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Mr. TREADWELL. That is correct.

Assuming construction work starts in any month, this money is available and can all be used prior to the Federal Government's money if an initial appropriation can be made. And it is estimated, from talking with the Army engineers in Seattle, that about $21,2 million could be expended this fiscal year on construction work.

Senator CORDON. Do you mind my asking the general a question?

With respect to the local participation, I assume that the funds mentioned here are for some specific portion of the project. Is that correct?

Mr. TREADWELL. No. It can be used for any portion of the project, roads or relocation of the railroad. There are no strings attached.

Senator CORDON. Let me see what position they take, if you don't mind.

General CHORPENING. Senator, I am not prepared to indicate exactly where we would use the construction funds if we ad them.

Senator CORDON. Let me interrupt you there. Are you prepared to say that if there were some appropriation made here for construction that you could use the $2 million wherever, in your judgment, it could be most beneficially used? In other words, the money is not earmarked for any particular purpose?

General CHORPENING. The $2 million that is being contributed ?
Senator CORDON. That is right.

General CHIORPENING. That is not earmarked for any particular purpose. That is a contribution toward the construction of the project. However, I must say this, that as a policy we try to keep the expenditure of contributed funds in step with the funds appropriated by the Federal Government rather than using all of the contributed funds, because the Congress has discussed that with us, and it constitutes more of a commitment on the part of the Federal Government which we are reluctant to do.


Senator ELLENDER. General, could you tell us for the record how much could you spend now if you had the money? In other words, have your plans advanced sufficiently that you could spend, say, 1 million, 2 million, or 3 million!

General CHORPENING. Although our plans have not progressed to the point where normally we like to have them before initiating construction—otherwise we would not have asked for the $170,000. But if funds were available, I believe that we could expend somewhere in the neighborhood of $114 million during this coming fiscal year. That would be used, without doubt, on initiation of relocations, and probably the acquisition of land at the site of the dam. I do not know offhand whether any access roads or that kind of thing would be required, but usually they are.

Senator ELLENDER. But you could economically use as much as a million or a million and a quarter dollars!

General CHORPENING. Yes, sir.

Senator Cordon. You could use that after the first $10 of planning, couldn't you?

General CHORPENING. Well, not after $10, sir.
Senator CORDON. Well, a minor amount. Let's put it that way.

Mr. TREADWELL. I think there has been some $300,000 or $400,000 already spent for plans.

General CHORPENING. There has been a good sized amount already spent for planning on this project.

Mr. TREADWELL. It is well advanced, from one engineer's point of view.

Senator Cordon. The point I am making is that there are certain expenditures of Government under the heading of construction that are necessary and known to be necessary where expenditures could be made very, very early in the planning procedure, and this is one of them. Is that correct?

General CHORPENING. This is the one. Of course, I think here it is not so large as at some of our larger projects. So some of those preliminary things I believe the Senator has in mind would not bulk up as big. If we had as much as a million and a quarter dollars we would have to get into some relocation contracts, I think, and the reason why, after a very minimum expenditure, we could not go into those is because you have got to do enough planning to be sure to know the heights to which you need to relocate facilities and where to relocate them.

RAILROAD RELOCATION Mr. TREADWELL. The biggest job is railroad relocation, and it is a solid rock cut for some distance. A million dollars could be spent in that work quite easily.

In addition to the State's money and the county's money there has been formed, as a result of recent law and State legislation, the Duwamish-Green River Joint Survey Board. It is composed of three members of the city of Seattle, the county of King and the port of Seattle. Those three organizations have banded together and are now expending $15,000 of their money for an engineering survey of the valley for its potential future use. That work is under way.

Senator CORDON. In the industrial field?

Mr. TREADWELL. In the industrial field, and highways, maybe navigation and various other things. The survey, of course, will report all that.

I do want to get across the urgency of this. It goes on, as I say, and after the 15 years I have been working on it we get a little closer in the bite of the line all the time, and eventually the allocation will be greater than the Federal Government's. There is no question about that in the development of it.

In addition to the statement-and I am not going to take your time to read it all, I have given it to the reporter for the record


Senator CORDON. Let me ask you this: Assuming this flood-control project were completed and you had areas there subject to industrial use, would any question arise with respect to water transportation ? We are not going to have another Redwood City problem on our hands, are we?

Mr. TREADWELL. Representing the port of Seattle, and with it all within the port's district, I think we could handle that very nicely. I would like to have had the dirt they are going to dig out of Redwood City to put on the harbor because we are pretty deep. The engineers never come in there to dredge. The Seattle Harbor has had practically no expenditure from the standpoint of navigation with the exception of a little dredging in the Duwamish and building the locks in 1913. There has never been a dredge.

Senator CORDON. You are just plain lucky.

Mr. TREADWELL. We have about 400 feet of water off the docks, and we have to scamper to figure out a way to build the docks. But up in the Duwamish it is not quite so deep.

In addition to the statement I have, I have some communications here from various chambers of commerce, valley newspapers, which we would like to file.

Senator CORDON. Without objection, the correspondence in question will be printed in the record at this point. (The correspondence referred to follows:)


Renton, Wash., February 23, 1954. Hon. WILLIAM S. KNOWLAND, Chairman, Senate Service Functions, Subcommittee on Appropriations,

Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR: The Renton Chamber of Commerce urges upon you and your committee the pressing need of this community for relief from flood troubles and losses in the adjacent White River Valley, all of which can be overcome by construction of the Eagle Gorge Dam on the Green River.

