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nally, the matter was taken out of the hands of the council, and put into the control of a separate body.

The most important thought in all this is that of putting settled conclusions beyond popular caprice. This may be done by embodying them in general legislation. Whenever a measure is generally accepted and conclusively proven, it should be given the form of general statutory enactment, which, under our institutions, is the mode of rendering it efficient and permanent.

PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

DEPARTMENT

OF

SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENCE.

DEPARTMENT OF SUPERINTENDENCE.

SECRETARY'S MINUTES.

FIRST DAY.-FORENOON SESSION.

NEW YORK, Feb. 18, 1890. The Department of Superintendence of the National Educational Association met at 10 o'clock, February 18, 1890, in the Hall of the College for the Training of Teachers, No. 9, V'niversity Place, New York City.

The meeting was called to order by the President, Andrew S. Draper, State Superintendent of New York.

The President stated that for reasons which seemed amply sufficient, the usual welcoming and inaugural addresses would be omitted.

A communication was received from Richard T. Auchmuty, inviting the Department to visit the New York trade schools; also one from E. Richard, of the New York Turn Bezirk, inviting the Department to witness their exercises. Both invitations were accepted with thanks.

Regrets were received from James H. Canfield, Lawrence, Kansas, President of the National Educational Association, and from Jesse B. Thayer, State Superintendent of Wisconsin.

Harvey M. LaFollette, State Superintendent of Indiana, read a paper on the subject: “School Statistics as the Basis of Legislative or Official Action: What Should Be Collected, and How?"

The subject was discussed by Fred Dick, State Superintendent of Colorado; A. E. Winship, of the Journal of Education, Boston, Mass., whose paper in his absence was read by W. E. Sheldon ; L. R. Klemm, of ('incinnati; D. L. Kiehle, State Superintendent of Minnesota; John Hancock, State Superintendent of Ohio; Supt. James MacAlister, of Philadelphia; Supt. S. A. Ellis, of Rochester, N. Y.; Supt. Henry A. Wise, of Baltimore, Md.; J. H. Hoose, of Cortland, N. Y.; John Eaton, of Marietta, Ohio; and George P. Brown, of Bloomington, Illinois.

The following resolution, including an amendment made by Henry A. Wise, was offered by Mr. Brown:

That a committee of three, of whom the National Commissioner of Education shall be the chairman, be appointed to consider the whole question of school statistics, and report at the next meeting of this Department, and that Superintendents throughout

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the country be urged to coöperate promptly in aiding to secure complete and reliable records.

Resolution adopted unanimously, and the following committee appointed: W.T. Harris, Commissioner of Education, George P. Brown, and James MacAlister.

AFTERNOON SESSION. The Department reassembled at 2:30 o'clock P. M.

Mr. Sheldon moved the appointment of two committees: one on Resolutions, and one on Nominations, in view of the following resolution, adopted at the Nashville meeting, in July last:

“By Supt. H. S. Tarbell: That the annual meeting of this Department be held in Washington, D. C., or such other place as the Executive Committee select, and that the officers elected at this time hold office until the close of the winter meeting.”

Mr. Sheldon's motion was adopted.

J. W. Patterson, State Superintendent of New Hampshire, then read a paper on “State School Supervision: What is the Best Plan of Organization?”

The discussion of this subject was carried by John Hancock, of Ohio; E. O. Chapman, State Superintendent of New Jersey; D. L. Kiehle; E. H. Cook, of New Jersey; W. B. Powell, Washington, D. C.; J. M. Greenwood, of Kansas City, Missouri; Jas. M. Milne, of Oneonta, N. Y.; M. A. Newell, of Maryland; B. G. Northrop, of Connecticut; and Zalmon Richards, of Washington, D.C.

EVENING SESSION. The Department reassembled at 8 o'clock.

The President announced the following committee on resolutions: Edwin B. Seaver, Boston; J. M. Greenwood, Kansas City, Mo.; John Eaton, Marietta, Ohio; M. A. Newell, Baltimore, Md.; Geo. Howland, Chicago, Illinois.

A communication was received from Supt. John Jasper, of New York City, inviting the members of the Department to inspect the city schools at their convenience, and regretting his inability to be present at all the meetings of the Department, official business being the hindering cause. The invitation was accepted with thanks.

The President called attention to the death of Hon. E. E. Higbee, late State Superintendent of Pennsylvania, on December 13, and paid a high tribute to the sterling qualities of heart and mind of this most excellent man.

Brief papers on the American educational exhibit at the International Exposition of 1892, had, on the invitation of the President, been prepared by the following gentlemen: John Eaton, U. S. Commissioner of Education; James H. Canfield, President National Educational Association; Albert P. Marble, ex-President of the National Educational Association; Aaron Gove, ex-President of the National Educational Association; *E. E. Higbee, State Superintendent of Pennsylvania; Charles Kendall Adams, President of Cornell University; Henry Sabin, State Superintendent of Iowa; James Mac

* Died December 13, 1889.

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