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I might mention that is the benefit cost ratio for a comprehensive system, not for the single unit. The benefit-cost ratio for the single unit cannot be accurately evaluated.

Senator DWORSHAK. The project will be completed in fiscal 1955?

Colonel STARBIRD. That is correct. We have had a slight decrease in cost on that project in the neighborhood of $400,000 since last year.

Senator DWORSHAK. What was the reason for that?
Colonel STARBIRD. Primarily better bids on this particular job.

General CHORPENING. This is nearly the end of the job. Certain contingencies which we had included in our estimate did not materialize.

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Reflects borrow of $958,000 from this project through Dec. 31, 1953.

Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is the Garza-Little Elm project. It is a project above the city of Dallas. It is a project for flood control primarily, though the local interests are paying for certain water supply that they will get from this particular reservoir. It is a going project. The estimated cost of the project is $21,322,000, exclusive of the contribution made by local interests.

There has been appropriated to date $16,697,600, or 78 percent, of the total cost. The amount recommended for fiscal year 1955 is $4,400,000, which will bring the project to completion.

This project also is a part of a comprehensive plan for flood control. The comprehensive plan has a benefit-cost ratio of 2.54 to 1.

Senator ELLENDER. The within ceiling amount was what you recommended ?

Colonel STARBIRD. We recommended within ceiling $4,405,800, sir. There was a slight reduction in that amount.

Senator DWORSHAK. Why do you not complete that in 1955?

Colonel STARBIRD. We will complete the reservoir in 1955, except for certain recreational facilities that are deferred. In all the reservoirs where I mention we will complete, it is against current policy to complete certain recreational facilities. We therefore carry those facilities on a deferred status.

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1 Reflects borrow of $1 million from this project through June 30, 1954.

Colonel STARBIRD. The last of the flood-control projects is a large reservoir project, Texarkana Reservoir, on the Sulphur River on the border between Texas and Arkansas, the reservoir being in Texas. The cost of the project is $33 million. There have been appropriated to date $24,274,000, or 74 percent of the total cost. The amount appropriated in 1954 was $5 million.

The project has a benefit-to-cost ratio of 1.44 to 1. The amount recommended for fiscal year 1955 is $4 million.

We have a relatively large carryover in this project. That is a carryover due to the fact that we originally deposited certain moneys with the courts and have withdrawn that money. The appropriation for 1955 reflects the amount carried over into 1955.

Senator ELLENDER. Was that your recommendation, this $4 million, within ceiling?

Colonel STARBIRD. Yes, sir.

Senator ELLENDER. Is that reservoir usable now? Does it assist in preventing flood ?

General CHORPENING. We have made closure on the reservoir. I believe it is usable to some slight extent. However, until such time as we can get on with the relocation of the railroad, it will not be usable as we perhaps would like to have it. I believe the Senator is familiar with our difficulties on the railroad, which accounts for this unexpended balance.

Senator DWORSHAK. The next item.

PROJECTS Not REQUIRING SPECIFIC LEGISLATION Colonel STARBIRD. We have authority for undertaking small projects. The first of those is authority under section 205 of the 1918 act as amended by section 212 of the 1950 Flood Control Act whereby we can undertake the construction of projects which are complete unto themselves, flood-control projects that do not involve the expenditure of over $150,000 from any one year's appropriation.

Senator DwoRSHAK. Do you have a list of the projects that are planned for 1955?

Colonel STARBIRD. I do not have that list. I can insert a tentativo list in the record should you care to have it.

Senator DWORSHAK. Very well. (The material referred to follows:) Funds are needed for the construction of these small food-control projects at an estimated Federal cost not to exceed $150,00 at selected locations throughout

the Nation where such flood protection has not been specifically authorized by the Congress, but where the need of such flood protection is urgent, economically justified, and necessitates prompt construction of the required flood-control works.

The following projects are under detailed study for possible accomplishment in fiscal year 1955:

Estimated

Federal cost Mad River, Blue Lake, Calif.

$143, 000 Mission Creek, Cashmere, Wash.

35, 000 Field studies and reports-

19, 000

Requested fiscal year 1955 appropriation.

200,000 In addition, the following projects are under preliminary study: Rooster River, Bridgeport, Conn. Buffalo Creek, Scranton, N. Dak. Flint River, Montezuma, Ga.

Yellow Creek, Amsterdam, Ohio Portneuf River, Bancroft, Idaho

Suislaw River, Cushman, Oreg. Deep Creek, Potlatch, Idaho

N. F. Suislaw River, Oreg. Lake Okabeena, Worthington, Minn. Oil City and Rouseville, Pa. Rush Creek, Rushford, Minn.

Tranquitas Creek, Kingsville, Tex. Yellowstone River, West Glendive, Mont. Dry Creek, Walla Walla River, Wash. Plentywood, Mont.

