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harbors that are competing with us in steel have a depth of about feet now, and here we are with a 21-foot harbor.

Senator ROBERTSON. I have always heard of Buffalo being a hon mooning spot. I did not know that you were interested in shippi: in a big way.

Representative Pillion. We are interested in honeymooners, be we are more interested in shipping just now, Senator. That pret: well concludes my statement.

Senator KNOWLAND. Thank you very much, Congressman.




Representative Radwan. Senator, and members of the committee, my name is Edmund P. Radwan, and I represent the 41st District of New York, which adjoins Congressman Pillion's district.

Senator KNOWLAND. Do you both take in part of the city of Buffalo!

Representative Radwan. Yes. I represent 70 percent of the city of Buffalo. I am entirely within the city of Buffalo, and Congressman Pillion represents about 30 percent of the city of Buffalo, and then represents the suburbs and the farm communities outside of Buffalo The honor of representing the honeymoon section goes to Congressman Miller, because he represents Niagara Falls, N. Y.

Since the opening of Congress and well before that time. Congressman Miller, Congressman Pillion, and myself have devoted consider able time to this project, and if we could afford twice as much time, the worthiness and importance of the project to the people of Butfalo as well as to the Nation generally would justify such additional time and effort.

AUTTIORIZATION As the record will show, these projects have had the approval and authorization of the Congress and appropriations were made from time to time with the exception of the Buffalo River project, which has been ignored for the fiscal years 1953 and 1954, and the outer harbor project has been ignored for the fiscal year 1954.

Since the administration has submitted its budget, I have made source inquiries in this matter and found that a decisive factor in the omission for this year's budget resulted mainly because Butfalo received nothing last year. That just does not make sense.

It would only seem fair and equitable that we receive far greater consideration this year because of the fact that we were omitted lat year.

Another point that is very important, and it should be taken into consideration and was referred to by Congressman Pillion in our joint statement, was the probability and the eventuality of the St. Lawrence seaway. This we now learn was not taken into consideration at all when the Director of the Budget considered Buffalo's request. The equities of all the circumstances involved make it mandatory that the port of Butralo receive top consideration for both reasons that I have mentioned. First, because we did not get anything last year, we should certainly be considered favorably this year.

Secondly, now that the St. Lawrence seaway is an eventuality, this factor should be resolved in our favor as the case rests before your honorable committee.

The joint statement which I have filed with Congressman William E. Miller, and Congressman John Pillion, will serve along with the balance of the record to establish a good solid cause on the merits.

I will not go into the merits of the case for that reason, at this time. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman.

Senator KNOWLAND. Thank you, Congressmen, and we are glad to have you before the committee.

Clyde Ellis ?

Mr. ROBINSON. He will not be able to be here, Mr. Chairman. He has delegated this gentleman and myself to speak for him, for the organization.

Senator KNOWLAND. If you do not mind, I would like to make the same offer to Senator Kilgore that I did to Senator Neely awhile ago, knowing how busy he is, and whether he has any committee meetings this morning.

Would you care to make your statement on your project which comes in immediately following this? I would be glad to have it. Just suit your convenience. I want to extend that courtesy to you.

Senator NEELY. I may take advantage of that offer when these gentlemen are through.

TABLE Rock Dam




Mr. Fain. I am Charles J. Fain, from Missouri. At the present time I represent the district in the Missouri Legislature where Table Rock Dam site is located. I am also serving at the present time as speaker pro tem of the House of Representatives in Missouri.

Senator KNOWLAND. I might say at this point that your entire statement will be printed in the record.

Mr. Fair. I am going to submit that, and in the very few minutes that we have, I am simply going to hit some of the highlights of the project, Senator, and some of the things that have not been put into the record thus far. We do not want to burden the record.

(The statement referred to follows:)



Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the committee, my name is Charles J. Fain. At the present time I am speaker pro tempore of the house of representatives, 67th General Assembly of Missouri, representing the county where Table Rock Dam site is located. Recently I have become legislative assistant to Mr. Clyde T. Ellis, executive manager, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.

Because of the value of your time and because I do not wish to unduly burden and duplicate the record which has already been presented to this committee on Table Rock Dam, I shall not attempt to cover the project from all its various aspects but will, rather, touch upon the highlights of the project and supplement information which has already been put in the record.


Table Rock Dam is a multipurpose project having a dual capacity of flot control on White River and the generation of hydroelectric power.

I have lived for many years practically within a stone's throw of White Rived as I am speaking from my own personal experiences when I say to you that I hate 3 MB seen White River become a raging torrent a half mile wide when we have o 4:34 spring rains. These recurring floods have made a ghost town of Hollister, once a thriving resort and farm trading center. Because the waters in yea3 past have covered the entire business section of the town, nearly all buildir3: now stand vacant, and will continue so until this terrible threat of flood in overcome.