The floodwaters accumulating from time to time each year delay the development of our industrial area immediately to the south of our city and failure to get construction under headway at an early date will jeopardize the funds to be provided by the State of Washington. These funds are to be available when the Federal Government has made an appropriation for the construction of the dam that will give it such foundation as a public work that will assure its completion. Yours respectfully and urgently,



Seattle, Wash., February 17, 1954. The Honorable WILLIAM KNOWLAND, Chairman, Sucommittee on Civil Functions,

Senate Appropriations Committee, Washington, D. C. DEAR SENATOR KNOWLAND: The port of Seattle urgently requests an appropriation to start work on the Eagle Gorge Dam in fiscal 1955. The project is so far advanced that construction funds of $2,500,000 can be economically expended or contracted for in fiscal 1955. The project can be started and completed in 4 consecutive years. A local contribution of $2 million is available when Congress makes a construction appropriation.

We, here, who are familiar with the facts regard Eagle Gorge Dam as the No. 1 project in this State if we are to protect our salaries and take care of our increasing population. The port of Seattle is now engaged with the city of Seattle and King County in a joint survey for industrial expansion, which can only be in the Green River Valley and due to the tremendous increase in popula. tion in this area we have come to a standstill on available industrial sites. Very truly yours,

H. M. BURKE, General Manager.


Kent, Wash., February 17, 1954.
Chairman, Subcommittee on Civil Functions,

Senate Appropriations Committee, Washington, D. C. DEAR SENATOR KNOWLAND: We, in Kent, believe that the appropriation for the Eagle Gorge Dam is very necessary.

Our whole outlook, so far as future school facilities in this community are concerned, depends upon the rapid improvement of this area, and hinges upon the appropriation for the dam.

Please make every effort to see that Congress appropriates the necessary amount so that the building of the dam can be started in the very near future. Sincerely,



Kent, Wash., January 26, 1954.


Since Army engineers have recognized the Eagle Gorge Dam as the most feasible flood-control project for the Green River, and since the State of Washington and the county of King have appropriated $2 million, and since Army engineers have spent $300,000 on planning and designing, and since the President of the United States has designated this as a defense area, we, the members of the Business and Professional Women's Club of Kent, Wash., urge that the next session of Congress make available money for this most worthy project.


Corresponding Secretary. Signatures: Hazel Hitchcock, president; Dorothy Anderson, vice president; Doris S. Wright, secretary ; Melba E. Amey, treasurer; and 25 other members.


Kent, Wash., February 17, 1954. The Honorable WILLIAM KNOWLAND, Chairman, Committee on Civil Functions, Senate Appropriations Committee,

Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR: This letter is an urgent request for your consideration of an appropriation of moneys for the early start of construction of the Eagle Gorge floodcontrol dam on the Green River.

I have seen the recurring iloods and flood threats of the Green River which menaces some of the finest farmland in the Green River Valley and have seen industry retarded by flood conditions during the past 20 years that I have lived here, and I am convinced that an expenditure of money for the Eagle Gorge Dam will more than repay itself.

Economic growth of this rich agricultural and industrial area is definitely being held back by the lack of flood control on the Green. King County and the State of Washington have appropriated $2 million which is immediately available and ready as matching funds for a Federal appropriation. An appropriation of funds for construction at this time would greatly benefit this entire


I again urge your approval of funds for construction of this project, and express my appreciation for your consideration at this time. Sincerely,




February 17, 1954. Hon. WILLIAM KNOWLAND, Chairman, Subcommittee for Civil Functions,

Senate Appropriations Committee, Washington, D. C. DEAR SENATOR KNOWLAND: The importance to the Northwest of the construction of the Eagle Gorge Dam has been shown by the action of our State legislature in appropriating $1,500,000 toward the project. This sum will become available as soon as the Congress makes the initial appropriation toward the construction work. King County has likewise made an appropriation under similar conditions.

The Federal Government has taken over a large portion of Seattle's industrial sites, and expansion is virtually at a standstill until the fiood-control dam at Eagle Gorge is built.

The city of Seattle, King County, and the port of Seattle, together with the residents of the valley are giving their support to the project.

The heavy flood damage which the valley has suffered for many years in our opinion is a strong argument for an early start of construction.

I will appreciate whatever you can do toward the approval of the project and its inclusion in the 1955 budget. Very truly yours,

Vice Chairman, Senate Appropriations Committee.


Seattle, Wash., February 17, 1954. Hon. WILLIAM KNOWLAND, Chairman, Subcommittee on Civil Functions,

Senate Appropriations Committee, Washington, D. C. DEAR SENATOR KNOWLAND: Since our plant is located in Kent, Wash., we are vitally concerned with the proposed building of a dam at Eagle Gorge. Even though we have had water on our floor only once in the past almost annually we have had to curtail production or take costly steps to minimize flood damage due to the possibility of flood which have resulted in heavy expenditures on our part.

As you are undoubtedly aware these losses are noninsurable. In most cases the volume lost through these shutdowns is not completely recoverable and consequently we are hurt not only by the out-of-pocket expenses, loss of business, but sometimes actual loss of customers.

It is our understanding that this problem could be completely elminated by the erection of the Eagle Gorge Dam which in addition to solving our problem would help a number of communities in this valley.

We respectfully urge your committee to give favorable consideration to this project at the earliest possible date. Very truly yours,

Sam F. PARKER, Treasurer.


Renton, Wash., February 17, 1954. Hon. WILLIAM KNOWLAND, Chairman, Subcommittee on Ciril Functions,

Senate Appropriations Committee, Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR: As a resident of a community directly concerned, I should like to urge that congressional action be initiated at once to secure an appropriation for the construction of Eagle Gorge Dam.

Years of study and effort which have gone into long-range planning and de velopment of our immediate area, planning designed to best ntilize our land supply and labor sources, are predicted on the elimination of floods in the lower Green and Duwamish Rivers.

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