe you will recall that I appeared before you last year in connection with the projects at Adams and North Adams, Mass.

At that time the Bureau of the Budget, first under the Truman administration and again under the Eisenhower administration, had recommended construction of both projects. The recommendation as to the Adams project was $390,000; as to the North Adams project $875,000. However, neither recommendation was contained in the appropriation as it became law.

This year the Bureau of the Budget recommends $560,000 for the continuation of the project at Adams.

Because I realize the committee is familiar with the details in justification of this recommendation, not only from the Corps of Engineers but also from the evidence submitted last year and printed in your hearings, I will not repeat them.

I have studied the budget and have noted, as I am sure you have, the language in the introductory statement that "the increase over fiscal year 1954 results primarily from initiation and resumption of a number of small navigation and flood-control improvements which represent sound Federal investments and which should no longer be deferred.”

Because I know this project is a sound Federal investment which should no longer be deferred, I am encouraged by the budget recommendation and urge that it be approved by this committee.

No funds are recommended for the continuation of the project at North Adams. The river in question, the Hoosic, flows through both of these neighboring communities in two branches. I think it is fair to say that heretofore both projects have been thought of and treated by everyone concerned as companion ones. There is convincing evidence that where floods have occurred, there were equally disastrous results in both communities. Incidental to this, the administration and supervision bas heretofore been over both projects, which must have resulted in some worthwhile economy.

Since we do not have an affirmative recommendation, I believe the best method of approval would be through a review of the recommendation last year of $875,000 to continue the project.

Colonel Hiatt testified (p. 430, 1953 House committee hearings), “It will provide a useful unit of the project extending from Marshall Street on the North Branch and Johnson Dam on the South Branch, downstream to the existing dam of the North Adams Manufacturing Co."

He also said, “We feel the whole project, the whole unit, should be completed and carried on."

He called attention to the fact that this phase of construction would provide protection for the Sprague Electric Co., an important defense plant producing electronic and radio equipment, and to the Northern Berkshire Gas Co., which supplies gas and electricity not only to the Sprague Electric Co., but to the communities of North Adams and Williamstown.

The Corps of Engineers has pointed out that, based upon 1949 property values, if the full project had been constructed before November 1947, damages in the amount of $11,760,000 would have been prevented in the floods of 1927, 1936, 1938, and 1948. With the further losses occasioned by high water, not classified as floods, the financial burden is obvious.

The average annual benefits are $829,000.
The cost-benefit ratio is 1.13.

Upon completion, the project will protect 13 major industries, 570 commercial establishments, 580 residences, 7 public buildings, public roads and bridges, public utilities and services, and an unknown number of human beings, whose lives and livelihoods are of vital importance to this community of 21,567. The protection would extend to about 85 percent of the industrial area and to about 25 percent of the residential area.

In North Adams there are 33 industrial establishments, employing over 12.000 people, with an annual payroll of $13,244,000 and manufacturing products annually valued at more than $61 million.

The record is clear that the community has attempted to meet its full responsibility in repairing and trying to prevent losses. Local expenditures in connection with the four major floods, exclusive of industry and private expenditures, exceeded $1,886,000.

This project met the rigid test applied in 1950 under Public Law 759, 81st Congress. I would like to quote the pertinent sentence from General Pike's statement at the time the program was announced. “It has been screened to include the projects which, as directed by the President, directly contribute to national defense or to civilian requirements essential to the changed international situation, and it complies in all aspects with the criteria directed by the Congress."

Then I would like to include a copy of a letter dated October 12, 1950, from Col. W. E. Potter, covering this determination,


Washington, October 12, 1950.
Hon. John W. HESELTON,
House of Representatives,

Washington, D.O. DEAR MR. HESELTON : Please refer to your recent letters relative to the local flood protection projects for Adams and North Adams, Mass.

The General Appropriation Act, 1951 (Public Law 759, 81st Cong.) provides for a reduction of over $75 million in the amount recommended by the Senate for our civil-works program. It also calls for an overall reduction in Government expenditures for nondefense purposes of $550 million, a portion of which has been applied to our civil works program.

In view of these reductions in funds and also the criteria set forth in the conference report on the 1951 General Appropriation Act requiring a reexamination of the civil-works program with a view to conserving resources of men, materials, and equipment, this office has reviewed all projects which are eligible for appropriation under Public Law 759; and we have given careful consideration to all data furnished in support of those projects in the development of our recommended civil works program for the present fiscal year.

I am pleased to say it has been determined that the Adams and North Adams projects meet the above requirements and that funds in the amounts of $245,000 and $350,000, respectively, are available for their construction from our appropriation for the current fiscal year. You may be assured that the work will proceed as expeditiously as practicable. Sincerely yours,


('olonel, Corps of Engineers,

Acting Assistant Chief of Engineers for Civil Works. Mr. HESELTON. The Federal Government has appropriated $1,183,000 to date for this project and the full amount has been obligated. I am sure that you will understand that the people concerned feel that they had every right to expect that their Federal Government was undertaking what it had determined to be a justifiable project and would proceed to complete it at the earliest practical date. Further, I am certain you will agree that they had a right to make their decisions and plans with this in mind.

They do not ask and do not expect favored treatment. But in the face of all the undisputed facts, including the initiation of the project, the Federal investment to date and the favorable recommendations last year by the Bureau of the Budget under both the Truman and the Eisenhower administrations, they consider a complete cessation of work without explanation a great deal less than what they were entitled to expect.