I have farmed the river bottoms on White River. I recall how I waited ? the spring of 1947 for the floodwaters to go down on one particular field so tha: I could plant it to corn. The waters finally receded and the land became do about mid-July. We quickly planted our crop but it was so late that the crna did not mature before the fall frost. It was a loss.

The School of the Ozarks, a church school which has given so many of us Epeople an opportunity for education, has a beautiful bottom farm along Wie River consisting of 90 acres about 9 miles below Table Rock Dam site. T1.5 farm was obtained for the purpose of producing sufficient vegetable crops operate a canning factory located on the campus which cost over $.50.000. B. because of the recurring floods and washing of the soil this bottom land has been taken completely out of vegetable production. Not long ago, I asked Dr. Goed, founder and president of the institution, what the annual loss was to his insti! tion alone from the flooding of this one field. He replied that it was in ev 499 of $10,000 per year. Very recently, he has been figuring on an irrigation system for this particular field. The cost will be $35,000 in materials alone, coming from factories hundreds of miles from Table Rock Dam. Yet, this irrigat (c system cannot be installed so long as the threat of that flooding river hangs over the area.

These are merely two personal experiences which I have recounted to your Multiply that picture by thousands of times along the lower White River-all the way from Table Rock Dam to the rice fields around Stuttgart, Ark., near the juncture of the Arkansas, White, and Mississippi Rivers--and you can grasp the significance of the meaning of flood control to the 1,064,000 acres along the lower White River; practically all of the good bottom land being below the present site of Table Rock Dam.

Above the dam there is about 16,000 acres of bottom land. A large portion of this land is owned by Empire District Electric Co., not farmer-owned. T'te farms are undeveloped and largely occupied by people who rent from this crime pany. I know of only one farm in the reservoir area that has modern plumbing and bathroom facilities. That belongs to Lester Loftin, Shell Knob, Mo. To take 16,000 acres of relatively low productive land off the market in er 'hange from flood protection for about 1,064,000 acres in Missouri and Arkansas is a goud swap, and a sound one for our Government to make.

The need for power for the proper development of the Southwest area, par ticularly southern Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, and eastern Oklahoma has long been recognized. Table Rock Dam will help that situation tremendously. The power-generating facilities for the Table Rock project will include an initial installation of 100,000 kilowatts and provision for future installation of another 100,000 kilowatts of capacity. Because Table Rock Dam was planned to the built in conjunction with Bull Shoals Dam, now completed, it will increase the capacity of Bull Shoals Dam and powersite dam, owned by Empire District Electric Co., so that the total new capacity will be 123,000 kilowatts. The total energy from Table Rock Dam and the increase in Bull Shoals Dam and Emnine District Electric Co.'s powersite dam is 541 million kilowatt-hours. Table Rok Dam itself will generate about 345 million kilowatt-hours annually.

The estimated cost of that power is 4.7 mills as opposed to 6.9 mills from an alternative steam generating source. Such was the report of the Corps of Engineers submitted to this committee on December 16, 1953.

The project is economically sound, it will provide power to an area of America that is just now beginning to develop: it will protect over 1 million acres of our fertile land from repeated foding. This committee has, in the past, approred appropria ions for its construction and about $1 mililon has already been spent. There is now pending in the budget request the sum of $2,349,546 as a carrgurer from last session's appropriations.

By reason of the foregoing and the previous record already made before this committee, we respectfully request that the above sum be released together with a sufficient sum to maintain the first year of construction, this additonal sum being at least $3 million.



Whereas the construction of Table Rock Dam was authorized by the Congress in 1941, and

Whereas the Congress, to date, has appropriated $4 million of which approximately $1 million has been expended in construction activities, and

Whereas the power requirements of farmers and other consumers in the Southwest area approximately double every 5 years, and

Whereas this multipurpose project will contribute 540 million kilowatt-hours annually, by its own output plus increased production by downstream facilities, and

Whereas the United States Army engineers, under date of December 16, 1953, furnished to the Congress a report, again completely justifying the project as necessary and feasible and recommending its continued construction: Now, there fore, be it

Resolved, That we urge that the $3 millon now impounded by the House and Senate Appropriations Committees, be released at once; and be it further

Resolved, That we recommend to the Congress that an additional $8 million be appropriated to continue construction during the next year.


Mr. Fain. First of all, I would like to say for the benefit of the record, for the chairman and gentlemen of the committee, that I would like to present a few of the facts concerning Table Rock Dam to you this morning. I am simply going to present those facts from the standpoint of my own experience, my own opinions from living in the area and growing up in that area, being there since 1935.

