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Total number of permanent positions
Full-time equivalent of all other positions
Average number of all employees...
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:

Average salary.

Average grade.
Crafts, protective, and custodial grades:

Average salary.

Average grade
Ungraded positions: Average salary..
01 Personal services:

Permanent positions.
Other positions
Regular pav in excess of 52-week base
Payment above basic rates.

Total personal services
02 Travel
03 Transportation of things.
04 Communication services
05. Rents and utility services.
07 Other contractual services.
08 Supplies and materials
09 Equipment.
10 Lands and structures
15 Taxes and assessments..

Subtotal
Deduct charges for quarters and subsistence.

Obligations incurred.

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CEMETERIAL EXPENSES

Senator Young. The meeting will come to order. Senator Know Jand, chairman of the subcommittee, regrets very much that he i unable to be here when the hearings open this morning. But he i being detained at a White House Conference and has requested m to preside, until he arrives.

General Hastings, you have the honor of being the first witness i the 1955 Civil Functions Appropriation. We will be very happy t hear anything you want to say.

General HASTINGS. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee The Army is charged by statute with responsibility for the procure ment and distribution of headstones for various categories of auth orized personnel who are interred in private, national or post ceme teries. The Army similarly is charged with responsibility for th maintenance and operation at the present time of 82 national ceme teries in the United States; three national cemeteries in overses possessions; 24 soldiers' lots; 7 Confederate cemeteries or plots; national monuments and 1 memorial park. The appropriation nowt be considered covers funds for the procurement and distribution « headstones as well as for expenses incident to the maintenance an operation of the indicated cemeterial facilities.

BUDGET ESTIMATE

The estimate for the fiscal year 1955 amounts to $5,635,000 as con pared with $5,107,000 appropriated for fiscal year 1954, representir an increase of $528,000. However, this increase will only provid for essential services and it will still not be possible to reach ti sard of care and maintenance of our national cemeteries that is

- is a constant expansion necessary in the activities covered by ...priation in order to keep pace with the steadily increasing 51. nuirements of our veteran population. An increasing numauf derments must be handled, and enlarged burial areas mainLei In addition, there is a greater requirement for headstones.

MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION 5:28 HLAYDEN. Might I inquire, General; you state it is not pos

te thah the standard and care of maintenance of our national

er that is desired. How much money did you submit to the ..: for this purpose? 6. NT2. Sir, on the item of "Maintenance and operation,"

::in a request for $718,000, which was cut by $63,000 to a 4.2 MBfor the item of maintenance. The overall amounts ...ciaior.ginally were $6,261,340, which was reduced by $629,340

- pret request of $5,635,000.

. HAYDEN. You did get a little increase? l. Dr. Martz. It is approximately a 10 percent decrease, sir.

3. HAYDEN. Over last year? 1.61 MT. Our request is an increase over last year.

stor HATDEX. That is what I thought. 1.5 METZ. But our request now is 10 percent less, approxi...un what we had originally asked the Bureau of the Bugdet

rar. att HAYDEX. At that your original request was modest to really

ob that ought to be done? ons MAITZ Yes, sir; our original request was what we honestly :::**!-rary to do the job. In the present era of economy, we 14:407 mitove something from what we originally felt was required

' HAYDEX. Thank you.

PROCUREMENT OF HEADSTONES vera! 11 1-TINGS. The amount of funds required for the procure: . f beal-tones is estimated to be $2,124,000 as compared with imated to be obligated in the fiscal year 1951. The anEn les of applications to be received in the fiscal year 1955

$, wh is 4,025 more than the number estimated for 1954. 3.898, a drtuare in the carryover of unfilled applications into 1955

: all reduction in funds requested for this item. arsip H AYDŁx. Which costs the most, a marble headstone or the rite!

COLMATZ. The bronze markers are the more expensive, sir. 2,5 Hyux. I cannot understand that, because they are so

Ty onght to be easily made. Is it because of the engraving ...te or inserting the name?

".. MATZ. There are two basic reasons, sir. One is that in the fr years the cost of copper and tin has gone up tremendously

en parket, which has increased the cost to our contractors. CAT6-8 items, of course, is that a considerable amount of handwork

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Senator YOUNG. The meeting will come to order. Senator Knowland, chairman of the subcommittee, regrets very much that he is unable to be here when the hearings open this morning. But he is being detained at a White House Conference and has requested me to preside, until he arrives.

General Hastings, you have the honor of being the first witness in the 1955 Civil Functions Appropriation. We will be very happy to hear anything you want to say.

General HASTINGS. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee: The Army is charged by statute with responsibility for the procurement and distribution of headstones for various categories of authorized personnel who are interred in private, national or post cemeteries. "The Army similarly is charged with responsibility for the maintenance and operation at the present time of 82 national cemeteries in the United States; three national cemeteries in overseas possessions; 24 soldiers' lots; 7 Confederate cemeteries or plots; 4 national monuments and 1 memorial park. The appropriation now to be considered covers funds for the procurement and distribution of headstones as well as for expenses incident to the maintenance and operation of the indicated cemeterial facilities.