Buffalo Creek, Rachel, W. Va. Belt, Mont.

Ten Mile Creek, Wallace, W. Va. Choteau, Mont.

Oconto, Wis. Livingston, Roscoe, Rockland area, New

York

The following balances, although allocated, are outstanding on projects as of November 30, 1953: Unobligated

$1, 470, 833 Unexpended

1, 575, 762 Colonel STARBIRD. The amount recommended for fiscal year 1955 for further application against this authority is $200,000.

Senator DWORSHAK. How many projects did you carry on during the past year under this authorization?

Colonel STARBIRD. I do not have the exact number. I will furnish a list of projects to which allocations have already been made and any others yet proposed for fiscal year 1954.

(The information referred to follows:)

Projects to which allocations were made from the fiscal year 1954 appropriation for section 212 work through December 31, 1953, are as follows:

Molalla River, Milk Creek location, Oregon.
Chester River, Chester, Pa.
Clearwater River, Ahsahka location, Idaho.
Missouri River, New Haven, Mo.

Gordon Creek, Hattiesburg, Miss. In addition to the above, an allocation is proposed during the latter half of fiscal year 1954 for section 212 work at Bayfield, Wis.

Senator DWORSHAK. How much money did you have for 1954?
Colonel STARBIRD. We had appropriated $700,000 in 1954, sir.
Senator DWORSHAK. You are asking for $200,000?
Colonel STARBIRD. The Budget recommendation is for $200,000.
Senator DWORSHAK. Will you have much carryover from 1954 ?

Colonel STARBIRD. We expect to have an unexpended carryover of approximately $350,000 from fiscal year 1954 into fiscal year 1955.

Senator DWORSHÁK. You have another item.

SNAGGING AND CLEARING

Colonel STARBIRD. The next is in authority for clearing and snagging, an authority wherein any one project cannot cost over $50,000. The amount recommended for application against this authority is $600,000 during fiscal year 1955.

Senator DWORSHAK. How much did you have in 1954!

Colonel STARBIRD. We had $425,000 appropriated in fiscal year 1954, sir.

Senator DWORSHAK. How much carryover?

Colonel STARBIRD. We will carry over almost none of that. We have roughly estimated it as $50,000.

Senator DWORSHAK. Does that complete your presentation?

General CHORPENING. That is everything on the flood-control projects.

Senator DWORSHAK. The committee will recess until Monday at 10:30,

(Whereupon, at 12:25 p. m., Friday, February 5, 1954, the committee recessed, to reconvene Monday, February 8, 1954, at 10:30 a. m.)

CIVIL FUNCTIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

APPROPRIATIONS, 1955

MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1954

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met at 10:30 a. m. pursuant to recess in room F-39, the Capitol, Hon. Guy Cordon, presiding.

Present: Senators Cordon, Young, Dworshak, Hayden, Ellender, Case, and Holland.

CIVIL FUNCTIONS

MULTIPLE-PURPOSE PROJECTS

STATEMENTS OF BRIG. GEN. C. H. CHORPENING, ASSISTANT CHIEF OF ENGINEERS FOR CIVIL WORKS; COL. WILLIAM WHIPPLE, EXECUTIVE FOR CIVIL WORKS; AND H. COHEN, ASSISTANT CHIEF, PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT BRANCH

GENERAL STATEMENT

Senator CORDON. The committee will come to order, gentlemen.

General CHORPENING. Yes, sir. Today, Mr. Chairman, we are presenting the requests for appropriations for the multiple-purpose projects in our budget. There are 16 multiple-purpose projects in the budget this year and the requested funds for fiscal 1955 total $207,060,000 for the continued prosecution of those projects. That is approximately two-thirds of the construction funds being requested in this appropriation. Of those 16 projects this committee has already heard testimony on four-Gavins Point, Fort Randall, Oahe, and Garrison that are on the Missouri River. General Potter presented that testimony. Of the 16 that are included, the funds herein requested will substantially complete 5 of them.

Senator CORDON. How many of the total?

General CHORPENING. Of the 16, five will substantially be completed, Blakely Mountain, Jim Woodruff, Albeni Falls, Clark Hill, and Lookout Point. There are no new starts for multiple-purpose projects.

I think it would be of interest to the committee that of these 16 projects, which comprise, as I pointed out, two-thirds of our program at this time, the estimated costs as between July 1952, the basis on which we submitted our last year's budget and July 1953, when the

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