When I started practicing law in Missouri, an old friend of mine, Judge Gideon, took me aside and said to me, “Now, son, when you have the facts on your side, be sure and argue those facts. And when you don't have the facts on your side, argue the law. And if you

don't have the facts or the law on your side, get up and do a lot of shouting."

There has been a lot of shouting before this committee, and I think that we have the facts on our side on Table Rock Dam, so I am going to present those facts, this morning, to you. First of all, there has been a controversy made over the so-called ruining of the recreational economy of the Ozark area by the building of Table Rock Dam. At this point, for the benefit of the committee

Senator KNOWLAND. If I might interrupt a moment. Senator Martin, won't you come up to the committee table and join us here?

Senator MARTIN. I have a group here, Mr. Chairman.

Senator KNOWLAND. We are delighted to have the distinguished chairman of the Public Works Committee come up and meet with us.

You may proceed.

Mr. Fain. At this point I would like to put into the record a telegram from Tom Tinnon.

Senator KNOWLAND. They may go into the record at this point.

Mr. Fain. That is on the question of the economic benefits of the area. Also at this time I would like to put into the record a statement, a telegram, from the Ozark playgrounds association which was sent to me yesterday concerning the recreational benefits to the area.

Senator KNOWLAND. That may be printed in the record also.

Mr. Fain. Also at this time I would like to put into the record a telegram from Mr. Jim Owens, who originated the famous float fishing trips on White River. I would like to present to the committee Mr. Jim Owens' statement as to what he thinks about float fishing on the White River and how it compares with the fishing on the lakes which have been created. (The material referred to follows:)

BRANSON, Mo., March 3, 1954. CHARLES Fain,

Washington, D. C.: I have operated a fishing service and outfitted the famous Ozark float trips for 21 years in these Ozark Mountains. Think I am qualified to make a statement as to what occurs from a fishing and recreational standpoint when a dam such as Table Rock is constructed. I have operated a fishing service on all Ozark streams and was here when Norfork and Bull Shoals were completed. As far as the part of the stream that is impounded is concerned it does elimi. nate this type of float fishing which has been my main business and which is a most popular type of fishing. But is an expensive form of fishing, the average cost of a foat trip is in the neighborhood of $25 per man per day and this confines this type of fishing to a small and select group.

The building of the dams and the creation of the lakes greatly increases the available fishing waters, makes wonderful lake fishing and boating and this type of fishing is most popular due to the fact that anyone can fish all day for $2.50, thus making fishing available to a much greater class of people.

Another most important point to consider is this: I have watched the great increase in the number of fishermen over the 21 years. More money, shorter working hours have increased the number of fishermen greatly and no form of fish management or conservation possible can cope with this great family of fishermen and I have watched the fish in our streams slowly become less and less each year due to this heavy fishing pressure. The large lakes increase the water acreage and these lakes alone are the only way to have enough water and enough fish to go around.

All of these statements are from my actual and practical observation and experience. The streams just cannot keep up a sufficient fish supply to offset the yearly increase in fishing pressure.

Both Norfork and Bull Shoals have proved to be great fishing lakes and the docks, resorts and towns around these lakes have grown and prospered due only to these lakes and the fishing and boating and other recreational facilities that the lakes afford and make possible to the general public.

Stream fishing is wonderful, in fact, there is nothing to compare with it but is available only to so few. The fish in our streams cannot last. The lakes do greatly increase the recreational possibilities of any area and they are the only solution to this most important part of our new way of life.

My float business, which is the biggest in the world, will suffer, but even so Table Rock will mean far more to us all than any one form of fishing or any one individual idea or enterprise.

Table Rock would be of the greatest possible benefit to our region locally and every vacationist in this Nation that wants to rest and relax and fish in the wonderful Ozarks.


JOPLIN, Mo., March 3, 1954. CHARLES FAIN,

Washington, D. O.: With proverbial Federal refrigerators running over with butter, bins bulging with farm products, the Ozarks require additional solutions to their economic future. In 24 counties of the Ozark playgrounds area, with a population of 476,000 the tourist business amounted to $50 million according to 1952 national park survey. This has stabilized our economy, provided a profit from extensive areas of marginal lands. Prior to the construction of Grand Lake in eastern Oklahoma Ozarks, 4 counties had effective buying income per family of $1.009. This was increased to $2,211 in 1952. Prior to the construction of Lake Norfork 2 counties had effective buying income per family of $624. Today they have $2,924. Would this indicate that large lakes destroy the Ozark tourist industry? Water areas basically are essential to development of the tourist industry. This industry particularly adaptable to our merchants in the small towns. The Ozark Playgrounds Association with a membership of nearly 2,000 in

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