I submit that there is full and complete justification for finding that this project is a sound Federal investment which should no longer be de ferred. I am sure this committee will examine the full facts.

I urge that you include whatever funds can be provided to insure the continuation of this project this year and as early a completion of the entire project as may be possible. (The following communications were submitted :)



Pittsfield, Mass., February 9, 1954. Hon. John W. HESELTON, Member of Congress,

House Office Building, Washington, D. C.
DEAR MR. HESELTON: The Berkshire County commissioners are strongly in
favor and wish to be recorded in favor of the continued flood-control project in
Adams and North Adams pertaining to the Hoosac River in both communities.
Hoping that you will support this worthwhile project, we are
Very truly yours,



Boston, February 12, 1954. Hon. John W. HESELTON, 237 House Office Building,

Washington, D. C. DEAR JOHN: I am informed that there will be a hearing by a congressional committee on February 15 and 16 in regard to the flood-control project in North Adams and in Adams. There is no necessity for me to give you any background in regard to both of these projects, for I am sure that you are well apprised of what has been done in North Adams and in Adams.

I strongly urge that you do everything you can to retain the money which has been put into the budget this year for the Adams project and also endeavor to have money put into the budget for the North Adams project which was completely omitted. You know as well as I that if the Federal Government does not continue the project in North Adams, the work which has been done and the money which has been spent will become a total waste of time and money. The city of North Adams is in a precarious position and if it is subjected to another major flood it is probable that the Sprague Electric, which is doing defense work, may be seriously damaged and the city as a whole will suffer greatly, from both the disastrous aftermath of the waters of the Hoosic River and the injury to its main production plant.

I am sure that, in your wisdom, you will do everything to help both the city of North Adams and the town of Adams in this project. With my very best wishes, I am Sincerely,



Mr. HESELTON. I would like to address myself to two main points, but before I do that, I want to say, as the Representative of the First Massachusetts District in the House, I am acutely conscious of the soundness of what has been said by the members of this committee about the generosity of this committee, and of the Senate in giving these flood-control projects very favorable consideration. It has been entirely because of your action that the projects were begun and were continued.

These two projects are really companion projects.

I am very much encouraged by the action the budget took on the Adams project, but completely unable to explain what happened in connection with the North Adams project.

In the budget itself, there is a statement that I would like to call to your attention. It is:

The increase over fiscal year 1954 results primarily from initiation and resumption of a number of small navigation and flood-control improvements which represents sound Federal investments and which should no longer be deferred.

I am happy that the favorable recommendation came in on the Adams budget project, and I feel confident that this committee will approve of that.

As to North Adams, I would like to call your attention to the map there. Senator Saltonstall has said that these are adjacent ties. They are. They are neighboring communities.

The river comes in from the north through North Adams and then comes in from the south through Adams and joins in North Adams to flow in a westerly direction to the Hudson River.

I think it is safe to say that everyone who has had anything to do with this project, or these projects, have thought of and treated them as companion ones.

There is a project at Hoosic Falls, westerly there [indicating), which has been completed, and the entire planning, supervision, and construction was undertaken by the engineers in one location. I believe this to be a matter of economy.

I certainly believe it would be a matter of great importance to this community of North Adams to have the project continued.

North Adams is the larger community. It is a city. Adams is a town.

Both are industrial communities.

North Adams will have protection when the project is completed to 13 major industries, 570 commercial establishments, 580 residences, 7 public buildings, public roads and bridges, public utilities and services, and an unknown number of human beings, whose lives and livelihood are of vital importance to this community of 21,567. The protection would extend to about 85 percent of the industrial area and to about 25 percent of the residential area.

They have an annual industrial payroll in that city of some $13 million-a little over $13 million-and production that is valued at something in excess of $61 million.

It is a matter of great and extreme importance to the people in this community.

I do not want to take further time of this committee. I prefer very much to have you listen to the people who have come here representing the communities, than to take further time.

I thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Senator SALTONSTALL. I would like to present Mr. Andrew Dilk, of Adams, who is town counsel of that town.



Senator Cordon. We will be very glad to hear from you, Mr. Dilk.

Mr. Dilk. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the committee, I certainly would be remiss if I did not take this opportunity on behalf of the town to thank this committee and the United States Senate for the loyal attention that has been given to this project of ours. It involves the livelihood of the community.

We are in the valley between two mountain ranges. If we lose our industries—which is not entirely uncommon in New England these days—for one reason or another, we simply are going to be in a position where we will have to abandon.

There might be one thing that I should say, Mr. Chairman, that we not only come here to ask for a continuation of this work, but the State of Massachusetts has quite a stake in this. They have appropriated $5 million for ancilliary work—that is, the local interest phase of it. That money is ready and available.

Senator CORDON. In a few words, just what would that money be used for; what is it appropriated for?

Mr. Dilk. That is for the relocation of bridges; relocation of roads and utilities which are parts of our contracts with the United States Government.

That money is already earmarked.

The moment that they contract for this work and the Army engineers start in, the State says, that this is your money, and it has been earmarked.

I think that the Corps of Army Engineers would tell you that we have been most cooperative. We are proud of our record, and as I say, we come in here asking for something, but we are also ready to put into it our money and our efforts.

Without taking up too much time, permit me to say that I want to thank you on behalf of our community.

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