Radio Free Dixie: Robert F. Williams and the Roots of Black Power

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Univ of North Carolina Press, Nov 15, 2009 - Biography & Autobiography - 416 pages
This book tells the remarkable story of Robert F. Williams--one of the most influential black activists of the generation that toppled Jim Crow and forever altered the arc of American history. In the late 1950s, as president of the Monroe, North Carolina, branch of the NAACP, Williams and his followers used machine guns, dynamite, and Molotov cocktails to confront Klan terrorists. Advocating "armed self-reliance" by blacks, Williams challenged not only white supremacists but also Martin Luther King Jr. and the civil rights establishment. Forced to flee during the 1960s to Cuba--where he broadcast "Radio Free Dixie," a program of black politics and music that could be heard as far away as Los Angeles and New York City--and then China, Williams remained a controversial figure for the rest of his life.

Historians have customarily portrayed the civil rights movement as a nonviolent call on America's conscience--and the subsequent rise of Black Power as a violent repudiation of the civil rights dream. But Radio Free Dixie reveals that both movements grew out of the same soil, confronted the same predicaments, and reflected the same quest for African American freedom. As Robert Williams's story demonstrates, independent black political action, black cultural pride, and armed self-reliance operated in the South in tension and in tandem with legal efforts and nonviolent protest.


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User Review  - patricia_poland - LibraryThing

In later years, Williams would admit that he wasn't sure who dragged the negro woman down the street with her dress over her head, however, because Jesse Helms, Sr. was in a position of authority ... Read full review

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User Review  - nbmars - LibraryThing

The biography of Robert F. Williams by Timothy B. Tyson provides a microcosmic picture of the odyssey that the African American freedom movement passed through during his lifetime: survival during the ... Read full review


On Trembling Earth
Chapter 1 The Legacies
Chapter 2 Wars for Democracy
Chapter 3 Id Rather Die and Go to Hell
Chapter 4 The Kissing Case
Chapter 5 Communist Front Shouts Kissing Case to the World
Chapter 6 The Sissy Race of All Mankind
A section of illustrations follows page
Chapter 8 Cuba Libre
Chapter 9 When Fire Breaks Out
Chapter 10 Freedom Rider
Radio Free Dixie

Chapter 7 Crusaders

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About the author (2009)

Timothy B. Tyson is senior scholar at the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University and adjunct professor of American studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He is author of Blood Done Sign My Name: A True Story and coeditor of Democracy Betrayed: The Wilmington Race Riot of 1898 and Its Legacy.

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