The Cuban Intervention in Angola, 1965-1991: From Che Guevara to Cuito Cuanavale

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Routledge, Nov 23, 2004 - History - 372 pages

A new examination of why Cuba, a Caribbean country, sent half a million of its citizens to fight in Angola in Africa, and how a short-term intervention escalated into a lengthy war of intervention.

It clearly details how in January 1965 Cuba formed an alliance with the Angolan MPLA which evolved into the flagship of its global 'internationalist' mission, spawning the military intervention of November 1975 culminating in Cuba's spurious 'victory' at Cuito Cuanavale and Cuba's fifteen-year occupation of Angola.

Drawing on interviews with leading protagonists, first-hand accounts and archive material from Cuba, Angola and South Africa, this new book dispels the myths of the Cuban intervention, revealing that Havana's decision to intervene was not so much an heroic gesture of solidarity, but rather a last-ditch gamble to avert disaster. By examining Cuba's role in the Angolan War in a global context, this book demonstrates how the interaction between the many players in Angola shaped and affected Cuba's intervention as it headed towards its controversial conclusion.

 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
1 INTERNATIONALISM IN THE CUBAN REVOLUTION AND THE BIRTH OF THE ALLIANCE WITH THE MPLA 195965
14
3 THE CUBAN MISSION TO BRAZZAVILLE AND THE COLLAPSE OF THE ALLIANCE 196574
28
2 THE CARNATION REVOLUTION AND THE FAILURE OF ANGOLAS DECOLONISATION APRIL 1974OCTOBER 1975
49
4 OPERATIONS SAVANNAH AND CARLOTA OCTOBERNOVEMBER 1975
68
5 THE SECOND LIBERATION WAR NOVEMBER 1975MARCH 1976
82
6 THE FAILED WITHDRAWAL FROM ANGOLA 197681
116
Cuban internationalists in Angola 197591
143
11 THE FIGHTING IN SOUTHWEST ANGOLA AND THE NEGOTIATING ENDGAME MARCHDECEMBER 1988
236
The Ochoa scandal the death of internationalism and the start of the Special Period 198991
256
CONCLUSION
274
APPENDIX 1 CHRONOLOGY OF PRINCIPAL EVENTS IN THE ANGOLAN WAR 195691
286
APPENDIX 2 PRINCIPAL SADF OPERATIONS IN ANGOLA 197588
300
APPENDIX 3 ANGOLAN PLACE NAME VARIANTS
302
NOTES
304
SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
345

8 ABORTIVE PEACE NEGOTIATIONS AND THE PATH TO FULLSCALE WAR 19815
164
9 THE BIG OFFENSIVES 19857
192
10 THE BATTLE OF CUITO CUANAVALE NOVEMBER 1987MARCH 1988
213

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About the author (2004)

Edward George was born and raised in London, and read Spanish and Portuguese at the University of Bristol. In 1996 Bristol awarded him a scholarship to carry out a PhD in Cuban and Angolan history, and this book is the result of the eight years of research which followed. During that time he lived in Havana for over a year, and travelled for six months around South Africa and Angola, visiting some of the remotest parts of the war zone. Dr George is the Cape Verde author for the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), and is a freelance writer on the politics, economics and history of Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa.

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