BUDGET ESTIMATE

The estimate for the fiscal year 1955 amounts to $5,635,000 as compared with $5,107,000 appropriated for fiscal year 1954, representing an increase of $528,000. However, this increase will only provide for essential services and it will still not be possible to reach the

standard of care and maintenance of our national cemeteries that is desired.

There is a constant expansion necessary in the activities covered by this appropriation in order to keep pace with the steadily increasing burial requirements of our veteran population. An increasing number of interments must be handled, and enlarged burial areas maintained. In addition, there is a greater requirement for headstones.

MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION

Senator HAYDEN. Might I inquire, General; you state it is not possible to reach the standard and care of maintenance of our national cemeteries that is desired. How much money did you submit to the budget for this purpose ?

Colonel MARTZ. Sir, on the item of "Maintenance and operation," we submitted a request for $718,000, which was cut by $63,000 to a total of $655,000 for the item of maintenance. The overall amounts requested originally were $6,264,340, which was reduced by $629,340 to our present request of $5,635,000. Senator HAYDEN. You did get a little increase? Colonel Martz. It is approximately a 10 percent decrease, sir. Senator HAYDEN. Over last year? Colonel MARTZ. Our request is an increase over last year. Senator HAYDEN. That is what I thought. Colonel Martz. But our request now is 10 percent less, approximately, than what we had originally asked the Bureau of the Bugdet

Senator HAYDEN. At that your original request was modest to really do the job that ought to be done? Colonel MARTz. Yes, sir; our original request was what we honestly felt was necessary to do the job. In the present era of economy, we have tried to save something from what we originally felt was required to do the job. Senator HAYDEN. Thank you.

for this year.

PROCUREMENT OF HEADSTONES

General HASTINGS. The amount of funds required for the procurement of headstones is estimated to be $2,124,000 as compared with $2,127,000 estimated to be obligated in the fiscal year 1954. The anticipated number of applications to be received in the fiscal year 1955 is 87,340 which is 4,095 more than the number estimated for 1954. However, a decrease in the carryover of unfilled applications into 1955 permits a small reduction in funds requested for this item.

Senator HAYDEN. Which costs the most, a marble headstone or the bronze plate? Colonel MARTZ. The bronze markers are the more expensive, sir. Senator HAYDEN. I cannot understand that, because they are so small

. They ought to be easily made. Is it because of the engraving on the bronze or inserting the name?

Colonel MARTZ. There are two basic reasons, sir. One is that in the last few years the cost of copper and tin has gone up tremendously on the open market, which has increased the cost to our contractors. The other items, of course, is that a considerable amount of handwork is required in making the molds because the lettering has to be different for every single marker. This does increase the cost of labor.

Senator HAYDEN. And it must be accurate.
Colonel MARTZ. It must be exactly right.

Senator HAYDEN. On the other hand, of course, somebody has to carve that same information on the stone, and that costs money, too.

Colonel MARTZ. The accuracy is required in both cases. There is no question about that.

Senator HAYDEN. What type of stone do you use mostly, marble or granite ?

Colonel Martz. We use more granite, I believe, in recent years. The percentage has been going from marble, which was more popular in former years, to granite.

Senator HAYDEN. All of the markers that I saw in Europe were Carrara marble.

EUROPEAN CEMETERIES

Colonel Martz. Yes, sir. I might explain, sir, the markers in the cemeteries in Europe are not represented in this budget. They are provided by the American Battle Monuments Commission, which operates the overseas United States military cemeteries and is not part of the request which we are presenting this morning.

COST OF MARKERS

Senator Young. Before you proceed, would you give us any new figures that you have on the cost of bronze markers as compared to others? Has not the cost of bronze markers gone down in the last year?

Colonel Martz. Yes, sir. Our bronze markers dropped from a price of $23.21 last year to a price of $21.82 this year.

Senator Young. How does that compare with others!

Colonel Martz. The others have varied slightly. Most of them have increased slightly in the past year.

Senator YOUNG. What is the cost of them now?

Colonel Martz. The general type upright marble marker, which was the original type used and probably the most popular originally, went up from $16.38 to $18.65. The most popular type which we are now using, as far as orders are concerned, is the flat granite type used primarily in civilian cemeteries. That price has gone up from $14.09 to $15.95.

Senator Young. Is that a delivered price?

Colonel Martz. This is a price without transportation; the price at the contractor's plant.

Senator YOUNG. Where are you shipping them from now, mostly?

CONTRACTORS

Colonel Martz. We are shipping, sir, from a number of locations. We have eight different contractors. Most of our marble and granite is coming from 2 localities, the New England States, both Vermont and Massachusetts, and from 1 large contractor in Columbus, Miss. Most of our bronze markers are furnished by 3 contractors, 1 from Cleveland, Ohio, 1 from Maple, Ill., and another from San Francisco.

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