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Page 172 - Society, what that figure is, which will receive the greatest possible quantity of the sun's rays, at all times of the day, and at all seasons of the year, I do not presume that any of the members are ignorant of the solution of so simple a problem.
Page 200 - The disposition in young trees to produce and nourish blossom buds and fruit, is increased by this apparent obstruction of the descending sap ; and the fruit of such young trees ripens, I think, somewhat earlier than upon other young trees of the same age, which grow upon stocks of their own species...
Page ix - And the grounds of their choice are, and will continue to be, the importance and singularity of the subjects, or the advantageous manner of treating them ; without pretending to answer for the certainty of the facts, or propriety of the reasonings, contained in the several papers so published, which must still rest on the credit or judgement of their respective authors.
Page 225 - Plants, it is true, thrive well, and many species of fruits acquire their greatest state of perfection in some situations within the tropics, where the temperature in the shade does not vary in the day and night more than seven or eight degrees ; but in these climates, the plant is exposed during the day to the full blaze of a tropical sun, and early in the night it is regularly drenched with heavy wetting dews ; and consequently it is very differently circumstanced in the day and in the night, though...
Page 394 - ... them : for as these bear no fruit, they are apt to make more runners than, the females. I .consider one male to ten females the proper proportion, for an abundant crop. I learned the necessity of mixing the male plants with the others, by experience, in 1 809 ; I had, before that period, selected female plants only, for my beds, and was entirely disappointed in my hopes of a crop.
Page 135 - high temperature during the night is, that it exhausts the excitability of the tree much more rapidly than it promotes the growth or accelerates the maturity of the fruit, which is, in consequence, ill supplied with nutriment at the period of its ripening, when most nutriment is probably wanted. The Muscat of Alexandria, and other late grapes, are, owing to this cause, often seen to wither upon the bunch in a very imperfect state of maturity ; and the want of richness and flavour in other forced...
Page 79 - To attain these purposes, every branch which did not want at least twenty degrees of being perpendicular was taken out at its base; and the spurs upon every other branch, which I intended to retain, were taken off closely with the saw and chisel. Into these branches, at their subdivisions, grafts were inserted at different distances from the root, and some so near the extremities of the branches, that the tree extended as widely in the autumn after it was grafted, as it did in the preceding year....
Page 132 - ... to unfold, my house was made warm during the middle of the day ; but towards night it was suffered to cool, and the trees were then sprinkled, by means of a large syringe, with clear water, as nearly at the temperature at which that usually rises from the ground, as I could obtain it ; and little or no artificial heat was given during the night, unless there appeared a prospect of frost. Under this mode of treatment the blossoms advanced with very great vigour, and as rapidly as I wished them,...
Page 234 - ... injure it for the ensuing season. In autumn, when the seeds are ripe, they should be washed out of the berry, if they are to be sent any distance ; but for home sowing I prefer keeping them in the berry till the time of sowing, the pulp being a great nourishment to the seed, which ought to be kept in a dry place during the winter. The seed should be sown in the month of March or beginning of April, a rich piece of ground being first prepared for the purpose, in drills drawn with a common hoe,...