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President Canfield withdrew, and Vice-President Alexander Hogg, of Texas, was called to the chair.

The discussion of the paper was continued by E. E. White, of Ohio, and J. W. Johnson, University of Mississippi.

The session then adjourned.

EVENING SESSION--JULY 9. The third regular session of the Association convened at The People's Church, on Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock; President Canfield in the chair.

Prayer was offered by Rev. A. H. Heath, Plymouth Congregational Church, St. Paul.

Ada M. McLaughlin, of St. Paul, read a paper on: The Moral Value of Art Education.

The paper was discussed by Flora Pennell, Normal, Illinois; Hannah Johnson, Carter, New York; Christine Sullivan, Cincinnati, Ohio; Josephine C. Locke, Cook County Normal, Chicago; and Mary Dana Hicks, Boston.

The Association then arose, and sang, “Nearer, My God, to Thee.”

Miss Frances E. Willard, Evanston, Illinois, then addressed the Association on: The White-Cross Movement in Education.

The Association arose, and sang, “ Home, Sweet Home.”
The session then adjourned.


MORNING SESSION-JULY 10. The fourth regular session of the Association convened at The People's Church, Thursday morning, July 10, 1890, at 9 o'clock; President Canfield in the chair.

Prayer was offered by Rev. W. H. Buttrick, First Baptist Church, Saint Paul.

On motion, W. E. Sheldon was made Assistant Secretary.

J. L. Pickard, of Iowa, chairman of the Committee on Nominations, made the following report :

Your committee, in its session, came to the unanimous conclusion, and present that conclusion in a report this morning. One person named by the committee has withdrawn from the list of officers, and another has been substituted by such of the committee as we could get together this morning. We have unanimously named for the officers of the Association as follows:

President -W. R. Garrett, Nashville, Tennessee.

l'ice-Presidents- James H. Canfield, Lawrence, Kansas; W. H. Beadle, Madison, South Dakota; Mrs. D. L. Williams, Delaware, Ohio; J. H. Baker, Denver, Colorado; T. A. Futrall, Marianna, Arkansas; John T. Buchanan, Kansas City, Missouri; H. S. Jones, Erie, Pennsylvania; Mary E. Nicholson, Indianapolis, Indiana; J. R. Preston,

Jackson, Mississippi: E. B. McElroy, Salem, Oregon; M. C. Fernald, Orono, Maine;
Solomon Paliner, Montgomery, Alabama.

Secretary-E. H. Cook, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
Treasurer -J. M. Greenwood, Kansas City, Missouri.

The list of Directors we were not able to fill, as all the States were not represented upon the committee. Such as were represented are reported, and are as follows:

Directors --J. H. Phillips, Birmingham, Alabama; Wood E. Thompson, Little Rock, Arkansas; Ira G. Hoitt. Sacramento, California: Fred Dick, Denver, Colorado; F. L. Kern, Lake City, Florida; E. B. Smith, La Grange, Georgia; W. H. Hatch, Moline, Illinois; W. A. Bell, Indianapolis, Indiana; W. M. Beardshear. Des Moines, Iowa; H. G. Larimer, Topeka, Kansas; A.C. Goodwin, Owensboro, Kentucky; George J. Ramsey. Clinton, Louisiana; A. M. Thomas, Houlton, Maine; ('. N. Kendall, East Saginaw. Michigan; T. J. Woofter, West Point, Mississippi; L. E. Wolfe. Moberly, Missouri; J. R. Russell, Butte, Montana; C. C. Rounds, Plymouth, New Hampshire; A. S. Downing, Newark, New Jersey; Allen Allensworth. Fort Bayard, New Mexico; C. H. Clemmer, Grand Forks, North Dakota: Edwin B. Cox, Xenia. Ohio; Frank Rigler. Oregon City, Oregon; N. C. Schaeffer, Kutztown, Pennsylvania; H. E. Kratz, Vermillion. South Dakota; Frank Goodman, Nashville, Tennessee; W. S. Sutton, Houston, Texas; F. B. Gault, Tacoma, Washington; W. H. Anderson, Wheeling, West Virginia; George S. Albee, Oshkosh, Wisconsin.

