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FROM

CARLYLE

EDITED BY

HENRY W. BOYNTON, M.A.

ALLYN AND BACON

BOSTON
NEW YORK

CHICAGO
ATLANTA

SAN FRANCISCO

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PREFACE.

The present volume, it is believed, includes material adequate for the elementary study of Carlyle in his earliest and most fruitful period. The notes are planned in the main to give aid rather than information or opinion. By the frequent quotation of supplementary or illustrative passages wherever it was practicable, the plan has been to let the author annotate himself. Occasionally it has seemed natural to call attention to some characteristic mode of thought or of expression, but in neither case has a set analysis been attempted. The editor's suggestions to the teacher who may use this book are three : First, that some sort of insight into the character of the man Carlyle is essential, not only as a commentary upon, but as an introduction to, the study of his work. Second, that a good deal of additional matter should be read aloud to the class, with a view to familiarizing them with peculiarities of manner which are obstacles only to the unaccustomed ear. And third, that all systematic discussion of style be reserved until the student has had a chance to form an opinion of his own, and is ready to take a part in the discussion.

References by page to work of Carlyle's which is not contained in this volume are uniformly to the Chapman and Hall • Shilling Edition.'

Among the books to be read sooner or later by every student of Carlyle are Garnett's Life of Carlyle (Great Writers Series), which is mainly biographical; Nichol's Thomas Carlyle (English Men of Letters Series), which deals moie in criticism; the first two volumes, at least, of Froude's full Life of Carlyle ; and the CarlyleEmerson Correspondence (edited by Professor Norton). There is also an excellent paper by Leslie Stephen in the Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. IX. Two of the most suggestive critical essays are to be found in Lowell's Carlyle (My Study Windows), and Arnold's Emerson (Discourses in America).

A full bibliography is given as an appendix to Garnett's Life of Carlyle (Great Writers Series).

H. W. B. . ANDOVER, November, 1895.

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