I will further state that the secretary was authorized to insert the names of these States, or any State represented in the Association, but not represented upon the committee. These vacancies can be filled afterwards by the officers of the Association.

D. L. Kiehle, of Minnesota, moved that the Assistant Secretary be authorized to cast the ballot of the Association for the persons nominated in the report of the Nominating Committee, just read.

The motion was seconded, and Mr. E. (. Vaile, of Illinois, moved to amend the report by substituting the name of E. C. Hewett, of Illinois, for that of W. R. Garrett, of Tennessee, for President of the Association, and spoke in support of his motion.

The motion to amend receiving no second, the motion of Mr. Kiehle was then put to the Association, and carried, though not unanimously.

The Assistant Secretary then cast the ballot as directed, and declared the election of the officers mentioned in the report of the Committee on Nominations.

On motion of Mr. Richards, W. E. Sheldon, of Boston, was made Director for Massachusetts by vote of the Association.

George P. Brown offered the following resolution:

Resolved. That it is the sense of this Association that a report should be prepared, annually, that shall give a summary account of the progress made in pedagogical inquiry and observation, during each year, which report shall be read at some general meeting of the National Educational Association.

The resolution was seconded by W. T. Harris, and was put to the Association, and carried.

Mr. Brewster, of Minnesota, on the part of the Minnesota State Teachers' Association, offered a series of resolutions with regard to spelling reform. Referred to the Committee on Resolutions.

The Secretary made the usual announcements, and called for the report of the Committee on Honorary Members for Friday morning.

The Secretary also read the following communication:

St. Paul, MINNESOTA, July 10, 1890. J. H. Canfield, President N. E. A., St. Paul, Minn.- DEAR SIR: The citizens of St. Paul will give a farewell reception to the members of your Association, on Friday evening, July 11th, from 8:30 to 11 o'clock. reception will be held in the hall of the House of Representatives, at the State Capitol. Governor and Mrs. Merriam, and Mayor and Mrs. Smith, assisted by a committee of ladies and gentlemen composed of our most prominent citizens, will receive the guests.

Yours, very respectfully, W. S. MARTIN,

Chairman of Reception Committee. The President announced as the next topic, Compulsory Laws and their Enforcement.

l'pon this topic, Archbishop John Ireland, of Saint Paul, read a preliminary paper on: The State School and the Parish School - is union between them impossible

A paper was read on the general topic, Compulsory Laws, and their Enforcement, by Oscar H. Cooper, Austin, Texas.

The subject was discussed by Aaron Gove, Denver, Colorado; E. B. McElroy, Salem, Oregon; Hon. James 0. Pierce, Minneapolis; and J. B. Thayer, Madison, Wisconsin.

J. W. Stearns, Madison, Wisconsin, read a paper on: The Correlation of Subjects Taught in Elementary Schools.

The subject was discussed by F. Louis Soldan, St. Louis, Missouri ; Charles McMurray, Winona, Minnesota; J. L. Pickard, Iowa; I. M. Wellington, Muskegon, Michigan; and N. C. Schaeffer, Kutztown, Pennsylvania.

The session then adjourned.


The fifth regular session of the Association met at The People's Church, on the evening of July 10, Thursday, at 8 o'clock; President Canfield in the chair.

Praver was offered by Rabbi E. L. Hess, Saint Paul.

D. L. Kiehle, of Minnesota, read a paper on: The Place and Function of the Agricultural College.

Lewis McLouth, Brookings, South Dakota, read a paper on the same subject.

The subject was further discussed by M. C. Fernald, Orono, Maine.

James L. Hughes, Toronto, Canada, delivered an address on: The Training of the Executive Pourpre.

The session then adjourned.



The sisth regular session of the Association was called to order at The People's Church, on Friday morning, July 11, at 9 o'clock; President ('anfield in the chair.

Prayer was offered by Rev. Walter S. Vail, First Universalist Church, Saint Paul.

Treasurer Hewett rose to a personal explanation, and corrected certain statements in the newspapers.

Mr. Salisbury, of Wisconsin, gave notice in regard to railroad tickets.
Mr. Hancock, of Ohio, offered the following resolution:

Resolred, That the National Association believes it to be the imperative duty of the State to see that every one of its youth shall receive at least an elementary education; and in consequence of this belief, the Association favors the enactment of liberal and efficient compulsory school laws.

Referred to the Committee on Resolutions.

Mr. Alexander Forbes, of Illinois, offered the following resolutions, seconded by Mr. Hardy, of Wisconsin:

Whereas. The constitution of the N. E. A. provides in article IV, section 3, as follows: “ The elective officers of the Association shall be chosen by ballot, unless otherwise ordered;" and

Whereas, There are only two ways of determining the will of the Association by ballot, to wit: an actual cast of ballots, and a true count of the same, or the unanimous consent to instruct an officer or other party to cast the ballot; and

Whereas, No ballot for officers has been had, nor has unanimous consent been given to instruct anyone to cast the ballot of the Association; and further,

Whereas, All action taken by a constitutional body should be declared by its presiding officer, and is still unfinished until so decided by announcement; and

Whereas, The result of yesterday's supposed election was not announced by the presiding officer, but by a subordinate officer who had been instructed only by a majority vote to cast the ballot: therefore,

Resolred, That no proper election of officers has been held in obedience to article IV, section 3 of the constitution.

Resolred, That an election of officers be now held, and that the order of exercises be so changed as to give time for this important duty of the Association.

Mr. Forbes addressed the Association in support of the resolutions.

The President stated that since the era of great mass meetings the Association had of necessity ceased to be a deliberative body, in a parliamentary sense; that all its affairs were necessarily in the hands of its officers and committees; that it was impossible to direct its meetings, if limited to strict parliamentary law; and declined to entertain the resolutions.

Mr. Hardy appealed from the decision of the chair.
The President, upon the same grounds, declined to entertain the appeal.

Mr. Sheldon called attention again to the publications of the Humane Society.

Mr. Peabody, of Illinois, President of the National Council of Education, made the usual report of the proceedings of that body.

On motion, the Committee on Necrology was authorized to report sketches of deceased members in the volume of Proceedings.

George P. Brown offered a resolution relating to the Columbian Exposition. Referred to the Committee on Resolutions.

Henry Sabin, Des Moines, Iowa, read a paper on: Organization and System versus Originality and Individuality.

The subject was discussed by C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse, New York; John T. Buchanan, Kansas City, Missouri; W. H. Anderson, Wheeling, West Virginia; and E. T. Cox, Chillicothe, Ohio.

W. T. Harris delivered an address on: University and School Extension. The session then adjourned.


The seventh regular session of the Association was held in The People's Church, Friday evening, July 11, beginning at 8 o'clock; President Canfield in the chair.

Prayer was offered by Rev. W. D. Johnson, Secretary of Education, African M. E. Church.

The Secretary reported the following members of the Council elected by the Board of Directors for the ensuing six years, to fill the vacancies caused, respectively, by the expiration of their own terms: Edwin C. Hewett, Illinois; Andrew J. Rickoff, New York; W. R. Thigpen, Georgia; George Howland, Illinois; John S. Irwin, Indiana.

Mr. Baker, of Denver, Colorado, chairman of the Committee on Resolutions, made the report of that committee.

The report of the committee was adopted.

On the recommendation of the Committee on Resolutions, the resolutions on spelling reform were referred to a special committee to be appointed by the President, and to report to the next annual meetmy.

Mr. Richards made a preliminary report for the Committee on Necrology.

The President appointed the following members to constitute the Committee on Pedagogical Inquiry and Observation: Charles De Garmo, Normal, Ill.; J. W. Stearns, Madison, Wis.; W. H. Payne, Nashville, Tenn.

The report of the ('ommittee on Honorary Members was received.

The President announced that the hour had arrived to enter upon the discussion of the "Race Problem," and introduced Hon. A. A. Gunby, Monroe, La., who delivered an address on: The General Statement of the Problem.

President J. C. Price, Livingston College, Salisbury, N. C., then delivered an address on: Education and the Problem.

President Canfield then addressed the Association briefly, and presented the gavel to President-elect Garrett. The President made a brief response.

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